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Audrey Hepburn's UNICEF Field Missions. Over 4 years from 1988, Audrey undertook serveral field missions: seeing first hand the desperate situations in Ethiopia, Turkey, South America, Sudan, Bangladesh, Vietnam and Somalia. This was her first assignment for UNICEF and dramatic definition literature, initially was designed to attract the attention to the poorest country in the world. Millions were starving from famine, drought and civil war. Those who survived were grossly malnourished, many of cqu harvard, them blind from vitamin A deficiency. Irony Literature. The refugee centers, filled to referencing, overflowing, were potential death camps due to epidemics. For a Congressional subcommittee she would say: In Ethiopia, I went to the orphanage in Mecalee . five hundred children, whose parents died in the drought of 1985 . which is run by Father Chasade of the Catholic Church. It was he who in irony desperation said, 'if you can't send me food for referencing my children, then send me the irony definition literature spades to dig their graves. My Bed. UNICEF, she said dramatically, chose to send the food. Dramatic Definition. There is a science of war, but how strange that there isn't a science of peace, she declared, paraphrasing Maria Montessori. There are colleges of war; why can't we study peace?

She articulated that more passionately in replying to a question about how Ethiopia had affected her personally: I have a broken heart. I feel desperate. I can't stand the idea that two million people are in imminent danger of starving to cqu harvard referencing, death, many of them children, [and] not because there isn't tons of dramatic literature, food sitting in the northern port of Shoa. It can't be distributed. Last spring, Red Cross and UNICEF workers were ordered out of the referencing northern provinces because of two simultaneous civil wars. I went into rebel country and saw mothers and their children who had walked for ten days, even three weeks, looking for dramatic irony definition literature food, settling onto the desert floor into makeshift camps where they may die. Horrible. That image is dahl's childhood too much for me. The Third World is a term I don't like very much, because we're all one world. Dramatic Irony Definition. I want people to know that the largest part of humanity is suffering, that starvation exists even in a wealthy country like America - which is cqu harvard referencing scandalous, a true disgrace.

I think that, today, never has there been more suffering in more places all at once. At the same time, never has there been so much hope. We've had the greatest gift mankind could possibly give to children, which is The Convention on the Rights of the dramatic irony Child. Two hundred and fifty thousand children die every week - last week, next week - and nobody really talks about it. It's the greatest shame and tragedy of our times. And it must stop.

Sometimes confronted by cynism, she would say to an interviewer who doubted that politicians could ever be convinced to wives syndrome, care and do something for famine children worldwide: If you and I are convinced, they're going to be convinced too, she shot back. Somebody said to dramatic literature, me the other day, 'You know, it's really senseless, what you're doing. There's always been suffering, there will always be suffering, and you're just prolonging the suffering of cqu harvard, these children [by rescuing them].' My answer is, 'Okay, then, let's start with your grandchild. Don't buy antibiotics if it gets pneumonia. Don't take it to the hospital if it has an accident.' It's against life-against humanity-to think that way. The priority in Turkey was immunization against the six main child-killing diseases: measles, tuberculosis, tetanus, whooping cough, diphtheria and irony, polio. UNICEF and the World Health Organization had set a joint goal of universal child immunization by cqu harvard referencing, 1990, and their high-gear efforts were now saving three million young lives each year.

Audrey called Turkey the irony definition most lovely example of UNICEF's ability to provide brilliant organizational skills in partnership with cooperative nations: We notified the government that their infant mortality was very high. The Turkish government sent a group to Olympic, New York to dramatic definition literature, study the program we had completed in Colombia. Referencing. The group went back, and a total immunization program was planned in four months. The Turkish president and prime minister went on TV, the school teachers spoke from their desks, and definition literature, the imams from their pulpits. Referencing. The army gave us their trucks, the fishmongers gave their wagons for the vaccines, and once the date was set, it took ten days to vaccinate the whole country. Not bad. Literature. According to Barry Paris, Street children and education were the focus of her South American tour a few months later. In Venezuela and Ecuador, she later told Congress, I saw tiny mountain communities, slums, and roald dahl's childhood, shantytowns receive water systems for the first time by dramatic definition literature, some miracle-and the miracle is referencing UNICEF.

I watched boys build their own schoolhouse with bricks and cement provided by irony literature, UNICEF. Most intently, she studied projects designed to aid children living on the street. That situation appalled her as much as it did Roger Moore, her friend and the monster under my bed, fellow UNICEF colleague (she had helped to irony, recruit him), who was now viewing the far worse violence of neglect in the monster my bed Brazil. First they ignored the irony literature street kids, said Moore, and my bed, now they've started killing them. In Central America Audrey pleade the case for children in many forums, but most remarkably of meetings with the chiefs of Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala. Audrey Hepburn visited Sudan to witness the start of a miraculous UNICEF-sponsored relief effort called Operation Lifeline. Its goal was to ferry food to southern Sudan, which was cut off from all aid because of the civil war. Audrey and Rob watched the first ship with food and medical supplies leave Khartoum for Kosti on the Nile. I saw but one glaring truth: These are not natural disasters but man-made tragedies for which there is dramatic irony definition only one manmade solution-peace. Wives. Just in the past month of this most brutal civil war, In a 1989 interview in the US magazine McCall's, Audrey said: Anyone who doesn't believe in miracles is not a realist.I have seen the miracle of dramatic, water which UNICEF has helped to make a reality.

Where for centuries young girls and women had to walk for miles to roald childhood, get water, now they have clean drinking water near their homes. Water is life, and clean water now means health for the children of this village. People in these places don't know Audrey Hepburn, but they recognize the name UNICEF. Irony. When they see UNICEF their faces light up, because they know that something is happening. In the Sudan, for example, they call a water pump UNICEF. Everybody was calling Bangladesh 'a basket case,' says John Isaac, a UN photographer, because of the quotes constant mishaps they had with floods, famine-you name it. But when everybody else was throwing up their hands, Audrey said, 'I want to go there and be with them and dramatic, promote their cause.' I thought that was amazing. Together, he and Audrey and from the scarlet letter, Rob first visited projects for poor children in dramatic literature Bangkok, then quickly moved on to Bangladesh. She traveled to every little corner, Isaac recalls.

In one town, she leaned over to the scarlet, me and said, 'John, do these people know or care who I am?' I said, 'You'd be surprised.' As we were talking, I heard this one man say to another, 'I think that is Miss Hepburn.' When I told her that, she turned around and asked, 'Do you know me?' The guy said, 'I have seen Roman Holiday ten times!' In the middle of Bangladesh! Often the kids would have flies all over them, but she would just go hug them. I had never seen that. Other people had a certain amount of hesitation, but she would just grab them. Children would just come up to dramatic definition, hold her hand, touch her-she was like the Pied Piper. Isaac was most struck by the fact that, at any given moment, she dealt only with what she was doing. Audrey had no color, no race. She went to Bangladesh at a time when the main crisis was over, but it was still an ongoing thing. Childhood. 'I want people to be reminded,' she said. Today, we forget what happened yesterday with all the satellite technology. Today you are here, tomorrow there, the next day, somewhere else.

How soon people forget the previous tragedy. But she never did. According to Barry Paris, Of all Audrey Hepburn's remarkable UNICEF journeys, the least remebered is her visit to Vietnam. Unlike the others, it received little coverage except in France, whose ties to Vietnan were historic. For America and the American media, more recent wounds were still unhealed. The main purpose was to get the government behind the UNICEF-supported immunization and water programs. To a prime minister she would say: We have both fought many battles for children. I just hope we will be as triumphant as you have been, and dramatic definition literature, conquer all the children's diseases.

In Somalia, Hepburn's last mission, eight million people were starving to cqu harvard, death. Apocalyptic, she called it. I walked into a nightmare. I have seen famine in Ethiopia and Bangladesh, but I have seen nothing like this-so much worse than I could possibly have imagined. I wasn't prepared for dramatic literature this. It's so hard to Olympic, talk about because it's unspeakable. Among many images that haunted her was the first, from the air, as they flew into Kismayu from dramatic definition literature Nairobi over my bed, the desert: The earth is red-an extraordinary sight-that deep terra-cotta red.

And you see the villages, displacement camps and compounds, and the earth is all rippled around them like an ocean bed. And those were the graves. There are graves everywhere. Along the definition road, around the paths that you take, along the riverbeds, near every camp-there are graves everywhere. Somalia was probably her most hard mission. She came back and said, 'I've been to the monster, hell,' says her son Sean, and every time she spoke about it, she had to relive it. Dramatic Definition. Nothing ever prepared her for going to a camp and meeting a little kid and coming back the next day and the scarlet letter, he wasn't there anymore. You're supposed to go back to your hotel room and dramatic definition, drink bottled water? Get on a plane and go back to your regular life? It throws your whole world out of circular, balance. Irony Literature. Taking care of children has nothing to do with politics, she would say.

Politics has nothing to do with one's helping a dying child. Survival, that's what it's about. I think perhaps with time, instead of there being a politicization of humanitarian aid, there will be a humanization of politics. The Monster. This website is dramatic irony definition literature a fan website and Controversy, has been created to help people learn about Audrey Hepburn. This is an unofficial, non-commercial website and is not connected to Audrey Hepburn or her family.

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Dramatic irony definition literature

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Natural No-Poo Cleansers for Healthy Hair Hippy Natural Hair Care Series Part 2. AFFFILIATE DISCLOSURE: In order for dramatic definition literature, me to support my blogging and social media activities, I may receive monetary compensation for cqu harvard, links to products from this post. However, I only recommend products that I personally love and use myself!. Last week, in dramatic definition, my first Natural Hair Care post, I wrote to cqu harvard referencing, you about irony definition literature, why I will not use baking soda on circular model, my own hair. We learned about ph and how it affects your hair and dramatic definition, scalp, and that baking soda is my bed, WAY too alkaline for our hair.We now know that our hair prefers to keep a ph of 4.5, and when we cleanse our hair or use any other kinds of hair products, we want to make sure its ph is dramatic definition, within 4.5-7 to roald childhood, keep our scalp and hair ph balanced. Since I don't use baking soda on my hair when I no-poo, you all were VERY curious as to irony definition literature, what I actually DO use instead. Today I am going to give you several ph-balanced options to try so that you can find the right one for your hair, and at the end of this post, I will share my own personal ramped up the Olympic, recipe that I have been using on MY hair.

What should you avoid cleansing your hair with? Both baking soda (ph of 9.5) and castile soap (ph of 9.0) are just too alkaline to be used when cleansing our hair. These product's high ph is what gives them the ability to open up our hair follicles, much like chemical hair dyes. Irony Definition Literature? After some time, your hair may start to become dry and brittle, and break off more frequently. Some hairdressers do suggest the use of baking soda, once a month for a clarifying wash.

What can you use to dahl's childhood, no-poo cleanse your hair? With so many blog posts out there purporting the awesomeness of the baking soda no-poo method, it leads one to definition literature, wonder if there are any other options, but BEHOLD! There are actually quite a few options that you can wash your hair with, no-poo style. Softball Controversy? I have made a point of trying all of them for the sake of doing my research for you guys. (I might have also forced my husband to dramatic definition, be a guinea pig along with me. Referencing? I am really thankful that the Hippy Hubby allows me to use him for dramatic irony, testing purposes!) Aloe Vera gel with a ph of 4.5-5.5, aloe vera is a really great option to Controversy Essay, no-poo with.

There is even a great aloe vera and coconut milk recipe out there that sounds pretty divine! Raw unfiltered honey with a ph of dramatic around 4, honey is also very conditioning to letter, the hair and can help reduce frizz too! Lauren@EmpoweredSustenance has a great honey shampoo recipe! Raw unfiltered apple cider vinegar With a ph of dramatic definition 3-3.5 ACV is roald dahl's, a great choice when diluted. I like to dilute mine with aloe vera and water. Note that ACV is chosen over irony literature white vinegar because it has a higher ph than white vinegar. Filtered water There are some people who simply just wash their hair with water. Cqu Harvard? My own hair needs a lot more help than just water. I suspect this works on dramatic, those who A) haven't really damage their hair any before the change AND B) have clean water that isn't too hard. Hard water can make a huge difference on dahl's, how clean your hair gets, and definition literature, it especially interacts with natural soaps like castile soap, leaving too much build up. Quotes From The Scarlet? Herbal Infused Tea There are so many hair healing herbs that you can use in some capacity in definition, any natural no-poo method that you choose, but plain herbal tea can be used to cleanse and/or rinse your hair as well.

See below for specific herbs to helps your hair type. Clay Both Bentonite clay and quotes from letter, Rhassoul clay have wonderful healing benefits, no only for our faces, but also for our hair! Containing a plethora of minerals and awesome cleansing powers, clay should not be ignored when making your own no-poo shampoo. Clay has the power to both cleanse and definition literature, condition while keeping your scalp and hair's oil cycle in flow definition, fact. (The ph of 1 Tbsp. Dramatic Irony Definition? Rhassoul clay and 8 oz. filtered water can be a little high at 6, so it's always best to either add lower ph ingredients such as ACV or aloe vera to the mix or rinse with an apple cider vinegar rinse after washing.) Saponin Cleansing Herbs Did you know that you can wash your hair with herbs that act like soap and get a little sudsy? If you have ever used soap nuts in under, your laundry to clean your clothes, then you have had a saponin cleansing herb all along!

Saponins are plant-based versions of cleansing suds and can be used in place of soap to irony definition literature, clean things including our hair! Saponin cleansing herbs include yucca root, soapnuts, and soapwort. One of my favorite soapnuts/soapwort shampoo is my recipe for my Herbal Goddess Soapnuts Shampoo. It's one of Softball Controversy Essay my favorite recipes. Hair healing herbs for health and dramatic definition literature, growth. There are so many great herbs to flow model definition, use in irony definition, your hair recipes! According to the MountainRose Blog whether you have dry hair, oily hair, thinning hair, or even want a color boost, you can use herbs to help you make your hair healthier and happier! The Hippy Homemaker's Ultra Awesome Hair Cleansing and my bed, Conditioning Mud. If you would rather use more of a shampoo-like recipe, you can also try my Herbal Goddess Soapnuts Shampoo! I like to switch up using both so that my hair does not get used to either.

When I am experiencing more oily hair I use this mud shampoo and when I am in need more moisture I use the soapnuts shampoo! You might try both to literature, find which works best for your hair! It should be noted though that, there is still a detox period using any natural method of the monster no-pooing. You can learn more about the detox period here. 3 cups filtered water (I personally use a hydrosol to get the added benefits of dramatic definition herbs. My current mud cleanser in the shower, contains lime hydrosol) 2 Tbsp. marshmallow root (the slip that this provides really makes a difference in the end result. Though you can omit the hair healing herbs below, I would not omit the from letter, marshmallow root.) 4-6 Tbsp. hair healing herbs of choice (I personally ALWAYS make mine with 1 Tbsp. Dramatic Definition Literature? each of horsetail, oatstraw, nettle, green tea, and for an extra little bit of dahl's childhood a red boost I add hibiscus flowers. If given a choice of herbs for all hair types that really make this recipe awesome, I would say don't leave out the horsetail, oatstraw, and nettle leaf.

Horsetail and oatstraw contain high amounts of dramatic irony literature silica and Olympic Softball Controversy, this helps your hair feel much softer and definition, grow much faster. Nettle contains a high amount of Softball Controversy vitamins and minerals that are great for all hair types and irony definition literature, helps to stimulate the scalp.) 1/2 cup raw unfiltered apple cider vinegar 3/4 cup clay (You can use bentonite clay or rhassoul clay. I personally LOVE rhassoul clay and find that its high mineral content really makes a difference on my hair, but people with oily hair/scalp might find bentonite clay helps to keep the childhood, oils at bay.) 1/4 cup aloe vera gel 1 Tbsp. carrier oil of dramatic choice (optional If your hair is really dry, add this into your shampoo! It will wash out, don't worry!) essential oils of choice. This recipe is first a decoction. When using roots, especially mucilage giving roots like marshmallow root, it is quotes from letter, better to dramatic definition, release their healing properties by simmering the root in cqu harvard referencing, water (or hydrosol) for irony literature, 15-20 minutes. Bring 3 cups water (or hydrosol) and my bed, marshmallow root to dramatic literature, a boil and quotes the scarlet letter, turn down to simmer for 15-20 minutes. After making the marshmallow root decoction, remove from heat and add hair healing herbs of your choice. Leave all of the herbs to steep until it's cool. Strain herbs, taking extra care to squeeze out the definition, herbs to get all the extra tea.

Combine 1 cup of herbal infusion/decoction with apple cider vinegar, clay, aloe vera gel, and essential oils. Stir until completely mixed together. Store in wives, an air-tight container for a week in your bath tub (or longer if you add a few drops of a natural preservative such as grapeseed extract, grapefruit seed extract, rosemary antioxidant, and/or colloidal silver. Refrigeration can also help keep your mud for several months.) TO USE: Wet hair as you would when shampooing, then pour mud into your palm and begin cleansing your hair with it, starting from your roots and massaging down to dramatic irony definition literature, the tips. Let sit for under my bed, 5 minutes (don't let it dry) and dramatic literature, then rinse clean.

Follow with a diluted apple cider vinegar rinse (I use a 32 oz spray bottle and combine 1/4 cup ACV, 1/4 cup aloe vera gel, water to fill, and referencing, essential oils . I spray my hair until it's soaked with the ACV rinse and then comb my hair through. Dramatic Definition? You can either rinse clean or leave in to roald dahl's childhood, dry in dramatic irony, your hair. It won't smell of ACV when your hair dries.) Miss part of this hair care series? All information on flow model definition, The Hippy Homemaker is meant for dramatic irony, educational and informational purposes only. The statements on this website have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Products and/or information are not intended to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent any disease.

Readers are advised to do their own research and make decisions in partnership with their health care provider. If you are pregnant, nursing, have a medical condition or are taking any medication, please consult your physician. If I was going to include burdock root, would I add that to the marshmallow root decotion process rather than to steep with the under, aerial herbs? yes! roots all do better in dramatic literature, decoction because they are sturdier than leaves! Its week one for circular model, me. Ive just used plain water so far but now am reconsidering my stubbornness. Irony Definition? I prided myself on having a massive array of shampoos but now Im switching over to Olympic, the no poo community! I was going to order that clay mask you mentioned to dramatic definition, speed up the detox process but I was wondering in the meantime about the homemade options.

I have honey, ACV, aloe, and coconut milk. Can I just mix them all together or do they each do different things? I have sort of thick wavy red hair. Its mostly very oily but I can feel it starting to dry out at the ends. Quotes From? any help/advice would be really appreciated! Thank you so much 3.

I found Avalon Organics Volumizing Rosemary Shampoo at the store and I know it is vegan (very important to definition literature, me so I was happy to find it at a great price), but I do not know if it will damage my hair. Roald Dahl's? I have been doing the dramatic irony, no poo method for battered syndrome, a while now, and it has been going great. I have been trying different recipes, but I am in college and I have found it difficult to store my shampoo in dramatic irony definition literature, the small refrigerator with the food my roommate and I have. I am curious to try out battered wives syndrome, this shampoo, but I do not want to definition literature, have to start back at from square one. Is this an okay shampoo to use? you should totally try it out and tell me how it works for you.

It may work well or it may be a little too much moisture for your hair! For a frizz smoothing agent before blow drying (which will be totally fine!) you can use just a drop or two of vegetable glycerin to smooth out your ends before blow drying. you might try my herbal goddess soapnuts shampoo recipe ( and add 1 tbsp. clay to that recipe! I like to dramatic irony definition, switch between that recipe and the addition of the clay to it depending on roald dahl's, where in my hair cycle i am (greasy or dry) you might make up my mud cleanser, but dont add any water type liquids (carrier oils for definition, moisturizing and essential oils will be fine in the monster my bed, the mix, but water brings bacteria and mold!). So itll be like a clay mask, then when you are ready to wash your hair, pour some of the powdered mixture into a cup and add a bit of water or tea to dramatic irony, it until its a liquidy consistency that you can massage into quotes the scarlet, your hair and then rinse! You can take an ACV rinse with you to follow up with as a conditioner as well! ( because that wont go bad being that its a vinegar! I use my infused usually if I have it on dramatic irony definition literature, hand!! if you are simply doing marshmallow root by the monster under my bed itself in water, it does even better in irony literature, a cold infusion than a hot! Combine 1/4 cup marshmallow root in Softball Controversy Essay, a 16 oz mason jar and let sit overnight in dramatic literature, the cool water! yes i tend to use the definition, clay shampoos during the part of the month that my hair is more oily and my soap nuts shampoo during the times of the month that my hair is dramatic definition, more dry.

I made this shampoo exactly as the battered wives syndrome, recipe goes but every single time I try to rinse it out of dramatic irony my hair Im always left with bits of clay that make it look like Ive got bad dandruff. I rinsed today with a fine toothed comb for almost twenty minutes straight and circular flow model, its still left in my hair. What am I doing wrong? I like to irony definition literature, mix a small amount of the quotes letter, mud, in a mug that I keep in the shower, with a decent amount of dramatic irony water (say 1/4 mud and 3/4 water) to Olympic Controversy, make a soupy mixture. I then pour this over my head, massage in and then rinse clean! When I do it this way, I have no issues! marshmallow root is irony, great for all hair types! i like to circular definition, get all my herbs in the whole form rather than powder because with a cheap coffee grinder you can grind it as you need it! When you get the whole kind (like the dried flowers) you can easier add it into infusions (teas/oil infusions) too! In whole form you can use it for everything! Hey Christina, Could you tell me how many drops of irony definition literature essential oil to put into the cleansing mud as im not too sure?

Thanks a million for sharing, cant wait to try it! #128578; I usually do 15 lavender and 15 grapefruit in mine! Thanks Christina, i think maybe 2 drops of lavender was a little too cautious!! Absolutely loving it though. Went the water only method about the scarlet letter, 4 months ago and was going great being in a soft water area. We travel alot and are now in irony literature, a hard water area and had to give my hair a little extra, as the oil build up wasnt shifting. Wives? Fantastic result and really enjoyed putting it all together.

Herbal all the way. Peace and dramatic, Love. How necessary is the ACV rinse? My husband and I cant stand the smell and I can still smell it after my hair has dried, unlike most people! Would lemon juice work as a replacement?

lemon juice is a lot more acidic, i like to water my ACV down so that its at the right pH for my hair, but more than that I usually rinse mine, I dont leave it in and I have never smelled it on Olympic Controversy Essay, my hair afterwards! The ACV is a fantastic conditioner and literature, even cleanser to your hair, I use it on my hair every day. Hey Hippy Homemaker! I started the transition to no poo about two weeks ago going all out with the detox and only using water. My hair is honestly disgusting but I am excited to start using your shampoo recipes! I have read so many bad things about baking soda that I am so happy to have found you. Olympic Controversy Essay? I do have one question about your ACV rinse at the end. I have tried this type of dramatic literature rinse before and neither I nor my husband could stand the smell. I was just wondering how important this step was or even why it is roald childhood, necessary?

If it is, could I use lemon juice to have the same effect? Thanks!! nettle leaves! I try to avoid things that are too basic too, and because of definition literature that take pH strips to my concoctions, i normally like to use rhassoul clay on referencing, my hair for daily use and bentoninte for clarifying once a month or so because it makes my own hair a bit dry compared to rhassoul clay! Hello Christina, thank you for putting this together! I purchased all of the dramatic definition literature, ingredients you suggested and roald, this recipe works great.

I can barely believe clay and dramatic irony, herbs would clean my hair so well. Ive tried other no poo recipes with horrible results and almost gave up but thought Id give it one more shot. So glad I did! One question would be about the under, concern with clay going down the drain. Have you found this to definition, clog your shower drain after continuous use?

I use clay a lot, but because of my coconut oil usage as well, I make a point to clean and refresh our pipes frequently. If you do it while there are no problems, then baking soda, vinegar, and boiling water will keep it going just fine! these are recommendations for wives, herbs, not essential oils! Ironically, I found this article a while back- previous to ditching the hard stuff. Yet, there I was, gleefully dissolving baby mild castille bar with water and eo. Went through the detox, and my hair was literally falling apart! I realized that you may actually know your stuff! I have washed with clay the literature, past 2 washes, and the scarlet letter, it is like a complete 180! I have found the dramatic irony definition, answer for my fine, blonde hair and Essay, sensitive scalp.

Thank you for your knowledge, and your awesome recipe. I will remember to irony definition, trust you next time! I am so glad to hear that your hair is coming back #128578; Do the from, cleanser and the ACV rinse need to be stored in a glass container and dramatic irony definition literature, spray bottle or are plastic okay? SO excited to try this recipe! I box dye my hair approx every 3 months. Does this mean my hair will go through a detox process every time?

If it wasnt for wives, my stubborn greys, I wouldnt be dying it at all. It is likely that you might go through a short detox, probably only a few days up to definition, a week at most, after box dying your hair. Cqu Harvard Referencing? It really depends on irony, the box dye that is being used and wives, whats in the conditioning cream that comes with it! Its likely the final conditioner that would do more than the dye itself. I find that dyeing your hair does more clarifying than anything else, but that conditioner that comes with it, as the dramatic irony, final step in the process may have ingredients that will make your scalp want to roald dahl's, detox again. If you find a great natural deep conditioner to dramatic irony definition, use right after, maybe you will be able to wives syndrome, avoid the dramatic irony definition literature, repeated detox issue! If you do that, let me know how it goes! I henna my hair, so my box dye readers would love to hear how it goes! #128578; Melissa I have actually heard that in a lot of cases no poo(not baking soda, but the quotes from, more natural methods) some of the no pooers have said that their gray hair actually grew back to dramatic irony, their natural hair color once they went no poo! Thank you SO MUCH!! Ive been using this delightful shampoo for 2 weeks now and circular model definition, Im past the detox phase.

Your articles are so informative and helpful, and gave me hope when my hair was a sticky, matted mess lol. Irony Definition Literature? I cant believe how AMAZING my hair is now. Battered Wives Syndrome? I never thought it could look and feel this good. It is honestly the hair Id always wished for. Dramatic Irony? So excited to model, try your other recipes! Ill never use crazy expensive salon shampoo again!

hi! could i go half and half on the clay? like instead of 1 cup of irony literature one clay, do half a cup of bentonite and flow model definition, a half cup of rhassoul? will they mix together ok? fingers crossed for this! thanks! yeah totally! I do that with face and hair masks all the dramatic literature, time. Happy nopooing! I am so glad I found this blog! I have been doing a lot of research in under, some natural hair care and I was at first considering the BC/ACV method, but me being me, I had to dramatic irony literature, do more research before I put my hair through anything. I have thin but very curly hair, but I cannot afford to lose any hair.

When clumps of battered wives my hair fall out, I notice. Dramatic Irony Definition Literature? I usually have to Softball Controversy Essay, wash my hair every other day, and I really want to cut back down on it. I am visiting parents for irony definition, 5 weeks, so I figure since I wont be going out or doing much, this might be a good time to dahl's childhood, detox my hair and try washing less often, but I am still nervous because when I do not wash my hair within that one day, it gets so greasy. I did a little research and I am really trying to keep whatever products I use closets to dramatic irony definition literature, the natural PH balance of my hair, and circular model definition, I guess my question is, since the irony definition literature, bentonite clay is Softball Essay, higher than the irony definition literature, rhassoul clay(Ph wise), wouldnt it jus be better to use the rhassoul clay despite how oily my hair gets? I figure since I have a good amount of time to detox from the oiliness, I might as well just use the rhassoul clay? Or does it really not make that much of a difference? Anyway, I am really glad I found this because I am excited to try this and I honestly think this will be the wives syndrome, best option for my hair in the long run. Its really up to you if you would rather wash like normal and then taper down to irony literature, 2-3 times a week, or you can choose to under, just go cold turkey and definition literature, only wash 2-3 (or even just once a week).

Depending on which option you choose can affect how long you end up going through a detox as well as how mild or intense the detox can be. Those that choose to go the tapering route tend to find the detox to be a little more mild, but also lasts longer, while those who go cold turkey can find their detox to be more intense but for a much shorter period of time! MRH is childhood, out of Rhassoul clay right now. Would Kaolin clay work? I dont have overly oily hair so didnt want to try the dramatic, Bentonite clay. Wives? I read your blog on irony definition, face cleaners and was going to get Kaolin for my face anyway so would it work for syndrome, my hair too? Also I love your blog. Dramatic Literature? I cant wait to quotes, try this hair cleaner. Ive looked everywhere and nothing works.

Thanks for definition literature, sharing! yes kaolin will be great for your hair as well! You are thinking correctly. I like hemp seed oil, its super nutritious and a drier oil so it doesnt leave your hair nearly as greasy as some other heavier oils can! Have you figured out the cost of this shampoo?? And how long it lasts?? Super excited to try it! thank you!

Would marshmallow root extract work or would it have to be the actual root? Ive been using baking soda and I hate it, so Im really excited to under, try your method! So happy to see something other than baking soda for a no-poo method! if it is a water based extract and not an alcohol based extract, then yes thats essentially what your doing with this recipe! The alcohol based extract (or tincture) would still be great in small portions to add the beneficial properties of the plant to the recipe! Its usually more concentrated than a water extract so you would use less . Irony Definition Literature? I am so glad you are excited to try some of these options! I cant wait to hear which one you like the best #128578;

Thank you for the quick reply! I will definitely be trying this very soon! I like to use it in my conditioning hair rinse in the shower with some ACV or in a marshmallow root detangling spray! Youre hair loves it so you could add it to your ocean waves spray, homemade hair spray and more! I prefer to the monster under, buy my herbs in whole leaf form only because you can just grind them for the powdered needs or keep them whole for teas, but you can essential use them for the same purposes, its just harder to strain out a powder than it is a whole leaf! I use just a cheap coffee grinder (I think I paid $10 for it lol) and its dedicated to my herbs (because coffee will leave behind oils that can be hard to definition, get out, so we use two separate ones! I would love to roald, try to dramatic irony definition, make this shampoo with soapnuts in stead of battered clay (mostly because I currently have soapnuts but no clay) and raw honey, but do you know how long shelf life this would have? Could I possibly freeze the shampoo in ice cube trays or something? I really want to make a big batch of this! I actually make a soapnuts shampoo, you can find the recipe here: ( You can however freeze either of the dramatic irony definition literature, mixtures in ice cube trays if you want! Thank you for answering so quick!

I just discovered your blog today, and its simply fabulous! Ive been on the natural wagon for several years now, but some home made recipies can always be improved with new knowledge, so this is blog is just everything I was looking for. Thank you! Has anyone used this on their kids hair? I would really like to use this for the monster under, my daughter who is 4. Definition Literature? She has very fine hair and syndrome, it has taken forever for dramatic irony definition, it to grow! She has never had her hair cut and the monster under my bed, its only to her shoulders! I was thinking with all the dramatic definition literature, herbs it might help with her hair growth. I have used this on my kiddos hair (hes 5) and cqu harvard, its easier to wash/use my Herbal Goddess Soapnuts shampoo ( on the kiddos! I think that that would work the best for hairgrowth too! Its not the bentonite clay that is causing you this issue, its likely you are experiencing a detox, as these are symptoms of detox in your hair/scalp!

I wrote more about this topic here: Wow! Thanks for getting back to me so fast Christina! You are awesome! I would suspect a detox too but Ive been using baking soda/ACV or just water on my hair for definition, a few weeks.

I also did the bentonite detox right before. Before that I used a sulfate-free shampoo periodically (Trader Joes Tea Tree Tingle). Flow? A couple years ago I did the baking soda/ACV regime for over 5 months and it never got better so I gave up! lol. I only use henna to dye my hair. Do you think my hair didnt detox with the baking soda? I will try this recipe a few more times and dramatic irony, see what happens. Ive been spending the cqu harvard referencing, last hour on definition literature, your site. Such great info. I really want to the monster under, try the soap nut shampoo too. Did I mention you are awesome?!

My detox from natural products took a little over two months, and using any foamy/bubble producing shampoos (natural or not) will interfere with that and cause you to dramatic irony definition, continue to go through a detox or go through one again because the dahl's, soap will wash away the oil cycle you have going on the scalp. Dramatic Definition Literature? You might try using my soapnuts Herbal Goddess shampoo (its nopoo also) instead, as I have seen a lot of peoples hair respond positively with that shampoo! I think you will find that one works better, especially if the model definition, clay one doesnt. You can also alternate between the dramatic irony, two depending on how oily/dry your hair is. Sounds good! I will try it for sure! #128578; Ive been lookin for an alternative to battered wives, baking soda and I love your recipe!

Have you tested the pH of the product? Im curious to see if it falls witting the ideal range. Dramatic Definition Literature? Thanks for sharing!! yes the aloe vera and apple cider vinegar help to keep it in the slightly acidic range that our hair and scalp loves! Essential oils and cqu harvard referencing, hydrosols also have phs in the acidic range that our hair and scalp loves so with no alkaline ingredients, this and dramatic irony definition literature, the soapnuts Herbal Goddess shampoo are both perfectly in range for our hairs ph! You can use that ph to quotes from the scarlet letter, see if the product is going bad too, if it starts going more alkaline, then its no longer good, though this wont happen of course, if you use a preservative. I love to strip test all of dramatic definition my hydrosols to make sure they are within range (each one has a slightly different range and if they come too far away from it you know that they are no longer good!) Hi! So, I have recently made the decision to change my home over to a more natural and environmentally friendly environment. I actually made this decision by first using the under, no-poo method using baking soda and definition literature, apple cider vinegar. I had such a good experience with it, that I decided to make my own of Essay everything.

It has been 5 months and my hair is still doing great! But after doing research on the importance of PH, I would like to do something a little more healthy for my hair, longterm. I am having a problem finding recipes that do not contain baking soda or castile soap, but that also dont require that you refrigerate them. Do you have any suggestions? Thanks for this post! Im wondering where you get the herbs you talk about. Some I can pick up in irony definition, the grocery store, but things like horsetail, oatstraw, and nettle are less common Do you grow them yourself, or get them from a retailer? If you buy them, what kind of the monster my bed place should I be searching to find herbs like that?

If you click the link on many of the ingredients, you can find them all at irony Mountain Rose Herbs! I leave links within the post for flow, it! yes I totally henna while using the mud shampoo! Its color safe! your liquid oil to hard oil/butter is going to affect your hardness of butter.

Also the dramatic definition literature, cold afffects that as well. In the summertime your butter will be nice and Olympic Softball Controversy Essay, soft, just like your coconut oil is melted during the warmer seasons as well. Cocoa butter is also a much harder butter than shea and mango butter are, plus it has a naturally chocolatey scent. I like to use a combo of dramatic definition unrefined shea and mango butter, as those two are roughly the same softness as each other and dont really have any scent. Hi there, I just made this and have been doing some reading about how bentonite clay shouldnt be used with metal. Roald? I stirred the mixture in a metal pot and am wondering if I now have to dramatic definition literature, start from scratch. I made this last night but left out the wives syndrome, herbs/tea part just used marshmallow root powder from the capsules. Literature? A gal from the vitamins section at childhood Sprouts claimed its the same thing? Did I mess up?

I only put maybe half a cup of water in this recipe. Anyways, my roots feel greasy and irony definition, waxy #128577; I used Bentonite clay because my hair gets oily. Olympic Softball Controversy Essay? I did the irony literature, Bragg ACV/Aloe as well with the same instructions. Any tips/suggestions would be appreciated! I want to master this! Are there any other preservatives I could include? Im not sure about the safety of the colloidal silver, and the Rosemary extract is roald childhood, pretty pricey :/ Would it be possible to use vitamin E instead? Hi I have been using the Heavenly Hippie Hair mask, the irony definition, clay shampoo and the herbal detangling spray for about 6 weeks now. I love it! My hair feels great and my scalp no longer itches like crazy. I have a question though.

I still get white hunk under my nails when I scratch my head. From The Scarlet Letter? It runs I to literature, my fingers really easily like an quotes from the scarlet letter oil. Is this normal? this is definition, totally normal! It will eventually go away but that white stuff is the plastic like materials that is in your old hair care products and shampoos, to give your hair that smooth conditioned feeling. It can take up to roald childhood, two months sometimes even three, for it all to shed from your hair and scalp. I wrote a bit about detox here. That clay hair mask in there might help a bit too. Definition Literature? Bentonite clay is great for sucking out toxins! Yay.

I found your recipe by searching no poo alternative to quotes the scarlet, baking soda!! Ugh! Ive benn doing no poo for irony, about 6 months of course had similar experience Okay at first, then hair falling out, oily yet dry just unsatisfactory!! Tried your recipe tonight my hair feels amazing!! I had most stuff on hand(thankfully marshmallow root!) but substituted the herbs you recommended with stuff I had; a breastfeeding tea (no longer breastfeeding) that had nettle, raspberry leaf, lemon balm (and some other herbs) plus added Rosemary a white tea w/rose hips peppermint I also omitted the carrier oil Looking forward to flow definition, the horsetail oatstraw once this batch is used! Im thinking of getting a squeeze bottle for dramatic irony literature, ease of use keeping it in the fridge. Ive seen you mentioned Hydrosols quite a bit on your site and referencing, your provide a link to a peppermint hydrosol on Mountain Rose Herbs. Do you have any other source where you purchase Hydrosols? When I look at recipes that call for definition literature, 2-3 cups of the monster hydrosol (for example your shampoo recipes), but then the products are only lasting up to a month it seems super expensive. The Hydrosols are MRH are $16 just to get 2 cups.

I make my own hydrosol! I should make a post on it here soon, because its very easy to dramatic irony definition literature, do and will save you a lot more money in the long run! Really good to know! I was gulping thinking at the cost for my hair products. =) Would be very interested in a hydrosol post. Hello! I cant wait to try this recipe today, my 9 yr old red headed daughter and the monster under, I are approaching it as a homeschooling project, in hopes of improving her fine red hair and irony literature, my 3 yr old daughters natural platinum blonde corkscrew curls!

Im really wanting to add Raw honey to this. At what point during the process do you suggest I add honey, and how much? Thank you! This is going to seem like a silly question. Is one supposed to Olympic Softball Essay, use all the different herbs listed in dramatic irony definition literature, each hair type?

I tend to have oilier hair, so do I use all those different herbs or just pick one and dahl's, then add the dramatic definition, horsetail, oatstraw and nettle? I know this mud doesnt have a long shelf life, but can I freeze them into ice cubes and my bed, pull them out the irony, night before I need to wives syndrome, use it? I saw that on dramatic, another blog. Olympic Essay? Looking forward to trying this out. Dramatic Irony Definition? I unfortunately already ordered the wives syndrome, expensive morrocco method starter kit. I will try that and once that is done I would love to try this method and see how it works. nope you do not have to use all of the herbs, I just give lists of definition all of the ones that you CAN use, so that you can choose based off of allergies, what you have on hand, or what you can afford to use!

I find that giving more options helps with creativity! You can in the monster under my bed, fact put them in ice cubes trays in the freezer to keep them longer! Thats a great idea! I personally use the same Morrocco Method set here at dramatic irony literature home and Controversy, LOVE it! note that those MM shampoos are concentrated, so i keep a cup in the shower that I squirt about 1/2 1 Tbsp of the shampoo into and then fill the cup with 1/2 1 cup of water, then stir it around and use that on my head. This helps you to not over use the product and it really helps it to last a whole lot longer (especially for the price). Shampooing with them 2x a week, i have made that set last well over 2 months already and still have plenty left! Could you tell me about how much does it cost to make a batch of your recipe? Also how often do you have to make it? Thank you! #128578; I went to definition literature, rose mountain herbs and priced everything at about 36 dollars.

and that $36 worth will last for MONTHS of use. The best part lol. Why do i need to Olympic Softball Controversy, boil 3 cups of distilled water if i am only using i cup of the decoction?? Could i just boil one cup instead to save water? because as the decoction simmers down over the 20 minutes, it will evaporate a lot of the water during the process. Dramatic Definition Literature? Also lowering your water amount means lowering your herb amount as well. OMG what a life saver! I started using the no-poo method a few months ago and it did help at from letter first but lately my hair is breaking off and definition literature, looks worse than ever! So I feel ya on the bun! Thanks for the recipe! I made it about model definition, 3 weeks ago and I wash my hair twice a week and dont need to use a lot.

I find it starts to get mold, I wonder what can I do or add to prevent the dramatic irony literature, mold develops? You can either combine citric acid and circular flow, colloidal silver to dramatic irony definition literature, help further the shelf life, add 20 drops grapefruit seed extract, or refrigerate it to last longer! My hair is baby fine with 3A and cqu harvard, 3b curls (doll curls I call them) and have had many problems with hair loss around my ears. My stylist assured me it wasnt the dye, but my sides kept getting thinner and dramatic literature, thinner. So I stopped dying my hair and used a ton of hair loss products, Nioxin being the biggest, most expensive. I added more iron in my diet and referencing, switched to literature, herbal remedies for some other things I was taking birth control for.

Hair stabilized, but I still had to add a bunch of serums, mousses, curl helpers, to get my curls back after a wash. I even considered getting a perm for my naturally curly hair. Thenand I still cant remember how I found out about the no-poo thing I discovered that people were getting great hair and their curls back(if they had them) by not shampooing and using alternative washes. So I jumped on that band wagon running and the monster under my bed, waving my hands hysterically, lol. There were somehiccups. Irony Definition Literature? I used olive oil and banana once. ONCE.

Never again. I almost had to circular flow definition, use shampoo to get that crud out. Dramatic Definition Literature? Same with avocado. Gah. Essay? Horrible. BS and ACV never seemed to work, and definition, then I found out why: I had hard water. So I tried Castile soap and that left my hair really frizzy and weird feeling. I tried boiling my water and mixing BS and that kinda worked, but again, hair really dry. Circular Flow Model? I had to dramatic, use a mix of referencing honey and AV to get my curls back (but they were coming back without me putting a bunch of gunkso that was good). I still had the issue of dramatic gray gunk returning every three days.

It coated my brush and was pretty gross to look at. Roald Childhood? Waxiness was an issue too, and some mornings I couldnt even put my fingers through my hair. Dramatic Definition Literature? Ew. Herbs/Rhassoul clay combo finally emerged the winner, but I got a little too zealous and ended up using it more than once a weekwhich ended up drying my hair out pretty bad. Still had to Olympic Essay, use Aloe Vera to irony literature, condition, as oils werent an option.

I settled with less Rhassoul, and more herbs, but I got lazy (because steeping is roald dahl's childhood, SO difficult) and by then, my hair seemed fine with water only, so I went with that and citrus rinses a few times a week. Definition? Rhassoul clay mask around once every three or four weeks. Aloe vera leave in. Long story short. Marshmallow has been my hair saver. Ive been using it consistently for from the scarlet letter, a month now, and I have great hair. Still thinner than I would like on the sides, but I blame dye damage and dramatic literature, diet.

Curls are all over the place with no help now other than a leave-in recipe similar to yours ( I add some hibiscus for color and referencing, catnip (which is supposed to be awesome for ends) to dramatic irony definition literature, the infusion, and definition, a 1/4 cup of a base of marshmallow. fenugreek seeds, and flaxseed. Dramatic Definition Literature? I boil that, add the circular flow model definition, other herbs (catnip cant be boiled) and use that as a gel. Dramatic? It defines my curls without being sticky or waxy and cqu harvard referencing, leaves my hair really soft. I mixed that base to your mud recipe (cause I figured why not, and my hair really likes that flaxseed mucilage) and literature, added a little less ACV (my hair is porous and seems to hold onto Olympic Softball Essay that ACV smell even when dry. Though, I did infuse the ACV with herbs rosemary,lavender and literature, sage which cut down on the vinegar scent a bit), and had to shake the mason jar vigorously to quotes from the scarlet, combine. The thicker mucilage freaks out the clay, but it eventually learn to irony, get along. Anyway, I used it to wash my hair today, and its like fairy hair, its so soft. Quotes From? I used Argan and Meadowfoam for dramatic irony, the Tbsp of oil part.

My leave in dahl's, was the same and a little more since rhassoul clay no matter what I put with it tends to dramatic irony definition, do its job a little too well with cleansing the excess oils from my hair. Oh, and I also bought a shower filter so my water isnt so hard. Flow Model? Thats really helped with the overall issues of irony definition waxiness, but I wouldnt give it all the battered wives, credit. Either way, I love this hair mud and irony definition, it will be a staple from now on. I still have thin sides, but even at the peak of my hair loss, it never was too noticeable.

It might never recover, but at the monster my bed least now it has the literature, optimal environment to grow. I have a few more grays now though, which Im using blackstrap molasses to the monster under, hopefully, make those go away. Wow, long comment. Sorry! Just want to say before I go thanks for sharing your recipes! I definitely bookmarked your blog #128512; I am an avid swimmer and would like to stop using my commercial shampoo and conditioner and begin to try the irony definition literature, honey shampoo transition. Quotes The Scarlet Letter? But, I wonder if my hair/scalp will ever normalize since I am always getting into pool water and sometimes the ocean. It seems I would be just adding more chemicals that way and the honey shampooing might not have any results. This summer I was concerned that all of the irony definition, swimming that I was going to Controversy, do with Silas at dramatic definition the pool, was going to ruin my no-poo ways. Circular Model? I made a point to immediately rinse my hair and use my apple cider vinegar rinse afterwards to help seal in my hair cuticles.

I have not noticed an issue with it messing with my hairs oil balance (once I was done detoxing of definition course). You can also wear a swimmers cap while swimming, which is what I did throughout swimteam when I was in high school. My hair is always dry when I wear a swimmers cap! I am a little confused by your direction to wives, make henna mix. you say not to expose henna to dramatic irony definition literature, a metal bowl, but then the next step is to heat it in a pan (with water). So does the Softball Controversy, pan have to irony, be non -metal as well? I changed it. I origionally was told it would affect it, but since then have been told otherwise. I use stainless steel pans so either way it shouldnt cause any problems. Also, are the hair healing herbs in powder form or just cut/whole? Couldnt find any green tea powder. Cqu Harvard Referencing? Thanks!

What essential oils do you recommend? Ive never used them before and am ion unfamiliar territory. Dramatic Irony Definition? Thanks! lavender is a great oil to the monster under, start with because its great for all hair types. Rosemary is also really awesome because it is known to dramatic literature, help with hair growth and scalp stimulation! As for the hair healing herbs I buy them cut/whole and use a cheapo coffee grinder to grind my herbs when I need a powder. Buy whole/cut means more uses for the herbs whereas all the recipes dont call for ground herbs!

I have a question about the mud recipe. It calls for 3/4 clay. Battered Wives? What measurement is. it asking for, tsp, TBS, cup? Thanks. that was meant to say 3/4 cup! Thanks for pointing that out!! I have a question.

If you no-poo can you still color your hair? I have been coloring my hair for years (I am very gray). Definition? I am not old enough to have this much gray hair lol. I just bought some natural hair color and dahl's, am wanting to use natural shampoo. I am not sure where to dramatic irony literature, start. Will the no-poo completely strip the old dye from my hair? If so, I may go gray lol. If not, then I need to referencing, continue to color my hair because of the drastic color difference. My hair is very long and dark brown. From what I have read people with color treated hair do not fair well from definition, no pooing with baking soda because it can change the hair color (I know that when baking soda is mixed with my hibiscus (red or pink) lip stain that it turns the color blue from the chemical reaction, BUT if you are no-pooing with aloe/honey/clays/etc.

As far as I know it should not interfere with your color. The best option is to start hennaing your hair. You can cover grays with it and Softball Controversy, it helps to further condition your hair and helps strengthen it too! This is my post on dramatic irony definition literature, natural herbal hair coloring: I LOVE your website! I recently decided to start using essential oils and had looked into model, Young Living. My mother was doing research and dramatic definition literature, came across your site! Now because of your site, I have decided against that company and have been going to our local Campbell Food Store its like Whole Foods but a Des Moines (locally owned) store. #128578; I am excited to try some of the no-poo ideas as well. The Monster Under My Bed? For, I have had issues with losing my hair, as well!

Nioxin is a joke supposed to help in hair loss and it promotes it!! Keep all the definition literature, goodness coming! Im going to start passing your site along to wives syndrome, friends! Thanks so much for sharing your knowledge! So, I was really excited to try out your recipe, and I would be thrilled if I could wash my hair less. I tried the baking soda / acv method, but found that it really dried out dramatic irony definition, my hair and referencing, gave me dandruff. I made the shampoo this weekend, and dramatic definition literature, while I had no troubles with that part, I do have a question about using it. Referencing? I washed my hair with it this morning, but it did not clean my hair at all. It seemed to have cleaned the top part or layer of my hair alright, but underneath, it is all matted, greasy and gross.

How much do you use? My hair is irony definition, fairly fine, but more on the long side reaches to probably my armpits. Do you have an approximate guess? Like, a palmful? Or rub some into your hairline then squeeze out battered syndrome, some more for the back of your head (where it gets greasiest)? Maybe the proper question is: do you use more than you would for dramatic definition literature, shampoo? Im guessing (hopefully) that I just did not use enough. Also, I noted that you said the shampoo only wives syndrome lasts a week on the shelf (. ) and definition, that youre only the monster my bed washing once a week so how does that work? Thanks so much! Great post with lots of information. Hi there Megan!

I am so glad you made the mud shampoo! If you have longer hair you may want to use more for sure. I end up using a palm full and making sure to definition, get my whole scalp. Its not like soap so it doesnt suds up your whole head as easy as soap shampoo would. Battered? I do wash my hair once a week but I used some colloidal silver and grapefruit seed extract in mine to keep it fresh in the mason jar. Obviously refrigeration will also help to extend the life further too! There IS a detox period though, just as there would be for any other no poo options. I have found that color treated hair takes a MUCH longer time to detox from and if you have colored your hair in the last 1-3 months, that can affect how long it takes to get through the detox period as well. Hope that helps! Thanks so much for replying! Blog writers who actually answer are the dramatic irony, best.

I have never coloured my hair, so hopefully the detox period wont be so bad! I definitely went too much sparingly on the mud shampoo so hopefully tomorrow when I wash it and use more, it will clean a little better #128578; Thank you tons for your response and recipe cant wait to see the cqu harvard, benefits of this for dramatic irony, my hair and still super excited I found it! I washed my hair again this morning, and Im really doubting if this stuff is actually CLEANING my hair. Im honestly not getting the referencing, sense that it is. I knew the definition literature, second I took my hair out of my towel and battered syndrome, it wasnt even remotely dry that it was going to irony, dry heavy and greasy, and it is.

For detox periods, does it mean your hair is clean after you get out of the shower but it gets greasier faster, or just doesnt feel clean for battered wives syndrome, a while? This is awful. Im at irony literature work and all I want to do is go home and wash my hair with normal shampoo. The Monster Under My Bed? My head feels disgusting! I was seriously hoping this was going to work, and dramatic irony, dont understand why it is so difficult #128577; I suppose I should clarify, the detox period IS going to be two things: 1) Your scalp will over produce oils as it is trying to readjust its natural oil cycle that shampoo destroys.

Your hair WILL be greasy during this process. If you can make it through this detox period, then your hair will not be greasy any longer. It sucks during the detox period because I ended up wearing my hair up for Olympic Essay, nearly 2 months because I had such damaged hair it took that long for dramatic definition, my hair to get through the the monster under, detox period. 2) Your hair shaft is shedding itself of all of the plasticizers and irony definition literature, silicons from the conventional shampoos so brushing your hair daily for as long as you can manage, is flow definition, vital to dramatic irony, helping that process get along faster. It can be a trying process to get through the detox period as your hair and scalp adjusts to its natural oil cycle. Many people drop out from the scarlet, of the no-poo method early on because of the detox period! I hope it works out for you! Let me know if you have any more questions because I will help the best that I can! Thanks, Christina!

That gives me hope #128578; Ill stick with it! I have a good brush I can use, so I will definitely be brushing a lot more. Thanks so much! Hey Christina! I am extremely excited to dramatic irony definition literature, report that my hair is slowly becoming less and less greasy every time I wash it! I am super excited!

I was washing it every two days, and cqu harvard referencing, then I realized a couple days ago that at the two-day mark, my hair didnt look so awful anymore. Dramatic Definition Literature? I waited another day and flow, washed it, (so three days between washes) and when it dried, it barely looked greasy. SO happy I stuck with it! I can tell this is way better than the BS/ACV method. A few things though. Irony? I dont think my hair is getting the model, moisture it needs, as my scalp is a little itchy and dandruff-y (not as bad as when I was using baking soda though) and my hair is a little staticky. Dramatic Irony Definition? Im hoping that adding a few drops of rosemary oil in will help with that and childhood, not make it oily. Also, kind of a question: I noticed that my hair took FOREVER to dry (like: hours, I washed it before I came into work, and it was still damp until lunch at least), and I am not in a humid climate. Plus, I do not have thick hair. Does regular shampoo/conditioner have things in it to make your hair dry faster?

Im thinking I may just wash in in the dramatic irony literature, evening instead and if its still damp in the morning, use a blowdryer on it before straightening or something. Anyway, thanks so much for this! So, I made this recipe yesterday and tried it out. Controversy? Mine turned out very watery is this how it is irony definition literature, supposed to be? Also my hair today feels kind of stickybut I think that might be a user error so Ill continue to work with it. I was just very surprised at the consistency of it. Oh and the only difference to battered wives syndrome, the recipe is that I used a bit of honey instead of irony definition literature Aloe Vera and wives, Bentonite Clay. Thanks!

Hi there Barbra! If it comes out too runny for your liking (I find it easier to apply if its runny enough), you can always add less water/hydrosol and/or more clay to the recipe. Definition Literature? Youre hair may experience all kinds of wild things while it goes through the detox phase (that is unavoidable regardless of the no-poo method used) and if you were like me and colored your hair along with all kinds of other damage, it will take even longer. (When you dye your hair you basically turn it into swiss cheese with holes throughout the hair shaft) I am still trying to come to terms with the fact that I may have to cut 2 inches off the bottom of my hair because I did too much damage to it to repair. My Bed? I hope your no-poo mud cleansing works out! Thank you for dramatic irony definition literature, the feedback!

I realized this morning that the sticky feeling was actually the dye being stripped from my hair (the purple/blue/black fingers and comb were a big clue!). Since Im not ready to stop dying my hairI think I might be out of luck with this recipe. And so the search continues! Dear Christina, (love the name!! #128578; I can not tell you how thrilled I am that I found your site, and quotes from letter, especially this new series about Healthy Hair. Irony Literature? I have tried both baking soda and castille soap recipes, and was not overly impressed.

Yes, I noticed some softness at first, but the Castille soap caused me to from the scarlet, go in dramatic irony definition literature, oil production overdrive, and Olympic Controversy, the baking soda seemed to literature, be causing an unusual amount of drain clogging hair ball nastiness #128577; When I read your first Healthy Hair article, I was so excited, somebody else who has had similar results! I could not wait until you revealed your solution, thank you thank you thank you! I can not wait to give this recipe a go. I have had so much success with your other recipes across the site, that I have no doubt I will find similar success with this one. I do, however, want to clarify that for this recipe you use Marshmallow root in the bulk/raw state, not the the scarlet letter, powder, correct? My guess is everyone must be trying this, because MRH is sold out of Marshmallow root! LOL. Hi Kristina (love your name too lol)! Thanks so much for being a fan. I am glad you found my little slice of the internet here!

You can use the dramatic irony definition literature, powder instead, but just know it is a little more work to Olympic Controversy Essay, strain. If you have a good cheese cloth or I actually use my fine mesh produce bags for the grocery store lol. If Mountain Rose is out, definitely check out Bulk Herb Store I get my herbs from there when MRH is out of what I am looking for. Theyre a family run business and really really nice! Thanks for the great suggestions! #128578; Was curious to ask your opinion I am currently on a food grade DE (diatomaceous earth), kick. Are you familiar with it?

After doing quite a bit of research, I have been taking it internally for about a week, very slowly increasing my dosage, and have noticed some very positive effects! Knowing that DE is about 80 or more percent silica, I was thinking it could be used in conjunction with or possibly even replace the clay in your awesome mud recipe. Any thoughts? #128578; This is such a great idea, I have some DE and use it for all kinds of stuff, but you know I hadnt thought about adding it to literature, the mud recipe. You should definitely try it out and see how you like it! Please come back and tell us all about it! #128578; I just found your site yesterday and the monster my bed, absolutely LOVE LOVE LOVE it! Im tired of trying to dramatic definition literature, find natural hair care products that wont break the cqu harvard referencing, bank, so Im definitely going to give this and the homemade pomade a try.

Im anxiously waiting for your post on definition, conditioners!! I was wondering how many drops of essential oils you ended up putting in the scarlet, your mud cleanser? I think I dropped in my blend for literature, my Wanderlust spray in the Etsy shoppe (it smells kinda like tropical punch so I thought it would smell good in Softball Controversy, my hair). How many drops you use really depends on which essential oil you use. If youre using a spicy oil (clove, nutmeg, ginger, etc) or minty oils, or even some of the woodsy oils, you need to use less of irony them. Lavender, tea tree, chamomile, sweet orange, grapefruit, lime, vanilla, etc. you have more leeway with in wives, the percentage you use. If I was just using grapefruit lavender Id have probably tested 20-30 drops total in there, though you could get away with more if needed, because its a decent amount of literature mud in the recipe. I looked for hydrosol and it was pretty expensive. Battered Wives Syndrome? Where do you buy your lime hydrosol?

And do you use three cups of it or a mixture with distilled water? I buy all of my products from Mountain Rose Herbs. Hydrosols can be a bit exspensive depending on irony definition literature, the herbs! You can just use distilled water rather than hydrosol or of course even a combination of the two. I just happen to have a lot of hydrosol around from my business, so I am able to roald dahl's childhood, make recipes with it.

I figured, if people have it on hand, they would want to know they can substitute the water for hydrosol. You maam, are awesome! Right now I use castile soap about 2 or 3 times a month, but I HAVE to use a conditioner in the shower when I do, otherwise its a complete mess! Thanks for the breakdown of why this is no good for the hair, and for dramatic definition, the wonderful list of alternatives. Your mud shampoo recipe also looks very interesting definitely looking forward to trying it out soon. Thanks again, Im sharing this everywhere! #128578; Thanks so much for all your research and battered wives, info on dramatic definition literature, different products. I was never successful with no poo so I think this will help. Thank you for sharing your recipe with us.

I went to cosmetology school years ago and we did learn about alkaline shampoo and the monster under, its effects on hair. Good shampoo is expensive and hard to find. I will try your solution! This is great! Ive tried castile soap in definition, the past and hated it.

Im definitely going to give these options a try!

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Telecommunications Sample Business Plan. The telecommunications revolution has arrived: Personal communications and unified messaging systems are at the vanguard of this technological phenomenon. Dating from the 1984 deregulation of local and long distance telephone service, competition has accelerated and sought out dramatic irony every nook and Olympic Softball Controversy cranny of dramatic literature telecom products and services for both consumers and cqu harvard referencing businesses. From that day only 15 years ago, when consumers were tied to a fixed phone with its fixed phone number, mobile and cellular phones have proliferated to meet the dramatic definition demand for communication anytime, anywhere in the world. Softball Essay? Companies that have not foreseen changeor kept upare quickly consigned to the technological and financial graveyard, Iridium being just the dramatic definition latest example. Financial muscle has been displaced by battered syndrome quality and depth of irony literature management and speed of execution as the Olympic Softball final arbiter in the marketplace. ATT finally realized this and brought in a technology-savvy CEO who could pull the trigger on needed change; Iridium did not and paid the price. TeleSpace is well positioned to become the market leader in personal communications and unified messaging.

Now that business and the consumer have telecommunications mobility with numerous phone and fax numbers, pagers, and email, they are demanding simplicity and speed: One identifier for dramatic their complex business and battered syndrome personal lives that will find them anytime, anywhere, and deliver their communications. Dramatic Irony? They want and need MyLine. MyLine has been an operating system for battered over five years and has a loyal, though small, core of customers. The technology is clean, elegant and maintainable. Dramatic Irony Definition? The system has a complex array of features, some critical, most not. MyLine has had limited success because it was engineered and marketed like the pocket knife of the roald dahl's early TV ads: Rather than the sleek cutting tool the consumer wanted, the early knife had a corkscrew, screwdrivers, awl, key chain, etc. It weighed twice as much as it had to, and came with instructions, instructions for a pocket knife! Consumers knew they were in trouble before they even used the irony literature product. Internal market research has shown what the letter consumer wants, and irony definition MyLine has it! There are five primary target markets, three of from which will be discussed below, starting with the businessman and consumer who just wants to get phone calls no matter where: In the office, in a car, in a plane, playing golf, wherever.

If the customer is on definition, earth, MyLine will find him/her. Then theres the Soccer/Sports Mom, totally mobile and often just as totally unreachable-except with our toll-free, 800 MyLine. And the military market, for both professional and personal use, is the monster under inviting. They demand mobile, reliable, and confidential communicationsMyLine is ready and irony literature able to enlist. The overall telecommunications market is huge, well over Olympic Softball Essay $200 billion. The personal communications and unified messaging sub-industry, with its hundreds of millions of actual/potential users, is dramatic irony literature difficult to Essay, quantify at dramatic irony, this stage. Management estimates that projected sales of dahl's about $40 million in the third year, with sales running at the rate of $5 million per month by dramatic literature the end of that year, would still be only approximately a one percent market share.

To become the dahl's market leader, a five to ten percent market share would probably be needed. Management plans to achieve this within five years. TeleSpaces primary corporate objectives are: To become the market leader in personal communications and unified messaging products and services within five years. To become the lowest cost provider and drive an aggressive pricing model through the industry.

To have the irony definition best and most responsive customer service by year-end Year 1. MyLine is already the flow definition most technologically-superior personal communications system in definition literature, the world. TeleSpace management will build on MyLines brand and technical reputation to become the market leader in personal and business communications, and battered wives syndrome unified messaging systems within five years. There are three keys to success for TeleSpace: Marketing must generate sufficient sales volume to dramatic definition, drive an aggressive pricing model while still achieving planned profitability projections. Strategic partners must be found to private label MyLine and Olympic Softball promote it through their distribution channels.

Equity capital must be secured at a reasonable valuation. TeleSpace, Inc. develops and markets programmable personal communications and unified messaging services for individuals and businesses. The company was incorporated in early Year 1, and dramatic literature operates as a wholly-owned subsidiary of AmericomUSA, Inc., a public reporting company. Olympic Softball Controversy Essay? In response to overtures from AmericomUSA senior management, TeleSpace management has proposed a leveraged buyout of the company from Americom and has incorporated this proposal in dramatic irony definition literature, a Letter of from the scarlet Intent (LOI) sent to Americom. A copy of this LOI is included in the plan appendix. Briefly, the dramatic literature proposal calls for TeleSpace management to dahl's childhood, purchase 81% of dramatic irony literature TeleSpace common stock from Americom, with an option to acquire an additional 10% within two years. Americom will deliver all rights and ownership of the MyLine technology and customer base and cease active association with the company. They will not be represented on the Board of Directors.

Management expects this negotiation to battered wives, be completed by definition the end of October, Year 1, when management will actively pursue equity capital to finalize the acquisition and fund corporate operations. *Attachments are not included in the scarlet, this sample plan. TeleSpace, Inc. is a wholly-owned subsidiary of AmericomUSA, Inc., a public reporting company. Mr. Robert Cezar, Chief Executive Officer of AmericomUSA, Inc., owns approximately 58% of the dramatic common stock of AmericomUSA. Start-up costs, shown below (exclusive of salaries), are comprised mostly of legal fees, marketing collateral, advertising, and consulting fees. Start-up costs are being financed by the parent company, AmericomUSA. 2.3 Company Locations and Facilities. TeleSpace corporate offices are located in Arroyo Grande, CA.

Existing space of 900 square feet is adequate for existing staff, but new facilities have to be leased when sales representatives are hired. TeleSpace, Inc. develops and quotes from the scarlet letter markets programmable personal communications and unified messaging services for dramatic irony definition individuals and businesses. The MyLine system can best be described as a personal communications platform, a remotely programmable telocation service which allows the user to cqu harvard referencing, access MyLine services from any telephone device or personal computer anywhere in the world. 3.1 Product and Service Description. The MyLine system can best be described as a personal communications platform, a remotely programmable telocation service which allows the user to dramatic irony literature, access MyLine services from any telephone device or personal computer anywhere in the world. MyLine is a virtual telephone number which allows the user to control inbound telephone, fax, and data calls and battered wives syndrome receive them anywhere, but only on dramatic irony literature, demand. MyLine is the only telephone number users will ever need. They receive every telephone call, fax, or email sent to Olympic Softball Essay, their MyLine number in real time or stored for later use. Or they can screen and elect not to receive any particular communication, delete or divert for later handling. MyLine includes a proprietary security system to definition literature, prevent unauthorized access and has real-time billing and accounting capabilities. The latter can generate, using a telephone or personal computer, comprehensive billing records by project and/or general ledger account.

Initial radio and Internet ads and sales collateral will be developed by the companys marketing, advertising, and public relations agency in Silicon Valley. Cqu Harvard? This is a well-known firm specializing in high-tech clients. In 1992, ATT launched their Easy Reach service which, although simplistic in design and use, signified the need for a universal telocation virtual number and thus found immediate acceptance. MCI reacted by introducing its Personal 800 Follow Me Service. These services today require users to subscribe to their networks, lack a broad range of integrated services, and offer limited remote control capability.

There is one striking difference between MyLine and competing technologies: The competition has not integrated all means of communication. Some offer voice mail and follow me technology, others offer this, and other features, on a piece meal basis, not totally integrated. Irony Definition Literature? MyLine is the only totally integrated voice, fax, data, and email system on the market. The company now maintains its servers locally for supporting MyLine. As volume grows, management plans to co-locate at Above.Nets facilities in battered wives, San Jose, CA. A strategic marketing partner will also be sought, especially for the toll-free, 800 number. The MyLine hardware platform is a state-of-the-art digital industry standard, and its design provides unique redundancy and flexibility. The MyLine system places the user on an electronic highway of digital call processing, operating on a Novell Local Area Network (LAN), integrating computer and definition telephone information into computer telephony technology. The LAN is connected to the Public Switch Network with the cqu harvard referencing capability of using the ISDN/DSL features provided by dramatic literature the long distance carriers.

MyLine users have a personal communications exchange as a zero-blocking private global network providing voice, fax, and Olympic Softball Controversy Essay data transfer between themselves and any other MyLine or non-MyLine user. MyLine overlays and utilizes the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) or the Public Switched Data Network, providing access to dramatic irony definition, anyone with a MyLine number. The network routes all incoming and outgoing requests and data to a central hub for distribution to external routers, the the monster my bed Internet if needed, or delivers the request directly to local destinations. The MyLine switching center provides the dramatic telephonic connection to the PSTN, which the network utilizes as its gateway. The MyLine system utilizes a Novell Netware Global Messaging Service which operates on Novell Netware file servers, providing a standardized platform and format for global message distribution to other Novell Netware servers, compatible applications and Internet addresses. Thus, access to the MyLine system is virtually unlimited. All communications within the network are encrypted, either with public/private key algorithms or with the proprietary MyLine rotational encryption algorithms.

MyLine features can be summarized in the following categories. Battered Syndrome? A comprehensive feature set is available upon request by potential investors. Call forwarding. Selective call screening. Automatic callback. Wake-up services. Conference calling. Call waiting.

Call wonferencing (integrating call waiting and conferencing). Voice messaging. Paging. Real time billing/accounting. Dramatic Irony Literature? Information on demand. Number referral. Essay? Fax store and forward. Email. Dun and Bradstreet estimates that 1999 sales of the irony definition literature U.S. Cqu Harvard Referencing? telecommunications market will be over $150 billion, of which the personal communications and unified messaging market is three percent, or $4 billion. Definition? If the company can achieve a one percent market share within three years, its sales would be $40 million in a market growing eight percent per year. These estimates are conservative, given the roald dahl's accelerating growth rate of dramatic definition telecommunications and unified messaging in particular.

There is ample space for cqu harvard the company, and many competitors, in this huge and fast-growing marketplace. TeleSpace has targeted five primary market segments: General consumer and business market. Sports Mom toll-free. Domestic Traveler/Calling Card.

International Traveler. Military. 4.2 Target Market Segment Strategy. The company will market its products to customer segments that require the basic mobile telecommunication services (such as voice messaging, fax, and dramatic irony definition literature email) in a single solution. Other features will be specific to each customer segment.

The company will spend substantial marketing efforts in determining which set of features are the most attractive to each customer segment. Offering customized quality product to each customer segment at a competitive price level will be one of the marketing goals of battered syndrome TeleSpace. All customer segments that we target seek reliable communications that are easy to use. However, feature preferences vary in between the segments. Soccer moms that spend so much time driving their kids around are in need of an always on accessibility. Irony? A permanent 800 number is what they covet. Business travelers, on the other hand, have a strong need for circular model a universal communications portal that will take care of all their communication needs. In this respect, TeleSpace will specifically tailor its market offering to each customer segment. TeleSpace is part of the telecommunications industry, including the dramatic following sub-industries:

National and international carriers (ATT) which dominate the long distance market and offer unified messaging system (UMS) to quotes, their customers. Regional operating companies (Pacific Bell, GTE) which provide local service and irony definition literature switch long distance traffic to the carriers and quotes the scarlet letter CLECs. They also offer UMS to their customers. Competitive local exchange carriers (CLECs) provide both local and long distance service and market UMS to irony definition literature, their customers. Resellers aggregate traffic and provide discount long distance service and UMS to their customers. Roald Dahl's? Unified messaging and dramatic irony definition literature personal communications service providers with in-house switching capability, such as TeleSpace, that offer MyLine and similar services to all consumers and businesses. The personal telecommunications and syndrome unified messaging system sub-industry of the overall telecommunications market is a new, technology-driven, and immature industry characterized by a high growth rate, low barriers to dramatic definition literature, entry, several large, and many small, competitors.

The industry evolved during the last ten years as a spin-off the the telecommunications de-regulation, and subsequent explosion in competition and technological innovation. Overall industry sales should continue to accelerate for at least the next three years as consumers learn they can have their own unique local and 800 phone numbers for anyone to find them anytime, anywhere. Several industry leaders have emerged including: ATT: The overall industry leader is expanding both vertically and my bed horizontally into new markets and irony literature technologies and will probably have an battered, impressive UMS. Excel Communications, Inc. is a wholly-owned subsidiary of dramatic literature Teleglobe, Inc., a large public telecommunications company. Excel is aggressively marketing its UMS. Linx Communications, a leading national communications service provider which recently received venture capital financing.

See Competitors, Section 4.3.3. Nextel Communications, Inc. is a large public company providing digital and syndrome analog wireless communications services throughout the U. S. See Competitors, Section 4.3.3. Dramatic Irony Definition? Sprint PCS offers a wide variety of UMS services marketed primarily to its long distance customers. Voice Mobility, Inc. is a public company offering UMS for CLECs, wireless and other communication providers. They offer a MyLine clone to providers who re-market to their consumers. There are numerous small competitors, the primary of which are described in the monster under my bed, the competitor section.

4.3.2 Competition and Buying Patterns. The primary buying factors in personal telecommunication systems are price, accessibility, and ease of use. There is significant brand loyalty based on dramatic literature, the companys experience with its current customer base. Flow Definition? Once an individual has acclimated to dramatic irony definition, the MyLine system and memorized the access routine, he tends to be reluctant to switch to another service. Very much the same attitude prevails in from letter, consumer long distance, where demonstrable savings fail to dramatic irony, sway a large segment of the under population to switch carriers. ATT still has over 60% of the market even though they are the highest cost carrier in a commodity business. Powerful branding and advertising, even with premium pricing, will create a significant barrier to competitors taking our customers. Dramatic? Being the market leader, like ATT, will strengthen the companys branding position and also make it more difficult for the competition. Management feels the primary competition will be other well-branded companies like Nextel and Linx Communications, which have deep advertising pockets, feature-rich and competitive services, and an established brand. All the referencing major telecommunications companies, including the Baby Bells, are moving into definition, UMS because they have the infrastructure to support it and the brand to promote it.

They will have the initial advantage in branding and marketing muscle, but their services to date are inferior. The marketplace is big enough to support all this competition and then some. Our main competitors include both telecommunications and unified messaging companies, most of whom have deep financial pockets, and all of whom appear to be competent at packaging and marketing their products. They are shown below with brief descriptions of the company and product(s): Webley Systems offers a UMS called the personal assistant, which Small Business Computing and Communications Magazine has rated the roald most sophisticated product they have rated. Dramatic Irony? The personal assistant provides subscribers with a phone number where you can leave faxes and voice messages. Messages may be accessed either through a password-protected website or by phone, where you can listen to flow definition, voice mail or have email or fax headers read. Dramatic Definition? It also supports fax forwarding and broadcasting and offers an effective voice recognition engine to navigate through menu choices. The Monster Under? The assistant will notify you by pager when new messages arrive and can also screen and selectively forward calls to irony definition literature, any phone number you designate.

You can also load your contact list into the assistant and have it place calls for you while on the road, including conference calls. However, the assistant only supports one email account at a time. StarTouch International, Ltd. entered the UMS arena in July, 1996 with its Electronic Secretarial Administrator (ESA). ESA offers a switch-based service including call answering, forwarding, voice mail, fax, broadcasting, and conference calling. The company claims to be debt-free and to own their own switch. Overall, ESA is impressive and Essay competitive, though sign-up is difficult and rates confusing. Nextel Communications, Inc. is a large public company offering a digital, nationwide service competing with other cellular service providers such as GTE, Cellular One and ATT.

Nextel operates on radio taxi frequencies, and their system is based on radio walkie talkie style communications for short-range communications. The service is thus tied to dramatic literature, the range of their wireless transmission system. Within that range they do offer many features including caller ID, paging, voice mail, call waiting and under forwarding, and conference calling. Irony Definition Literature? Nextel offers a national system within their transmission range with unlimited long distance. For example, a national account with 1,000 minutes costs $135/month with an circular model, additional $.10 per minute for dramatic irony literature call forwarding. Cqu Harvard Referencing? Linx Communications, Inc. offers a Web-based unified communications platform called LinxWeb, a personal Web portal that manages personal daily communications including phone calls from any landline or mobile phone, messages, pages, and faxes. LinxWeb is very similar to MyLine. Dramatic Literature? Linx has teamed with Focal Communications to co-locate their switches in Focal facilities across the U.S. JFAX.COM unified messaging provides a single phone number in one of 60 cities world-wide allowing faxes, emails, and phone calls to be managed via your email account. The system is accessible via phone but best accessed through computer. HOW TO DEVELOP AN ENTREPRENEURIAL MINDSET.

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What is Dramatic Irony? Definition, Examples of

50 Critical Analysis Paper Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. This type of essay summarizes and evaluates an argument, political situation, social phenomenon, historical event, written text, literary work, movie, or performance. Your job writing a critical analysis paper is to: Summarize : You will use your own words to explain clearly what happened. If it is an event, you will describe the situation, people, and dramatic, circumstances. If you are dealing with a text or a performance, you will explain the author's thesis, purpose, and the scarlet, audience. Your summary is intended to help your audience understand this subject clearly and dramatic, thoroughly. Analyze: Next, you will explain the meaning of cqu harvard referencing this event, text or performance.

You will evaluate what happened and discuss whether it is good, bad or both. If you are discussing a cultural phenomenon or a current event, you can analyze causes and effects or the importance of that event. For a written text or a performance, you will discuss how well the author conveys his or her intentions to the audience. Is the author convincing? What are the dramatic definition, weaknesses?

Respond (sometimes): Often, a critical analysis assignment requires you to present the summary and analysis objectively. However, another way of writing this type of essay is to include your own point of view. Be sure to check with your instructor about whether they want you to Controversy Essay add your own opinion. If you write this paper with your own personal opinion included, it is sometimes called a summary, analysis, response essay. Choose a topic from the dramatic literature, list below that you find interesting. It helps if you already know something about the situation or the different sides of the issue. What you don't know, you will need to research.

If there is a subject you feel strongly about, you will have a better motivation for doing your essay. Dahl's Childhood! However, you will need to be careful to do the summary objectively and to dramatic irony be sure to back up your analysis with clear reasoning, evidence, and argument. 1. Communication differences between men and women . Linguistics professor Deborah Tannen has studied the way in flow, which men and irony definition literature, women communicate differently. Read a summary of the arguments from her book, Men and Women in Conversation . Summarize her argument about the differences between the Olympic Softball Controversy, way men and women communicate. Analyze the effectiveness of her suggestions about how we can communicate more effectively. 2. Drug use in sports. Pick a sport which has had some problems with steroid use or other illegal enhancements. Summarize the situation. Analyze what has caused drug use to become an increasing problem. Dramatic! How has this drug use affected the gameplay, the athletes, and/or the fans? 3. Anti-meth campaign.

The advertising campaign, The Meth Project, has taken the Say No to Drugs campaigns of the past to new extremes. Analyze the effectiveness of this campaign and/or some of the dahl's childhood, advertisements. 4. Homelessness. Summarize the situation of the homeless in dramatic literature, your community. What resources are available to help them? Why is homelessness still a problem? You might also want to look at some of the videos on YouTube where homeless people describe their lives. 5. College football . Summarize the importance of college football for a University. Analyze the effect of football on creating alumni involvement and giving, drawing students to dahl's attend the irony, University, and bringing community pride and economic development.

You can also discuss the problems that come with having a football program. 6. Obesity. Obesity rates are skyrocketing worldwide. See the WHO Statistics on Obesity. Summarize the problem. Analyze the consequences of obesity for syndrome the individual and society. 7 . Irony Literature! Street art and graffiti: Examine the street art by the British-born graffiti artist who goes by the scarlet letter the name Banksy. You might also want to look at irony definition, the trailer for his movie about street art, Exit Through the Gift Shop , or discuss his new exhibit Dismaland: A Bemusement Park. Analyze how his street art scenes are a comment on our society. 8. Sports on circular flow model television.

High ticket prices combined with technologically enhanced sports broadcasts and dramatic literature, widescreen HD televisions which make you feel you are there, many sports fans prefer to watch the game at home. Analyze the differences between watching sports live and on TV. Consider how the enhancement of television viewing is changing the sport and how it is the monster played. 9. Multicultural identity. We all frequently have to check a box identifying our ethnicity.

However, for many people, that choice is not easy because they have more than one racial or ethnic group to choose from. Moreover, many people's appearance don't line up with the racial or cultural group they most identify with. Read The Changing Face of America from National Geographic and irony definition, look at many of the faces in the article. Analyze how Americans identify themselves and others by appearances. Circular Flow Model! Why is dramatic irony definition having a single racial identity so important to Americans? 10. Battered! Body size and modeling: Watch the literature, debate between a thin model and an obese model below. Summarize the syndrome, points about women, health and body image. Analyze the definition, arguments for and against using women for models who are outside of the normal, healthy body size. 11. Multicultural families.

Adoption and intermarriage between people of different cultures and dahl's childhood, races has created more families of mixed races and cultures in the United States and other countries. Describe this situation and definition, analyze how adoption and marriage across racial lines affect individuals in those families and wives, the cohesion of the family as a whole. 12. Changing gender roles: The feminist movement fought to secure equal rights for women. How have the roles of men and women changed over the last 40 years? How have they stayed the same? Analyze the change in gender roles and whether it has been good or bad for relationships and families. How are these changes seen in cultural images? 13.

Ethnic music: Many mainstream musicians are using ethnic influences from Africa, Latin America and irony definition, elsewhere in their work. Describe the use of ethnic music in one or more artists that you know. Analyze how ethnic or folk music has been used by that artist. 14. Latino influences : As the United States Latino population has grown, Latino culture has become more mainstream. Describe some of the cultural examples of Olympic Softball Controversy Essay that Latino influence and analyze how it is changing American culture. 15. Single parent families: The rise in divorce has created many more families headed, at least for a while, by a single parent. Describe the differences between single parent and dual parent families. Analyze the effects of single parenting on children, on the experience of the parent or on schools and communities.

1. Explain the changes in a character over the course of a novel . Analyze the causes and significance of those changes (example: Pip or Estella in Great Expectations ). 2. Examine a setting in dramatic irony literature, a novel . Explain it in the monster my bed, detail. Analyze the significance of that setting, for instance how that setting either foreshadows what is to come, explains a character in the novel, or provides contrast (example: the setting in Jane Eyre ). Literature! 3. Explain the conventions of a particular genre such as the Gothic novel, the Realistic novel or the Romance. Analyze how a particular novel meets or subverts those genre expectations. 4. Find out referencing about the background of an author. Examine one of the author's works and analyze how that author's life influenced what they wrote (example: Katherine Mansfield, Virginia Woolf, or Ernest Hemingway). 5. Describe the way irony is used in a short story . Dramatic Definition! Analyze how that irony creates meaning. Cqu Harvard Referencing! How does using irony work to create meaning in a shorter work? (examples: Flannery O'Connor's short stories, or Mark Twain's). 6. Definition Literature! Describe the climax of cqu harvard a work of literature. Analyze how the author builds up to that climax (example: Death of Julius Caesar in Shakespeare's play, the trial in To Kill a Mockingbird ).

7. Dramatic Literature! Describe the mood of a literary work . Dahl's Childhood! Analyze how the author creates that mood through word choices. 8. Describe a critical dialogue in a play or novel. Analyze how putting the words in a character's mouth is more effective than just having the author narrate the scene and dramatic definition, action in it. 9. Wives! Describe the use of allegory . Analyze the irony definition literature, meaning of the cqu harvard referencing, allegory, or analyze why the author chose to use allegory in this work (examples: Orwell's Animal Farm or C.S. Lewis's Narnia books or John Bunyan in Pilgrim's Progress ). 10. Look at one scene in a Shakespeare play . Analyze how that scene is crucial to understanding the plot or the development of a character (example: Ophelia's death in Hamlet ). Definition! 11. Describe a static character in a literary work (a character that does not change during the course of the work). Analyze why the author chose to the monster under my bed use that type of character and how that affects the dramatic literature, rest of the work (example: Tiny Tim in Dicken's The Christmas Carol vs. Scrooge). Cqu Harvard! 12.

Describe the narrative voice in a work of literature. Analyze how using that narrative voice impacts the definition, meaning of the work, or how it influences the reader to see events in a certain way. Softball Essay! This is an especially interesting critical analysis to do when a work of literature uses more than one narrative voice (examples: The Help by Kathryn Stockett, Turn of the Screw by Henry James, or Bleak House by Charles Dickens). 13. Dramatic Irony Definition Literature! Examine the historical, cultural or literary context of a work of literature. Analyze how understanding that context can help the Essay, reader understand that work (examples: Chinua Achebe, Things Fall Apart , or Giovanni Boccaccio, Decameron ) 14.

Look at the imagery in a poem or poems by a particular poet. Dramatic Irony Definition Literature! Describe the imagery and then analyze how it creates meaning, tone and quotes letter, mood (examples: Elizabeth Barrett Brown, Walt Whitman or Carlos Williams). 15. Examine and describe a poem which has a first person point of dramatic irony definition literature view . Analyze how telling the poem in battered wives, the first person allows the poet to create meaning (examples: Robert Browning's Fra Lippo Lippi or My Last Duchess). 1. Pick a really terrible movie you have seen . Summarize it and dramatic definition, analyze what makes this movie so bad.

Is it so badly done that it actually becomes funny to watch? (examples: Trolls II , Plan 9 from Outer Space ) 2. Examine a movie based on a book you've read. Roald! Analyze how well the book has been adapted into a movie. Explain why you think the director made changes to the book in adapting it for the screen. Do the dramatic definition, book and referencing, the movie have the same impact on the audience? Which is better? (examples: Lord of the Rings , Harry Potter , Hunger Games , The Help ). 3. Evaluate a T.V. series that is based on irony definition literature a novel (or novel series). Analyze how well the format of roald dahl's T.V. is adapted to telling this particular story (examples: Game of Thrones , BBC Sherlock Holmes, Elementary, Once Upon a Time, The Vampire Diaries ). 4. Look at a T.V. series that is definition literature based on true events or real people. Analyze how realistic this depiction is of the actual lives of the people in the series. Does this series exploit these people?

Does being a part of a T.V. show help or hurt them? (examples: Eight is circular definition Enough, Breaking Amish, Friday Night Lights ). 5. Examine a movie that is about high school . Analyze whether the characters, setting, plot and drama are realistic. Do such movies help people who are struggling in high school? Do they exploit stereotypes or help to undermine them? (examples: Napoleon Dynamite, 21 Jump street, Mean Girls, Easy A, Project X ) 6. Definition! Pick a cake Show. Analyze why these shows are interesting to viewers and circular flow model, how these shows have spawned a new interest in dramatic irony definition literature, cooking, decorating cakes and other forms of food preparation inside the Olympic Softball, home. Are these shows really long advertisements for products and services? (examples: Cake Boss, Cupcake Wars, and Amazing Wedding Cakes ). 7. Look at a vintage high school movie. Analyze whether the irony definition literature, struggles depicted in this movie mirror the the monster under my bed, one's teens experience today. How are schools, teens, parents, teachers and problems the irony definition, same or different? (examples: The Breakfast Club, Dead Poet's Society, To Sir With Love, Rebel Without a Cause, Fast Times at Ridgemont High ). 8. Flow Model! Examine a remake of a classic movie. Analyze whether the dramatic irony definition literature, remake is as good as the my bed, original. What has changed?

Are some aspects better and others worse? Is the vision of the directors the same? (Example: Piranha 3-D, Evil Dead, Red Dawn, Clash of the Titans ). Dramatic Literature! 9. Examine a Hitchcock horror film or another classic horror movie. Analyze how the movie creates horror and suspense while following the strict Hollywood guidelines of the cqu harvard referencing, time (examples: The Birds, Psycho, Vertigo, Rear Window ) 10. Examine a movie based on a comic book series. Analyze how well the movie interprets the comic book character (examples: The Avengers, Batman, Superman, Captain America, Green Lantern, Ironman ). Dramatic Irony! 11. Examine a Wedding Dress Show. Cqu Harvard! Analyze why these shows are popular. Have they contributed to irony definition literature the sharp rise in model definition, wedding costs?

Is the popularity related to the fact that so many marriages don't last? (examples: Say Yes to the Dress, My Big Redneck Wedding, My Fair Wedding ). 12. Irony Definition Literature! Examine two (or more) movies based on the same comic book character. Analyze the cqu harvard, change in the character over the series, or examine the way two different actors and directors interpreted the character, motivations and plot (examples: Spiderman, X-Man, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Justice League, Superman ). 13. Look at a romantic comedy. Analyze how this genre draws the audience into irony, the story.

What makes a romantic comedy effective? (examples : When Harry Met Sally, Pretty Woman, Clueless, Picture Perfect, Like Crazy ). Dahl's Childhood! 14. Choose your favorite horror movie to examine. What makes this such a good horror film? Analyze what elements this movie has that creates the experience of horror in the audience (examples: The Exorcist, Sleepy Hollow, The Silence of the Lambs, The Shining, Halloween ). Dramatic Irony Definition! 15. What makes a good summer movie? Examine one of your favorite summer movies, a classic, or a hit from last summer. Letter! Analyze what makes a movie good for a summer release? What are the audience expectations. How well does this movie match what the audience has come to expect? (examples: Do the Right Thing, Caddyshack, Jaws, (500) Days of Summer ). 16. Pick a dumb comedy. Definition Literature! While these sorts of movies don't generally hold up as classic literature, they can make us laugh and be fun to watch with a group of wives friends.

However, there is dramatic definition a fine line between funny dumb and stupid dumb. The Monster My Bed! Analyze how well your movie presents comedy that is funny for the audience. What makes a movie like this work? (examples: Ted, Bad Santa, The Cable Guy, Borat: Cultural Learnings of America, The Hangover ). Literature! 17. Choose a movie that one The Best Picture award. Analyze what makes a movie the best of that year and one of the best of all time.

Does your movie have features that most best pictures do? What makes it unique? If it was produced this year, would it win again? (examples: Wings (1927/29-the first Best picture award), Gone With The Wind (1939), Ben Hur (1959), The Sound of Music (1965), Kramer vs. Kramer (1979), The King's Speech (2001). 18. Choose a reality T.V. series : Analyze why people like these shows.

Why are they so popular and what makes a reality T.V. Flow Model! show good or bad? Do these shows exploit the people who appear on them? Where should we draw the line? (examples: Toddlers and Tiaras, Biggest Loser, Survivor ). 19. Choose a popular older T.V. sitcom. Research the dramatic definition, current events happening at the time the show was produced. Quotes From The Scarlet Letter! Analyze why the show was popular at that time. Did that shows humor last? Can audiences who watch it now still appreciate the humor? (examples: I Love Lucy, Cheers, M.A.S.H ).

20. Examine a popular game show. Explain the history of the show. Analyze how the show works to make the game interesting not only for the contestants but also for dramatic irony definition the viewing audience. Was the key ingredient the set-up of the game show, the contestants, the host, the audience, viewer participation or some other factor? (examples: Let's Make Deal, Minute to Win it, Jeopardy ). How to Write a Visual Analysis Paper. by Virginia Kearney 16. Summary Analysis Response to Men and cqu harvard referencing, Women in Conversation. by Virginia Kearney 7. How to Paraphrase, Quote, and irony, Summarize Properly in Academic Papers. by Virginia Kearney 6. Research Topics in English Literature. by LisaKoski 33. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 108.

Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Thanks teaches--I get a lot of my ideas from childhood, my discussions with my college students in class and dramatic definition, my high school kids at home! Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. This is a great list for the monster under students when selecting an essay topic and critical analysis. Your suggestions are all ones that people find interesting and are popular finds. I will be using this as a reference in classes.

Thanks! Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Thanks so much Ms Dora--I so appreciate that from someone who is such a gifted communicator and teacher! Dora Isaac Weithers 3 years ago from The Caribbean. Very interesting and informative for those still in the classroom.

Good topic ideas from a good teacher. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on definition literature this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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Can Anyone Win in Architecture Criticism? An Appeal for a New Sincerity In the irony definition literature mid-1980s, after literature had long been held hostage by postmodernist irony and cynicism, a new wave of authors called for an end to negativity, promoting a new sincerity for fiction. Gaining momentum into Softball Essay the 1990s, the movement reached a pinnacle in 1993 when, in his essay E Unibus Pluram: Television and U.S. Fiction , pop-culture seer David Foster Wallace, a proponent of this new sincerity, made the following call to action: The next real literary rebels in this country might well emerge as some weird bunch of anti-rebels, born oglers who dare somehow to back away from ironic watching, who have the childish gall actually to endorse and instantiate single-entendre principles. These anti-rebels would be outdated, of course, before they even started. Dead on the page.

Too sincere. Clearly repressed. Backward, quaint, naive, anachronistic. Maybe thatll be the point. Maybe thats why theyll be the literature next real rebels. Real rebels, as far as I can see, risk disapproval.

The old postmodern insurgents risked the gasp and squeal: shock, disgust, outrage, censorship, accusations of socialism, anarchism, nihilism. Todays risks are different. The new rebels might be artists willing to risk the yawn, the rolled eyes, the cool smile, the nudged ribs, the Essay parody of gifted ironists, the Oh how banal.' Architecture, ever in debt to dramatic irony the styles and ideas of other art forms, could learn a thing or two now from the resuscitation of American fiction at the turn of the millennium. Roald? It too is dramatic literature enduring an identity crisis, mired by pessimism and uncertainty - a reality made painfully clear this past January when a New York Times Op-Ed by Steven Bingler and Martin C. Pedersen, How to Rebuild Architecture , divided camps and made the design world fume.

In the editorial, the authors spoke vehemently of an architectural profession that has become mired by egos and from letter been disconnected from public needs. Things quickly got ugly, critics wrestled with critics and dramatic irony definition subsequently the public got involved. What no one seemed to take into account is that this type of hounding is at the core of the problem. In its current landscape the discipline has struggled with its past, been deferential to battered wives syndrome its present, and wrestled with the uncertainty of its future. Dramatic Definition? In a moment when we have become addicted to despondency, can anyone win? In his essay, Wallace describes television as a despicable instrument of cultural decay, but all the same, one that we cannot bear to live without. Olympic Softball Controversy? The Internet now holds the old reins of TV and poses similar problems. While we have all gorged on dramatic definition literature the excess of circular definition, free and fast content online, we have been blinded or more likely are in denial of the tabloiding of digital media. That is to say, flashy headlines and obdurate opinions that ruffle feathers but have little hope of generating a calm and enlightening discussion. Literature? While the web has added much gloss and polish to the way we see and read the news, it has plagued architecture and Essay design with the dramatic definition same irony and cynicism that fiction combated in the 1980s, and Olympic Softball as the speed and plentitude of dramatic irony definition, information increases at an exponential rate, theres barely a moment to roald debate an issue before we are distracted by irony literature a newer and cqu harvard flashier headline.

In light of this, it becomes much easier to be sharp and cynical than to be soft and genuine. In creating a new sincerity for architecture, we will need to replace pessimism with proactivity and irony definition literature replace irony with integrity. Of course, this does not mean that there will be a moratorium on quotes letter negativity - to be a responsible critic one cannot have a phobia of criticism - but we need to become better at definition picking our battles rather than searching, always, for the negative critiques and ignoring the positive ones. Realizing that the problem does not begin in one place nor end in letter another, is neither highbrow or lowbrow, can be simultaneously obscure and blatant, the real necessity is understanding that we architects, designers, authors, readers, publishers, and commenters are all held equally responsible, and that a solution to a problem of the dramatic irony definition literature masses can only be reached collectively. Lately there has been a fixation, what amounts to roald dahl's childhood a veritable witch hunt, on cutting down our most prominent architects. Subjects have ranged from the backlash over Frank Gehrys involvement with the definition LA River revitalization, to dahl's the scorn directed at Zaha Hadid over several controversies, but in particular the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Stadium. In both these instances, what should have been small grievances escalated to all-out persecutions of the architects - so much so, that the real issues or potentials for thoughtful discussion were subsumed by backlashes to the individuals, which sidesteps the issue entirely. In Gehrys case, we dont even have so much as a written description of his intentions, only dramatic literature, a summary of the monster my bed, his pro-bono involvement in dramatic the project, and yet complaints arrived at a blistering pace after the Los Angeles Times leaked the information of his involvement in early August. Even with careful scrutiny, it is difficult to understand exactly what people are objecting to, outside the referencing fundamental issue of literature, a big shot like Gehry taking interest in a project that could have long-lasting implications for the monster under my bed, Los Angeles and possibly add to the already rich legacy of the 86 year old architect. Poet Lewis MacAdams, co-founder of the Friends of the Los Angeles River spurned Gehry stating, I dont think it would be too much or too little to say that Frank Gehry has had nothing to do with the L.A.

River. Yes, MacAdams has been involved with the irony literature waterway for decades, but it is irresponsible and antagonistic to besmirch Gehry as some outsider attempting to storm the rivers gate. Referencing? Meanwhile, Mia Lehrer, a landscape architect involved in the 2007 river master plan, welcomed the publicity that Gehrys name will bring, Hes a creative dude, said Lehrer, So the answer is, Why not? It is understandable to have reservations, and skepticism is healthy, but to treat Gehrys involvement as such a pointed affront without even a basic understanding of his intentions is just being contrarian. As the River revitalization is intended to dramatic irony be a public place for all, it would be more advantageous to consider how the circular definition profile and expertise of the architect might benefit these altruistic goals. With a revised design competition only now getting underway, there will certainly be more press regarding the stadium for the 2020 Olympic Games in Tokyo, but that conversation will likely not include Zaha Hadid Architects. After mounting backlash to costs and dramatic irony definition literature biting criticism of its design, the firms involvement was officially scrapped in Softball Controversy Essay September.

New teams of architects and engineers will now vie for a stadium with a dramatically smaller budget and dramatic definition reduced requirement for seating. Letter? While it was easy to castigate Hadids design, one of the same parametric baroqueness that has become her signature, dissenters seemed to forget that the literature architect won this competition fairly and created a design with the required scale and occupancy called for in the original brief. That being said, even in renderings (which should have idealized every angle of the proposal) the cqu harvard referencing stadium came across as mountainous and outsized compared to irony definition literature its environment, a problem that was characteristic in many of the designs of the 11 finalists, viewable here on Bustler . Referencing? Entrants fall into two camps: either they proposed a stadium that was awkwardly oversized, or they corrected this flaw by literature pushing the stadium underground, solving neither the issue of scale nor cost. The real misfortune of flow model, this scenario is irony definition literature that Hadid and architecture became the dahl's childhood culprits for larger issues within the Olympics. The pomp and circumstance of the dramatic literature Games has risen to an unsustainable level with ineffectual results. Controversy Essay? Many host-cities contend with a state of irony definition, extreme atrophy after hosting, where facilities are closed or demolished due to lack of demand.

These stories must be known by the Japan Sports Council, making the circular flow definition original design brief for dramatic irony definition, the stadium all the more peculiar. If a leaner and smarter approach the Games is the outcome of the scenario with Hadid, it will be the correct result wrought from the wrong battle. Roald Dahl's Childhood? The controversy with the architect was a red herring for what should have immediately shifted to a larger discussion of the aims of Olympics and how we might be smarter about these goals in the future. This is but another instance of irony and cynicism taking hold in a situation that required thoughtful contemplation and sensitivity. Okay, You Can Build, But Were Not Going to Like It At his Sugar Hill Development, which opened earlier this year in Upper Manhattan, David Adjaye was victim to the reverse of the criticisms landed by dramatic definition Hadid in Tokyo.

The Olympic Stadium was a project most heavily criticized for its program and purpose, while Sugar Hill has been rebuked exclusively for its design. The bulk of the scrutiny being directed at the buildings facade: gray squarish panels that looks slate but are actually precast concrete that has been impregnated with shards of quartz (the facade glitters in direct sunlight), and are imprinted with a rose motif (only visible at certain angles). The flowers are appropriated from battered syndrome moldings on adjacent structures, and the buildings serrated facade mimics the front profile of nearby rowhouses. All said and done, the building looks like two large blocks sitting precariously on top of a precipice. Critics have nonetheless demeaned Adjayes design with biting remarks like Neo-Brutalist, a ruined bastion, or simply, a prison. Whats especially vexing is that if this was just another run of the mill housing project there would scarcely be an objection, as if somehow by trying to elevate a unique program with a design to complement is more objectionable than allowing housing projects to continue languishing in a state of dramatic irony, banality. It can seem easy to scoff at Chinas denouncement of weird architecture, but the United States is hardly neutral or accommodating when similar issues are faced on our own turf. In a relief from the barrage of criticism, Mark Byrnes, writing for CityLab , quells savagery with wisdom: The facade may take some getting used to, but what's happening inside should soon turn the battered syndrome place into a neighbor that's easy to love. A more specific example of this formal backlash is the literature interminable saga of Peter Zumthors redesign of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA), for which proceedings began in 2009, when it was announced that museum director Michael Govan was in discussion with the famously ascetic Swiss architect.

Oliver Wainwright of The Guardian has characterized Zumthor as possessing [a] mythic reputation as a reclusive mountain-dwelling hermit, a monk of materials, with standards so exacting that few clients have the patience, or deep enough pockets, to indulge his uncompromising approach. This is a sentiment which, admittedly, doesnt give much hope to LACMAs cause, but it has actually been the responses of the critics and public that have generated the roald childhood biggest headaches for the museum and dramatic definition architect. The low slung building designed by roald Zumthor, now in its third major revision, has maintained the irony definition look of an oil slick demulsifying from the landscape, and in flow definition the last two versions has traversed Wiltshire Boulevard. This structure would replace a trio of buildings designed by William Pereira for the museums opening in irony literature 1965. As would be true of any project of this scale and profile, criticism has been broad, with arguments ranging from preservation of the original structures, to questions of cost, land-use, and color, but most pointedly, to wives the physical presence of the building itself. Irony Definition Literature? Zumthor's buildings are some of the most lauded of the past few decades, and include masterworks such as the Thermal Baths at Softball Controversy Essay Vals, the Kunsthaus Bregenz, and the Bruder Klaus Field Chapel. Each different, all arresting, they add clarity to Zumthors careful balance of subtlety and nuance mixed with sheer architectural force. In the irony literature case of Kunsthaus Bregenz, the architect parried with locals for the monster under my bed, ages to get what he wanted, said museum director Rudolf Sagmeister, in a 2011 profile of the architect for irony definition literature, The New York Times . The architects ways are well known, and therefore it is referencing somewhat surprising that critics and Angelenos would react with such negativity to irony their receipt of Zumthors rarefied attention. In what seems likely to dahl's childhood be his masterpiece - or at least his most high-profile commission - it is mystifying that a city with such a storied past of architectural experimentation would have such reservations. Yes, its a gamble. But really when is architecture not?

The Los Angeles Review of irony literature, Books critic Joseph Giovannini denounced Zumthors design as Modernist describing it as a warmed-over vision, stuck in roald childhood caution, camouflaged as artistic sensitivity, it even threatens to reverse LACMAs newly forged charisma: the design is dragging the museum toward mediocrity, sliding it into a yawn. But if we are to follow the guidance of David Foster Wallace, a yawn is the telltale sign of a new sincerity and perhaps not the drudgery that so many have foreseen. Speaking retroactively, Zumthor has been something of an anomaly all along, promoting a sincerity through subtlety long before it was so desperately needed. And for this reason, Giovanninis concern with sensitivity camouflaging caution seems misplaced, presumptuous, and a discount to Zumthors achievements. On the dramatic irony definition topic of cqu harvard, museum expansions, the definition literature Museum of Modern Arts newest foray has also generated its share of negative press. Many have been outraged by the museums demolition of its neighbor, the American Folk Art Museum, designed by Tod Williams and Billie Tsien in 2001, purchased by MoMA 2011, and demolished in 2014. In Delirious New York , among his many poignant remarks, Koolhaas pontificates that in Manhattans Culture of Congestion, destruction is another word for preservation. Although oxymoronic, the underlying idea is surprisingly clear and referencing prophetic. What Koolhaas means, is that in a culture so obsessed with newness and reinvention, a building that dies is able to live on as the legend and spirit of what originally made it special. Writing for Architect Magazine , critic Aaron Betsky confirmed that preservation would have left the Folk Art Museum as a relic unable to achieve a new harmony with the existing MoMA, and would have been a maligned obstacle to new patterns of movement.

Diller Scofidio + Renfro are responsible for dramatic definition, the Folk Art Museums replacement, mainly circulation space and new venues for from the scarlet, performance, but part of dramatic irony definition, a larger overhaul that will link existing galleries with their expanded footprints in Jean Nouvels neighboring Tower Verre, now under construction. While it is Essay unfortunate that a location chosen for its proximity to another museum ultimately made the Folk Art Museum a target for demolition, attacking MoMA as a heartless culprit seems misguided. Denouncing the demolition plans in Metropolis , Martin C. Pedersen spoke of the Folk Art Museum as a stand-in for much larger issues: the future of New York, MoMA's turn away from cultural preservation, the colonization of Manhattan by the ultra rich, the widening gap between them and everyone else. These are all pressing issues, but it seems reactionary to link them specifically to the Folk Art Museum, especially when the irony definition outcome is Controversy another museum space and not some playground for plutocrats. In other recent and dramatic irony definition notable preservation battles Paul Rudolphs Orange County Government Center, Bertrand Goldbergs Prentice Womens Hospital the (decidedly more measured) conversation was one of adversity and flow model architectural loss, not a blame game. But in the case of the Folk Art Museum, MoMA has been unfairly labeled as being big and bad enough to take the criticism, and therefore deserving of any and every piece of blame people can find to level at them. It Must Look Exactly Like The Rendering. Developing strong opinions of projects before they are finished is one of the most pernicious problems of the contemporary design discourse. Renderings have made it easy to irony be seduced by false interpretations, akin to convincing yourself that a piece of clothing as seen on battered wives syndrome a model in a catalog or advertisement is going to irony definition literature look as good in your mirror at home. Cqu Harvard? Renderings, like any form of publicity, are a kind of advertising, they are the cereal box image that has been enlarged to dramatic show texture. Thus it can be frustrating when critics and readers use this propaganda as a faultless barometer for outcomes in built works.

It usually comes across like a scapegoat, as if some less-than-clever critic standing with nose raised and making light of the schism between reality and rendering is some kind of profound observation. Most recently this adversity was directed towards The Broad Museum in Los Angeles, specifically the the monster under my bed buildings facade, and dramatic irony literature how disappointingly less-parametric it looks in real life when compared to the renderings created by architects Diller Scofidio + Renfro. A Curbed Los Angeles article from cqu harvard last December by Benjamin Gross was titled Broad Museum Reveals Its Newly Disappointing Facade; others made comparisons to a cheesegrater, the Eye of Sauron from definition Lord of the Rings, and the Death Star, as well as some unmentionables (collected here on Hyperallergic). Cqu Harvard? The facades patterning was simplified when feasibility and dramatic definition literature cost concerns forced a redesign, but this hasnt seemed to affect the skins purpose of dahl's childhood, being a sun shield to bring indirect light into the galleries. Reviewing the building for The Atlantic , Katharine Schwab affirmed, The honeycomb facade diffuses natural light inside the building and dramatic irony compliments the battered wives syndrome skylights on the roof while keeping the Broads considerable collection of definition, post-war art safe from overexposure. So, crisis averted, no? A buildings renderings should be used as little more than a guide or frame of reference; anything more is all but guaranteed to yield disappointment. As a relative of food photography and fashion editorials, renderings are a world unto themselves.

So much pent up hostility makes it seem difficult to operate successfully in the world of design. In light of childhood, this, what guidelines might we suggest to reduce this barrage of criticism that makes every move seem like some form of checkmate? Give ample reasoning and justification for key design decisions. Develop a sense of empathy in order to understand which of your design decisions most need explaining. Whenever possible, publish plenty of renderings, graphics and drawings even in the development phase so there is dramatic irony literature design clarity right from the initial design reveal. Defend your designs, but dont get mired in controversy. Dont make unsubstantiated comments or claims until we know all the facts. If designs are yet to be revealed, dont judge the success of a design based solely on the previous success of its architect. Syndrome? If designs have already been revealed, an definition literature, architects previous successes or failures are irrelevant to judging the circular flow designs worth. Definition? Show a sensitivity to and engagement with the role of cqu harvard referencing, shaping the design discourse.

Dont think that being negative makes you or your comments superior. Dont think that being negative makes you or your comments superior. Dont trust everything you read, or assume that one source is giving you the full picture. When in doubt, seek out the balanced opinion - its more likely to take into account all the facts. Thankfully, there are instances where these guidelines and the larger goals of a new sincerity are already being achieved.

Firms like Steven Holl Architects, BIG, and MVRDV provide diverse and thorough packages of graphics, renderings and drawings in irony literature the concept stage; adding clarity to design philosophies. Others like Studio Gang, MASS Design Group, and Michael Maltzan Architecture have made adaptability, localism, and humanitarian concerns their top priorities. In the spring, Renzo Pianos new building for battered, the Whitney Museum opened to definition literature positive reviews from critics, with most taking solace in cqu harvard the gallery design, layout, and amenities, even while they were unphased by the exterior skin and cladding. Michael Kimmelmans landmark review of the museum for The New York Times , was a triumph of still and moving images accompanied by text; it can and should be the new standard by which future building reviews are judged. Thoughtful criticism need not always be positive, but it should aspire to be clear, informed, and respectful. Dramatic Definition Literature? Simple changes as advocated above will remove frictions from the battered design process that are some of todays core issues and one of the irony main barriers to battered syndrome progress.

This is easier said than done, and not always an dramatic definition, absolute possibility, but progress in these areas will be a boon to the achievement of a new sincerity for architecture.