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Comparative Essay: Roman and Han Empires essays
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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. And Han Essay! One of the best ways to prepare for kant groundwork of morals the DBQ (the “document-based question” on and Han, the AP European History, AP US History, and AP World History exams) is to look over internet properties, sample questions and example essays. This will help you to The Roman and Han Essay get a sense of of mice what makes a good (and what makes a bad) DBQ response. That said, not all DBQ essay examples are created equal. I’ll briefly cover what makes a good DBQ example, then provide a list of Essay example essays by course.
Lastly, I’ve provided some tips as how to internet best use sample essays in your own preparation process. Without a doubt, the best sample resources come from the and Han, College Board. This is because they are the ssuet fyp, ones who design and The Roman and Han administer the AP exams. This means that: Any DBQ essay example that they provide will include a real DBQ prompt. Marshalls! All samples are real student responses from previous years, so you know that they were written under the same conditions you will be working under when you write your DBQ. In other words, they're authentic!
They not only and Han Essay have scores, they have explanations of and men point of view each essay's score according to the terms of the rubric. Each prompt includes several sample essays with a variety of scores. However, there are some examples outside those available from the College Board that may be worth looking at, particularly if they highlight how a particular essay could be improved. But in general, a superior example will: Include the The Roman Essay, prompt and ssuet fyp documents. It will be much easier for you to see how the information from the documents is integrated into the essay if you can actually look at the documents.
Have a score. Seems simple, but you'd be surprised how many DBQ examples out there in the uncharted internet don't have one. Without a real, official score, it's hard to gauge how trustworthy a sample actually is. With that in mind, I have below compiled lists by exam of high-quality example DBQs. Don't spend all your study time sharpening your pencil. Every DBQ Example Essay You Could Ever Need, by Exam. Here are your example essays! We'll start with AP US History, then move to AP European History, and finally wrap up with AP World History. AP US History: Official College Board Examples.
Because of the recent test redesign, the College Board has only posted sample responses from 2016 and 2015. The Roman And Han! This means there are only essay two official College Board set of sample essays that use the current rubric. Look here for and Han Empires the free-response questions from 2015 and internet the ones from 2016 with no analysis (so you can look at the question separately from the The Roman Empires Essay, scoring guidelines). When you're ready for the sample responses, here are the DBQ samples from 2015 and the samples from 2016. If you want to see additional sample sets, you can also look at older College Board US History DBQ example response sets , all the way back to 2003. To look at these questions, click “Free-Response Questions” for a given year. For the author of the, corresponding DBQ examples and scoring guidelines, click “Sample Responses Q1.” Note that these use the old rubric (which is integrated into the Scoring Guidelines for a given free-response section). General comments about the quality of the The Roman, essay, outside information, and document analysis still apply, but the score is on of the metaphysics of morals, a nine-point scale instead of the new seven-point scale, and The Roman Empires some of the particulars will be different.
Older DBQs had up to 12 documents, while the new format will have six-seven documents. Marshalls Cycles! If you do look at and Han Essay older DBQ examples, I recommend using the new rubric to author cristo “re-grade” the and Han, essays in the sample according to kant of the metaphysics the new seven-scale score. I'll also give more advice on how to and Han Essay use all of these samples in your prep later on. Mr. Bald Eagle is an AP US History DBQ Grader in his spare time. AP European History: Official College Board Examples. Unfortunately, sample resources for the AP Euro DBQ are a little sparse than for kant groundwork metaphysics the other essays, because this past year (2016) was the first year the test was administered in the new format.
This means that there is only one set of The Roman and Han Essay official samples graded with the current seven-point rubric. The rest of the existing available samples were graded in the old, nine-point format instead of the seven-point format implemented this past year. In the old format there were six “core” points and then three additional points possible. Ssuet Fyp! The old rubric is The Roman and Han Empires, integrated with the sample responses for each question, but I’ll highlight some key differences between the old and new formats: In the old format, you are given a brief “historical background” section before the documents. There are more documents—up to twelve. The new format will have 6-7. Ssuet Fyp! There is an The Roman and Han Empires emphasis on “grouping” the documents that is not present in the new rubric. There is also an explicit emphasis on ssuet fyp, correctly interpreting the documents that is Essay, not found in the new rubric. The essential components of the DBQ are still the same between the two formats, although you should definitely look at marshalls cycles the new rubric if you look at any of the old AP European History samples. Empires Essay! You may actually find it useful to look at the old essays and score them according to of mice and men point of view the new rubric.
Samples by year: You can get samples in the old format all the way back to 2003 from the College Board . (Click “Free-Response Questions” for the questions and “Sample Responses Q1” for the samples.) If you want to check out some additional DBQ sample responses that were graded by the College Board with the new rubric, look at the 2015 AP US History samples and the 2016 AP US history samples . The content will of course be different, but the structure and scoring are the same as they will be for the AP Euro 2016 test. AP European History: Unofficial Samples. Because of the Empires Essay, rubric revision, other European History-specific samples are also in the old format. This means there’s not much to be gained by looking outside the College Board’s extensive archives. However, the New York State Regents exam also has a DBQ on it. Of Mice And Men Point! The format is not identical and it is scored out of 5 under a different rubric, but I do like this European-History themed example from Regents Prep because it has highlighted sections that show where the documents are used versus where outside information is referenced. This will give you a good visual of how you might integrate outside information with the analysis of your documents. Consider how you might integrate this castle into and Han Empires, the DBQ that is your life.
AP World History: Official College Board Examples. The World History AP exam has just been transitioned to a new format to author of the of monte cristo more resemble AP US History and AP European History for the 2017 test. The Roman! This means that all currently available samples were graded in the old, nine-point format instead of the seven-point format to be implemented this year. In the introduction, old format there were seven “core” points and then two additional points possible. The old rubric is integrated with the sample responses for each question, but I’ll highlight some key differences between the old and new formats: There are more documents—up to The Roman Empires Essay ten. The new format will have 6-7. There is an emphasis on “grouping” the ssuet fyp, documents on Essay, the old rubric that is not present in the new rubric. There is also an of the count explicit emphasis on correctly interpreting the documents that is not found in the new rubric. And Han Empires Essay! In the old rubric, you need to identify one additional document that would aid in your analysis. The new rubric does not have this requirement.
The essential components of the author of the, DBQ are still the same between the two formats, although you should definitely look at Essay the new rubric if you look at any of the kant groundwork metaphysics, old AP World History samples. You may actually find it useful to look at the old essays and score them according to the new rubric. For whatever reason the questions and the samples with scoring notes are completely separate documents for World History, so you’ll need to Empires click separate links to get the marshalls, question and documents and then the responses. If you want to take a look at some DBQs that have been graded with the new rubric, you could check out the 2015 and 2016 samples from AP US History and the 2016 samples from AP European History. The historical content is different, but this will give you an idea of how the and Han Empires, new rubric is internet properties, implemented. Don't worry, the old format isn't as old as this guy right here. How Should I Use DBQ Examples to Prepare? So, now that you have all of The Roman Essay these examples, what should you do with them? I'll go over some tips as to how you can use example DBQs in your own studying, including when to author of the count of monte cristo start using them and how many you should plan to review.
College Board sample essay sets are a great way to test how well you understand the rubric . This is why I recommend that you grade a sample set early on The Roman, in your study process—maybe even before you've written a practice DBQ. Then, when you compare the scores you gave to the scores and internet properties scoring notes for The Roman and Han Empires the samples, you'll have a good idea of what parts of the rubric you don't really understand . If there are points that you are consistently awarding differently than the graders, you’ll know those are skills to marshalls work on. Keep giving points for the thesis and then finding out the sample didn't get those points? You'll know that you need to work on your thesis skills. The Roman Essay! Not giving points for historical context and then finding out the of mice and men of view, AP Grader gave full credit? You need to work on recognizing what constitutes historical context according to the AP. You can check out my tips on building specific rubric-based skills in The Roman and Han my article on internet, how to write a DBQ. Once you've worked on some of those rubric skills that you are weaker on, like evaluating a good thesis or identifying document groups, grade another sample set. This way you can see how your ability to grade the essays like an AP grader improves over The Roman Empires, time! Obviously, grading sample exams is a much more difficult proposition when you are looking at examples in an old format (e.g.
AP European History or AP World History samples). The old scores as awarded by the College Board will be helpful in establishing a ballpark—obviously a 9 is still going to marshalls be a good essay under the 7-point scale—but there may be some modest differences in grades between the two scales. (Maybe that perfect 9 is now a 6 out of The Roman Essay 7 due to ssuet fyp rubric changes.) For practice grading with old samples, you might want to pull out two copies of the new rubric, recruit a trusted study buddy or academic advisor (or even two study buddies!), and each re-grade the samples. Then, you can discuss any major differences in the grades you awarded. Having multiple sets of eyes will help you see if the scores you are giving are reasonable, since you won’t have an official seven-point College Board score for and Han Empires comparison. Internet! How Many Example DBQs Should I Be Using? The answer to this question depends on your study plans! If it's six months before the exam and you plan on transforming yourself into a hard diamond of DBQ excellence, you might complete some practice grading on a sample set every few weeks to The Roman and Han Empires Essay a month to argumentative essay check in on your progress towards thinking like an Empires Essay AP grader. In this case you would probably use six to nine College Board sample sets. If, on the other hand, the exam is in a month and you are just trying to get in some skill-polishing, you might do a sample set every week to 10 days.
It makes sense to check in on argumentative introduction, your skills more often when you have less time to study, because you want to The Roman and Han Empires Essay be extra-sure that you are focusing your time on the skills that need the marshalls, most work. So for a short time frame, expect to use somewhere in the range of three to four range College Board sample sets. Either way, you should be integrating your sample essay grading with skills practice, and doing some practice DBQ writing of your own . Towards the end of your study time you could even integrate DBQ writing practice with sample grading. Read and The Roman Essay complete a timed prompt, then grade the sample set for that prompt, including yours! The other essays will help give you a sense of what score your essay might have gotten that year and any areas you may have overlooked. There's no one-size-fits-all approach to using sample sets, but in general they are a useful tool for making sure you have a good idea what the DBQ graders will be looking for when you write your DBQ. Hey, where can we find a good DBQ around here? Example DBQ essays are a valuable resource in of the count of monte cristo your arsenal of study strategies for the AP History exams. Grading samples carefully will help you get a sense of your own blind spots so you know what skills to and Han focus on in your own prep. That said, sample essays are most useful when integrated with your own targeted skills preparation.
Grading a hundred sample essays won't help you if you aren't practicing your skills; you will just keep making the same mistakes over and over again. And make sure you aren't using sample essays to avoid actually writing practice DBQs--you'll want to cycles do at least a couple even if you only have a month to practice. Empires Essay! There you have it, folks. With this list of DBQ examples and tips on how to use them, you are all prepared to integrate samples into your study strategy! Still not sure what a DBQ is? Check out count cristo, my explanation of the The Roman and Han, DBQ. Want tips on how to really dig in and study? I have a complete how-to guide on preparing and writing the DBQ (coming soon). If you're still studying for AP World History, check out our Best AP World History Study Guide or get more practice tests from our complete list. Want more material for AP US History? Look into this article on the best notes to use for studying from one of our experts.
Also check out her review of the best AP US History textbooks! Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Point Of View! Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Ellen has extensive education mentorship experience and is deeply committed to helping students succeed in all areas of life. The Roman Empires Essay! She received a BA from properties Harvard in Folklore and Mythology and is currently pursuing graduate studies at Columbia University.
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Series: How to ssuet fyp Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on The Roman and Han Empires, Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in ssuet fyp a variety of Empires other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep? Check out our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the latest articles and test prep tips! © PrepScholar 2013-2015. All rights reserved. SAT® is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board TM . The College Entrance Examination.
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First aired: Tuesday February 14th 2017. Series 6 Series 5 Series 4 Series 3 Series 2 Series 1. DI Humphrey Goodman and his team are back solving increasingly puzzling murders on the beautiful island of Saint Marie - from a body on Essay a volcano, to a two-part story which takes the team to ssuet fyp London. But it's not just the crime which is troubling Humphrey - as his relationship with Martha blossoms, will the course of true love run smoothly? Meanwhile, the team are concerned for Sergeant Florence Cassell when an old friend is found dead. Dwayne is forced to confront his past, JP turns to Dwayne for marriage guidance - and Selwyn's intervention in a case puts Catherine at the centre of the mayoral elections.
The sixth series of the The Roman and Han Empires hugely popular show delivers its usual recipe of fun, emotion and intrigue - with a few surprises too - all served up in of mice and men, the glorious Caribbean sunshine. Kris Marshall - My Family, Love Actually. Danny John-Jules - Red Dwarf, MI High. Don Warrington - Rising Damp, Waking the The Roman and Han Dead. Elizabeth Bourgine - Mon Meilleur Ami.
Josephine Jobert - Sous le soleil de Saint-Tropez. Tobi Bakare - Kingsman: The Secret Service, The Smoke, The Tunnel. Sally Bretton - Not Going Out, Green Wing, The Office. Death in Paradise is famed for its wonderful guest stars and Series 6 promises just the same. Series 6 will see: Ardal O'Hanlon ( Father Ted, After Hours ), Douglas Hodge ( The Night Manager ), Natasha Little ( Thirteen ), Adrian Rawlins ( Dickensian ), Monica Dolan (W1A), Ramon Tikaram ( Happy Valley ), Emily Taaffee ( War and Peace ), Gary Beadle ( Eastenders ), Fiona Allen ( Waterloo Road ), Kerry Fox ( Glue ), Kemi-Bo Jacobs ( Thirteen ) and Mark Powley ( Birds Of A Feather ). Series five of Death in Paradise sees the return of DI Humphrey Goodman (Kris Marshall) and Sergeant Florence Cassel (Josephine Jobert) doing what they do best; solving ever more mind bending murders on the beautiful island of cycles, Saint Marie. With trusted Officers Dwayne Myers (Danny John-Jules) and Essay, JP Hooper (Tobi Bakare) also at marshalls the helm, the The Roman Essay team really do have their work cut out. With a murder at sea, a text from beyond the grave and even a bit of romance, it's all in a day's work for the Death in Paradise gang. Kris Marshall – My Family, Love Actually. Danny John-Jules – Red Dwarf, MI High. Don Warrington – Rising Damp, Waking the Dead.
Elizabeth Bourgine - Mon Meilleur Ami. Josephine Jobert - Sous le soleil de Saint-Tropez. Tobi Bakare - Kingsman: The Secret Service, The Smoke, The Tunnel. Series fives' exciting list of guest stars includes: Tara Fitzgerald (Game of argumentative, Thrones, Waking the Dead) , Nigel Lindsay (Alan Partridge: Alpha Papa) , Keith Allen (Robin Hood) , Jill Halfpenny (Waterloo Road) , Julien Ovenden (Downton Abbey) , Neve McIntosh (Bodies, Doctor Who) , Lloyd Owen (Monarch of the Glen, The Originals) , Hannah Britland (Fresh Meat) , Charlotte Hope (Game of Thrones) , Lucy Cohu (Broadchurch) , Paul Nicholls (The C Word) , Emma Rigby (Once Upon A Time) and Heida Reed (Poldark) . First Aired: January 2016 on BBC One. Death in Paradise returns for a fantastic fourth series which sees DI Humphrey Goodman (Kris Marshall) and his team solving ever more mysterious and impossible murders. This time they are joined by new recruits Sargeant Florence Cassel (Josephine Jobert) and Officer JP Hooper (Tobi Bakare), and they'll need all the help they can get if they're to crack a new set of dizzyingly complex crimes. From a murder during a seance to the apparent suicide of a surfing legend, Humph and the team have their work cut out for them.
Kris Marshall – My Family, Love Actually. Sara Martins – Little White Lies, Pigalle, La Nuit. Danny John-Jules – Red Dwarf, MI High. Don Warrington – Waking the Dead. Josephine Jobert - Sous le soleil de Saint-Tropez. Tobi Bakare - Kingsman: The Secret Service, The Smoke, The Tunnel. Packed full of guest stars including James Fox ( Sherlock Holmes ), Neil Morrissey ( Men Behaving Badly ), Ali Bastian ( Hollyoaks ), Tyger Drew-Honey ( Outnumbered ), Natalie Gumede ( Coronation Street ), Jason Merrells ( Emmerdale ) and Matthew Lewis ( Harry Potter ). First Aired: January 2015 on BBC One. Richard Poole’s untimely and tragic demise brings Humphrey Goodman (Kris Marshall) to The Roman and Han Essay the beautiful island of Saint Marie as the ssuet fyp new Detective Inspector.
But while he enthusiastically embraces Caribbean life, his new team of Camille (Sara Martins), Dwayne (Danny John-Jules) and Fidel (Gary Carr) quickly realise they’ve got another eccentric and rather frustrating Englishman on their hands… Humphrey’s apparently random and The Roman Empires, disorganised approach to argumentative essay solving crime initially seems confounding, but it’s not long before they realise they have a remarkable detective in their midst – one capable of solving his predecessor’s own baffling murder - and together the team go on to brilliantly solve a host of dizzyingly mystifying murders, from Zombie film stand-ins, to glamorous stewardesses and The Roman and Han, local politicians… All in a day’s work when there’s death in paradise… Kris Marshall – My Family, Love Actually. Sara Martins – Little White Lies, Pigalle, La Nuit. Danny John-Jules – Red Dwarf, MI High. Gary Carr – Downton Abbey, Bluestone 42. Don Warrington – Waking the Dead. This series’ exciting roster of kant groundwork metaphysics of morals, guest stars includes Helen Baxendale ( Cold Feet ), Michelle Ryan ( Eastenders ), Peter Davison ( Doctor Who ), Hannah Tointon ( The Inbetweeners ), Sharon Small ( Mistresses ), Raza Jaffrey ( Spooks ), Clarke Peters ( The Wire ), Paul Barber ( Only Fools and Horses ), Mark Heap ( Green Wing ), Joseph Marcel ( The Fresh Prince of The Roman and Han, Bel-Air ), Nikki Amuka-Bird ( Luther ), Phil Davis ( Sherlock ). First Aired: January 2014 on BBC One. DI Richard Poole (Ben Miller) is still trapped on marshalls cycles the Caribbean island paradise of Saint Marie – and for him the sun, sea and sand continue to and Han Essay irritate, as he irritates his long-suffering colleagues but he’s also as brilliant as ever. His eye for immanuel kant of the detail, relentless logic and stubborn refusal to The Roman and Han Empires leave anything unexplained works seamlessly with the instinctive and insightful knowledge of the beautiful Sergeant Camille Bordey (Sara Martins).
With the marshalls cycles often unorthodox assistance of Dwayne (Danny John-Jules) and Fidel (Gary Carr), they tackle a baffling array of unique murders, from pirate curses to Nuns killed in locked rooms – once even with a hurricane bearing down on them! Most seem impossible, but Richard and Empires Essay, his team always get to the heart of the essay mystery… The first of Essay, eight episodes will see DI Poole probing the death of the owner of a former sugar plantation, who is marshalls discovered with a machete in The Roman Essay, his back. Ben Miller - Primeval, Johnny English. Sara Martins - Little White Lies, Pigalle, La Nuit. Danny John-Jules - Red Dwarf, MI High. Gary Carr - Silent Witness. Elizabeth Bourgine - Mon Meilleur Ami.
Don Warrington - Waking the Dead. Award-winning poptress Jamelia is the kant of the metaphysics of morals latest in a long line of The Roman Essay, first-class guest artists to feature in the new series, along with Stephanie Beacham ( Coronation Street ), Amanda Mealing ( Holby City ), Michael Brandon ( Dempsey Makepeace ), Tom Ward ( Silent Witness ), Dexter Fletcher ( Lock, Stock Two Smoking Barrels ), Kelly Adams ( Hustle ), Patrick Baladi ( Mistresses ), Bryan Dick ( Eric Ernie ), Kenneth Cranham ( Made in Dagenham ) and Gemma Jones ( Spooks ). First Aired: January 2013 on BBC One. Impossible murders on a beautiful Caribbean island. DI Richard Poole (Ben Miller) is the perfect man to kant of the metaphysics of morals solve them — if only he didn’t just hate sun, sea and sand.
Sent to the tiny island of Saint Marie to solve a mysterious murder Detective Inspector Richard Poole is a total fish out of water. A quintessentially British cop, he would much prefer the London drizzle and a freshly pressed shirt to blue seas, sparkling sands and gorgeous tropical weather. The Roman And Han Essay? What Richard finds is immanuel kant groundwork metaphysics of morals a ramshackle station and a very different type of policing. His new partner, feisty DS Camille Bordey (Sara Martins) is instinctive and brilliant in her own way. Officer Dwayne Myers (Danny John-Jules) is a little too cosy with criminals for Richard’s liking, but he has his uses. And Fidel Best (Garry Carr) is honest as the day is long — at times frustrating, at times the Empires key to an impenetrable mystery. Richard can get through his ordeal, if only he could find a decent cup of tea… Though Richard would never admit it, they make the perfect team, and bring heart and humour to of the metaphysics of morals mind boggling murders in the most beautiful of settings, with a new mystery to solve every episode. Will Richard ever come to see the and Han beauty of his surroundings? Perhaps not, but he might one day loosen his tie…
The first episode kicks off when a British cop is author of the count of monte cristo found murdered in a locked room on the tiny paradise island of Saint Marie, Detective Inspector Richard Poole is sent to investigate whodunnit. Death in Paradise has been produced with Altantique Productions, for The Roman and Han Empires Essay BBC One and France Televisions with the support of the Region of Guadeloupe. Ben Miller - Primeval, Johnny English. Sara Martins - Little White Lies, Pigalle, La Nuit. Danny John-Jules - Red Dwarf, MI High. Gary Carr - Silent Witness. Elizabeth Bourgine - Mon Meilleur Ami. Don Warrington - Waking the Dead. First Aired: October 2011 on of the BBC One.
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Jane Seymour - Dr Quinn, Medicine Woman, Wedding Crashers. Jonathan Bailey - W1A, Broadchurch. Jessica Hynes - Harry Potter the The Roman Essay Order of the Phoenix, W1A. Shaun Parkes - The Mummy Returns, Line of Duty, The River. First Aired: 16th September 2016 on Sky 1. They don't make family viewing like this anymore.
Hooten The Lady is a yarn that rips and roars Saturyda Review (The Times) A raft of internet properties, stunts set against dazzling scenery Culture (Sunday Times) An irresistable new eight-part series Weekend (Daily Mail)
Secrets of The SAS: In Their Own Words. What's it like to be in the SAS? What do SAS soldiers do? And how do they feel and what do they think when they're doing it? Based on strikingly candid interviews with former SAS soldiers, this landmark documentary series reveals for the first time the human experience of serving in the world's most famous elite military unit. The films feature the inside stories of some of the Empires biggest SAS operations in recent history from the Falklands to and men of view Iraq, and Sierra Leone to Northern Ireland. They are told in intimate, thrilling – and, above all, human - detail by the soldiers themselves, and illustrated with highly realistic and atmospheric drama sequences. And they transport the The Roman Essay viewer instantly to the heat of the action, be it a massive firefight behind enemy lines, a daring hostage rescue, a brutal interrogation – or a shopping trip to Tesco's when the internet battle's over and Han Essay, but the adrenaline is marshalls still pumping. Gripping, shocking and often funny, these films offer a strikingly frank and and Han Essay, intimate portrait of the ssuet fyp lives of ordinary men who do an extraordinary job.
First Aired: Monday September 5th 2016. Featuring some of Dickens most iconic characters in one setting, Tony Jordan's Dickensian takes you to The Roman and Han a world where Scrooge (Ned Dennehy) meets Fagin (Anton Lesser) and ssuet fyp, a young Miss Havisham (Tuppence Middleton) might find love. With a body discovered on Christmas Eve Inspector Bucket (Stephen Rea) will have his work cut out Empires Essay, as he delves into the sometimes murky lives of the people who surround him. Packed with romance and intrigue Dickensian delivers a rollercoaster ride of twists and turns to surprise and delight viewers to the final episode. The stunning backdrop of Victorian London is bought to life by a stellar cast also including Omid Djalili, Pauline Collins and Caroline Quentin. Dickensian is a period drama, as we've never seen it before. Stephen Rea - War and Peace, The Honourable Woman. Ned Dennehy – Banished, Peaky Blinders. Tuppence Middleton – Sense8, War and Peace.
Anton Lesser – Game of Thrones, Wolf Hall. The Passing Bells is a five-part drama for BBC One which sees the properties conflict of the First World War unfold through the eyes of Empires, two very ordinary young men, who have enlisted in essay, a war they expect to be over within months. The Roman? As the conflict progresses, so do the boys’ stories as they grow up amid the horror of war, and find love. Commissioned to commemorate the ssuet fyp centenary of the and Han Empires Essay First World War, The Passing Bells charts the course of a conflict that cost millions of lives and reshaped the map of the world. Marshalls Cycles? Scripted by Tony Jordan, the story unfolds over 5 episodes and covers the landmark events in one of history’s largest and most tragic conflicts. Patick Gibson - What Richard Did, Luke, The Importance of Being Whatever. Jack Lowden - Wolf Hall, '71, The Tunnel.
Learn more about their stories at: First Aired : November 2014 on BBC One. Created by and Han Essay a team of immanuel metaphysics of morals, writers led by Tony Jordan, this thrilling drama follows a covert police department that, when the legal system fails, will go to any lengths to bring the criminal elite to justice. There are some criminals who always manage to evade the justice system. These masterminds control their empires with an iron grip – yet on The Roman and Han Empires paper appear squeaky clean. They are never at the scene of the crime – they never get their hands dirty.
They may even manipulate the count of monte cristo media to make it look like they are the ones being persecuted by Essay the police. Of The Count? They know the and Han system and they know how to immanuel kant of the of morals play it. In short, they are just too clever to get caught. But they are still the bad guys and they need to be taken off the streets. By Any Means follows a clandestine department living on the edge and playing the criminal elite at their own game, existing in the grey area between the letter of the law and true justice.
Led by Essay the sharp and elusive Jack Quinn (Warren Brown), alongside straight-talking Jessica Jones (Shelley Conn) and digital whizz-kid Tom Tomkins (Andrew Lee Potts), this brilliant team will stop at nothing – fighting fire with fire. Receiving their target from the mysterious Helen (Gina McKee), they weave a web of cunning and deception to deliver their unwary targets into the arms of justice. By Any Means is a fast-paced drama packed with twists and turns as well as brilliantly complex and argumentative introduction, rich characters. Warren Brown - Luther, Good Cop. Shelley Conn - Mistresses. Andrew Lee Potts - Primeval. Gina McKee - The Borgias.
First Aired: September 2013 on BBC One. Written by Tony Jordan, this film is a unique retelling of the biblical story of Noah and and Han, the Ark. Noah, a farmer and family man, is instructed by an angel to build an ark in the middle of the desert in count, order to save his family and the faithful from The Roman a devastating flood - a seemlingly impossible task, especially when his sons refuse to believe him and lend their help. Noah risks ridicule from his loving but exasperated family and argumentative, humiliation from the degenerate townsfolk in his quest to The Roman Essay carry out his God-given task. David Threlfall - Shameless, What Remains, Tommy Cooper: Not Like That, Like This. Joanne Whalley - Wolf Hall, Jamaica Inn, The Borgias.
Nico Mirallegro - My Mad Fat Diary, The Village. Ashley Walters - Top Boy , Hustle. First Aired: Monday 30th March on internet properties BBC One. From Shine TV in The Roman Essay, association with Red Planet Pictures for transmission on cycles BBC Two. History Cold Case is our first venture into factual TV - but it has a lot in common with our dramas. The main characters are a team of The Roman Empires Essay, forensic scientists led by world-renowned authority Prof Sue Black. They’ve helped convict some of the UK’s most dangerous criminals and have worked in harrowing war zones but in this series they shine a light on historical cold cases from 2000 years of British history. The cold cases are anonymous skeletons and human remains whose stories were buried with them. With cutting edge forensic tests the team unlock the secrets of the bones and set out on ssuet fyp the history trail to reveal who these people were and what they looked like. Empires Essay? Using the very latest computer technology Dr Caroline Wilkinson reconstructs the faces of each cold case – faces that haven’t been seen for centuries.
In the first episode, the contorted and mummified body of a child takes the team back 300 years to argumentative a time when corpses were displayed in Empires Essay, exotic collections, and essay, dead children were bought and paid for by the inch. And Han Essay? In episode two, at Scotland’s Stirling Castle a romantic story of chivalry and cycles, brutality unfolds as the team trace the life and times of a battle worn warrior. A tragically scarred skeleton exhumed in the historic borough of Southwark draw our team into the disturbing world of The Roman and Han Empires, Victorian prostitution in internet, the third episode. And investigating a skeleton found in The Roman and Han, the cemetery of a medieval friary, the team make an ssuet fyp extraordinary discovery about The Roman and Han Empires its origins that could rewrite the history books. Four extraordinary stories which bring history and science together to forge a new understanding of our past. First Aired: May 2010 on BBC Two. From Shine TV in association with Red Planet Pictures for transmission on BBC Two.
Professor Sue Black and her team return to kant groundwork of the once again to shed light onto forgotten mysteries in our country’s past. Using the latest forensic science, they will analyse the skeletons of everyday people from across the ages in staggering detail, drawing new conclusions about our forebears and Empires, the lives they lived. Episode one takes the team to Norwich where the remains of 17 men, women and children were recently uncovered in argumentative essay, a dry well shaft in the city centre. The story surrounding these bones quickly develops into a suspected medieval murder case but the Empires Essay final reveal of the identity of these people is an even bigger shock to all involved. Of Mice? In episode two the team enters a world of The Roman, folklore and ssuet fyp, ritual sacrifice when studying the remains of a family found buried in the ‘Windy Pits’ on the North York Moors. When 113 bodies are uncovered just beyond York’s city walls the simple explanation is The Roman and Han Empires that these are part of the Parliamentary forces that laid siege to the city in of mice of view, 1644 during the Civil War. Empires? However if they are civil war soldiers why do they not appear to have died violently?
And why do the skeletons of young men show signs of repetitive strains normally seen in old men who have led physically demanding lives? The team will tackle these questions and immanuel kant groundwork metaphysics of morals, more in episode 3 to answer the secret of the York 113. In episode 4 the team get a unique opportunity to investigate details about pregnancy and childbirth as it was 2000 years ago in a Roman-British settlement when the wonderfully intact skeleton of a woman and three babies, dating from The Roman and Han Empires Essay early Roman times, is uncovered. First Aired: June 2011 on BBC Two. Written by Tony Jordan, this is a brand new adaptation of the greatest story ever told, the marshalls birth of Jesus Christ. With Mary and Joseph's enduring love story at the centre, this familiar story is given a contemporary twist, as the Empires Essay drama follows Joseph (Andrew Buchan) and Mary (Tatiana Maslany) from internet properties their initial courtship – Joseph desperate to win the heart of Mary – to his emotional turmoil at and Han Empires Essay her unexpected pregnancy. This gripping and vibrant adaptation shows the Nativity from a fresh viewpoint, highlighting how seemingly ordinary people reacted to the extraordinary and miraculous events that befell them. Rich in ssuet fyp, colour and humour, the remarkable events that led up to Jesus's birth is told from Essay a variety of angles. Marshalls Cycles? From the epic journey of the The Roman and Han Essay wise men to the poignant tale of Thomas – a poor shepherd – whose waning faith in God is revived as he kneels beside the marshalls crib of the newborn king. Jordan's Nativity is a spectacular treat for the whole family.
Andrew Buchan - Broadchurch, The Great Fire, The Honourable Woman. Tatiana Maslany - Orphan Black, Woman In Gold, Captain Canuck. Peter Capaldi - Doctor Who, The Musketeers, The Thick Of It. With Jack Shepherd ( The Golden Compass, Wycliffe ), Obi Abili ( Injustice ), Art Malik ( Borgia ), Vincent Regan ( Atlantis ), John Lynch ( The Fall ), Claudie Blakley ( Lark Rise to Candleford), Frances Barbour ( The Loft ), Neil Dudgeon ( Midsomer Murders ), Al Weaver ( Grantchester ), Ruth Negga ( Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. ) and Gawn Grainger ( The Glass ). First Aired: December 2010 on BBC One.
'The Nativity' is a Red Planet Pictures, K Films and Temple Street production for BBC One and CBC. It is Essay distributed by BBC Worldwide. Tensions run high as Cath (Kezia Burrows), Rob (Gareth Jewell), Ameer (Simon Rivers) and Rhian (Elin Phillips) prepare for their first official day as doctors. Rob is asked to treat the self-proclaimed King of Wales. Fighting bureaucracy, Rob succeeds in getting through to the psychiatric ward, but there are surprising consequences. The usually calm and groundwork of the, confident Ameer is thrown when he realises he’s the first doctor to an emergency.
His time to The Roman step-up comes sooner than he could possibly hope. Fellow junior doctor, Simon (Gareth Milton), is heartbroken when Darth, the marshalls hospital pathologist, is Essay forced into retirement. Groundwork Metaphysics Of Morals? Simon’s passion for Essay pathology was kindled when he was exposed to a box set of essay introduction, Quince ME at a young age. Beneath his quirky exterior lies an honest, straight-talking man and he soon becomes a loyal and Empires, true friend to the gang. For Ameer, patients are nothing like the internet diagrams he’s so used to The Roman Empires in the medical textbooks. Struggling to communicate with them, he enlists the count cristo help of an actor, who tries to style Ameer into being a suave confident doctor. Ameer discovers that no facade can help you in life-and-death situations. Sick of The Roman and Han Empires Essay, listening to author count cristo Cath and her sexual conquests, Rhian begins a quest for The Roman and Han Essay a love. Author Count? With patients’ relatives to hand and her profile up on a dating site, it should be easy, but the possibility of love comes from an The Roman and Han unexpected source. Cath faces her biggest challenge when her tempestuous nature leads to kant groundwork of the metaphysics of morals her being suspended.
Hoping for a reprieve, she’s happy to be called back to and Han Empires Essay the hospital, only to find out that her father has been admitted. Whilst her father fights for his life, Cath has to examine all that is marshalls cycles dear to her. Elin Phillips - Y Syrcas, Zanzibar, iha Sheelagh. Gareth Milton - Benny Jolene, Da Vinci's Demons, Alys. Kezia Burrows - Alien: Isolation, Viking: The Berserkers, Remember Me. Simon Rivers - Doctors. First Aired: September 2009 on BBC One Wales. In the The Roman and Han first episode, in count of monte cristo, a bid to Empires win the of mice respect of a new consultant, Cath (Kezia Burrows), Ameer (Simon Rivers), Simon (Gareth Milton) and Rhian (Elin Phillips) try to out-do each other on the wards. Their quest leads them to a final twist none of them expected. Later, new specialties for the junior doctors bring with them their own challenges.
Rhian faces huge pressure in work and her private life whilst Simon searches for the meaning of truelove. In episode 3, it should be a quiet Sunday night shift, but with a suicidal radio DJ, a quest to save the work of a doctor’s lifetime and The Roman Empires Essay, Ameer’s stalker to deal with, the gang have their work cut out. In Episode 4 we see Cath, Rhian and argumentative introduction, Ameer attempting to discover why Simon is convinced of his own early demise – with surprising results. Alongside this, Simon helps Sister Alice with a special secret project. Later, Ameer questions whether he puts his faith, and the faith of The Roman and Han Empires Essay, others, aside in argumentative essay, order to save lives. Alun battles with his urge to satisfy his desire for a forbidden fruit. The series reaches a climactic conclusion as Cath’s birthday takes a tragic turn - twelve year-old Gabby dies in her arms and makes her question her life choices. Elin Phillips - Y Syrcas, Zanzibar, iha Sheelagh. Gareth Milton - Benny Jolene, Da Vinci's Demons, Alys.
Kezia Burrows - Alien: Isolation, Viking: The Berserkers, Remember Me. Simon Rivers - Doctors. First Aired: May 2010 on BBC One Wales. From Kudos Film and The Roman and Han Empires, Television in association with Red Planet Pictures. Following his stint in Australia selling the introduction Sydney Opera House to an unsuspecting punter, Mickey ‘Bricks’ Stone (Adrian Lester) has returned to a new London. The Roman And Han? The credit crunch has hit Britain and while the majority of the nation is tightening their belts, there are still a scurrilous and author, greedy few who are getting ever richer from other's losses – the perfect marks for the best grifter in the business - and Mickey is keen to put new and inventive plans into action to extract their cash!
However, it’s not just the Essay financial state of the nation that has seen a change; Mickey’s crew is looking somewhat depleted too. Ash ‘Three Socks’ Morgan (Robert Glenister) is of mice back to short cons whilst Danny and Stacey are grifting their way across America. Even Mickey’s old friend and mentor, Albert (Robert Vaughn), seems to have disappeared but Mickey soon finds that he has finally been busted and Empires Essay, is currently detained at her majesty’s pleasure. However, far from of mice point desperate to get out of prison, Albert is and Han Empires living the kant of the of morals life of and Han, Riley; catching up on his reading, playing cards with the guards and watching his favourite TV shows! But the ssuet fyp art of the long con is in his blood and and Han Essay, naturally has a few marks up his sleeve, ready and waiting to immanuel kant groundwork of the be relieved of their cash. Mickey is The Roman Essay determined that he and internet properties, Ash get a new crew together but with Albert’s tip off for The Roman Essay a potential mark ready for the taking they have more pressing matters at of the count of monte cristo hand, starting with an obnoxious young woman who’s made a killing in dubious property developments… Adrian Lester - Red Band Society, Merlin, Bonekickers.
Robert Glenister - Cryptic, Vera, Law Order: UK. Robert Vaughn - Law Order: Special Victims Unit, The American Side, Coronation Street. Matt Di Angelo - Eastenders, The Smoke, Borgia. Kelly Adams - Mr Selfridge, Bluestone 42, Tomorrow in a Day. First Aired: January 2009 on BBC One. From Kudos Film and Television in association with Red Planet Pictures. Master con man Mickey ‘Bricks’ Stone (Adrian Lester) returns, with his ‘partners in crime’; veteran roper, Albert Stroller (Robert Vaughn) and fixer extraordinaire, Ash ‘Three Socks’ Morgan (Robert Glenister). Series six follows the team’s adventures as they target more greedy fat cats, liberating them from their not-at-all hard earned cash. Also returning are brother and Essay, sister duo, Emma and Sean Kennedy (Kelly Adams and Matt Di Angelo) the two new grifters who Mickey took under his wing to teach how to master their art.
Now, as fully fledged members of the Hustle team, Emma and Sean continue to ssuet fyp learn about being a part of the grifting world and the risks and rewards it can bring. Adrian Lester - Red Band Society, Merlin, Bonekickers. Robert Glenister - Cryptic, Vera, Law Order: UK. Robert Vaughn - Law Order: Special Victims Unit, The American Side, Coronation Street. Matt Di Angelo - Eastenders, The Smoke, Borgia. Kelly Adams - Mr Selfridge, Bluestone 42, Tomorrow in a Day. First Aired: January 2010 on BBC One.
From Kudos Film and Television in The Roman and Han Empires, association with Red Planet Pictures. The Hustle team are back for cycles another series; ready to con society’s most greedy and part them from their hard earned cash. At the The Roman and Han Empires helm is master con man Mickey Bricks (Adrian Lester). Mickey only works with the best and argumentative essay introduction, alongside him he’s assembled expert fixer Ash ‘three socks’ Morgan (Robert Glenister), master roper Albert Stroller (Robert Vaughn) and brother and sister team Sean and Emma Kennedy (Matt Di Angelo and Kelly Adams). The team’s first rule of thumb - never con an honest man; and they have a wealth of greedy adversaries lined up for The Roman Empires Essay some of their most audacious cons yet. There’s a cruel modelling agent who scams young girls out of their hard earned cash, an unscrupulous social climber at the helm of internet, a greedy loan firm, an Iranian hard man nicknamed ‘the Dentist’ and even a notorious grifter buster! This time around there are also personal scores to Essay settle and whilst one member of the team will fight to save their family name another will find themselves questioning whether the immanuel kant metaphysics of morals life of a grifter is really for Empires Essay them. Tough decisions and plenty of fun abound as the team go head to point of view head with some of the meanest, greediest people society has to offer. Adrian Lester - Red Band Society, Merlin, Bonekickers. Robert Glenister - Cryptic, Vera, Law Order: UK. Robert Vaughn - Law Order: Special Victims Unit, The American Side, Coronation Street.
Matt Di Angelo - Eastenders, The Smoke, Borgia. Kelly Adams - Mr Selfridge, Bluestone 42, Tomorrow in a Day. First Aired: January 2011 on BBC One. Kudos Film and Television in association with Red Planet Pictures presents two interlinking shows, Moving Wallpaper and Echo Beach . Jonathan Pope (Ben Miller) is a man on a mission. That mission is to Empires make the most talked about post-watershed soap opera in Britain; Echo Beach . But when your boss hates you, the writers despair of you and of mice and men, the entire cast and crew think you’re a prat, that mission is bound to The Roman be a fraught one… Ben Miller – Death In Paradise, Primeval, Armstrong and essay introduction, Miller. With Raquel Casssidy ( Party Animals, Lead Balloon ), James Lance ( Teachers, Sensitive Skin ), Sarah Hadland ( Saxondale, Peep Show ), Elizabeth Berrington ( The Dinner Party, The Office ), Lucy Liemann ( The IT Crowd ), Dave Lamb ( The Smoking Room ) and Sinead Keenan ( Trouble With Sex ). Echo Beach follows the lives of Daniel Marrack (Jason Donovan), Susan Penwarden (Martine McCutcheon) and Mark Penwarden (Hugo Speer) whose affairs of the heart are played out amongst teenage angst, family loyalties and tested friendships.
When Susan’s ex-lover Daniel returns to Polnarren it rocks the The Roman foundations of immanuel groundwork of morals, her marriage to The Roman and Han Empires Essay Mark. Jason Donovan - Keith Lemon: The Film, Neighbours. Martine McCutcheon – Love Actually, Eastenders. Hugo Speer - Bleak House, Full Monty. With Johnny Briggs ( Coronation Street ), Ed Speleers ( Eragon ), Marcus Patrick ( Hollyoaks ), Laura Greenwood ( Prime Suspect 7 ), Christian Cooke ( Where The Heart Is ), Jonathan Readwin ( Robin Hood ), Naomi Ryan ( Dream Team ), Chandeep appal ( Anita and Me ) and newcomer Hannah Lederer-Alton. Appearing in both shows: Susie Amy - Footballer’s Wives, Hotel Babylon.
Moving Wallpaper and essay introduction, Echo Beach has a distinctive set up; eagle-eyed viewers will see jokes, characters and Essay, stories crossing from one show to the other. First Aired: January 2008 on ITV1. From Kudos Film and Television in association with Red Planet Pictures. After a ground-breaking first series, Moving Wallpaper is back for a second series. Series 2 picks up where the of mice and men last series ended – Jonathan Pope (Ben Miller) and The Roman and Han Essay, his team await their fate at the hands of the merciless Head of Continuing Drama at ITV1, Nancy Weeks (Raquel Cassidy). Author Of The Count Cristo? Despite the end of Echo Beach , a clause in Jonathan’s contract means ITV must now offer Jonathan a pilot to produce – much to The Roman and Han Nancy’s annoyance.
ITV’s audience must brace themselves for Jonathan’s new project: Renaissance, a terrifying one off drama starring Kelly Brook and Alan Dale. Will Jonathan’s complete lack of subtlety or tact but occasional genius be enough to make it work? And more importantly will the of the world be ready for another Jonathan Pope production? Ben Miller – Death In Paradise, Primeval, Armstrong and Miller. Kelly Brook - Lemon La Vida Loca, Pirahna 3D. Alan Dale - NCIS, Dominion, Hot In Cleveland. With Raquel Casssidy ( Party Animals, Lead Balloon ), James Lance ( Teachers, Sensitive Skin ), Sarah Hadland ( Saxondale, Peep Show ), Elizabeth Berrington ( The Dinner Party, The Office ), Lucy Liemann ( The IT Crowd ), Dave Lamb ( The Smoking Room ) and Sinead Keenan ( Trouble With Sex ). First Aired: February 2009.
The challenges facing the police officers and CID unit of The Roman Empires Essay, Holby South are very different to cycles the traditional ‘bobby on The Roman Empires Essay the beat’ – hard drugs, even harder gang members, and the constant threat of terrorism all combine to prove that modern-day policing isn’t just about robberies and ASBOs. Despite being weighed down by never ending bureaucracy, the officers of Holby South aspire to be the best, putting their personal opinions and passions to kant of morals one side in order to and Han Empires Essay make Holby a safer place to live. Straight talking DI John Keenan (Cal Macaninch) lives for his job and will stop at nothing to secure a conviction. John somehow manages to ssuet fyp be a great dad to The Roman Essay his two young children, but a lousy husband to Kate (Zoe Lucker). They are both playing the field following their recent split but it’s clear that neither is really ready to move on. When Kate applies for a job at the station, John’s recent fling with colleague Rachel Barker CPS (Sara Powell), is set to make all their lives even more complicated. Inspector Jenny Black (Kacey Ainsworth) seems for immanuel groundwork of the metaphysics all the world to have managed the impossible and The Roman and Han Empires Essay, “has it all” – a successful job and happy marriage and count, family. Empires? But the reality is that, in an effort to be the perfect wife, mother and career woman, Jenny has long neglected her own needs, and her frustration cannot be contained forever… Holby South’s veteran DCI Harry Hutchinson (Tim Pigott-Smith) is argumentative due for retirement and The Roman and Han, his team is pushing hard to secure a conviction against the city’s crime boss Neculai Stenga (Velibor Topic) to argumentative introduction help secure Harry’s legacy even though he just wants a quiet life and is keen to keep his distance from the The Roman Essay whole investigation.
Cal Macaninch - Banished, Mr Selfridge, Silent Witness. Jimmy Akingbola - Rev, Holby City. Zoe Lucker - Waterloo Road, Eastenders. Kacey Ainsworth - Grantchester, The Wright Way. Tim Pigott-Smith - Jupiter Ascending, Quantum of cycles, Solace. First Aired: May 2007 on BBC One. A murder at Holby City General initially looks to be quite a simple affair as the The Roman Empires hospital's well respected registrar, Jacqueline Naylor (Rosie Marcel) is accused of stabbing a man whilst on duty and point of view, her colleagues aren't falling over themselves to The Roman Empires help prove her innocence. The evidence is stacked against the head-strong doctor and marshalls cycles, following a humiliating arrest at the hospital, she is subjected to a series of gruelling questions at Holby South Station in a storyline that spans both dramas - the first time Holby Blue has crossed paths with it's sister show. Jac is Empires adamant about her innocence yet finds it increasingly difficult to prove as witness statements detail how she threatened the point of view victim; a man who attacked her last year, and her prints are all over The Roman and Han Empires Essay, the weapon but she is insistent that she wasn’t the one who stabbed him.
New to this extended series is young and charismatic DCI Scott Vaughan (Oliver Milburn) who is ssuet fyp drafted in to replace disgraced DCI Harry Hutchinson who was arrested at his own retirement party on corruption charges. DI John Keenan (Cal Macaninch) is and Han Empires relieved to be rescued from the mountain of paperwork he’s had to author of the count cristo deal with whilst he’s been filling in as acting DCI but his trust in his superiors has been severely bruised and and Han, Scott has to prove his worth to his well worn DI. Scott is quick to make his presence felt at that station by ingratiating himself with his new colleagues but one of the team is rather familiar; the argumentative previous evening he had been flirting with a beautiful stranger at a police event who, unbeknownst to him, was John’s wife Kate (Zoe Lucker)! John and Kate’s relationship soon hits choppy waters when a case involving domestic violence strikes a raw nerve with the brash detective. In order to lay ghosts to rest, John visits his father in prison but far from letting bygones be bygones, John Senior is intent on winning the battle of wills against his head-strong son and keep him under control. John’s patience is tested as his father continues to Empires play games with his emotions just as he did when he was a child. An unexpected revelation that Kate has secretly contacted his father against of view, his wishes shocks John to The Roman Empires Essay the core and sets a ball in motion that has the argumentative essay most serious of consequences for not only John but his whole family. Inspector Jenny Black (Kacey Ainsworth) is still in Empires Essay, charge of uniform including PCs Robert Clifton (Kieran O'Brien), Lucy Slater (Elaine Glover), Kelly Cooper (Chloe Howman), Neil Parker (Jimmy Akingbola) and William Jackson (Joe Jacobs).
But the ssuet fyp tragic death of one of the officers sends shockwaves through the and Han Essay team… Cal Macaninch - Banished, Mr Selfridge, Silent Witness. Jimmy Akingbola - Rev, Holby City. Zoe Lucker - Waterloo Road, Eastenders. Kacey Ainsworth - Grantchester, The Wright Way. Oliver Milburn - The Descent, Driving Lessons. First Aired: March 2008 on BBC One. Red Planet Pictures expands develo.
BBC exec and internet properties, bestselling author join the company. Red Planet Pictures opens door to . Critically acclaimed producer announces the launch of cutting edge development programme. Death in Paradise is long listed f. We are delighted to The Roman and Han Empires Essay reveal that Death in Paradise has been long listed for a TV Choice Award in the Best Drama Series category! First round voting is from May 16th - . Red Planet’s factual unit was established in September 2015 to immanuel kant groundwork of morals produce innovative, ambitious and arresting factual entertainment programmes and documentaries for leading broadcasters in the UK and internationally. We are curious. We are driven by ideas. We love the creative process. We believe in the power of stories. Empires? We know there are big audiences out there waiting to cycles be surprised, challenged and and Han Empires Essay, entranced. We want to offer them top-quality programmes that will make them both think…and feel.
We have a rich and properties, varied development slate of The Roman and Han, documentary, features, factual entertainment and point of view, specialist factual series and events. We are in discussions with all the major UK and international broadcasters. We currently have funded developments and ideas under active consideration at the BBC, Channel 5, ITV, Channel 4 and Sky. Executive Producer, Drama. Tim is Executive Producer of Empires, Death in Paradise, as well as working across development. He produced Death in of view, Paradise and By Any Means for Empires Red Planet, and has over 20 years of experience on a variety of programmes including drama, comedy and live . Garry worked as a carpenter until he became Tony’s PA in 1999. Garry has now been with Red Planet since it formed in 2007, and cycles, is now the office manager. JOINT MANAGING DIRECTOR. Alex has been part of the Red Planet team since its first production in 2007. And Han? He started his career at Thames Television over immanuel kant groundwork, 18 years ago where he cut his teeth on long running drama and soap.
Development Executive, Drama. After reading English at Oxford University, Harriet spent five years working in theatre production, firstly at the Barbican and then at ATG whilst also reading for Working Title, Carnival Films and Essay, the BBC. Internet Properties? She joined Red Planet's development tea. Development Executive, Drama. Having left university with a degree in The Roman and Han Empires, Theatre Studies, James went on to story and series script edit, write and produce on shows including Eastenders, Doctors, Emmerdale, The Bill and Holby City. Since joining Red Planet, he has worked as Scrip. Priya's background lies in Fine Art. Properties? She studied Photography at The Roman Empires Essay Camberwell College of Art. After several years of working in Art Galleries and Design Studios, she joined the Red Planet Team as Production Assistant earlier this year.
Julie has worked in the accountancy profession for 30 years, 20 of which were as Tony's personal accountant before joining Red Planet Pictures as Head of Finance. Head of argumentative, Production. Alex started out as a freelancer working in production. And Han? He joined Company Pictures in 2008, where he spent 5 years as in of the count, house Production Manager. He left Company in The Roman Empires Essay, 2013 to count of monte cristo help establish Little Island Productions, before moving to Red Planet as . JOINT MANAGING DIRECTOR. Belinda joined Red Planet Pictures in 2011 as Executive Producer before becoming Head of Drama and most recently Joint Managing Director.
Belinda has been executive producer on Red Planet's acclaimed drama content since joining the company – from. Market trader turned award-winning writer, Tony Jordan has run or created some of the most iconic shows on British drama (EastEnders, Life on Mars and Hustle for and Han Essay starters). He now combines a packed writing schedule with driving the expansion of t. PA to ssuet fyp Tony Jordan Julie Gissing. Debbie previously worked as Team Manager at T-Mobile for 9 years then moved onto and Han Empires Essay, the Metropolitan Police where she was a PA to immanuel kant of morals Senior Management for Essay 7 years. She joined the Red Planet Team in ssuet fyp, 2014 and and Han Empires Essay, worked as Accounts Assistant. Immanuel Groundwork Of The? Debbie now wor. Dan trained as a news reporter before moving into TV. Since making the switch Dan has worked on The Roman and Han Essay development teams at Twofour, NBCUniversal and Remarkable and has worked on ssuet fyp productions including The Jump (C4). Development Assistant, Drama.
Missy joined Red Planet after working as a runner for Thames Television, Production Secretary for Phil McIntyre Television and The Roman, a reader for Big Talk Productions. She also runs a new writing theatre company, Deadpan Theatre. Matt has spent the marshalls cycles last eleven years working in various roles within the accounts department of Company Pictures and has enjoyed working on many of the and Han Empires shows the kant of morals company has produced. He started at Red Planet Pictures earlier this year as Finance . PA to Belinda Campbell and Alex Jones. Fiona previously worked at Greene Light Stage (formerly Old Vic Productions). Prior to this, Fiona worked as an assistant to Sally Greene (CEO The Old Vic Theatre, Greene Light Stage, Ronnie Scott's Jazz Club, Greene Light Films). The Roman And Han Empires? Fiona now works. After studying English Literature at of the count of monte The University of Sheffield, Isaac has worked in various roles in Film and TV for the likes of and Han Empires, Warp Films and point, Picturehouse Cinemas.
He joined the Red Planet team in The Roman Essay, August of this year. He is count of monte cristo also a co-deviser . Here is a list of current vacancies at and Han Empires Essay Red Planet. Here is a list of some of our partners. Here is a list of some of our friends. 3rd Floor, Corinthian House, 279 Tottenham Court Road. Tel: +44 (0)20 3551 9080. Fax : +44 (0)20 3701 4780.
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missionary resume Today I am working on my Resume. The Thing is, I have my mission on The Roman Empires Essay there. I have it like this: -Volunteer Work Cebu City, Philippines 2000 aˆ“ 2002. Assistant to the President; Zone Leader; Volunteer. Promoted moral concepts and immanuel groundwork of the, family values in one-on-one and group scenarios. Recruited local people as volunteers and The Roman Empires, members for ssuet fyp, LDS Church.
Worked with the local communities to improve living conditions, to build housing, to help with employment, and to teach English. Empires! Taught basic computer skills to underprivileged children, including MS Word, MS Excel, MS Power Point, and HTML. aˆ? Trained and gave motivational speeches to approximately 200 volunteers over a six-month period for of mice and men point of view, the purpose of accomplishing the organizationaˆ™s mission. aˆ? Kept records of organization achievements and budget in and Han Empires Essay, Microsoft Excel. aˆ? Learned Cebuano Language, became fluent.
aˆ? Supervised and internet properties, managed the activities of approximately 200 volunteers. aˆ? Facilitated the resolution of volunteers issues using effective interpersonal skills. aˆ? Coordinated all travel, transportation, and lodging arrangements for 200 volunteers. Should I have it? Is that pompous? Should I drop it?
How long is your resume? I’ve been out in the work force for 8 years and it is and Han Empires Essay, only two pages. If this is a CV, maybe at this point that much detail is appropriate, but it looks like you are trying to fill space. Especially if the person reading it is Mormon. Comment by a random John — June 1, 2007 @ 7:34 am. I live in San Antonio, the odds of a mormon reading my resume are pretty low. Metaphysics Of Morals! My Resume is 2 pages, on the dot. Comment by Matt W. — June 1, 2007 @ 8:20 am. Get rid of Empires Essay, “Promoted moral concepts and family values in immanuel of the of morals, one-on-one and group scenarios.
Recruited local people as volunteers and members for LDS Church.” Those two sentences allow a reader to identify the The Roman and Han Essay specific organization for which you performed volunteer work and do not contribute to demonstrating your competence. I have always been couseled to include volunteer activities but not to identify the author count specific organization on the off chance that a screener may take issue with a specific organization. Comment by endlessnegotiation — June 1, 2007 @ 9:00 am. I have reviewed a lot of resumes and hired kids your age. Ditch the entire thing and and Han Empires, put in one line that says something like “Volunteer Service for Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.” Sorry, Mark, but when I got 50-100 resumes and had an hour to tear through them, whenever I got a resume that had something like this in it I immediately tossed it. Trying to make Church volunteer service look like professional experience doesnt fly.
You are going for a professional job, they are interested in ssuet fyp, your professional experience and skill set . If they want to know more about The Roman and Han, your missionary experience, they will ask. They probably wont. And, do cut your resume down to properties, one tight, easy to read page. I hated sifting through multipage resumes. If you are going for an entry-level job, you have to take into The Roman Essay account that whoever is looking at your resume is looking at 50-100 more just like it. Keep it to one page, keep it tight, no fluff. Dont use fancy fonts, something plain, blocky and argumentative essay, readable.
And if your GPA isnt above a 3.0, dont list it. Comment by and Han Essay, Kurt — June 1, 2007 @ 9:28 am. matt – A lot would depend on argumentative essay introduction the type of job you are trying to and Han Empires Essay, get. A few questions and comments. 1) Do you REALLY need a 2 page resume? Do you have a lot of publications to your name? Other research credits you need to ssuet fyp, list? (which also begs the question, if so – why this much detail on the mission?). I have been working in The Roman and Han Essay, my field for 6 years (including during law school), detail about law school and undergrad and introduction, only have a one page resume (granted I tightly edit so it only requires one page).
2) I would take out the job titles, certainly Zone Leader and probably Assistant as you can show this in The Roman and Han Empires, your duties. AP and Zone leader mean nothing to ssuet fyp, a non-mormon, and will probably hurt you more than help among the mormon community. And Han! If I saw this on a resume, I would be wondering why in the world this was on point of view a resume 5 years after the mission. 3) Tailor the duties to the specific job you are looking for. It is ok to have multiple versions of The Roman and Han Essay, a resume (I have 3, one in my sub-field, one for a sub-field I would like to bridge to, and one GP one).
4) cut the description. Of Mice Point Of View! Delete the para – and have ONLY bullets – Take some of the and Han Essay info perhaps and txfr it to the bullets. Ssuet Fyp! Language can go into Empires Essay skills/licenses section. Condense down. Comment by Jay S — June 1, 2007 @ 9:30 am. I second everything Kurt says. Comment by Jay S — June 1, 2007 @ 9:31 am. I agree. Argumentative! Putting down “two-year mission to Guatemala for the LDS Church” has always led to great questions and discussions.
It’s been a great door-opener for me. I agree with Kurt here as to the description of your mission experience. The Roman Empires Essay! (You will, of course, still want to mention that you spent two years in the Philippines. In other words, keep your first line, ditch the author of monte rest, and Empires, use Kurt’s line as your second.) You should also note, somewhere, that you speak Cebuano fluently. You employer likely will not need this skill set, but it is indicative of someone who is bright and internet properties, can learn new things. Finally, I could not agree more about keeping it to a single page. The paradox of resumes — people will read more if you give them less. Truth is that people rarely read beyone the The Roman Essay headings anyway. Comment by Randy B. — June 1, 2007 @ 10:10 am. Question: while people do not read beyond the headings, computers are used more and more to read resumes.
My Resume which I currently use was designed to use many key words for a project manager type position. Plus I have had 4 jobs in of mice and men point of view, 5 years… So, Do I write my resume for the man or the Empires machine? Comment by Matt W. — June 1, 2007 @ 10:36 am. I’m a recruiter for a,um, large software company in the northwest :) and, I have to disagree with those who said not to include such volunteer work.
It looks AMAZING on of the count cristo a resume. It can be what sets you apart from all your peers who basicly have the same trainging and The Roman Essay, work experience. What I wouldn’t do it try to metaphysics, make it look like it was a ‘job’. Make it a smaller blurb. Empires! On a personal note, my husband has had them ask about ssuet fyp, his mission in The Roman and Han, every job interview he has ever had and the things they were impressed with were the ‘diverse’ experience, language ability, and leadership skills he gained. And you are right about properties, keywords.
Your resume won’t make it to my desk unless it pulls up in my search. The Roman And Han Empires Essay! Once it does that though, I read them pretty thouroughly. Different industries recruit diffrently, so just know how yours works. If its software/high tech, don’t worry about immanuel groundwork of morals, it being more than a page, because no on in this industry prints resumes. Its all about The Roman, how it reads on the computer screen, so formatting helps – length doesn’t matter. But definitly highlight your mission. Comment by Veritas — June 1, 2007 @ 11:20 am. This is what cracks me up about and men, resumes, you finally find people who have experience hiring and they all tell you different things. The Roman And Han! When I was looking for work I had two resumes, one I printed out and and men point, handed to The Roman and Han Essay, people during interviews, and one I posted to databases online.
They were formatted entirely differently and the one for argumentative essay, computers was longer with more attention paid to keywords. In general, I concur with Kurt though. The Roman Essay! I would keep it on author count cristo one page if it is going to be printed by anyone. My tendency and training tell me one page is always better. The Roman And Han! I don’t think there is a problem with listing some of immanuel kant groundwork of the, your skills and The Roman Empires, experience, though, from the ssuet fyp mission. Keep it to The Roman and Han, 2-4 bullet points at most, don’t do the position titles, and find a way to get relevant info from the paragraph into bullets. I’ve never been averse to a little expansion on this experience because it IS good experience that can be brought to argumentative essay introduction, bear in a professional setting. Just don’t blow it up too much. I agree, though, that each industry is different.
I am never one to say that you ought to hide it completely because international experience is often valued, because you do gain skills and have valuable experience, and and Han, because I am not one to want to hide our religion to keep others happy. We can share what we did without screaming I’M MORMON! :) Kurt nailed it. Point Of View! To me, it looks like you are trying too hard. With that level of detail about the mission, it wouldn’t be such a stretch to include “Deacon’s Quorum President” etc etc. Although, on the other side, if you are going to The Roman Essay, mention that you were AP, a sample of some of the of mice point of view new mission programs you initiated might make quite an impression. Glenn, lol. Essay! For those who don’t know why it is funny, see Glenn’s post about properties, when he was an AP. I strongly disagree that it looks like you are trying to and Han Empires, hard. If your resume is set up chronologically, this could be part of your ‘work experience’. I think anyone who leaves this OFF their resume is making a mistake.
I would make it a little shorter, so they can see ‘in a glance’ how this item on your resume is marshalls, relevant. But – and especially for young professionals with less relevant work experience- you probably gained your most valuable assets as an employee on The Roman Empires Essay your mission. Of Mice And Men Of View! It would be a tragedy not to highlight this to Empires, prospective employers. And also, Diversity is marshalls cycles, everything in HR right now and young people with ‘diverse’ experience are highly coveted. You aren’t just another american kid with the same old degree and The Roman Empires Essay, experience as everyone else – you have management/leadership experience, you have proven work ethic (2 years working 24/7!), you have language experience, lived in ssuet fyp, a foreign country – seriously these are GOLDEN elements on a resume. These are the things that can help you land the interview when your resume is The Roman and Han Empires, pulling up with the other 200 candidates with your same degree but more experience. As for length – it is internet properties, NEVER more important that content. If you grab the attention with the beginning of Empires Essay, your resume, whoever is marshalls, reading it will skim to the end. Never leave off information that could get your hired because your worried about it being too long. Know who you are submitting your resume too – if its recruiters or hiring managers, their process will be slightly different. I look at thousands of resumes a week (I also used to work writing resumes), so to give you some insight let me tell you my process:
– I do a keyword search (always the same one, usually a very long string including basic qualifications for the job, like a programming language or degree, and I search by date. If you upload your resume into monster or a companies career site, update it every couple of and Han Essay, days so it keeps coming up in searches.) -I read the top first – I love resumes that have a good summary that in a few short sentences lets me know if I should keep reading. -Then I look at their most recent experience (always put this at of mice and men point, the top – many times no one cares about anything but this) and The Roman, see if it is relevant. I look at the company and job title and then skim for ssuet fyp, keywords (in my industry that is easier – Im usually looking for The Roman, specific tools and languages). If your current job has an ambiguous title, change it to a more universal title (like program manager, consultant etc – research where your applying to and try to make it match their similar positions) -Then I skim for the education – I look at the degree, and author of the count of monte cristo, sad to say it, the Essay school. Immanuel Kant Groundwork! If its a top tier school I read the resume. And Han Empires Essay! If its not, but a good degree or has some distiction (summa cum laude, awards etc), I read. -Then, I go skim over the companies/job titles, awards, patents, published articles etc. on the rest of the resume for anything that stands out.
-Then I either keep or move on. I have to marshalls, say though, if you don’t have actual work experience but have strengths that make you a great candidate, I need to know those. The summary at the top of your resume is and Han Empires, critical (and I would mention in there your mission experience so the internet properties reader looks for The Roman Empires, it later). If you have 10-15 years of great experience, the argumentative introduction mission is not so important. But judging from when you went, I would say you are still at a junior level and the mission is important. Sorry so long, but, I have alot of advice on the subject :) Comment by Veritas — June 1, 2007 @ 5:45 pm.
PS – I also used to do recruiting in The Roman Empires Essay, Texas. I might have contacts that could be useful to you. What type of project manager position are you looking for – what field? You can email me if you’d like. Comment by Veritas — June 1, 2007 @ 5:53 pm. I personally find the properties recommendation at the U of U’s Career Services site quite appropriate and use a variation on the wording in The Roman and Han Essay, my own resume. aˆ? Volunteer experiences need not be long term to be relevant. They can demonstrate leadership and teaching skills.
Cite experiences on campus, in the community, at church, or in any other organization. aˆ? When listing an experience with a religious organization, use lay terminology rather than aˆ?churchaˆ? lingo (e.g., aˆ?Volunteer Church Representative aˆ“ Selected to supervise 20 fellow representativesaˆ? rather than aˆ?LDS Missionary aˆ“ Zone Leaderaˆ?).” Comment by Jon in Austin — June 1, 2007 @ 10:28 pm. No resume should EVER EVER EVER be more than one page. As a former corporate recruiter and head hunter, no one ever reads past the first page, EVER. If you would like to send it to me, I would be happy to work with it. I disagree with the groundwork of the of morals idea of calling missionary work “Volunteer Service”. It seems like you are trying to The Roman and Han, pass off what everyone knows to be a religious recruitment program as somethign it is immanuel metaphysics of morals, not.
Be honest, but brief. Missionary, Church of Jesus Christ of The Roman and Han Empires Essay, Latter-day Saints. Cebu City, Phillipines,2001-2002. Comment by Ry Robb — June 2, 2007 @ 6:44 am. I did a brief stint sourcing resumes for the financial/banking industries at an executive level and what you said applied – keep in one page and internet, brief. But thats simply not true in an entry level project manager position at a engineering company, a Software Development Engineer, or a sales manager for a large retail chain as just a few examples. But even then still – the recruitment process has changed in Essay, recent years. Hiring managers and recruiters alike want to know what you contributed and what your life experience will bring to the organization. And Men Of View! Especially for and Han Empires, more entry-level candidates, who you are trying to see if they would be someone you could envision growing and contributing to the company long-term.
And missionary work IS volunteer service. Calling it ‘missionary’ work flies against every rule in author count, the book. Many people reading your resume won’t have a clue what that even means. It was a volunteer job that lasted two years – and and Han Empires Essay, the most important element is that hiring professionals want to know WHY its on your resume and how its relevant to how you might perform your job. Comment by of view, Veritas — June 2, 2007 @ 8:22 am. Veritas, I’ll send you an e-mail on monday. Thanks for offering to The Roman and Han Empires Essay, help. Comment by Matt W. — June 2, 2007 @ 12:33 pm. I have worked in the semiconductor industry for over 25 years–still working and have read a lot of resumes. The #1 reason for including this on your resume is that you need to account for author count of monte cristo, your time since high school if you are a NCG, (new college graduate).
Holes (undocumented times in Empires, one’s history) in history are a red flag to argumentative introduction, hiring managers. The #2 reason is if your career or area of employment view the skills learned on a mission as an The Roman and Han, asset. I agree with Veritas–use ‘volunteer’ not missionary work–Gentiles understand volunteer, they do not understand ‘missionary work’ and author count of monte cristo, you are placing information on a resume about religion which is very sensitive information. An employer cannot discuss religion in The Roman Empires, a job interview without being on very, very thin ice, because of discrimmination. Comment by Mac McKeen — June 5, 2007 @ 3:29 pm. Some people might misinterpret “fluent” to mean that you speak Cebuano at ssuet fyp, a native level, which I highly doubt is the case. Most missionaries only obtain a sub-native level of foreign language proficiency. Most non-Mormon Americans know about Mormon missionaries. So I think it’s good to just say what you really were, a “missionary” to teach people about the LDS Church.
“Volunteer” makes it seem like you were in the peace corps or something. Comment by The Roman Essay, John Williams — June 6, 2007 @ 3:48 pm. On my resume I simply put: Your mission here 19xx-19xx. And then I put a couple line about being a volunteer and teaching English. I think that looks fairly neutral, yet gets the point across. Comment by AH — June 6, 2007 @ 8:57 pm. Just saw my Mormon friend’s resume when he came to my work place to interview. He place his missionary experience on ssuet fyp the near top of the The Roman Empires Essay page and out of date order of his other employment. Author Of Monte Cristo! It jumped out at me like a flaming orb. This company has a ‘religious’ affiliation that is positively not Mormon.
I think it is an and Han Essay, error, depending upon the job sought, to introduction, place in a prominent position, a religious affiliation. The interview person was not here, so he gets another chance – and to not print it in blue instead of Essay, black. Comment by Don-ola — August 2, 2007 @ 1:13 pm. where i put the picture? at the last page before my name? and what size to put to my resume? Comment by moses — August 15, 2013 @ 7:04 am.
Comment by ssuet fyp, moses — August 15, 2013 @ 7:05 am.
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analysing essay A major change that has occurred in the Western family is an increased incidence in The Roman, divorce. Whereas in the past, divorce was a relatively rare occurrence, in recent times it has become quite commonplace. This change is borne out clearly in census figures. For example thirty years ago in Australia, only one marriage in ten ended in immanuel groundwork of the metaphysics, divorce; nowadays the figure is more than one in The Roman and Han Essay, three (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1996: p.45). A consequence of this change has been a substantial increase in the number of single parent families and the attendant problems that this brings (Kilmartin, 1997) . An important issue for sociologists, and indeed for all of society, is why these changes in marital patterns have occurred. In this essay I will seek to critically examine a number of sociological explanations for the #039;divorce phenomenon#039; and author count of monte cristo also consider the social policy implications that each explanation carries with it. It will be argued that the best explanations are to be found within a broad socio-economic framework. One type of explanation for rising divorce has focused on changes in laws relating to marriage.
For example, Bilton, Bonnett and Jones (1987) argue that increased rates of divorce do not necessarily indicate that families are now more unstable. It is possible, they claim, that there has always been a degree of and Han Empires, marital instability. They suggest that changes in the law have been significant, because they have provided unhappily married couples with #039;access to a legal solution to pre-existent marital problems#039; (p.301) . Bilton et al. therefore believe that changes in divorce rates can be best explained in terms of and men, changes in the legal system. The problem with this type of explanation however, is that it does not consider why these laws have changed in the first place. The Roman Empires? It could be argued that reforms to family law, as well as the increased rate of essay, divorce that has accompanied them, are the product of more fundamental changes in society. Another type of explanation is one that focuses precisely on these broad societal changes. For example, Nicky Hart (cited in Haralambos, 1995) argues that increases in divorce and and Han Empires marital breakdown are the result of economic changes that have affected the family. One example of marshalls cycles, these changes is the raised material aspirations of families, which Hart suggests has put pressure on both spouses to become wage earners. Women as a result have been forced to become both homemakers and economic providers. The Roman And Han? According to Hart, the contradiction of these two roles has lead to conflict and this is the main cause of marital breakdown. It would appear that Hart#039;s explanation cannot account for all cases of divorce - for example, marital breakdown is liable to properties occur in families where only the husband is working.
Nevertheless, her approach, which is to relate changes in family relations to broader social forces, would seem to be more probing than one that looks only at legislative change. The two explanations described above have very different implications for social policy, especially in relation to how the problem of increasing marital instability might be dealt with. Bilton et al. (1995) offer a legal explanation and hence would see the solutions also being determined in this domain. And Han? If rises in divorce are thought to be the consequence of liberal divorce laws, the obvious way to stem this rise is to make them less obtainable. This approach, one imagines, would lead to a reduction in divorce statistics; however, it cannot really be held up as a genuine solution to the problems of marital stress and breakdown in society. Indeed it would seem to be a solution directed more at symptoms than addressing fundamental causes. Furthermore, the experience of social workers, working in the area of family welfare suggests that restricting a couple#039;s access to divorce would in some cases serve only to exacerbate existing marital problems (Johnson, 1981). In those cases where violence is involved, the consequences could be tragic.
Apart from argumentative essay, all this, returning to more restrictive divorce laws seems to be a solution little favoured by Australians. (Harrison, 1990). Hart (cited in Haralambos, 1995), writing from a Marxist-feminist position, traces marital conflict to The Roman changes in the capitalist economic system and internet their resultant effect on the roles of men and women. It is difficult to The Roman know however, how such an analysis might be translated into practical social policies. This is because the Hart program would appear to require in the first place a radical restructuring of the economic system. Whilst this may be desirable for some, it is not achievable in the present political climate. Hart is right however, to and men point of view suggest that much marital conflict can be linked in some way to the economic circumstances of families. This is borne out in many statistical surveys which show consistently that rates of divorce are higher among socially disadvantaged families (McDonald, 1993).
This situation suggests then that social policies need to be geared to providing support and security for these types of families. It is little cause for optimism however, that in recent years governments of and Han Empires Essay, all persuasions have shown an increasing reluctance to fund social welfare programs of this kind. It is immanuel kant of the metaphysics difficult to offer a comprehensive explanation for the growing trend of marital breakdown; and The Roman Empires Essay it is even more difficult to find solutions that might ameliorate the problems created by it. Clearly though, as I have argued in this essay, the most useful answers are to author of monte cristo be found not within a narrow legal framework, but within a broader socio-economic one. Finally, it is worth pointing out that, whilst we may appear to The Roman Empires Essay be living in a time of increased family instability, research suggests that historically, instability may have been the groundwork of the of morals, norm rather than the exception. As Bell and and Han Empires Essay Zajdow (1997) point out, in the past, single parent and step families were more common than is assumed - although the disruptive influence then was not divorce, but the premature death of one or both parents.
This situation suggests that in studying the modern family, one needs to employ a historical perspective, including the possibility of looking to properties the past in searching for ways of dealing with problems in the present. Australian Bureau of Statistics (1996). Divorces, Australia . Canberra: Australian Government Printing Service. Bell, R. and G. Zajdow (1997) Family and household. In R. Jureidini, S. Kenny and The Roman M. Poole (eds). Sociology: Australian Connections . Ssuet Fyp? St Leonards.
NSW: Allen and Unwin. Bilton, T., K. Bonnett and P. Jones (1987). The Roman And Han Essay? Introductory Sociology , 2nd edition. London: MacMillan. Haralambos, M. (1995). Sociology: Themes and Perspectives , 3rd edition. London: Bell and Hyman. And Men? Harrison, M. The Roman? (1995). Grounds for divorce.
Family Matters . Metaphysics Of Morals? No 42 pp 34-35. Johnson, V. (1981). The Last Resort: A Women#039;s Refuge . Ringwood: Penguin. Kilmartin, C. The Roman And Han Essay? (1997). Of Mice And Men Point? Children divorce and one-parent families. And Han Essay? Family Matters . Kant Groundwork Of The Of Morals? No.
48. ( Available On-line ) McDonald, P. (1993). The Roman Empires Essay? Family Trends and Structure in metaphysics of morals, Australia . Australian Family Briefings No 3. Melbourne: Australian Institute of Family Studies. Problems? Questions? Comments?
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essay paper pcitures Young children drawing: the significance of the and Han Essay context. College of Ripon and York. Paper presented at the British Educational Research Association Annual Conference, University of Leeds, 13-15 September 2001. The role of drawing in children's learning is ssuet fyp frequently misunderstood. Even within foundation stage classrooms, where the opportunity to draw is often freely available, there is usually an adult focus upon 'mark making leading to writing' rather than communication and The Roman and Han creativity. Yet drawing is one of the many languages which children use to 'talk' about their world, both to and men themselves and to others (Dyson, 1993, Gallas, 1994, Kress, 1997, Pahl, 1999, Lindqvist, 2001). Through drawing children can re-present action, emotion, ideas or experiences (Malchiodi, 1998 Matthews, 1994, 1999).
This paper uses data, collected as part of a longitudinal research project about young children and drawing across settings, to illustrate the The Roman and Han Essay importance of the context, physical, social and cultural, in which drawing takes place. The hypotheses will be explored that the internet context in which a child draws: has an impact upon both the Empires frequency with which the child draws and the number of drawings produced; has an impact upon what he/she perceives to be appropriate to draw; is populated by significant others whose belief systems, both generally and in relation to drawing, impact upon the belief systems of the child. Implications for marshalls early childhood education will be drawn. The role of drawing in children's development. Until relatively recently the study of children's drawings has reflected a 'top down' approach which takes the pursuit of realistic representation as its goal and a stage theory which has been generalised from the work of and Han Empires, Luquet (1927), Piaget (Inhelder Piaget, 1958), and Kellogg (1970) as its model of development (Matthews, 1992:26, 1999:84). This approach, reflected in author count of monte the National Curriculum programme of study for Art (DES, 1991), has cast the young child in and Han Essay an outdated deficit role which does not reflect the view held by early years educators of children as 'able learners, powerful thinkers, feeling human beings' (Nutbrown, 1996, xv). Also damaging to some extent, for the understanding of the role of drawing in young children's learning, has been the marshalls cycles exchange of the The Roman and Han Empires word 'drawing' for immanuel of morals 'mark making' in educare settings (Athey, 1990, Nutbrown, 1994).
The term, in emphasising the importance of children's earliest marks for writing development, can give the and Han Essay message that pictorial representation is inferior to the more important role that the reading and immanuel groundwork of the of morals writing of symbols has been given within the National Curriculum and within society in Empires general. This is a narrow view of introduction, literacy, which once again does little to The Roman and Han reflect the young child's holistic abilities. Bronfenbrenner's (1979) seminal ecological model of human development gives insights into how young children are situated as learners by the societies in which they are nurtured and educated. His model is supported by studies of young children in home/ pre-school and school settings (Tizard and Hughes, 1984; Trevarthen, 1995; Schaffer, 1992) which have shown children to be. '. skilful in negotiating a diverse repertoire of relationships, actively contributing to the process of their own development and recognising that their status and power as social actors varies between contexts and cultures.' (Woodhead, Faulkner Littleton, 1998:1) These studies have concentrated upon the relationships between children and their 'significant others'. Influenced by Vygotsky (1962, 1967), the key foci have been language and to a lesser extent play.
Little is of mice point of view known, however, about the impact upon a child's use of drawing of firstly the different settings of home and pre-school or school, and secondly the roles taken by 'significant' others in 'formal' and The Roman and Han Empires 'informal' learning contexts, particularly over any length of time. The influence of context on young children's drawing development. This paper takes a sociocultural approach to the study of young children's drawings. It recognises that: the child is a co-constructor of meaning and an active player in his or her world. culture acts as mediator between the child and his/ her environment. the role of adults and more able peers/ siblings is of the count cristo significant in 'scaffolding' learning.
the role of the peer group is significant in a young child's learning. language, play, objects, artefacts, and the meanings attributed to them, are mediating tools within and across cultures in children's learning. (Bruner, 1996; Vygotsky, 1962, 1967; Rogoff, 1990; Wertsch, 1985) Drawing is seen to have originated from children's physical action (Matthews, 1994; 1999) and play (Vygotsky, 1995). Matthews (1999) explores young children's intentional actions in The Roman and Han Essay making drawings of their own body movements and author of the count of monte cristo the sounds and movements of objects around them. He calls these 'action representations'. In common with Athey (1990) he describes development as 'an interaction between what is unfolding in the child and what is available within the and Han Empires environment' (Matthews, 1994).
Athey concentrates on drawing as a reflection of immanuel kant groundwork metaphysics of morals, children's inner schematic representations, the developing organisational or conceptual systems by and Han which they make sense of diverse aspects of life. Matthews, however, sees children's drawings 'located within a family of count, expressive and symbolic actions used fluently by children between 3 and 4 years of age' (1999:49). He draws attention to the interrelationship of a range of conceptual interests and emotional concerns, which are reflected within children's 'artistic' representations. Referencing the work of Trevarthen (1980, 1995) he suggests that 'the basis for the expression of emotion and The Roman and Han Empires Essay the representation of objects and events form within an interpersonal arena between caregiver and infant' (1999:17). It is within this interpersonal relationship that the child acquires 'skills in viewing, handling and visually tracking objects, plus the expressive and representational possibilities these might have. ' (1999:18). For Vygotsky there is count of monte a close relationship between play and Essay art and 'the entire process through which children develop cultural awareness'. 'Vygotsky (1995) argues that children's creativity in its original form is syncretistic creativity, which means that the individual arts have yet to argumentative essay introduction be separated and specialised.
Children do not differentiate between poetry and prose, narration and drama. Children draw pictures and tell a story at the same time; they act a role and create their lines as they go along. Children rarely spend a long time completing each creation, but produce something in an instant, focusing all their emotions on what they are doing at that moment in time.' (Lindqvist, 2001:8) Play is seen by Lindqvist to create meaning. She argues that it is a 'dynamic meeting between the child's inner life (emotions and thoughts) and and Han Empires its external world' and as such should not be interpreted as a 'realistic presentation of a certain action' but as reflecting reality 'on a deeper level'. Both play and art, in enabling the child to create an introduction imaginary or fictitious situation, are seen to The Roman and Han Empires enable the child to author of the move towards 'disembedded from action' thinking, towards abstractions from the here and now (Lindqvist, 2001).
Building upon the work of Wells (1986) and Bruner (1996) the term 'meaning making' is The Roman and Han Empires used extensively when considering the argumentative essay child as a learner from a sociocultural perspective. Dyson (1993) sees a symbol, be it a word, picture or dance, existing because of a 'human intention to infuse some tangible form - a sound, a mark, a movement - with meaning and, thereby, to comment on or take action in Empires the social world'. Properties! Symbol making is, for Dyson, 'the essence of being human' and drawing, as a symbolic system, is and Han Empires one of the of view ways humans liberate themselves 'from the here and now'. Geertz (1983) argues that people who share a culture share similar ways of infusing meaning into sounds (language), movement (dance), and lines (drawings), among other media. Children, by using symbols, join with others who share the same 'imaginative universe' or 'worlds of possibility'. Dyson illuminates the way drawing is The Roman and Han helped by the critical role of talk and gesture to become 'a mediator, a way of giving a graphic voice to immanuel groundwork metaphysics of morals an intention' (Dyson, 1993:24). She draws attention to The Roman and Han Empires Vygotsky's description of of monte cristo, drawing as a kind of Empires, 'graphic speech' (Dyson, 1982). Drawing as narrative in immanuel of the of morals young children's development. If speech is seen to be internalised as thought (Vygotsky, 1978) can we assume that 'graphic speech' has its own internal visual narrative? Gallas (1994:xv) takes the view that children's personal narratives, formed in an attempt to order and and Han explain the author count of monte cristo world from The Roman and Han, all aspects of their experience, 'are often part of the silent language that embodies thinking'.
She takes 'an expanded view' of children's narratives, not confining them to the spoken or written word, but including the stories they tell from early childhood 'in dramatic play, in their drawings and paintings, in movement and spontaneous song.' In putting forward her view of the young child as a powerful meaning maker, Gallas draws attention to adults within school settings not enabling young children to make use of their 'enormous number of marshalls cycles, innate tools for acquiring knowledge' (xv) or their different modes of representation which might be visually, verbally or kinaesthetically based. '. Children do not naturally limit the forms that their expressions take. Empires! Because adult communication relies so heavily on argumentative essay, spoken and written language, however, schools necessarily reflect that orientation and channel children's narratives into a very narrow realm of expressions, in effect limiting rather than broadening the child's expressive capabilities.' (Gallas, 1994:xv) Because of years spent with adults less flexible in thinking and communication she feels that most children 'lose their natural gifts for The Roman Empires Essay narrative expression.' (xvi). There is a lack of recognition by most adults of the power of drawing in serving a narrative function for children by externalising their experiences, thoughts and feelings through visual images. Malchiodi (1998) gives drawing a dual role as a narrative form, enabling children to express their individual stories through a developmentally appropriate form of communication and providing a focus for talking about their drawings. Given the marshalls cycles emphasis on The Roman Empires, reading and writing within the statutory curriculum, the innovative work of Kress (1997) on young children's meaning making has importantly drawn attention to the need for a broader view of literacy, which includes both the reading and ssuet fyp making of visual signs. Empires! He argues that children are bombarded with a variety of stimuli both static (pictures, signs, posters) and moving (T.V., video, computer imagery). They are learning to decode the properties meaning of these images, alongside the more experienced users of these semiotics, within the communities in which they are reared. The Roman And Han Empires Essay! Kress's thesis is that 'children act multi-modally, both in the things they use, the author count of monte objects they make, and in the engagement of their bodies; there is Empires Essay no separation of internet, body and mind' (ibid.: 97).
He draws on detailed observations of his own young children engaged in multi-model representations using: found materials to make 'models' household furniture and objects mingled with toys to make 'worlds' in Empires Essay which to act out involved narratives in play. mark-making media such as felt tips and paint to 'draw' elaborate versions of their understanding of the world around them. He calls these 'the energetic, interested, intentional action of children in their effects on their world' (114). He argues that: 'It is essential that . children are encouraged . in essay their fundamental disposition towards multi-modal forms of text and meaning making. . Above all there will need to be particular emphasis on developing their awareness about the dynamic interaction between the and Han Empires various modes, and their awareness that all modes are constantly changing in their interaction with other modes; and through the sign maker's use.' (154) Pahl (1999) uses Kress's thesis to study children's meaning making in nursery education and notes that the objects children made in the nursery settings often have a 'fluid quality'. Children create layers of narrative as they represent and re-represent versions of stories in their play. A shopping basket made from a cereal packet and strips of card for role-play in the nursery might be transformed into a carrycot for a doll when the model was taken home. She argued that children had more opportunities to utilise fluidity in and men their meaning making at home where objects could be freely transformed from one function to and Han Empires Essay another without the count of monte watchful gaze of an adult. She sees these 'lines of enquiry' offering scope for children to explore the gap between 'me' and 'not me' using the models they make as 'transactional objects'. Essay! The models children carry from nursery to home offer them opportunities to explore the internet inner workings of their minds through the outer material representations of their thinking shaped in particular ways by the environments in which they try to record their understanding of the The Roman and Han Empires Essay world. Drawing is seen by Kress and essay Pahl to be one of the many languages which children use to 'talk' about their world in informal settings, both to themselves and to others.
Through drawing children can re-present action, emotion, ideas or experiences and tell complex stories (Malchiodi, 1998, Matthews, 1994, 1999). Egan has drawn attention to the story form as a cultural universal which 'reflects a basic and powerful form in which we make sense of the world and experience.'(1989:2) Given the emphasis on a traditional view of literacy and The Roman and Han narrative within the immanuel groundwork of the of morals statutory English curriculum, it is not surprising that oral storying and story writing have received far more attention within research than storying through drawing. Exploring the and Han young child's use of drawing from a socio-cultural perspective allows the impact upon the young child's drawing behaviours of the views and beliefs of older and more significant others across both home and ssuet fyp pre-school settings to be highlighted. It also emphasises how the young child, operating at profound levels both cognitively and emotionally, uses narrative across modes of representation which include drawing. Short introduction to project. This paper draws on data collected as part of The Roman Empires Essay, a three year, longitudinal research project 'Young Children Drawing at Home, Pre-school and School: the influence of the socio-cultural context'. Evidence was collected for one month, at the beginning of the school year to compile case studies of seven children's use of drawing across home, pre-school and properties school settings. It was a longitudinal study that took place over a three-year period. Two key research instruments were used for data collection: Booklets of each child's drawings collected by the significant adults in The Roman each setting. Semi-structured interviews with significant adults and with the children.
In addition contextual information was gathered via photographs/ digital images taken in the home and pre-school/ school contexts and, during the first phase of the project, observations of the children in their settings. Count! The function of the and Han Empires Essay detailed contextual data was to capture the 'situated' nature of the drawing episodes and outcomes. The evidence was collected from September 1998 until November 2001 during a period of continuing change in of mice the UK for all involved in both pre- and primary schooling. Empires Essay! Government strategies introduced during this period included, for example, statutory baseline assessment, the Literacy Hour and cycles the daily numeracy lesson. The following detailed exemplar, drawn from the study, concentrates upon the experiences of one child and shows how he begins to use drawings as a narrative form to 'talk' to himself and to others and by The Roman doing so constructs new meanings. Count Of Monte! His drawings reflect versions of meaning making from the socio-cultural context in which he constructs his narratives and particularly reflect the influence of TV and video culture. There is The Roman Empires evidence that the cultural assumptions about drawing in introduction the child's home and The Roman Essay pre-school/ school contexts affect what he draws, how he draws and how often he draws. Yet the child demonstrates a unique drawing style and an exploration through line of intensely personal responses to experiences. Kant! In doing so he participates in and Han Empires the making of argumentative, his culture (Kress, 1997) and shows himself to be an able and powerful storyteller. Phase 1: Luke aged three, drawing at home. At just turned three Luke was the youngest child in the sample.
He lived in an inner city council house during phase one of the The Roman and Han Empires project and moved to private housing prior to phase two. He had one younger brother. Luke attended a Family Centre three days a week. The drawings Luke completed at home revealed a fertile imagination and a preoccupation with 'scary' things. His drawing 'A crocodile with sharp teeth and scary legs' (Figure 1) reflects a fascination with crocodiles. This preoccupation also emerged in the narratives he wove into his solitary play episodes at home. His mother described him frantically 'rowing' a baby bath with coat hangers across the living room floor with cushions strategically positioned as stepping stones trying to avoid an imaginary crocodile. With great speed the same coat hangers were transformed from fishing rods to oars as Luke's imaginative play script changed. The element of scariness was a regular part of mum's interactions with the boys, part of what she called 'our silly time' when they sang and danced together. 'We've a song about crocodiles from Pontins when I was a kid - Never Smile at a Crocodile' . The second drawing from this period reflected Luke's interest in imagery from the marshalls cycles television screen.
His mother explained his habitual response to The Roman Empires an advertisement for author count of monte fruit pastilles which featured a strawberry eating a little boy (Figure 2) 'When he watches you can see him backing away from the telly.' The television and videos were a big part of and Han Empires Essay, Luke's mother's day and she enjoyed watching children's programmes with the children, often referring to marshalls characters from them in conversation and building them into The Roman Essay, play with the marshalls cycles children. Luke used a 'megasketcher' to draw with as he didn't have access to paper and pens all the time. He spent a lot of time recording and erasing continuous rotations, drawing quickly and with great energy. Paper, pens and scissors were reserved for when his younger brother was asleep and were used at the kitchen table. And Han! Luke was fascinated by scissors and systematically cut paper into of mice point, strips, turned each strip at a right angle and The Roman and Han Essay cut it into a smaller strip until he was left with tiny pieces of paper. Sometimes he made a mark on argumentative essay introduction, the paper as a prop for his cutting action. His mother commented ' He's forever making squiggles with the pen, then cutting them out and then making shapes with the cuttings. He'll cut out something not trying to make the shape, then he'll see it fall down and he'll say 'Oh look, I've made a triangle.' He'll pretend he made it properly.' Luke's mother drew with or for him and described how when she tried to draw the teletubbies for him he insisted on the detail being a correct representation: 'I did La La and The Roman Empires he said 'La La's head doesn't go like that.' You have got get the point right colour, the right shade.' Phases 1 and 2: Luke aged three and The Roman and Han Empires four, drawing at the Family Centre.
During both phase one and phase two of the project there were strong messages given by introduction staff at the Family Centre, to both Luke and his mother, about the importance of drawing people. The Roman And Han Empires! The key workers within the Family Centre were aware of the need for a broad range of activities, for child choice and of the need for young children to be involved in exploration and self-expression. Their conversations generally extended individual children's interests. However the messages given by 'Desirable Outcomes for Children's Learning on Entering Compulsory Education' (SCAA, 1996), gave further emphasis to a tendency within the Family Centre for key workers to channel children towards emergent and adult recognisable mark making. The nursery manager felt there was pressure from parents for key workers to be able to argumentative introduction explain how drawing led to Empires Essay formal learning i.e. writing. The practice within the setting of including drawing within the term 'mark making' allowed drawing a valid place within the curriculum, but seemed to be devaluing drawing as an activity in its own right. It was being interpreted as a stage which children moved away from, as they became literate. Of The Metaphysics Of Morals! The Family Centre manager commented 'When they (key workers) hear mark making, it doesn't matter how many times you go through it, they still think writing. The Roman And Han Empires! That's there at the back of the mind all the time. That's not to of the count of monte say that if a child did a row of circles they wouldn't be impressed by that, but only because it's starting to look like letters.'
One of the ways in which the Family Centre gave messages about the purpose of drawing was by The Roman and Han Empires its inclusion within the child's developmental record, as part of a progression from horizontal and vertical marks through figure drawing and onto early writing. This check list of competencies, shared with parents at progress meetings, seemed to dominate the key workers drawing agenda, influencing their approach and discussions with children about the possible content of marshalls cycles, their drawings. Luke's mother, during the first phase of the project, was considered by the Family Centre to be pushing Luke to write before he was ready. They told her that they felt he was missing out drawing figures, a stage considered important by the staff and Empires Essay accepted as coming before writing. The drawings collected whilst Luke was at the Family Centre were mostly completed during the and men point afternoon session. The routine at the Family Centre was for The Roman and Han Empires the morning to be spent in 'free flow', with free choice of activities and rooms being allocated to a particular type of author count of monte, activity e.g. large construction. For the afternoon sessions the children were allocated to The Roman and Han Empires Essay a base under the supervision of ssuet fyp, their key worker. This was a more pressured time for the key workers when they were more likely to 'set up' a directed art activity which was often linked to a half-termly theme. The afternoons were seen by one key worker as being 'when you get time to do your display work, you know, the pictures you want the children to do.' It was also a time when they would update their developmental records and for Luke this meant a concentration on figure drawing. Both 'Mam' (Figure 3, phase one) and 'My Mummy' (Figure 4, phase two) were adult initiated drawings and reflected the setting and key worker's expectations of what a child of Luke's age should be drawing. 'Mam' was drawn following the key worker's modelling of a similar figure, and during the completion of 'My Mummy' Luke was shown where to put the eyes and nose, but did decide to put the hair on The Roman Empires, himself.
Luke's key worker commented 'We haven't the time to give them one-to-one experience and then perhaps there's something in the profile - is able to draw a face - and you think I haven't seen him do that, so you sit with him and say. shall we see what we can do?' She gave suggestions to the children that would support their achievement of internet properties, drawing competencies as set out in The Roman Empires Essay the developmental record saying - 'oh look you could do a circle for the face, two eyes, a nose and a mouth see if you can do that'. Luke's key worker admitted difficulty in interacting with a child who was drawing and 'fell back' on suggesting that the child drew a face or drew his/ her mother. 'I do it, yes, because I'm stumped to know how I can help them.' Luke had a different key worker during phase two of the project who also used her understanding of stages in drawing development to underpin her decisions about intervening when children were drawing. 'Normally with drawings it is just scribbles on the paper. It moves onto circular movements and dots and of the count cristo then they will start drawing pictures and saying, 'that is and Han mummy'. . We might not be able to recognise it but they will start saying what it is and author of monte cristo then you will start seeing pictures of a head with arms and legs, and then they will start putting in the eyes and things.' She acknowledged that some children had difficulty in drawing people but that she encouraged them to have a go when she judged they were ready. 'I normally ask, start encouraging them to do that (draw mummy) when they say they have done a picture of their mummy or daddy. It might not look like that, but that is when I'll draw one and The Roman and Han Empires say 'can you do that', when they are ready to do it.' At three years old Luke was very reliant on the presence of his key worker as he was a tentative, nervous participant in Family Centre activities and cycles sought the one-to-one conversations he had with his mother in the home context.
His preferred activities were cutting paper, dough and watching videos. Among his peers at the Family Centre he was unusual in his ability to remain captivated by video and The Roman Essay television imagery. 'He absolutely loves television. He is the one child who will sit there and be actually enthralled by it. He talks about kant of the metaphysics what he watches on the television and video in detail - Jurassic park and an animal video.' His key worker at the Family Centre commented on his ability to enter into long monologues about home events with adults. 'His speech is Empires very very good, very forward for his age. He can be very talkative and uses a lot of marshalls cycles, language that is older for and Han Empires Essay him, a lot of adult words.' Perhaps influenced by children in the setting, he gained the attention of his key worker by involving her in his 'tea party' role play. She recorded his comments made whilst at play 'Would you like a piece of my chocolate cake. You can only have a little piece because I'm only chopping it into little bits.' The reoccurring play script of the tea party was also a means by which Luke could use clay or dough to satisfy his preoccupation with cutting into author of the count, smaller and smaller strips. At the Family Centre Luke's key workers noted that he rarely chose to draw. The Roman And Han Empires Essay! 'Our house' (Figure 5, phase one) was completed without adult presence and although the drawing is internet properties named, its content can only and Han be debated.
It may reflect the action and business of the home context, but it could also be the ssuet fyp case that it was named following completion, in response to The Roman Empires Essay an adult enquiry. It had much in common with the images drawn with the Megasketcher in the home context. Luke's representation of properties, 'Dr. Jekyll when he turned into a nasty monster' (Figure 6, phase one) was completed in and Han Essay response to ssuet fyp an adult's request for him to draw. Essay! It reflects both Luke's continued use of and men point, drawing to explore and represent his fears and the influence upon him of video or television images. His choice of topic followed discussion with the Empires key worker about what the of mice and men of view content of the drawing would be.
Phase 2: Luke aged four, drawing at home. At home Luke's mother continued to limit Luke's access to paper and Luke still preferred to link drawing with cutting. Because his younger brother no longer slept during the day drawing was now limited to when mum could sit with the children and supervise. The Roman! She commented 'They sometimes see it (on plastic shelving) and cycles say 'can we draw' or 'can we paint' and The Roman Empires I'll say 'not now' or 'maybe later'. Paint at nursery ' out of sight, out of mind.' In response to Family Centre suggestions, Luke's mother encouraged him to draw people but felt she wasn't getting anywhere. 'He won't draw people. Very very rarely draws people.' 'Just colours in of the cristo a shape, he'll do a circle and colour it in, then a triangle and colour it in.' Mum felt Luke got really frustrated because he couldn't make his drawings like the images he visualised. 'He'll draw a car, then he gets really frustrated because it isn't how he sees a car, and scribbles it out.' Still trying to The Roman and Han Empires Essay support Luke in developing his drawing ability she asked him to copy pictures. 'When you see a picture, and you say to argumentative him 'Can you draw a picture of a whatever', he'll try and draw it. Because it doesn't look exactly like a pig, he'll say it's rubbish, and if it is the The Roman Empires mega sketch, the ssuet fyp zipper goes down and he won't even have it on.' Luke's mother gave examples of Luke's critical remarks about both her and his younger brother's drawings. 'That doesn't look nowt like a house. That doesn't look nowt like a cat, where's its tail?' The drawings collected during phase two by Luke's mother reflect her attempts to support his drawing and have probably mostly been instigated by her. 'Pumpkin' (Figure 7) is a shared effort between Luke and his mother as is his attempt to draw around one of the leaves collected on the way home from the Family Centre (Figure 8). The drawing of his brother, given to him as a birthday card (Figure 9) is the only evidence of Luke drawing freely on paper, but was still probably completed at his mother's request.
Phase 2: Luke aged four, meaning making through role-play. In contrast to and Han Essay Luke's frustration in relation to ssuet fyp drawing, Luke's mother and key worker told of his increasing use of role play to The Roman and Han Empires act out both real life experiences and re-enact video scripts. His mother gave examples of both his fascination for tape measures - 'as soon as he sees it (a tape measure) it's gone, its disappeared, its clipped onto his trousers and he's a workman'- and his preoccupation with the role of the doctor. Internet Properties! The latter followed a recent, quite traumatic, visit with his asthmatic brother to hospital. Luke also assumed the role of key worker, both at home and at the Family Centre, turning his book around when reading it to The Roman and Han Empires Essay show to others. At the Family Centre his favourite book was 'Funny Bones' which fitted into his love/ hate relationship with frightening images.
His mother commented 'He likes being scared, not too scared obviously, but he loves making people jump. He loves being jumped upon as long as he knows it is going to happen.' At home Luke's mother built up Luke's sense of drama and atmosphere 'the night before Halloween there was a film 'Hocus Pocus' with witches, and it is a bit scary. Ssuet Fyp! But what we did was we turned all the lights off, and put the pumpkin on top of the TV and lit it. And Han Empires! ' The influence of time spent watching videos in the home context was very marked. His mother said 'When its on. he just sits and watches it but afterwards he will do like pretending that he is in that film, or that character. Author Count Cristo! Nine times out of ten he's always the baddy.' His mother discussed how he used familiar objects to Empires support a role. 'He had the radio cassette and the microphone on his lap, a little karaoke thing, and that's what he does, his character Woody, in film, because they are all moving house, and he is in charge and he's telling them to get a moving buddy, a partner, so they won't get lost, and Luke is sat there copying it word for word. Even though it weren't on that day, he were like 'get them moving, everybody get one.' When watching a video Luke found the toys he had that were associated with that particular video. His mother said shopping had to include a visit to his favourite shop, the ssuet fyp Disney Shop. The practitioners in the family centre also acknowledged that the biggest influence on Luke's play seemed to be videos, watched repeatedly in the home context. 'He will be playing something else but he will always go back to The Roman and Han Essay Jurassic Park.' At the Family Centre Luke used construction to support his play and often 'set up' the play scenario and then invited others to of mice and men of view join him. As the oldest child in the nursery, and and Han with the departure of the older children to school, Luke had obviously grown in confidence and was now a leader, particularly in role-play.
He had strong ideas about how the 'story' should be re-enacted. His key worker commented 'Some children will come over and stay for point of view a little bit, but then if they don't do what he wants them to do, he says they are messing it up.' Luke complained to Empires his mother about them not wanting to play 'Jurassic Park' 'You just can't get them to do what you want. they want to go and play Mums and Dads.' On one occasion, when asked by his key worker what they were playing, Luke replied 'We are being chased by cycles monsters, dinosaurs and ghosts'. This was a recurring play theme, which in the Family Centre involved escaping from frightening situations and it was followed through in the home context when other children were invited to play in the garden. One of his favourite games, introduced by and Han Empires Luke to neighbourhood friends, was 'stampede'. This again had been watched on video and was explained by his mother 'It is a load of animals chasing them.' 'The film starts off as a board game, but real things happen, like spiders come out and marshalls cycles lions, oh it's really good and then there's a big, huge stampede. His mother commented that broadening his circle of The Roman Empires, friendships was causing Luke to ask questions. She gave the following examples of his search for meaning and argumentative introduction understanding 'Where do you go if you die? What if you are good, what if you are bad? He thinks that you have to be old and have 'twisted neck' before you die.' 'When Hannah said her brother was in the graveyard 'What's he doing playing in and Han Essay there then?' 'He died' 'Children don't die' and they are arguing about marshalls it.' Phase 2: Luke aged four, moving towards formal writing.
Although Luke had not regularly and voluntarily drawn people, as a four year old at The Roman Empires Essay, the Family Centre he spent a short period of time each day as part of a small group of children preparing for statutory schooling the following September. All the essay key workers took turns in leading these sessions, which involved the children in and Han Empires working with numbers in cycles addition to the stories and singing they had when they were younger. The children were expected during these short sessions to 'fit in' with what the adults were doing and The Roman Empires 'sit down and respond when spoken to'. The key worker commented that there would, during the of the count of monte coming year, be more concentration on preparing Luke to enter school and that this would include writing his name. Taking advice from the Family Centre staff, Luke's mother provided materials to support Luke in learning to write. 'We've got this learning to write thing and its like mazes when you've got to go a certain way, and The Roman and Han Essay he's fantastic with them. He loves doing them, going through the gaps and immanuel kant groundwork metaphysics doing squiggles.' Writing numbers was, however, not always seen so positively by Luke. '. He recognises a load of numbers and letters, but as for writing them down. I think from my view of and Han Essay, him, because it doesn't actually look how it's drawn, he can get really angry. Cycles! Luke's mother was proud of the fact that Luke recognised and could write his name, but she admitted that 'he gets really anxious and Empires upset that he can't do it right.' Phase 3: Luke aged five, drawing at home. It was very obvious from the beginning of phase three of the project that Luke was now drawing and writing a lot. Cupboards had recently been built in the dining room at home, which stored the and men point of view children's toys, games and paper.
Luke's mother felt this had influenced their choice of activity. 'With everything being put away I don't know if its out of sight out of The Roman and Han Empires Essay, mind.' There was an of the count cristo emphasis in the home on working at The Roman and Han Empires Essay, the table, either drawing or writing. The scissors and the Mega-sketcher were no longer readily available and although the boys were able to get their own paper from the argumentative essay shelf, pens were kept in the mother's bedside cabinet and she therefore again limited drawing. Although mum had said Luke wasn't cutting any more and chose to write and and Han Essay draw, Luke said he was not allowed to cut at properties, home any more. It would seem that Luke's mother felt his preoccupation with scissors was not helping him to master the and Han use of a pencil. Luke was now happy to draw. Mum thought this was because he was happy with the way drawings turned out. 'I think he can draw something now and recognise it. Like he's done, and we say oh look that's really good and we'd know what it is of mice and men of view before he tells us.' There was a huge change in The Roman and Han Empires Luke's ability to represent images in ssuet fyp a way that he found satisfying and which allowed him to The Roman and Han Empires Essay use them to communicate with others.
The main difference would seem to have been his increased physical maturity, which was supported by the regular practice he was getting in using a pencil. The drawing ' Sea snails' (Figure 10) demonstrates Luke's ability to ssuet fyp interpret a topic of interest in a satisfying way because of his developing drawing skills. It includes not only the spiral and zig-zag shapes but also the numerical symbol '4' which Luke had recently learnt to 'do properly'. At age five, Luke seemed to have made a huge leap in his physical development. He was much more physically daring, as long as he was in The Roman and Han Empires control, and had a range of new accomplishments enjoying climbing trees and jumping down stairs.
His mother had represented the city at gymnastics when younger and introduction was keen that the children were involved in physical activity. Luke therefore belonged to a gymnastics club and went swimming once a week. Other new skills included using bubbly gum to blow bubbles, whistling, clicking his fingers and tying his shoelaces. Luke had transferred from the Family Centre to a Catholic primary school. Towards the and Han Empires Essay end of his time at the Family Centre staff thought that at internet, times he was over confident and dominated the younger children and his mother certainly thought he had changed. 'He's harder. He's not as sensitive and he's more rough'. 'He can get upset and wound up, but physically he's got a lot stronger and he can take it and he gets really mad with him (Dad) when they're wrestling and stuff and and Han Essay he'll really go for argumentative introduction him.' Luke still liked to draw individual pictures. These now obviously represented internal and The Roman Essay meaningful visual images for him and he seemed to be attracted to internet properties drawing as a way of and Han Empires, capturing stages of a story. 'Lots of little pictures' (Figure 11) was completed towards the end of his time at the Family Centre. 'Luke had a fantastic story to tell with it' . Marshalls Cycles! When Luke reviewed this drawing a year later he said immediately 'That's a story' but at that point was unable to retell it and simply commented on separate images. A wonderful 'Holiday Diary' (Figure 12), completed by Luke's mother with his help at the beginning of the reception year, records the The Roman and Han Empires salient features of his holiday experiences and immanuel kant groundwork of the of morals shows how, probably unknowingly, his mother is helping him to bring together drawing and story. 'Arranged cut outs' (Figure 13) is a collaboration between Luke and his mother but with Luke in control. Drawing and cutting out allows Luke to control the final effect on the page because they can all be named, renamed, or discarded at any stage in the process, prior to his mother sticking them down. Luke's developing interest in The Roman and Han Empires Essay writing is shown in Figure 14, which would seem to be a list of names.
His mother said 'Since Luke started school, he's been practising his writing wherever and groundwork of morals whenever he gets the chance. He can read all his letters on the alphabet chart and doesn't copy when doing things like this.' Although his mother said it was his choice to The Roman Essay draw and write in the home context there did seem to essay introduction be a regular time set aside each evening for The Roman Empires it. Importantly, there seemed to be little pressure put upon Luke as to the content of his drawings and ssuet fyp without being asked he included at the bottom of the page a drawing of and Han Empires, himself. During phase three Luke had a relaxed and argumentative essay confident approach to and Han Empires Essay drawing and it was his inability to make letters perfectly, which frustrated him. His mother commented 'He gets wound up if you ask him to write a card out, he gets really wound up. Ssuet Fyp! He got really upset last week because it was my birthday and his wasn't right.' Phase 3: Luke aged five, drawing at school. Having transferred to the reception class of The Roman Essay, a Roman Catholic primary school.
Luke was taught by a confident and experienced early years teacher who was concerned to introduce formal education gradually, seeking to provide a balance of child and adult initiated activity. As in the Family Centre, the class teacher's expectations regarding drawing were linked to realism and figure drawing 'A lot still just have the circle with the arms and legs coming out of the ssuet fyp head but I would expect to see a recognisable face' . The children were allowed to draw whatever they wanted if a drawing table was set up, but the teacher commented that the children often replicated the standard images which adults drew for them and cited as an example a recent preponderance of and Han Empires, house drawing. The passing of an idea from author count cristo, child to child was confirmed by Luke's representation of a house, drawn for The Roman and Han Essay the first time during his initial weeks at school. Properties! Although Luke's teacher felt the The Roman Essay girls generally seemed to be more interested in drawing than the boys, she noted that Luke was often to be found at ssuet fyp, the drawing table. The third and final phase of the project gives evidence of The Roman and Han, Luke's choice of drawing as a developing form of representation and introduction meaning making. He may have been attracted to Empires drawing in this setting, whether at the drawing table or in the office, for a range of reasons. Most importantly, for essay introduction Luke's growing confidence in his own ability, in this setting drawing was an activity without teacher direction, where he was free to express and and Han Empires Essay explore his own ideas and where he knew they would be valued.
He had always been able to concentrate and become quietly immersed for long periods of time in argumentative essay introduction activities that were meaningful to him and he was now motivated to The Roman and Han Essay draw because of ssuet fyp, a real sense of achievement in The Roman and Han Empires relation to his drawings. When showing them to the researcher he said enthusiastically 'You'll love this' in relation to his 'Machine for making bread' (Figure 15) . This drawing had been similarly represented the preceding evening at home and immanuel metaphysics of morals named as 'Bread making machine' (Fig 16) by and Han Luke. An explanation for the preoccupation with this theme was perhaps connections he was trying to work through. The story of the 'Little Red Hen' had been 'acted out' at school, he had past experience of his Nan's bread making machine and he had a growing friendship with a boy who drew machines. Perhaps these factors led Luke to try to make sense of the way a machine can deliver a loaf of bread in this way. In this drawing and in 'Aeroplane and ssuet fyp Machine' (Figure 17) there is The Roman Essay a continuity of line reminiscent of his earlier drawings, but this interest in movement and argumentative essay connections had now developed to incorporate shapes which required more complex hand/ eye co-ordination. He was now far more physically confident in his ability to draw images that were acceptable representations both to The Roman Empires him and to others and because he felt his drawings were now capable of conveying a message, he was beginning to of mice and men point be able to talk about them.
The class teacher tried to The Roman Empires support her understanding of the need for talk about drawing by planning for of mice and men a work experience girl to The Roman Essay sit with the children at the drawing table. Of Mice! She gave her the following guidance 'Don't do it for them. You're there to talk to them basically; you're not there to draw. Let them get on with the drawing. But I would say if they've drawn a person and they've forgotten something obvious, then you could say to them, they've got no hair, or what's happened to their arms?' The class teacher commented that the young girl coloured in The Roman Essay alongside the children. 'She's quite arty and groundwork she likes just sitting doodling.' Having an older girl modelling drawing behaviour at the table would be attractive to Luke because firstly it gave drawing status but secondly it fulfilled his need to talk to an older child or an Empires adult. His teacher commented 'He likes to talk. Argumentative Essay Introduction! so if he can give you a running commentary and Essay he thinks he's got a receptive audience then I think he likes to be there.' Suddenly Luke seemed to be using drawing to explore his broader range of interests. Ssuet Fyp! Interestingly there did seem to be a growing division between play and work and Essay there was no evidence of the influence of cartoons, which had replaced his fascination with video images and stories, in his drawings.
It was at playtime, surrounded by the same age or older boys that Luke took part in very animated discussion about video and cartoon characters. Internet Properties! 'But know what, have you seen that bit where Scooby Doo falls down that hole and that panda went like that, pointing out on the wall and then a zombie came out. And Han Essay! That was the first zombie. Oh have you seen the T-Rex movie? Oh you should, it goes, its good. Right this T-Rex eated only one dinosaur. It bit it, then it ate it. Ssuet Fyp! It was one of the nice ones. Playtime was when chasing and pretend fighting games flourished and his love/hate relationship with scary images was retained.
This was illustrated in Luke's following discussion with a school friend. But you know what? One day, one night, my Dad told me this story and do youknow what he said? This little boy went on holiday with his Uncle Nick and doyou know what? One day the little boy looked out of the window at the field and they were playing football and he went to tell his Granddad and he said those are ghosts. And then the next night he stayed up really late and looked out of the window again and they were playing football again and guess what they were playing with? A head! Somebody's head! In the classroom Luke spent a lot of time in the office area, mark making and copying words rather than the role play and 'dressing up' area 'If he's in the office you could lose him for The Roman Empires virtually the whole day.' 'Dinosaur' (Figure 18) was completed in the office, and Luke spent a long time discussing his drawing with another boy. He then brought the finished drawing to his teacher 'He showed me the picture saying at first that the circles were spots but then correcting himself saying 'No I mean they're scales' . Perhaps Luke will turn to cartoon drawing when once again he cannot represent his understanding of reality to his and society's satisfaction.
Figure 19 is a first attempt to internet properties tabulate a pattern of drawing development, not confined to stage theories. The Roman Empires Essay! It derives from Dyson's illumination of the way drawing is helped by the critical role of marshalls, talk and gesture to become 'a mediator, a way of giving graphic voice to The Roman Empires an intention. This adaptation (Figure 19) places emphasis on metaphysics of morals, drawing as an iterative process during which a child may display more than one of the listed features simultaneously, depending on the media, the task and the context. Exploration of available medium. has no intention to symbolize; manipulates the: sounds of language; movement of and Han Empires Essay, own body; graphic marks of drawing and properties painting implements; structural possibilities of blocks and other constructive media; explores the distinctive physical and visual properties which each medium offers; responds to Essay the material, the essay introduction material responds to the child . Use of gestures, marks and and Han words to symbolize - to represent - significant actions in their world. begins to use these symbolic tools to invest meaning in drawn marks (Vygotsky, 1978); derives symbolic meaning from the ssuet fyp gestures , not the marks (Matthews, 1994); uses the The Roman Empires Essay marks as a critically important prop for dramatic play (Wolf Perry, 1989) Attempt to read the meaning of what they have made.
Attempt to of mice point of view communicate its potential meaning to and Han other people. notices, after drawing, similarities between salient physical features of the world and his/her own graphic constructions; invests his/ her marks with meaning through talk with others; is prompted to metaphysics of morals talk about and Han Empires Essay his/her drawings, read his/her marks and discover hidden meanings through the interest shown by other people (Golumb, 1974, 1988); names, reinterprets and renames his/her drawings in order to respond to the interest of argumentative essay introduction, others (Malchiodi, 1998 ). may respond as a 'patterner', classifying his/her world through form, colour and size or. may respond as a 'dramatist, showing more interest in actions and adventures, dramatic stories and tales' (Gardner, 1980) and inventing stories about his/her drawings; With experience drawing accompanied with talk about evolving intentions. reinterprets their original intentions, making them more suited to their products, if their intentions prove too ambitious (Golumb, 1974, Brittain, 1979); eventually uses talk to represent meanings, to interact with others about those meanings, but also to regulate drawing itself; uses consciously a range of The Roman Essay, genres and stylistic conventions in his/her drawings. Autonomous, personal drawings. uses drawing to re-represent important objects, events and relationships. partakes in general rites of drawing alongside peers (home/ wet playtimes) uses drawing to fulfil the educational agenda in school settings. is supported by talk in planning a particular drawing, monitoring his or her shaping of author of the count of monte, lines and curves, evaluating progress. Figure 19: A sociocultural pattern of and Han, drawing development adapted from of mice and men point, Dyson (1993:24) The role of drawing in children's learning is frequently misunderstood.
Even within foundation stage classrooms, where the opportunity to The Roman and Han Essay draw is often freely available, there is marshalls usually an The Roman Empires Essay adult focus upon argumentative introduction, 'mark making leading to writing' rather than communication and creativity. This paper draws attention to the need for practitioners to. reaffirm or reconsider the place and value of drawing within the curriculum, particularly the relationship between drawing as communication and drawing as art. There is a need for practitioners not only to 'tune into' and thus give value to children's drawings as re-presentations of their interests and Essay pre-occupations, but also to use re-presentations as starting points for provision which will motivate a child's or children's thinking and support learning. Athey, C. Essay Introduction! (1990) Extending Thought in Young Children: A Parent-Teacher Partnership London: Paul Chapman.
Brittain, W.L. (1979) Creativity, Art, and the Young Child. New York: Macmillan. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979) The Ecology of Human Development: Experiments by Nature and and Han Empires Design. Cambridge,MA.: Harvard University Press. Bruner, J. (1996) The Culture of Education Cambridge, Mass,: Harvard University Press. DES (1991) Art for Ages 5 to ssuet fyp 14 London: HMSO. Dyson, H.A. (1982) 'The emergence of visible language: Interrelationships between drawing and early writing.
Visible Language, 6, 360-381. Dyson, H.A. (1993) 'From Prop to Mediator: The Changing Role of Written Language in Children's Symbolic Repertoires' in Spodek,B. and Saracho,O.N. Yearbook in Early Childhood Education:Language and Literacy in Early Childhood Education Volume 4,pp21-41 New York: Teachers College Press. Egan, K. (1989) Teaching as Story Telling: An alternative approach to teaching and curriculum in the elementary school Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Gallas, K. (1994) The Languages of The Roman and Han Essay, Learning: How children talk, write, dance, draw, and sing their understanding of the world New York: Teachers College Press. Gardner, H (1980) Artful Scribbles: The significance of children's drawings New York: Basic Books. Geertz, C. (1983) Local Knowledge New York: Basic Books. Golumb (1974) Young Children's Sculpture and Drawing: A Study in Representational Development , Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Golumb (1988) 'Symbolic inventions and transformations in child art. In K.Egan D. Nadaner (eds.) Imagination and Education (pp.
222-236) New York: Teachers College Press. Inhelder, B. and Piaget, J. (1958) The Growth of immanuel groundwork of the metaphysics of morals, Logical Thinking from Childhood to Adolescence London: Routledge. Kellogg, R. (1970) Analysing Children's Art (Palo Alto, Cal.:Mayfield) Kress, G. (1997) Before Writing: Rethinking the Paths to Literacy London: Routledge. Lindqvist, G. (2001) 'When Small Children Play: how adults dramatise and children create meaning' Early Years Vol 21, No.1. pp 7-14. Luquet, G. (1927) Le Dessin Enfantin. Paris: Delachaux et Niesle. Malchiodi, C. (1998) Understanding Children's Drawings London: Jessica Kingsley. Matthews, J. (1992) 'The genesis of aesthetic sensibility' in Thistlewood, D. (ed.) Drawing, Research and Development , NSEAD and Longman, pp. 26-39. Matthews, J. (1994) Helping Children to Draw and Paint in Early Childhood London: Hodder Stoughton.
Matthews, J. Essay! (1999) The Art of Childhood and Adolescence: The Construction of Meaning. London: Falmer Press. Nutbrown, C. (1994) Threads of Thinking: Young children learning and the role of immanuel, early education London: Paul Chapman. Nutbrown, C. (1996) Respectful Educators - Capable Learners: Children's rights and early education London:PCP. Pahl, K. (1999) Transformations: Meaning Making in Nursery Education Stoke on Trent: Trentham Books. Rogoff, B. The Roman And Han! (1990) Apprenticeship in of mice point thinking: Cognitive Development in a Social Context.
Oxford: Oxford University Press. SCAA (1996) Desirable Outcomes for The Roman Empires Essay Children's Learning on internet, Entering Compulsory Education. London:SCAA. Tizard, B. and Empires Hughes, M. Of Monte! (1984) Young Children Learning: Talking and Empires Listening at Home and at argumentative introduction, School. London: Fontana. Trevarthen, C. (1980) 'The foundations of intersubjectivity: The development of interpersonal and cooperative understanding in infants', in Olson, D. (ed.) The Social Foundations of The Roman Essay, Language and Thought: Essays in Honour of J.S.Bruner, New York: W.W.
Norton, pp. 316-42. Trevarthen, C. (1995) 'The child's need to learn a culture' Children and Society 9(1). Schaffer, H.R. (1992) 'Joint involvement episodes as contexts for cognitive development in H. McGurk (Ed.) Childhood and marshalls Social Development: Contemporary Perspective. Hove: Lawrence Erlbaum. Vygotsky L.S. (1962) Thought and Language Cambridge. Mass: The MIT Press. Vygotsky L.S. (1967) 'Play and its role in The Roman and Han the mental development of the child' Soviet Psychology 5(3), 6-18. Vygotsky L.S. (1978) Mind in Society. Groundwork Of The Metaphysics Of Morals! Cambridge MA:Harvard University Press.
Vygotsky, L.S. Essay! (1995) Fantasi och kreativitet i barndomen (Imagination and Creativity in ssuet fyp Childhood) Gothenburg: Daidalos. Wells, G. (1986) The Meaning Makers London: Hodder and Stoughton. Wertsch, J.V. (1985) Culture, Communication and Cognition: Vygotskian Perspectives Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Wolf, D. and Perry, M.D. (1989) 'From endpoints to Empires repertoires: Some new conclusions about drawing development. In Gardner, H. and Perkins, D. (eds.) Art, mind and education: Research from Project Zero (pp. 17-34) Urbana and Chicago: University of of mice and men point, Illinois Press. Woodhead, Faulkner Littleton, K. Empires! (eds) (1998) Cultural Worlds of author of the, Early Childhood London: Routledge. Figure 1 Crocodile with sharp teeth and scary legs.
Figure 2 Strawberry eating little boy from fruit pastille advert. Figure 4: My mummy. Figure 5: Our house. Figure 6: Dr. Jekyll when he turned into a nasty monster. Figure 7: Pumpkin. Figure 8: Drawing around leaf. Figure 9: Brother's birthday card. Figure 10: Sea snails.
Figure 11: Lots of little pictures. Figure 12: Holiday diary. Figure 13: Arranged cut outs. Figure 16: Bread making machine. Figure 14: Names. Figure 15: Machine for making bread. Figure 17: Aeroplane and machine. Child's use of drawing across a year in both settings. Frequency/ no of and Han Empires Essay, drawings. Content of drawings.
Drawing as physical action. Drawing as prop. Drawing as mediator. Messages given to child (belief systems) Views of adults. Provision by adults. Modelling by adults. Adult/ sibling involvement. Multi-modal meaning making.
#9;#9;Frequency/ no of drawings. Drawing as physical action. Drawing as prop. Drawing as mediator. The adults in Liam's life are obviously influential in modelling and resourcing activity. Children use what is to hand and watch adults using what is to hand.
The videos provide additional models which attract children with fast moving action, songs and rhythms. Ssuet Fyp! This is the and Han Empires only world Luke knows and he brings this knowledge to bear on new situations, looking for the objects and immanuel kant of the activities that make sense to him. Adults attitudes to and Han Empires drawing and understanding of cycles, its place within child development will therefore influence the The Roman Empires Essay child's motivation to internet use drawing as a means of. Access to drawing as part of The Roman and Han Essay, daily routine - importance of views and beliefs of adult about drawing - it is done at nursery - link to writing / academic; its part of what you do with young children - its what my mum did. Ssuet Fyp! Female role. Children use what is to hand. Children influenced by daily pattern of behaviour. If home has special focus this influences the The Roman and Han Empires Essay child and is taken into the nursery. Importance of of the of monte cristo, choice, provision of materials and adults who model use of different materials, particularly initial exploration 'what can we do' rather than 'this is what you do' Role model for drawing.
An adult who draws. In nursery being comfortable with familiar activities therefore initially following home pattern. Talk about The Roman Empires drawing - joint involvement episodes. 1. Drawing as part of a range of activities (syncretistic creativity) 2. Messages given to children. 3. Narrow view of literacy. Drawing as part of a (developmental) sequence towards writing. Play Drawing Writing (double symbolism) plus with talk. The importance of social interaction. The importance of oral storytelling in cycles broadest sense.
The importance of drawing and talking in carrying the story meaning. Linked to The Roman and Han Empires above: The prescriptive curriculum. Adult focus/ child freedom. Gender expectations/ female teachers/ good behaviour is 'still' 'passive' '2D' Material not used in text. 'children construct their own understanding of the world, including their understandings of immanuel groundwork of the metaphysics, how symbolic media work, and that they do so as they engage in social activities with other people (Vygotsky, 1978).' Cassirer (cited in Gardner, 1982) claimed that such representative symbols are not simply tools of The Roman Essay, thought but are the functioning of thought itself. In other words, symbols provide a way of ssuet fyp, representing reality and integrating ideas we have about the world.
Through symbolic activity, children engage in Empires what is now popularly called 'meaning making'. (Wright in Boulton-Lewis Catherwood :1993) which children develop cultural awareness'. Mikkelsen (1990:13) Storymaking a third literacy, a way we 'read' ourselves into understanding the world, as well as a way to 'write' a new version of the groundwork of morals world we are trying to see Egan - the power of storytelling for children. The children in the study fall within the age range which is associated with children learning to use symbols and symbol systems. This symbolic period (Gardner, 1991) is a time when children learn to use and understand language, to ask for things and information, and to tell others what they want. They also use language for The Roman Essay more expressive purposes, such as telling jokes, teasing, making up or retelling stories, creating friendships and marshalls role playing. Carr,M (2001) Assessment in The Roman Empires Early Childhood Settings London: Paul Chapman Publishing Y.
David,T and Goouch (2001) 'Early Literacy Teaching: The Third Way' Education 3-13 Vol 29 No 2 pp 19-24 Y. * Dunn,J. (1993) Young Children' Close Relationships London: Sage. Egan,K (1986) Teaching as Story Telling Chicago: University of Chicago Press Y. *Einarsdottir,J. Kant Of The Of Morals! (1996) Dramatic play and The Roman and Han Essay print Child Education Vol. Cycles! 72(6) pp.352-57. Ferreiro,E. and Teborosky, A. (1983). Literacy Before Schooling London: Heinemann P. Hall,N. Empires! (1987) The Emergence of Literacy.
Sevenoaks, Kent: Hodder and Stoughton. Jones,E and argumentative Reynolds,G (1992) The Play's the Thing: Teachers' Roles in Children's Play. The Roman Empires! New York: Teachers College Press Y. Kantor,R., Miller,S. and Fernie,D. (1992) Diverse paths in literacy in a preschool classroom: a sociocultural perspective. Reading Research Quarterly Vol.27 pp. 185-201 P. * Knupfer,A.M. (1996) Ethnographic studies of children: the internet difficulties of entry, rapport, and presentations of their worlds. Qualitative Studies in and Han Empires Essay Education, 9(2) pp.135-49. * Merritt,S. and Dyson,A.H. (1992) A social perspective on informal assessment: voices, texts, pictures, and play from the first grade.
In C. Genishi (ed.) Ways of Assessing Children and author of the count of monte Curriculum: Stories of Early Childhood Practice New York: Teachers College Press. * Morrow, L.M. (1990) Preparing the The Roman and Han Empires classroom environment to promote literacy during play. Marshalls Cycles! Early Childhood Research Quarterly Vol.5(4) pp.537-54. * Morrow,LM and The Roman Rand,M. (1991) Promoting literacy during play by designing early childhood classroom environments. Point Of View! The Reading Teacher Vol.44 pp. 396-402. * Smith, A.B. (1992) Early Childhood Educare: seeking a theoretical framework in.
Phillips, L. (2000) 'Storytelling: The seeds of The Roman and Han Essay, children's creativity' Australian Journal of Early Childhood Vol 25 (3) pp1-5. Pollard,A. (1996) The Social World of Children Learning: Case Studies of Pupils from four to seven. Ssuet Fyp! London:Cassell. L. Roskos,K. and The Roman Empires Neuman, S. (1993). Descriptive observations of adults' facilitation in young children's play. Internet Properties! Early Childhood Research Quarterly . Vol.8 pp.77-97 P. Seitz J.A. (1997) 'The development of Metaphoric Understanding: Implications for The Roman Empires a Theory of Creativity' Creativity Research Journal Vol. Of The Of Monte Cristo! 10 (4) pp347 - 353 P. Smith, A.B. (1993) 'Early Childhood Educare: Seeking a theoretical framework in Vygotsky's work' International Journal of Early Years Education Vol 1(1) pp47-61 P. Sylva,K. (1994) School influences on children's development.
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 34(1), pp. 135-70 P. *Vygotsky's work . International Journal of Early Years Education , 1,pp.47-61. Wright,S (1995) in Boulton-Lewis,G and The Roman Empires Essay Catherwood,D The Early Years: Development, Learning and Teaching London: Pitman Publishing Y. Yair,G. (2000) Reforming motivation: how the structure of ssuet fyp, instruction affects students' learning experiences. British Educational Research Journal, 26(2) pp.191-210 P.
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