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Book Report Alternative: Writing Resumes for Characters in Historical Fiction. Historical fiction transports its readers back in time with the characters. Readers can feel as if they are experiencing life vicariously with the characters in these novels. Invite your students to engage even more with the characters and setting of the reference letter for a friend historical fiction that they read by helping a character from their reading choose and apply for a job. What would it be like to search for a job in the past? What qualifications would be needed? Students explore help wanted ads, in print and online, to see what employers want. Then, students draft a resume so their characters can apply for benin bronzes jobs.

Historical Fiction Novels : This sheet features a list of character reference for court for a friend, dozens of historical fiction novels. The traditional book report rarely gives students the opportunity to move beyond summary to engage with the book and respond analytically or in any detail. Chris Crowe warns teachers: Forget traditional book reports. Kids hate them, and you'll hate reading them, in benin bronzes, part because they're inherently boring and in part because it is impossible to tell whether or not your students actually read the books they will have written their reports on (151). Diana Mitchell offers similar advice: Students tire of responding to character for court friend novels in the same ways. They want new ways to think about a piece of literature and new ways to dig into benin bronzes, it (92). What teachers need, Mitchell suggests, are book report alternatives that whet the interest of students in exploring new directions and in responding with greater depth to the books they read (92).

Crowe, Chris. Young Adult Literature. English Journal 90.1 (September 2000): 149-51. NCTE/IRA NATIONAL STANDARDS FOR THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS. Students read a wide range of print and character for a friend, nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world; to acquire new information; to respond to types topologies the needs and demands of society and the workplace; and for personal fulfillment.

Among these texts are fiction and character reference letter for a friend, nonfiction, classic and benin bronzes, contemporary works. Students read a wide range of literature from many periods in many genres to build an understanding of the many dimensions #40;e.g., philosophical, ethical, aesthetic#41; of human experience. Students apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, and appreciate texts. Character For A Friend. They draw on their prior experience, their interactions with other readers and writers, their knowledge of word meaning and of other texts, their word identification strategies, and their understanding of textual features #40;e.g., sound-letter correspondence, sentence structure, context, graphics#41;. Students adjust their use of spoken, written, and visual language #40;e.g., conventions, style, vocabulary#41; to communicate effectively with a variety of audiences and for different purposes.

Students employ a wide range of strategies as they write and use different writing process elements appropriately to of the Strikes Essay communicate with different audiences for a variety of purposes. Students apply knowledge of language structure, language conventions #40;e.g., spelling and punctuation#41;, media techniques, figurative language, and genre to create, critique, and discuss print and nonprint texts. Students use a variety of technological and information resources #40;e.g., libraries, databases, computer networks, video#41; to gather and synthesize information and to create and communicate knowledge. Letter For Court For A Friend. Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of great gatsby, a variety of reference letter for a, literacy communities. Students use spoken, written, and visual language to author count of monte accomplish their own purposes #40;e.g., for character reference for court learning, enjoyment, persuasion, and the exchange of information#41;. The Resume Handbook: How to Write Outstanding Resumes Cover Letters for Every Situation (Resume Handbook, 4th Ed) by Arthur D. Rosenberg, et al. Resume for Sarah Elisabeth Wheaton. Gatsby. Before this lesson, students will read a book independently, in character letter for court, literature circles, or as a whole class. analyze a historical fiction novel for explicit and implicit information about a character. Introduce the benin bronzes assignment to students: What if a character from your book came to you and asked you to help write a resume so he or she could apply for a job? What would you need to know to letter help that character? You would need to fables know that characters skills, knowledge, and personality traits.

You would also need to know the specifics about the job they are looking for. Share additional details about the assignment using the interactive Writing Resumes for Fictional Characters. Use books, Web resources, and collected resumes to share more details about the different types of resumes. If desired, go over the components of a resume in more detail, using the Resume Workshop, from Purdue OWL. Invite students to explore the sites further on their own, but note that the resources are geared toward an older audience. The resources include sample resumes.

Distribute the reference for court friend Resume Component Checklist. Have students mark out any components that they wish to author of the of monte cristo omit from their characters resumes. Have the students write a resume to get promoted to the next grade level. Have teachers from the next level provide feedback. Informal feedback can come from students who respond to reference letter for a the character resumes and then search out the related book is excellent feedback for students. You might make arrangements with your school library to display copies of the resumes in a notebook. Students looking for something to topologies read can then browse through the notebook for character suggestions. Students celebrate a novel they have read and get hands-on experience with technical writing by creating a board game based on the novel and writing the instructions for it. In this alternative book report, students identify the elements of fiction in books they have read by creating glogs, interactive multimedia posters, and then share their glogs.

In this alternative to the traditional book report, students report on their novel choices using Facebook-like pages. In this alternative to the traditional book report, students respond to a play they have read by creating a resume for topologies one of its characters. To prepare for literature circles featuring historical novels, students research the decades of the 1930s to the 1990s and character for a, share their information using Prezi, a web application for creating multimedia presentations. Students identify the elements of fiction in a book they have read and share summaries of them by writing and Modification of the Rule, illustrating their own mini-book. Students respond to a book they have read by thinking symbolically to character reference letter create a business card for one of the characters.

Students make bookmarks on owl eyes great computers and share their ideas with other readers at their school, while practicing summarizing, recognizing symbols, and writing reviewsall for an authentic audience. Students select a book to read based only on its cover art. Reference Friend. After reading the book, they use an farnham, interactive tool to create a new cover for reference letter for a it. Students explore book covers of of networking topologies, a variety of books then create a new cover for a book they have read. Students must think critically to create comic strips highlighting six important scenes from letter for a friend, a book they have read. Students explore familiar literary characters, usually first encountered as adults, but whose childhood stories are only told later. Students then create childhoods for adult characters from books of their choice.

Students write a persuasive letter to the editor of a newspaper from Night:, a selected fictional character#039;s perspective, focusing on a specific issue or situation explored in the novel. Students select a job listing for a character in a book they have read, then create a resume and application letter for that character. Character Letter For Court For A Friend. Comic frames are traditionally used to illustrate a story in a short, concise format. In this lesson, students use a six-paneled comic strip frame to great create a story map, summarizing a book or story that they#039;ve read. Each panel retells a particular detail or explains a literary element #40;such as setting or character#41; from the story. Character Letter For Court. Grades 9 12 | Student Interactive | Organizing Summarizing. This tool guides students through the creation of types of networking, a resume that can be saved and edited. Reference For Court For A. Written and audio tips provide extra support. Grades 7 12 | Calendar Activity |nbsp August 29. Students write original short works of historical fiction in verse format, modeling the style Hesse used to write Out of the Dust . Students explore the Night: Malvolio iIs Miss-understood genre of historical fiction by writing original works and comparing all of the letter for court finished pieces.

Offers 50 diverse suggestions intended to benin bronzes offer students new ways to think about a piece of literature, new directions to explore, and reference letter, ways to respond with greater depth to the books they read. Professional Library | Journal. In this article, Versaci details the many merits of using comics and Strikes Rule Essay, graphic novels in the classroom, suggests how they can be integrated into historical and social issues units, and recommends several titles. 2017 IRA/NCTE. All rights reserved. Legal | International Reading Association | National Council of Teachers of character reference letter, English.

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Character reference letter for court for a friend

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Ishmael Daniel Quinn Essays and Research Papers. that if they recommend a book to me, I will read it. One of my students recommended Ishmael by Daniel Quinn , which . Character Reference Letter For Court For A! turned out to be my least favorite book ever. After the first half, I jotted down some of the reasons why. Here is a list of problems I have with the book, most of Essay Night: Malvolio iIs Miss-understood, which are either logical fallacies or just rhetorical stunts that annoy me. Character For Court For A! replacing the benin bronzes progress fallacy with the doomsday fallacy Quinn argues against the assumption that things are necessarily getting better, but he. Daniel Quinn , Empirical , Empiricism 1684 Words | 6 Pages. Ms. Letter For A! Antoine Ishmael Analysis The novel Ishmael written by Daniel Quinn is not like any other . novels in the library. The story begins when a nameless narrator reads a newspaper ad that tells about benin bronzes a teacher seeking a pupil to save the world.

The story unravels as the mentor and the student discuss how things came to character, be this way in this world and humankinds inevitable destiny. What makes this story most interesting is that the Essay Twelfth iIs Miss-understood mentor is not human, but a gorilla named Ishmael , who can transfer. Chimpanzee , Daniel Quinn , Gorilla 932 Words | 3 Pages. 4/15/2010 Plot Summary The book Ishmael by Daniel Quinn is one that questions mans purpose on earth. The . For Court! story begins with the author narrator answering a newspaper ad that reads TEACHER seeks pupil. Must have an earnest desire to save the world. Apply in person. The speaker is convinced that this so called teacher must be some kind of hippie/guru. He sets out to character friend, meet this teacher in order to prove to himself its a scam. When he arrives to meet this teacher he walks into farnham nudity, a room and the first. Adam and Eve , Daniel Quinn , Fall of Man 1570 Words | 5 Pages. ? Ishmael The theoretical perspective I plan to use when evaluating the book Ishmael by for a friend, Daniel . Types Of Networking! Quinn is the structural / functionalist perspective because it evaluates the subjects that are valued highly in Ishmael . Reference For Court! The structural / functionalist perspective consists of a sociological paradigm that all aspects of social life have different levels that enable everyone within the system to find stability, order and meaning.

Ishmael taught me a lot about the way society is and how Takers and. Beyond Civilization , Daniel Quinn , Evolution 2807 Words | 7 Pages. A Taker or Leaver: Chris McCandless Side Who are you, a Taker or Leaver? To answer that question, first you must know what a Taker and Leaver is. In . the novel Ishmael by Modification Three Strikes Essay, Daniel Quinn , a gorilla named Ishmael describes to the narrator exactly what each one is and many characteristics tied to each group. Letter For Court! In the benin bronzes story of the Takers, the premise is that the world belongs to man, while in the story of the Leavers, the premise is that man belongs to the world. In the movie, Into the Wild, Chris. Alaska , Christopher McCandless , Daniel Quinn 1464 Words | 4 Pages.

Daniel Quinn introduces us to character friend, the idea of how our civilized society has been born from the ground up, making that the reason we . stand here now. We are prone to making mistakes, so we are in need of types, someone who can supply us answers, for the bettering of character reference letter, mankind. Humans have lived on their earth from the beginning of time, making the earths progress in the hands of benin bronzes, man. A culture is character reference letter friend, defined as people living the benin bronzes same story that we man see as life. We believe this story is letter, what considered normal or. Daniel Quinn , Earth , Famine 547 Words | 2 Pages.

City of Glass by Paul Auster Essay. Glass is about the 35 years old writer, Daniel Quinn , whose wife and child he has lost. Farnham Fables Nudity! He lives a lonely life in New York, where . he publishes a mystery novel every 5 or 6 months, which makes is possible for character reference, him to live a comfortable life in a small apartment. Quinn seems like a mysterious person from the beginning of the count cristo story. Character Letter For Court For A! He hides behind the pseudonym William Wilson, and fables, writes about the detective Max Work, who he admires. Therefore it is no wonder that Quinn takes the job as a detective, and pretends. Daniel Quinn , David Mazzucchelli , Fiction 1556 Words | 4 Pages. Quinn's Character in Paul Auster's City of Glass. departure for a discussion of the character Quinn his presentation in the novel and his experience in City of Glass. In the City of Glass, . Auster creates a sense of uncertainty around the identities of the different characters in the book. One does not really grasp who is who in the novel because of the complex and multiple layers of the story Austen creates.

The City of Glass asks questions about identity and in this essay I will look at character reference letter for a, the protagonist ( Quinn ) and his search to great, understand himself. Daniel Quinn , David Mazzucchelli , English-language films 1255 Words | 3 Pages. The Dilemma of the Postmodern Writer as Seen Through Paul Auster's City of Glass. assumptions had not been thrown out) The core idea of modern nothingness is best portrayed in Paul Austers City of reference friend, Glass from The New York Trilogy. Of Networking! In . the novel, the individual identity withdraws; the protagonist (shall he be called such) Daniel Quinn finds himself challenged by the inexplicable mysteries of his own analysis and identity. The main character divides, and character letter for court for a friend, here, New York is the Essay Twelfth Night: acting catalyst in the progression. For Court For A Friend! Characters, be they human or other chief elements to the story line. Daniel Quinn , David Mazzucchelli , In the Three Rule Essay Country of Last Things 1413 Words | 4 Pages. grows obscure. The information has run out, and the events that follow this last sentence will never be known.

It would be foolish even to hazard a guess. . There are three sets of persons who are trying to find the truth here. Firstly, there is reference for a friend, Quinn who was trying to solve the mystery. Topologies! Secondly, there is the author himself, who failed to decipher the words. Thirdly, there are the readers. We should note that Quinns failure impacts upon character reference friend, the reader. By the end of Modification Three, City of Glass, the reader is lead. Daniel Quinn , David Mazzucchelli , Novel 2752 Words | 7 Pages. Individuality and despair in City of character for a friend, glass and This be the Verse the issue of individual agency and despair. In City of Glass Quinn and Peter Stillmans's personalities and owl eyes great gatsby, their abilities are profoundly . affected by character reference friend, different events in their lives that are outside of their control and This Be the Verse is presented with hereditary faults, namely, genetic flaws that costs complete individual agency that negatively impacts the 'you' in the poem, resulting in despair. The despair experienced by owl eyes gatsby, Quinn , Peter Stillman and 'You' in the narratives becomes a challenge. Daniel Quinn , David Mazzucchelli , In the Country of Last Things 1918 Words | 6 Pages.

Plague which damages more than half of the world as Stephen Quinn goes through the toughest times in his life. Everything that ever existed . was no longer there and the only way of surviving was letting go. It had become difficult for citizens to survive. Character Reference For Court Friend! After the loss of Three Strikes Rule, his family, everything in for a, his life had become a nightmare. He faces many challenges on his journey and meets many people, some untrustworthy. Although Stephen Quinn from The Eleventh Plague was very dependent on Twelfth iIs Miss-understood his family, he. 2008 albums , Aerosmith , Apostrophe 1181 Words | 3 Pages.

A review of. Ishmael In the past few centuries there have been a handful of books written that offer up ideas about humanity that are so . Character Reference Friend! completely new to a reader but are so completely convincing that they can force a reader to take a step back and assess all that they know to be true about their life and their purpose. Daniel Quinn has succeeded in creating such a book in Ishmael , a collection of new ideas about man, his evolution, and the destiny that keeps him captive. When I began. 2006 singles , Dalai Lama , Daniel Quinn 729 Words | 2 Pages. In the great book Ishmael , Daniel Quinn argues claims about our culture and beliefs through Ishmael , the . gorilla. He somewhat effectively argues his claim, I say somewhat because he doesn't adequately use all three parts of an argument: ethos, pathos and logos.

Quinn's intended audience is very clearly every Taker/human that is living everyday without really realizing the reference for court for a destruction of the environment and society around them. His rhetorical purpose is to owl eyes gatsby, show these people what they're doing wrong and. Critical thinking , Daniel Quinn , Logic 640 Words | 2 Pages. Ishmael An adventure of the mind and spirit The novel Ishmael by Daniel Quinn is by far the . most thought-provoking book I have ever read. I have never thought of the human race, as a whole, the way Quinn has stated it in his book. Character For Court Friend! This was a very hard story to take in the first time reading it through, although this has made me think about what I can do to spread the owl eyes word about what this book has to say. Reference For Court For A! I have always thought of of the count, agriculture as the best way for character reference for court for a, all to live and never looked. Adam and fables nudity, Eve , Book of Genesis , Daniel Quinn 819 Words | 2 Pages. High School of Engineering and Science Summer Enrichment Science - Class of 2017 Title: Ishmael : An Adventure of the Mind and Spirit Author: . Daniel Quinn All work should be typed. Number each question/answer. For Court For A! All questions need to be answered in your own complete sentences.

ANY plagiarism from the internet or another student will result in a zero! (Plagiarism is the use of farnham, words or ideas that are not your own.) Due Date: Monday, September 16, 2013 The narrator of this extraordinary tale is a man. A Story , Advertising , Cain and character reference for a friend, Abel 787 Words | 2 Pages. held captive. However, in Daniel Quinns 1992 novel Ishmael , the character of Ishmael tries teaching the storys . narrator to think of ways in which he has been held captive by benin bronzes, both internal and external forces. Society has a way of making people feel like they need to reference letter friend, do certain things to be successful, so basically society is holding people captive by holding them back from living the way they want to.

As humans, we also have ways of holding ourselves captive. Farnham Fables! Ishmael compares our captivity with. Believe , Blindness , By the Way 745 Words | 2 Pages. leave. -Kellin Quinn . Character Reference For Court For A Friend! Isnt that what everyone really wants- what everyone really needs? Not always is author of the cristo, a solution to character letter for a, a problem needed. Night: Malvolio IIs Miss-understood! . Sometimes we just need someone to help us through our tough times and to help us learn from mistakes that have been made. Kellin Quinn understands this.

Not only does he relate to the need to help friends, but Kellin relates to almost all the reference letter for court for a struggles most teens and, well, pretty much all ages witness. It shows in his music. You see, Kellin Quinn is the author cristo singer. 2006 singles , Daniel Quinn , Music 626 Words | 2 Pages. Ishmael The book Ishmael , which was written by Daniel Quinn , is an adventure for the human mind and . for society as a whole. Throughout the character reference book Quinn explores many factual scientific principals, but the intent of the count of monte book is not to give one a lecture on science.

The intentions of Quinn are to discuss and examine the letter for court for a friend beginnings and also the Modification Three Essay history of our ecologically dominating culture in which we live in. In this book, Ishmael is reference letter for court, a telepathic, highly educated gorilla who explores with his fifth. Agriculture , Daniel Quinn , Human 703 Words | 2 Pages. homogeneity threatened. In the article, The Case for Contamination by Kwame Anthony Appiah, he discusses globalization in terms of contamination and the . effects that it can have on cultures. Author Count Cristo! When relating this article to reference letter for court for a friend, the views of Daniel Quinn in his novel Ishmael , there are many comparisons when discussing what effects viewing other lifestyles can have on an individual.

Both works of literature illustrate new ideas on worldviews. By thinking globally, we are promoting ideas of diversity. There. Anarcho-primitivism , Change , Cosmopolitanism 672 Words | 2 Pages. University Supervisor: C. Wadso-Lecaros Table of author of the, Contents 1 Introduction 3 Quinn embarks on a quest for identity 5 . Character Reference For Court For A Friend! Quinn enters into an arbitrary world 7 Quinn takes an incomplete look at himself 8 Quinn plays the role 10 Quinn submits to chance 12 Quinn creates a second triad 13 Quinn meets his maker 16 Quinn falls in and out of denial 17 Quinn goes up in owl eyes great, words 18 Conclusion 21 Works Cited Jakob Pearson Introduction Paul. Daniel Quinn , David Mazzucchelli , Detective fiction 9251 Words | 26 Pages. hardships and tribulations amongst her family. For Court Friend! Her mother Rozelle Quinn displays negative habits of a mother by being over controlling of her . kids. Rozelle often beat and called her children names out of frustration and rage. Tangy Mae and her siblings must step up to author count, the plate in order for the family to make a living without a father figure while dealing with their scolding mother.

In the story the Darkest Child the mother Rozelle Quinn is a thirty five year old tall slender lady with dark grey eyes. Daniel Quinn , Family , Martha Jean Steinberg 471 Words | 2 Pages. Critical Analysis on Paul Auster's the for court for a friend New York Trilogy. flawed in Modification of the Three, that he believes the reference letter for court friend protagonists enter singularly when they are actually called upon by other forces to enter a utopian purgatory and Modification of the Strikes Rule Essay, must . Letter For Court For A Friend! overcome an obstacle to enter the afterlife. This is first seen in City of Glass, when the hero, Quinn , first travels to meet Peter Stillman.

Upon entering Stillman's apartment Auster narrates: he crossed the threshold and entered the apartment, he could feel himself going blank, as if his brain suddenly shut off. He had wanted to take in the details. Daniel Quinn , Death , Paul Auster 3143 Words | 8 Pages. Quinns Religion In Daniel Quinns novel Ishmael, religion clearly plays. Quinn's Religion In Daniel Quinn's novel Ishmael , religion clearly plays an important role with respect to of networking, the central theme of . the story. For A! Quinn's broad definition of the term accurately demonstrates our unconditional acceptance of culture today, as well as the problems that arise from regarding a culture that is not necessarily true. In the story, Quinn never truly defines religion, despite drawing on several examples of both Eastern and Western religious thought. Farnham Fables! By leaving religion to be broadly. Belief , Doctrine , Dogma 2301 Words | 6 Pages. ?Michael Gerard Bauers 2006 novel Dont Call Me Ishmael . Tells us about the character for court for a world which we live in, through the first person narrative of a . Twelfth Night:! fifteen year old boy, Ishmael Leseur. The teenage years are very challenging because throughout this time people are learning more about reference for a friend themselves and their place in the world.

This is the case for Ishmael because he is not the most popular kid in school and when he starts higschool it just gets worst. This essay will explore the main theme which is topologies, acceptance. Abuse , Bullying , Moby-Dick 1189 Words | 2 Pages. Daniel Johnston: Informative Speech Before the terms Indie, DIY, or Free Music were ever sputtered out of any hipsters mouth, there was . Daniel Johnston. Today I want to tell you about the amazing songwriter Daniel Johnston, and give you some insight on his music, art, and illness. For Court For A! Early life Daniel Johnston was born in January 22, 1961 from a right winged Christian family, at a young age he felt separated emotionally and spiritually. Ever since he got his first tape recorder he became obsessed. Austin, Texas , Butthole Surfers , Carnival 1229 Words | 4 Pages.

Daniel Defoe was born in London in 1660, third child and first son of James 1. Daniel received a very good education, as his . Essay Twelfth Malvolio! father hoped he would become a minister2, but Daniel wasn't interested. His family was Dissenters, Presbyterians to be precise, and those sects were being persecuted a bit at this time, so maybe Daniel had the character for court for a right idea. He was always very tolerant of others' religious ideas himself. His mother died when he was ten, and his father sent him to author of the of monte cristo, a boarding school, after which. Daniel Defoe , Ibn Tufail , Man Friday 805 Words | 3 Pages. The Life and Times of character reference letter for a, Col. Daniel Boone is a non-fiction piece of literature which was written by farnham fables, Nancy Ellis. This book was published by reference letter for court for a, . AuthorHouse, and this book ultimately deals with the adventures of of the, Daniel Boone. Nancy Ellis wrote this book because Daniel Boone was one of the most intriguing people America has ever produced. Throughout this book there are many examples of how unordinary this man is. Character Letter Friend! From killing a cougar when he was a mere child, to farnham fables, volunteering for the War of 1812 at an age.

Cherokee , Chuck Palahniuk , Daniel Boone 1047 Words | 3 Pages. Through the struggles of growing up, Daniel Defoe had many influences that changed the style of writing which ultimately made him an important . figure in many peoples lives. Character Reference Letter For A Friend! His creative and indecisive style of writing changed the style of writing and some peoples ways of thinking. Of Networking! Defoe thought in a way that made him look in the future and not just what is reference letter for a, happening at present. He had his fair share of up and types of networking topologies, downs. Jail was his home for many years. It gave him a view on life that not every person. Creative writing , Daniel Defoe , Ibn Tufail 2106 Words | 6 Pages. Ishmael Beahs Families Familys in character reference letter friend, a childs life has the most impact on them. It shows them how to grow up and who to trust. . In the book A Long Way Home by Ismael Beah, is types topologies, a true memoir about a boy named Ismael Beah who grows up with many struggles and no family.

He was only letter for a friend about twelve years old when he was performing at a rap group and his village was attacked by benin bronzes, the Civil War in Sierra Leone leaving him and his group of friends homeless without their families. Family , Grammatical person , Ishmael Beah 1233 Words | 7 Pages. Dont call me Ishmael Essay: Throughout Michael Gerard Bauers Dont call me Ishmael , the author frequently displays the . Letter For Court For A Friend! contrasts between the two characters Ishmael Leseur and James Scobie. Author Count Of Monte Cristo! The two characters help each other find themselves throughout the reference book. They teach many valuable lessons and prove to us that being yourself rules over all. Firstly, both Scobie and Leseur have lessons they can teach to all.

However, I have extracted my most meaningful quotes and sayings from the benin bronzes book. Sayings. 2004 singles , Gerard Way , Interpretation 1673 Words | 4 Pages. Ishmael Culmnating Assignment Ishmael states that we all have a purpose here on earth, I can agree with this statement. Character Letter! . Because in the novel Ishmael being an types adventure of the mind and spirit we learn from an incredibly smart talking gorilla that just like today, that all living being will never stop growing. Ishmael gave us the idea that we humans are the ones who rule this world (in which the society we live in today clearly proves so). People may disagree with Ishmael but we cant reject.

Africa , Cell , Earth 516 Words | 2 Pages. Week:2 Ishmael Section 1 (pgs. 1-63 assignment questions) 1.) After reading the ad for the teacher seeking a student, we get some insight . about reference for a friend why the benin bronzes narrator had his reasons for saving the world. He explains that during the 60s and reference letter for a, 70s an era known as a time of peace and love he expected to see that the new era had begun, that the sky was a brighter blue and the grass a brighter green. Owl Eyes Great! I expected to reference letter for a friend, heat laughter in the air and to see people dancing in the streets, and not just kids-everyone. Adolf Hitler , Aryan race , Earth 1016 Words | 3 Pages. new policy at DSS and Modification of the Strikes Rule Essay, new law in South Carolina; it's designed to provide a safe haven for abandoned babies. Its name derives from a nurse whom cared for . an infant boy, that she named Daniel , as he recovered in the hospital. Daniel survived after being buried in a landfill soon after birth.

Similar to Daniel , other babies are born to women in calamity. Reference For Court! Some of these babies are left alone, abandoned by mothers who don't plan to owl eyes gatsby, return or provide for their care. Although abandoned babies have. Abandonment , Child abandonment , Human rights 1623 Words | 4 Pages. Almost all critical analysis of reference, Daniel Defoe's novel Moll Flanders focuses on the question of whether the novel should be read realistically or . ironically. Based on the overwhelming amount of critical study focusing on great this bifurcation of viewpoints, it seems that choosing one of character reference letter for court, these interpretations is crucial in forming a critical appreciation of the novel.

There does exist, however, a small minority of critics who have come to the conclusion that both readings are equally valid, with the caveat. Daniel Defoe , Irony , Moll Flanders 2364 Words | 7 Pages. student has no one he considers an appropriate teacher because he needs to have an open mind. His teacher is a gorilla after all, and if the student had a . predisposition towards a human teacher, then he probably would not embrace the of the Three Strikes Rule Essay teachings of Ishmael . Chapter 2 1. How are you held captive? I am a captive to Mother Culture, who has been whispering myths in my ear my entire life. Ever since I was born, I have been told the story of Mother Culture and character reference letter for a, am now held captive by farnham, this story. Character Letter For A Friend! . Africa , Earth , Homo sapiens idaltu 2007 Words | 6 Pages. Daniel Webster was born on January 18, 1782, in Salisbury, New Hampshire. After graduating from owl eyes great, Dartmouth College in for court, 1801, Webster became a . Owl Eyes! successful lawyer in Boston. He was elected to character reference friend, the U.S.

House of Representatives in 1812, and later, in Twelfth Night: Malvolio, 1827, won a seat in the U.S. Senate. A leader of the Whig Partya group that opposed President Andrew Jackson and the DemocratsWebster ran for the U.S. presidency in 1836. Four years later, in 1840, he was named secretary of state by President William Henry. Daniel Webster , Democratic Party , Millard Fillmore 840 Words | 3 Pages. Old No. 7 Nestled in a quiet mountain glen just outside of letter for a, Lynchburg Tennessee youll find the Jack Daniels distillery. Started in 1866 by Modification of the Essay, a man named . Jasper Newton Daniel , he started distilling a sour mash whiskey now known as Jack Daniels. Using spring water free of iron traces, he added the finest white corn, the character reference for a best rye, and barley malt, both fresh and ripe yeast to make a sour mash, different from most bourbons.(sippin whiskey) He let it ferment 24 hours longer than ordinary bourbons. Brand , Brown-Forman Corporation , Dry county 1400 Words | 4 Pages. Reflection to types topologies, the Book of character letter for a, Daniel and Revelation.

Northern Luzon Adventist College Artacho, Sison, Pangasinan __________ A Reflection Paper for the Subject Daniel and of the count cristo, Revelation by: . Jefferson Mendoza Daniel 1 Chapter Summary Daniel chapter 1 tells a story of reference letter, a 4 young wise men named Daniel , Meshach, Shadrach and Abed-nego. Types Of Networking Topologies! They were captivated and brought in into the Kings palace for a grate purpose. However, that purpose is the plan of character reference letter for court for a, God for His teachings to be known and thought in the place of Babylon. God had chosen these. Book of of the cristo, Daniel , Daniel 11 , Daniel 2 1757 Words | 6 Pages. plan for a new Nivea product, speed bands which could be used by individuals and sports teams and a new Jack Daniels honey flavor drink. Reference Friend! We . knocked about pros and author, cons of doing each product and eventually decide to go with the reference Jack Daniels honey flavor. Owl Eyes Great! Assigned tasks to be completed for next meeting: Every member of the group is to character letter for a, research past marketing procedures used by the Jack Daniels company and set a target market for our current product. Date and venue for next meeting: Wednesday 13th February. Consultative selling , Cost , Jack Daniel's 616 Words | 3 Pages. Symptoms 1. Jack daniel traditionally gave the slop for author count, free for decades, then established a price of $2 per thousand gallons, and reference letter for court friend, then . raised to fables nudity, $4.

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Ancient Egypt , Ancient Near East , Assyria 6842 Words | 21 Pages. Seong Jung English 2 Pre-AP/ MYP May 20, 2013 Analysis on Daniel Defoe A man is defined by count of monte, his experiences, and his experiences are what . make him himself, and his character is what drives him to action. Daniel Defoe is the author of the critically acclaimed 16th century British novel, Robinson Crusoe and its sequel, The Farther Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. Robinson Crusoe, the protagonist of both novels struggles against the force of the Almighty, fighting for his own destiny, yet struck with. Alexander Selkirk , Daniel Defoe , Ibn Tufail 1196 Words | 4 Pages. rehabilitation. We can be rehabilitated, I would emphasize, and friend, point to Modification Three Strikes Rule Essay, myself as an example. I would always tell people that I believe children have . the resilience to outlive their suffering, if given a chance. After eight months in Benin Home, Ishmael Beah was repatriated back into society and went to letter for court friend, live with his uncle from his fathers side of the author of the count cristo family, a carpenter in Freetown.

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Narrative Reflection: a Long Way Gone by Ishmael Beah. layers underneath it, just like how an Essay Twelfth Night: Malvolio iIs Miss-understood onion cannot be an character reference onion without its many supporting layers. A Long Way Gone by Ishmael Beah shows the . layers of society through memories. Beah has experienced these layers through war, and explains each one in farnham fables, his memoir. The first, being himself.

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Where is farnham, Daniel Dennett? Daniel Dennett was a special ops agent for the U.S. government who was placed in a very unique . situation. Character! In order to benin bronzes, complete a secret government mission presumably during the cold war, he was required to have his brain removed. Dennett had to have his brain removed in order to extract a warhead buried a mile beneath Tulsa, Oklahoma. With his brain removed from his body, though still connected and in total control of his body through radio transmitters, he asked one. Mind 977 Words | 3 Pages. ? Daniel Defoes The Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, just as his second and no less of a name amongst classic novels - Moll Flanders, was . Reference For A! mounted borderline between journalism and fiction, being based on the true story of Alexander Selkirk a shipwrecked seaman. With his (Defoes) childhood marked by Modification Rule Essay, two amongst the character letter friend most tragic of owl eyes, occurrences of the seventeenth century: a recurrence of the plague, which at the time took about letter for court for a friend 70,000 lives, dubbed the Great Plague of London and types of networking, the Great Fire.

Daniel Defoe , Great Plague of London , Max Weber 1283 Words | 3 Pages. The new employee is unimportant in Daniel Orozcos Orientation The short story Orientation by letter for a friend, Daniel Orozco is a unique . story. Orozco never introduces the narrator or the audience. The story appears to be, just as the title specifies, an orientation for a person entering a new job. The story, however, delves deep into the lives of several employees throughout the of the count of monte cristo story.

The lives of these employees and their interactions become the character reference for a friend most important part of Orozcos work and the main character. Character , Daniel Orozco , Fiction 954 Words | 3 Pages.

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Online courses + time on campus = a new path to an MIT masters degree. Pilot program reimagines admissions process, introduces MicroMasters. Steve Bradt | MIT News Office. MIT News Office. 1 images for download.

Media can only be downloaded from the character letter for a desktop version of types topologies, this website. MIT announced today a pilot program allowing learners worldwide to take a semesters worth of character reference letter for a friend, courses in its top-ranked, one-year Supply Chain Management (SCM) masters program completely online, then complete an MIT masters degree by spending a single semester on campus. MIT also announced a new academic credential for the digital age: the nudity MicroMasters, which can be earned through MITx by students who pass a comprehensive examination upon the successful completion of the same semesters worth of character reference letter for a, online SCM courses. Classes begin on Feb. 10, 2016.

The announcement was made today by MIT President L. Benin Bronzes? Rafael Reif in an email to the MIT community. The pilot will be led by Professor Sanjay Sarma, MITs dean of digital learning, and by Professor Yossi Sheffi and character letter Dr. Chris Caplice, who run the SCM program and its online offerings. The new combination of online courses and one residential semester will open the of monte cristo SCM program to many more learners, says Sheffi, who is the Elisha Gray II Professor of Engineering. Reference Letter For Court For A? The 50-some corporate members of the MIT Center for Transportation and Logistics, who are deeply involved with SCM students, enthusiastically embraced this effort, owing to the worldwide talent shortage in benin bronzes, this field. I am delighted by the potential today's announcement presents to reach so many who share our passion for learning and bring them closer whether digitally, physically, or both to MIT, Reif wrote. The pilot will feature a new way of structuring admissions to a professional masters program at MIT. Learners worldwide with access to edX can take any of the first semesters worth of courses online. For A? Those who do well in each course, and then score well on a subsequent comprehensive proctored examination, can earn an fables nudity, MITx MicroMasters, and their performance will significantly enhance their chances of being accepted to the full masters program, which they can then complete in a single semester on reference letter for court friend, campus. Inverted admission has the potential to disrupt traditional modes of access to farnham fables higher education, says Sarma, who is the Fred Fort Flowers and Daniel Fort Flowers Professor in Mechanical Engineering at letter for court, MIT. Owl Eyes Gatsby? Were democratizing access to a masters program for learners worldwide. The MicroMasters will have no admissions requirements, and character letter for court friend will be open to anyone.

The coursework will be available for free. Learners can qualify for the MicroMasters by paying a modest fee for farnham fables, verified certificates and by passing a proctored exam. For students who apply to character reference letter the full masters program and are admitted to spend a semester on Modification Three Strikes, campus, the MicroMasters will count toward a semesters worth of character reference letter for a, MIT credit. MIT will seek to partner with companies and other organizations to offer financial support to students in need who are admitted to Essay Twelfth the SCM masters program via the MicroMasters path. Decades ago, Sarma says, MIT reached students worldwide through faculty-authored textbooks. More recently, the availability of MIT course materials and lectures through OpenCourseWare and character reference letter for a interactive courses from MITx broadened access to the Institute. Inverted admissions is the natural next step in MITs engagement with learners worldwide. Building on a strong program. MITs masters program in Supply Chain Management is already global in its outlook: Its 36 to 40 students each year generally come to Cambridge from more than a dozen nations on five continents. In reputational rankings, SCM is generally regarded as the No. 1 offering in supply-chain management and logistics in the U.S.

MITs Center for Transportation and Logistics, which Sheffi also leads, has already developed and launched international programs in Colombia, Spain, and Malaysia, each offering local masters degrees but working in concert with SCM. The traditional SCM program which MIT will continue to offer is benin bronzes, a 10-month masters degree program designed for early-career professionals who want to character reference letter for court friend return to school for advanced training in supply-chain management. Owl Eyes Great? It draws applicants with careers in character reference letter for court friend, finance, information technology, management, marketing, and sales, among other fields. Students in the program generally have three to of networking eight years of professional experience, with an average age of character letter for court for a friend, 30. Latest step in the evolution of author, learning. The pilot program with inverted admissions is the latest step in character reference for court friend, MITs expansion of online learning. In December 2011, MIT announced the launch of MITx, which offers a portfolio of MIT courses through an online, interactive learning platform. In 2012, MIT partnered with Harvard University to launch edX, which offers online learning from many universities.

The new MicroMasters is an important modular credential for the digital age, and promises to nudity serve as academic currency in a continuous, lifelong-learning world, says Anant Agarwal, CEO of edX and a professor of electrical engineering and computer science at MIT. It also affords an for a, evolutionary path for universities in the face of Twelfth Night:, mounting costs, and a way to leverage technology to character for court for a blend online and on-campus learning pathways. The pilot program also builds upon the 16 recommendations made last year by the Institute-Wide Task Force on benin bronzes, the Future of MIT Education, which Reif convened in 2013 to envision the MIT of 2020 and beyond. When Reif released that panels final report, on reference letter for court friend, Aug. 4, 2014, he wrote to the MIT community that the occasion marks the beginning of an exciting new period of educational experimentation at MIT. The report, he added, presented a framework for the Institute to reinvent education for learners at of the, MIT and beyond. The rising cost of education, combined with the transformative potential of character for court friend, online teaching and benin bronzes learning technologies, presents a long-term challenge that no university can afford to ignore, Reif wrote. At MIT, we are choosing to meet this challenge directly by assessing the educational model that has served the Institute so well for so long. We are experimenting boldly with ideas to enhance the education we offer our own students and to lower the barriers to reference letter access for learners around the world. Please add more courses from engineering and topologies sciences discipline to character reference letter such similar arrangement. I will be looking forward to such programs to Essay Twelfth Night: Malvolio iIs Miss-understood join. I am from a Science/Engineering background and not interested in Supply chain. Talha Ensar Bas.

May I take information or links about fee and payments. How does the subsequent comprehensive proctored examination work ? HOW CAN I APPLY A THIS NEW PROGRAM? No admissions requirements and free? Why pay $55,000 tuition? I don't think this should be called a Micro Masters. It devalues all real MIT master of reference for court for a friend, science degrees. Alumni should be ticked off. I think you should get a Certificate of Completion. It no way approximates being on Modification, the MIT campus from the letter for court for a friend start. There is an intensive 9 month program called M.Eng. at MIT, for recent.

engineering graduates who are going to Essay Night: Malvolio go into professional practice. This requires intensive effort in 4 classes per semester, seminar, projects and an M.Eng. thesis under the supervision of a faculty or research staff. member. You can take any graduate course if it fits in your electives. That's what MIT is about. For Court For A Friend? Serendipidity and being on campus. This degree is of the count of monte, not even the quality of the M.Eng. And the reference for a friend M.Eng. isn't called a Master of Science.

Create another school called OpenMIT. Then print out certificates. Like the Open University in the UK. This is topologies, outrageous. Can you be more explicit and tell the curriculum for this path ? What are the other courses to reference letter for court friend be taught on types of networking, edX ? How different or how closed are they compared to those on http://scm.mit.edu/program/cor. ? Let's say, I succeed well in all courses on letter for a, edX and in the proctored exam, am I qualified to spend a semester in Cambridge or what are the other requirements I need to have ? I think you should be more transparent and explain all possible scenarios as it can be a huge investments for people like me all along the journey. October 10, 2015. Hi, please send information for fees. October 10, 2015. Isn't this like the of networking University of Phoenix? October 11, 2015. I would love you enable this possibility for some IT masters and not only for reference letter for court friend, the SCM master.

Carlos E. Ruiz Garcia. October 11, 2015. When can I apply? October 12, 2015. How can I apply or where can I get the subsiption to this program? October 12, 2015. Is there any other course provided other than supply chain management? October 14, 2015.

Some universities (in Canada and in France for types of networking topologies, instance and even Harvard) have a department of continuing education that grants degrees and students who got these Diplomas or Certificates become alumni of the University. Will graduate from the micro-master program be accredited as MIT alumni? Sindy Xingyan Wang. October 14, 2015. Does the current SC2X offered on edX count or I will have to character reference letter for court for a friend wait until February next year when they starts roll out new micro-master series? October 15, 2015. I know many would like to see a similar micromaster for Computer Science, Computer Engineering, Data Science, etc. Three Strikes Rule Essay? along with pre-reqs for those with non-CS backgrounds, but with significant industry experience in reference letter friend, building technology products. Make it happen MIT, please! October 21, 2015. Awesome! what a great way to teach the world make a new filter, kinda like Pre-TSA screening.

Looking forward to recibe more information, I already suscribed. Regards from Chile! Writing for CNBC, Ali Montag highlights MITs MicroMasters programs and how they offer students around the world a new path to a graduate degree. Montag notes that passing students from the MicroMasters in data, economics and development policy, are eligible to apply for a master's program on campus at MIT. WGBH reporter Kirk Carapezza explores MITs MicroMasters program in Essay Twelfth Night: Malvolio iIs Miss-understood, Supply Chain Management, which allows students to complete a masters degree through online and on-campus courses. Student Danaka Porter explains that the program provides an opportunity to get education from a fantastic university, as well as be able to continue to keep working.

In an reference, article for The Chronicle of Higher Education , Corinne Ruff highlights MITs new MicroMasters credential. Twelfth Malvolio? Prof. Anant Agarwal, CEO of reference for a friend, edX, noted that the pilot program offers a new path for admissions into of networking topologies MITs Supply Chain Management program. Fortune reporter Claire Zillman writes that MIT is starting an inverted admissions program in character for court for a, which students who excel in a series of free online coursesand a subsequent examinationwill have better chances of being accepted into the schools full masters program. That makes MITs approach seem pretty noble: finally, a more affordable way to get the same high-caliber degree, no matter your academic record, so long as you can prove your mettle, writes Christian Science Monitor reporter Molly Jackson of MITs new path to a masters degree. AP reporter Collin Binkley writes about MITs MicroMasters credential and of the of monte cristo the new path to an MIT masters degree in Supply Chain Management. Reference Letter For Court For A Friend? Anyone who wants to be here now has a shot to be here, explains MIT President L. Rafael Reif. Wall Street Journal reporter Loretta Chao writes that MIT will begin offering a MicroMasters credential and a new admissions path into MITs Supply Chain Management masters program. Chao writes that the announcement, comes as many companies say they are having greater difficulty finding people with the right skills to manage increasingly complex global and technology-driven supply chains.

WBURs Fred Thys reports that MIT will introduce a new credential for author count cristo, online learning, as well as a new pathway for character for court for a friend, the pursuit of an MIT professional masters degree in fables nudity, Supply Chain Management. Imagine a graduate program that includes talented students who might never have been admitted to reference for court MIT in the old system, but who have now a new pathway to success today, says President L. Rafael Reif. President Reif speaks with Washington Post reporter Nick Anderson about MITs new MicroMaster credential. Students are going to fables nudity work hard to get one semester of graduate level courses online, explains President Reif, and they have to get something to reward them for that hard work. A new MIT pilot program offers opportunities for students to earn a MicroMasters credential and enter a professional masters degree program at MIT, according to Reuters. The program will allow candidates to take a semester of courses at its master's degree program in reference for court, supply chain management for free online and then have an opportunity to apply to its full program in supply chain management. In an interview with Jeffrey Young of The Chronicle of Higher Education , President L. Rafael Reif speaks about the opportunities provided by author count of monte cristo the new pathway for the pursuit of an MIT professional master's degree. We will find people who never thought they would be able to apply, says President L. Rafael Reif. Inside Higher Ed reporter Carl Straumshein writes that MIT is launching a pilot program that will provide an alternative path for students to pursue a masters degree fro the character for court Supply Chain Management program.

A new MIT pilot program offers learners an opportunity to earn a new kind of credential for online learning, as well as a new path to an MIT masters degree in Supply Chain Management, reports Laura Krantz for The Boston Globe . The most important thing is to democratize access to owl eyes great gatsby MIT, says President L. Rafael Reif. Eric Convey writes for the Boston Business Journal about MITs new pilot for the Supply Chain Management masters program. Letter For Court For A? This approach basically inverts the traditional admissions process, said MIT President L. Rafael Reif. Drew Bent writes for The Tech about MITs new pilot program, through which students will be selected to Three Strikes Rule Essay enter the Supply Chain Management masters program based on character letter for a, their performance in online courses. The hybrid model allows for both types of learning to of monte cristo take place while also letting more students receive an MIT education, writes Bent. This Website is maintained by the MIT News Office, part of the Office of Communications.

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. The SAT Essay is scored separately from the rest of the SAT now, thanks to the changes that went into effect in March 2016. While the essay is now optional (you don't automatically have to take it every time you take the SAT), some colleges still require students to submit SAT essay scores with their applications. Learning how to consistently write a perfect SAT essay will be a huge boost to your application to these schools. In this article, we'll discuss what it takes to get a perfect 8/8/8 on the SAT essay and what you need to do to train yourself to get this top score. If youre reading this, were assuming that you already have a basic understanding of the SAT essay. Letter For A Friend? You know the standard format of how you should write an essay introduction, evidence paragraph 1, evidence paragraph 2, (optional) evidence paragraph 3, conclusion. You know that you should state your thesis in the introduction. All of this will get you a 5/8 as long as you develop your points enough. If you arent fully aware of this, take a spin through our 15 SAT Essay tips to raise your essay score.

But how do you push your essay to the next level? Thats what this article is about. Strikes Rule? feature image credit: NEW YORK 1970'S TRAILER PLATE 888-883 by reference letter, Jerry Woody, used under CC BY-SA 2.0/Cropped from original. Youll have to practice this. The perfect SAT essay is like a puzzle that happens to benin bronzes, be in written form it can be mastered, but to do it well and completely every time requires practice with a lot of sample topics. You need to learn the format of an letter for a, effective essay and how to owl eyes great gatsby, fill out a complete essay within 50 minutes. What an friend, SAT Essay Score of 8 Means. If youre already scoring a 5 or above in all three areas on practice (or real) SAT essays, you have a shot at completely nailing what the graders want, represented by a score of 8/8/8, with a little practice. But theres something important to iIs Miss-understood, remember in your question for perfection: on the SAT essay, an 8 in all categories is not always achievable. Weve got good news and bad news for reference letter for a friend those of you who are determined to farnham fables nudity, score an 8/8/8 on the SAT essay. Good News and reference for court, Bad News by Mike Licht, used under CC BY 2.0/Cropped from owl eyes great gatsby, original.

Because the whole essay task (reading, analyzing, planning, and writing) must be completed in 50 minutes, getting an 8 in Reading, Analysis, and Writing requires some luck. You have to read the article and analyze the way the author builds her/his argument, pick out the most important components to the argument, find evidence to support your interpretation, and plan out letter for court for a, your essay before you can even start writing. Topologies? A lot depends on how quickly you can come up with a thesis and relevant support for whatever the character reference for a friend prompt happens to be you might find some articles easier to cristo, read and character, analyze the of the Strikes Essay argumentative structure of reference letter for court for a friend than others. You'll need to use precise language to show mastery of English writing. And because essays with perfect scores are almost always at least two pages long, you don't have any time to spare . If you fumble on any one of these aspects, the grader might not give your SAT essay an 8/8/8. Because the essay is so formulaic, it's always possible to get a reliable 6 across the types of networking board . Sometimes you might find the author's argument to analyze harder than others, or sometimes you might find the article more difficult to get through, but you will always be able to impress them enough to get a 6/6/6. No college worth its salt is reference letter for a friend, going to base your college admissions decision on getting those last two points on an essay you had 50 minutes to write (especially when the essay is optional). Owl Eyes Great? The goal, really, is to show that you can write a decent essay in that time, and a 6/6/6 shows that just as well as an 8/8/8 does. But you should aim as high as you can, so keep reading to find out what it really takes to get a perfect score on the SAT essay. The Difference Between a 6 and an 8. If we asked the College Board what the difference is between a 6 and an 8 SAT essay, they would direct us to their scoring criteria below that describes the difference between the 3 and 4 essays scores in Reading, Analysis, and Writing (a total score of 8 comes from two readers separately giving your essay a 4 in each of those three areas). Weve marked the differences between the 3 and 4 criteria in bold.

The response demonstrates effective comprehension of the source text. The response shows an understanding of the texts central idea(s) and important details. The response is free of substantive errors of fact and interpretation with regard to the text. The response makes appropriate use of textual evidence (quotations, paraphrases, or both), demonstrating an understanding of the reference friend source text. Three Essay? The response demonstrates thorough comprehension of the character reference for court for a friend source text. Of The Three Essay? The response shows an understanding of the texts central idea(s) and letter friend, of most important details and Strikes Rule Essay, how they interrelate, demonstrating a comprehensive understanding of the text. The response is free of errors of fact or interpretation with regard to letter for court, the text. The response makes skillful use of textual evidence (quotations, paraphrases, or both), demonstrating a complete understanding of the source text. A 3 essay demonstrates your understanding of the texts central ideas, while a 4 essay also shows that you know what the details and examples in the text are and how they relate to the central idea . The response offers an effective analysis of the source text and demonstrates an understanding of the analytical task. The response competently evaluates the types topologies authors use of evidence, reasoning, and/or stylistic and persuasive elements, and/or feature(s) of the character reference letter for a friend students own choosing.

The response contains relevant and of the count of monte cristo, sufficient support for character for court for a claim(s) or point(s) made. The response focuses primarily on Essay Night: those features of the text that are most relevant to addressing the task. The response offers an insightful analysis of the source text and character letter for court friend, demonstrates a sophisticated understanding of the analytical task. The response offers a thorough, well-considered evaluation of the authors use of evidence, reasoning, and/or stylistic and persuasive elements, and/or feature(s) of the Strikes Essay students own choosing. The response contains relevant, sufficient, and strategically chosen support for claim(s) or point(s) made. The response focuses consistently on those features of the letter for court for a text that are most relevant to addressing the task. The 4 essay delves into farnham fables, the structure of the for a authors argument more deeply. The writer not only states the techniques used in the text, but also thoroughly explains their impact on the reader. These explanations are backed up with evidence from the text that enhances the writers discussion of the structure of the text.

The response is mostly cohesive and demonstrates effective use and control of language. Fables? The response includes a central claim or implicit controlling idea. The response includes an effective introduction and conclusion. The response demonstrates a clear progression of ideas both within paragraphs and throughout the character for court for a friend essay. The response has variety in sentence structures. The response demonstrates some precise word choice. The response maintains a formal style and objective tone. The response shows a good control of the conventions of standard written English and is free of significant errors that detract from the quality of author count of monte cristo writing.

The response is cohesive and demonstrates a highly effective use and command of language. The response includes a precise central claim. The response includes a skillful introduction and character, conclusion. The response demonstrates a deliberate and Essay Twelfth iIs Miss-understood, highly effective progression of ideas both within paragraphs and throughout the essay. The response has a wide variety in sentence structures. The response demonstrates a consistent use of precise word choice. The response maintains a formal style and character for court for a friend, objective tone. The response shows a strong command of the conventions of standard written English and is free or virtually free of Modification of the Three Strikes Rule errors . The 4 essay is written extremely well , whereas the 3 essay is written fairly well. In addition, the 4 essay is organized in a way that positively influences the impact of the writers argument, while the 3 is just organized clearly. Lets condense the information above. A perfect 4 essay : is extremely clear is consistent, smooth, and easy to read has few errors is not repetitive in content or language is sufficiently detailed (using evidence from the character letter for a text) to fully support the writers thesis demonstrates that you understand the text and the authors claim(s) In other words, you need to excel in every one of Three Strikes Rule these aspects to get a perfect score.

Now well look at a sample 8/8/8 SAT essay, and make note of how it fits the criteria above. The prompt (taken from letter for court friend, The Official SAT Study Guide ) for the sample essay is as follows: Write an essay in which you explain how Peter S. Goodman builds an argument to owl eyes great, persuade his audience that news organizations should increase the amount of professional foreign news coverage provided to people in the United States. In your essay, analyze how Goodman uses one or more of the features listed in the box above (or features of your own choice) to for court for a friend, strengthen the logic and persuasiveness of his argument. Count? Be sure that your analysis focuses on character reference letter friend the most relevant features of the passage. The passage to which this prompt refers appears on pp. 183-185 of The Official SAT Study Guide (March 2016 Beyond) , or on slightly different pages in later editions. You'll need the passage to follow along with the sample essay below. Author Count Of Monte? Heres the essay.

Read it first, and well have annotations below. In the article Foreign News at a Crisis Point, Peter S. Goodman eloquently argues the point that news organizations should increase the amount of professional foreign news coverage provided to people in the United States. Goodman builds his argument by using facts and evidence, addressing the counterarguments, and couching it all in persuasive and compelling language. Goodman begins the article by bombarding the reader with facts and statistics. Reference Letter For Court Friend? He states that, according to a census conducted by the American Journalism Review, the Malvolio number of full-time foreign news correspondents in the United States dropped from 307 in 2003 to letter for court, 234 in 2011.

In addition, the AJR survey also discovered that the space devoted to foreign news [in American papers] had shrunk by 53 percent in the last 25 years. Beginning the article with all of of the count of monte cristo these facts and figures has a couple of strengtheing effects on Goodmans argument. Reference Letter For A Friend? First, by starting out with hard evidence, Goodman lays the groundwork of of the count cristo his own credibility. Hes not just writing an opinion piece his opinion is backed by character reference friend, the truth. This will bring the readers onboard and farnham nudity, make them more likely to trust everything else he says. Second, because Goodman presents these facts without much explaining/interpreting, the reader is forced to do the math herself.

This engaging of the readers mind also ensures that Goodman has the readers attention. When the reader does the math to find a drop of character reference letter friend 73 full-time foreign news correspondents employed by US papers in farnham nudity just 8 short years, she will find herself predisposed to agree with Goodmans call for more professional foreign news reporting. In addition to employing facts to his arguments advantage, Goodman also cunningly discusses the reference friend counterargument to his position. By writing about how social media and man-on-the-ground reporting has had some positive impact on the state of foreign news reporting, Goodman heads off naysayers at the pass. It would have been very easy for Goodman to types, elide over the whole issue of citizen reporting, but the resultant one-sided argument would have been much less convincing.

Instead, Goodman acknowledges things like the force of social media during the Arab Spring, as activists convened and reacted to changing circumstances. As a result, when he partially refutes this counterargument, stating the friend unease many longtime profession correspondents feel over the trend of citizen journalism feel, the reader is much more likely to believe him. After all, Goodman acknowledges that social media does have some power. Knowing that Goodman takes the power of social media seriously will make the reader more inclined, in turn, to Essay Night: Malvolio iIs Miss-understood, take Goodmans concern about the limits of social media seriously. The final piece that helps bolster Goodmans argument that US news organizations should have more professional foreign correspondents is Goodmans linguistic + stylistic choices. Goodman uses contrasts to draw the reader deeper into letter friend, his mindset. By setting up the contrast between professional reporters as informational filters that discriminate good from types, bad and amateur, man-on-the-spot reporters as undiscriminating funnels, Goodman forces the reader to view the character for a two in opposition and admit that professional filters are to be preferred over funnels that add speculatio, propaganda, and other white noise to their reporting.

In addition, Goodman drives the benin bronzes reader along toward agreeing with his conclusion in the penultimate paragraph of the article with the character letter for court friend repetition of the phrase We need. With every repetition, Goodman hammers even further home the inescapable rightness of his argument. The use of We more generally through the article serves to make the readers feel sympathetic towards Goodman and identify with him. By employing the rhetorical techniques of presenting facts, acknowledging the other side, and using persuasive language, Goodman convinces the benin bronzes reader of reference letter his claim. Here are our notes on what stands out in benin bronzes this essay (general comments are in character letter for a purple, spelling/grammar errors are highlighted in yellow): Note that not every 8/8/8 essay needs to have exactly the same items in here, nor do you need to argue in exactly the same way. But the elements in benin bronzes this essay make it a standout and demonstrate clear mastery. And now for the million-dollar question: What Makes This SAT Essay an 8 Rather Than a 6? Maybe you get the theory behind what makes an essay an 8/8/8, but what about in practice? Read on to find out character for court for a, what distinguishes this particular SAT essay as a perfect 8 in Reading, Analysis, and Writing. SAT graders are big on farnham nudity clarity, and character reference, clarity requires precise language and nudity, obvious, sound logic. Reference For Court Friend? In this essay, vivid language is used effectively and benin bronzes, appropriately: Goodman is described as bombarding the reader with facts and figures The writer describes Goodman as arguing his point using not just language but persuasive and compelling language : The effect of Goodmans argument is not just that it convinces the reader, but that the readerwill find herself predisposed to agree with Goodmans call for more professional foreign news reporting.

All of this clear and precise language helps support and explain the author's point (just as Goodmans language supports his point in the text!) Effective Analysis and Organization. The writer's clarity extends to her logic as well. Sufficient background is given to make it clear the writer read and reference letter for court friend, understood the text. The examples used are clear and logically connected within paragraphs. Fables Nudity? The writer also makes sure to identify the what/why/what of the author's argumentative devices: What are the techniques the author used to persuade the character reference letter for a reader of author of the cristo his claim? Why did the author use them? What effect does their use have on the reader? The organization of the essay follows the organization set out in character for a friend the introduction: the writer first discusses facts and evidence, then the presentation and refutation of a counterargument, then compelling language. Organization in the essay is aided by benin bronzes, transitions between all paragraphs, which create a smooth, consistent argument that is easy to character letter for a, follow.

The clarity of the benin bronzes argument and the lack of character letter for a errors remain consistent from start to farnham nudity, finish. Character Reference For Court? The highlighted errors are few and do not detract or distract from the Modification meaning of the essay. The wording of the thesis statement in the introduction and the conclusion is similar but not identical, and letter friend, the description of how Goodman builds his argument is the same. Dos piezas by Raul Hernandez Gonzalez, used under CC BY 2.0/Cropped from original. The author uses a variety of words (marked in blue) and sentence structures to owl eyes great, convey similar ideas in different ways throughout the essay. For instance, social media , man-on-the-ground (or man-on-the-spot ) reporting , citizen journalism , and for a friend, amateur reporting are all different words and phrases used to describe the types of networking topologies same phenomenon of non-professional foreign news correspondents.

Another example of character reference letter friend this can be found in Paragraph 4. Modification Of The Strikes Rule Essay? Knowing that Goodman takes the power of social media seriously will make the reader more inclined could easily be the character letter for court for a simpler Goodman takes the power of social media seriously, which makes the reader more likely to owl eyes, agree This kind of linguistic flourish can be found in most top-scoring SAT Essays. Note that this usage is effective, and SAT vocab words aren't thrown into the essay haphazardly - it's clear, effective writing like what you might read in the New York Times. The essay is long enough to reference for court for a friend, detail 3 complex examples (discussing Goodmans use of facts and evidence, a counterargument, and vivid language) and include introductory and concluding paragraphs. With the updates to the essay rubric, College Board made it explicit that your essay should have an introduction and author of the cristo, conclusion. In The Official SAT Study Guide (March 2016 Beyond) , they also make it clear that shorter essays will receive lower Writing scores (because if you don't write more than a couple of paragraphs, there's not enough writing by which essay graders can accurately judge your writing abilities).

But length means nothing if there isn't valuable information filling the space, so long SAT essays also need to be detailedthis author uses the space to give lots of context for character for court for a friend her examples. Dos and Donts for an 8/8/8 SAT Essay. The key for a perfect score on the SAT essay is to types of networking, use your time wisely and stay focused on character for court the task. To help you do this, we've compiled tips for benin bronzes things to do (and things to avoid). Writing as much as you can without including repetitive or irrelevant information.

Revising the character reference for a first and last paragraphs (they stand out in readers minds). Making sure you have effective transitions for a seamless essay. Explaining the persuasive effect the authors argumentative techniques have on Essay Twelfth Night: Malvolio the reader. Thinking of reference for court smart-sounding evidence analysis of how the author used a personal anecdote is just as viable as a discussion of the authors use of logos and other rhetorical strategies. Trying to correct every single error the grammar and the spelling do not have to be perfect to score an 8 in Writing. This doesn't mean that you should just leave sentence fragments all over the place, but it does mean that accidentally leaving off the last letter of a word or making a small subject/verb agreement error won't be the farnham fables end of the world (or of your perfect SAT essay score). Spend the extra time trying to write more and develop your points. Adding as many vocabulary words as you can you do need some stylistic flourishes, as noted above, but you shouldnt overdo it, or your writing will sound clunky.

How to Train to Improve Your SAT Essay Score. Character Letter For Court For A? As I mentioned above, most anyone can train to reliably get a 6 on all sections of the essay, and many can move beyond that to consistently get 8/6/6, 6/6/8, or 8/8/8. Heres a framework for how to do this: Read through our complete list of SAT essay prompts Memorize a list of persuasive techniques that you can find in most essay prompt articles Start by farnham fables nudity, practicing with extended length time (80 minutes) so you can feel what it takes to get a top-scoring essay. If youre struggling, you can also split up the different parts of the essay task for practice. For instance, you can practice reading and analyzing articles separately from writing the essay. Find a way to reference letter for a, grade your essay. Benin Bronzes? If you can be objective about your writing , you can notice weak spots, especially if you ran out of time but know what to do (and it'll be good practice for analyzing the passage on the essay!). Otherwise, try to get help from an English teacher or a friend whos a better writer. Start narrowing the time down to 50 minutes to mirror the actual test. Looking for a great way to prep?

Check out PrepScholar's online prep program. Character For Court For A Friend? It customizes your prep program to your strengths and weaknesses so you get the most effective prep possible. Even better, we give detailed essay feedback from a leading SAT instructor. Farnham? You'll get point-by-point comments on where you're falling short, and how to improve your weak spots to jump up in SAT essay score. For Court Friend? Click below to sign up for owl eyes gatsby our 5-day free trial. Have friends who also need help with test prep?

Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the Longy School of Music of Bard College. She scored 99 percentile scores on for a the SAT and GRE and topologies, loves advising students on how to excel in high school. Character Reference Letter For A? You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of Three Strikes our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in reference for court a variety of other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep?

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cold war basic essay IN WATCHING the reference friend, flow of events over the past decade or so, it is hard to of the Three, avoid the feeling that something very fundamental has happened in world history. The past year has seen a flood of articles commemorating the end of the Cold War, and the fact that peace seems to be breaking out in many regions of the world. Character Reference Letter For Court For A? Most of these analyses lack any larger conceptual framework for farnham, distinguishing between what is essential and what is contingent or accidental in world history, and are predictably superficial. If Mr. Gorbachev were ousted from the reference letter for court for a, Kremlin or a new Ayatollah proclaimed the millennium from benin bronzes, a desolate Middle Eastern capital, these same commentators would scramble to announce the reference friend, rebirth of a new era of conflict. And yet, all of these people sense dimly that there is some larger process at work, a process that gives coherence and order to the daily headlines. The twentieth century saw the count of monte cristo, developed world descend into a paroxysm of ideological violence, as liberalism contended first with the remnants of absolutism, then bolshevism and fascism, and finally an updated Marxism that threatened to lead to the ultimate apocalypse of nuclear war. But the century that began full of self-confidence in the ultimate triumph of Western liberal democracy seems at reference letter for a, its close to be returning full circle to where it started: not to an end of ideology or a convergence between capitalism and socialism, as earlier predicted, but to an unabashed victory of economic and political liberalism. The triumph of the West, of the Western idea , is evident first of all in the total exhaustion of viable systematic alternatives to Western liberalism. In the past decade, there have been unmistakable changes in Night: Malvolio, the intellectual climate of the world's two largest communist countries, and the beginnings of significant reform movements in both.

But this phenomenon extends beyond high politics and it can be seen also in the ineluctable spread of consumerist Western culture in such diverse contexts as the peasants' markets and color television sets now omnipresent throughout China, the cooperative restaurants and clothing stores opened in the past year in Moscow, the friend, Beethoven piped into Japanese department stores, and Essay Twelfth Night: Malvolio the rock music enjoyed alike in reference friend, Prague, Rangoon, and Tehran. What we may be witnessing is not just the Essay Twelfth Night: Malvolio iIs Miss-understood, end of the Cold War, or the passing of a particular period of postwar history, but the character reference for court for a friend, end of history as such: that is, the end point of mankind's ideological evolution and the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government. This is not to of the Rule, say that there will no longer be events to fill the pages of letter for a friend, Foreign Affair's yearly summaries of international relations, for the victory of liberalism has occurred primarily in the realm of ideas or consciousness and is as yet incomplete in. the real or material world. But there are powerful reasons for believing that it is the ideal that will govern the material world in the long run . To understand how this is topologies, so, we must first consider some theoretical issues concerning the nature of historical change. THE NOTION of the end of history is not an original one. Its best known propagator was Karl Marx, who believed that the direction of historical development was a purposeful one determined by the interplay of material forces, and would come to an end only character letter friend, with the achievement of a communist utopia that would finally resolve all prior contradictions. But the concept of history as a dialectical process with a beginning, a middle, and an end was borrowed by of networking topologies Marx from character for court for a, his great German predecessor, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. For better or worse, much of Hegel's historicism has become part of our contemporary intellectual baggage. Types Of Networking? The notion that mankind has progressed through a series of primitive stages of consciousness on character reference letter his path to author count, the present, and that these stages corresponded to concrete forms of social organization, such as tribal, slave-owning, theocratic, and finally democratic-egalitarian societies, has become inseparable from the modern understanding of man. Hegel was the first philosopher to speak the language of character for court for a, modern social science, insofar as man for him was the product of his concrete historical and social environment and not, as earlier natural right theorists would have it, a collection of more or less fixed natural attributes. The mastery and transformation of man's natural environment through the application of science and types technology was originally not a Marxist concept, but a Hegelian one.

Unlike later historicists whose historical relativism degenerated into relativism tout court, however, Hegel believed that history culminated in character reference for court for a, an absolute moment - a moment in owl eyes great, which a final, rational form of society and character reference for a friend state became victorious. It is Hegel's misfortune to be known now primarily as Marx's precursor; and it is our misfortune that few of us are familiar with Hegel's work from direct study, but only as it has been filtered through the distorting lens of Marxism. In France, however, there has been an effort to save Hegel from his Marxist interpreters and to resurrect him as the philosopher who most correctly speaks to our time. Of The Count Of Monte? Among those modern French interpreters of Hegel, the greatest was certainly Alexandre Kojeve, a brilliant Russian emigre who taught a highly influential series of seminars in Paris in the 1930s at the Ecole Practique des Hautes Etudes .[1] While largely unknown in the United States, Kojeve had a major impact on the intellectual life of the continent. Among his students ranged such future luminaries as Jean-Paul Sartre on the Left and character letter Raymond Aron on the Right; postwar existentialism borrowed many of its basic categories from Hegel via Kojeve.

Kojeve sought to resurrect the Hegel of the Phenomenology of owl eyes great, Mind , the reference letter for court for a, Hegel who proclaimed history to be at an end in 1806. For as early as this Hegel saw in Napoleon's defeat of the Prussian monarchy at the Battle of Jena the Essay, victory of the character reference for court friend, ideals of the French Revolution, and gatsby the imminent universalization of the character letter for court for a, state incorporating the principles of liberty and equality. Kojeve, far from rejecting Hegel in light of the turbulent events of the next century and a half, insisted that the latter had been essentially correct.[2] The Battle of Jena marked the end of history because it was at great, that point that the vanguard of humanity (a term quite familiar to Marxists) actualized the principles of the French Revolution. Character Reference Letter For A Friend? While there was considerable work to be done after 1806 - abolishing slavery and the slave trade, extending the of networking topologies, franchise to workers, women, blacks, and other racial minorities, etc. - the basic principles of the letter for a, liberal democratic state could not be improved upon. Essay Night: Malvolio IIs Miss-understood? The two world wars in this century and their attendant revolutions and upheavals simply had the effect of extending those principles spatially, such that the various provinces of human civilization were brought up to the level of its most advanced outposts, and character letter for court friend of forcing those societies in Europe and North America at the vanguard of civilization to implement their liberalism more fully.

The state that emerges at the end of history is liberal insofar as it recognizes and protects through a system of law man's universal right to freedom, and democratic insofar as it exists only with the consent of the governed. For Kojeve, this so-called universal homogenous state found real-life embodiment in the countries of postwar Western Europe - precisely those flabby, prosperous, self-satisfied, inward-looking, weak-willed states whose grandest project was nothing more heroic than the creation of the Common Market.[3] But this was only to be expected. For human history and the conflict that characterized it was based on the existence of Twelfth iIs Miss-understood, contradictions: primitive man's quest for mutual recognition, the dialectic of the master and slave, the transformation and mastery of character, nature, the benin bronzes, struggle for the universal recognition of rights, and the dichotomy between proletarian and capitalist. But in the universal homogenous state, all prior contradictions are resolved and all human needs are satisfied. There is no struggle or conflict over large issues, and consequently no need for generals or statesmen; what remains is primarily economic activity.

And indeed, Kojeve's life was consistent with his teaching. Believing that there was no more work for philosophers as well, since Hegel (correctly understood) had already achieved absolute knowledge, Kojeve left teaching after the reference for court for a, war and spent the benin bronzes, remainder of his life working as a bureaucrat in reference, the European Economic Community, until his death in 1968. To his contemporaries at mid-century, Kojeve's proclamation of the end of benin bronzes, history must have seemed like the typical eccentric solipsism of a French intellectual, coming as it did on the heels of World War II and at the very height of the Cold War. Reference Friend? To comprehend how Kojeve could have been so audacious as to assert that history has ended, we must first of all understand the meaning of Hegelian idealism. FOR HEGEL, the contradictions that drive history exist first of all in the realm of human consciousness, i.e. on the level of ideas[4] - not the trivial election year proposals of American politicians, but ideas in the sense of owl eyes great gatsby, large unifying world views that might best be understood under the rubric of ideology. Ideology in this sense is letter friend, not restricted to the secular and explicit political doctrines we usually associate with the term, but can include religion, culture, and the complex of benin bronzes, moral values underlying any society as well. Hegel's view of the relationship between the ideal and the real or material worlds was an extremely complicated one, beginning with the fact that for him the distinction between the two was only for court friend, apparent.[5] He did not believe that the real world conformed or could be made to conform to ideological preconceptions of philosophy professors in any simpleminded way, or that the great gatsby, material world could not impinge on the ideal. Indeed, Hegel the character reference letter for court, professor was temporarily thrown out of of networking topologies, work as a result of character letter friend, a very material event, the Battle of Jena. But while Hegel's writing and thinking could be stopped by a bullet from the material world, the hand on the trigger of the gun was motivated in turn by Three Essay the ideas of liberty and letter for court friend equality that had driven the French Revolution. For Hegel, all human behavior in the material world, and hence all human history, is rooted in a prior state of consciousness - an idea similar to of networking, the one expressed by John Maynard Keynes when he said that the views of men of affairs were usually derived from defunct economists and academic scribblers of earlier generations.

This consciousness may not be explicit and self-aware, as are modern political doctrines, but may rather take the form of religion or simple cultural or moral habits. And yet this realm of reference for a, consciousness in benin bronzes, the long run necessarily becomes manifest in the material world, indeed creates the material world in its own image. Consciousness is cause and not effect, and reference letter can develop autonomously from the material world; hence the real subtext underlying the apparent jumble of current events is the of the Strikes Rule Essay, history of ideology. Hegel's idealism has fared poorly at the hands of reference letter for a, later thinkers. Marx reversed the priority of the of networking topologies, real and the ideal completely, relegating the entire realm of consciousness - religion, art, culture, philosophy itself - to a superstructure that was determined entirely by the prevailing material mode of production. Character Reference Letter For Court Friend? Yet another unfortunate legacy of Marxism is fables, our tendency to retreat into materialist or utilitarian explanations of political or historical phenomena, and our disinclination to believe in the autonomous power of ideas. A recent example of character reference letter for court for a friend, this is Paul Kennedy's hugely successful The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers , which ascribes the owl eyes great, decline of great powers to simple economic overextension. Obviously, this is true on some level: an empire whose economy is barely above the character reference letter friend, level of subsistence cannot bankrupt its treasury indefinitely. But whether a highly productive modern industrial society chooses to spend 3 or 7 percent of its GNP on Essay Twelfth Night: Malvolio defense rather than consumption is entirely a matter of that society's political priorities, which are in reference letter for court, turn determined in the realm of consciousness.

The materialist bias of modern thought is benin bronzes, characteristic not only of people on letter the Left who may be sympathetic to Marxism, but of many passionate anti-Marxists as well. Indeed, there is on the Right what one might label the Wall Street Journal school of deterministic materialism that discounts the importance of ideology and farnham fables nudity culture and sees man as essentially a rational, profit-maximizing individual. It is precisely this kind of individual and his pursuit of material incentives that is posited as the letter for a friend, basis for economic life as such in economic textbooks.[6] One small example will illustrate the cristo, problematic character of such materialist views. Max Weber begins his famous book, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of character letter for a, Capitalism , by noting the different economic performance of Protestant and Catholic communities throughout Europe and America, summed up in the proverb that Protestants eat well while Catholics sleep well. Weber notes that according to any economic theory that posited man as a rational profit-maximizer, raising the piece-work rate should increase labor productivity. But in fact, in many traditional peasant communities, raising the farnham fables nudity, piece-work rate actually had the opposite effect of character reference for court for a, lowering labor productivity: at the higher rate, a peasant accustomed to earning two and one-half marks per day found he could earn the same amount by farnham fables nudity working less, and did so because he valued leisure more than income. The choices of leisure over income, or of the militaristic life of the character letter, Spartan hoplite over the wealth of the Athenian trader, or even the Three Strikes Rule, ascetic life of the reference, early capitalist entrepreneur over that of a traditional leisured aristocrat, cannot possibly be explained by the impersonal working of material forces, but come preeminently out of the sphere of consciousness - what we have labeled here broadly as ideology.

And indeed, a central theme of Weber's work was to prove that contrary to Marx, the material mode of production, far from being the Night: Malvolio, base, was itself a superstructure with roots in religion and culture, and that to understand the emergence of modern capitalism and the profit motive one had to study their antecedents in character letter friend, the realm of the spirit. As we look around the contemporary world, the poverty of materialist theories of economic development is all too apparent. Types Topologies? The Wall Street Journal school of deterministic materialism habitually points to the stunning economic success of Asia in the past few decades as evidence of the viability of free market economics, with the implication that all societies would see similar development were they simply to allow their populations to character reference for court, pursue their material self-interest freely. Surely free markets and stable political systems are a necessary precondition to Night: iIs Miss-understood, capitalist economic growth. But just as surely the cultural heritage of those Far Eastern societies, the reference for court friend, ethic of work and saving and family, a religious heritage that does not, like Islam, place restrictions on certain forms of economic behavior, and other deeply ingrained moral qualities, are equally important in explaining their economic performance.[7] And yet the intellectual weight of materialism is such that not a single respectable contemporary theory of economic development addresses consciousness and culture seriously as the matrix within which economic behavior is formed.

FAILURE to understand that the benin bronzes, roots of economic behavior lie in the realm of consciousness and culture leads to the common mistake of attributing material causes to reference letter for a, phenomena that are essentially ideal in nature. For example, it is fables, commonplace in the West to interpret the reform movements first in China and most recently in the Soviet Union as the victory of the material over the ideal - that is, a recognition that ideological incentives could not replace material ones in stimulating a highly productive modern economy, and that if one wanted to prosper one had to appeal to baser forms of self-interest. But the character reference letter for court friend, deep defects of socialist economies were evident thirty or forty years ago to anyone who chose to look. Why was it that these countries moved away from central planning only in the 1980s' The answer must be found in types, the consciousness of the elites and leaders ruling them, who decided to opt for character reference for court for a, the Protestant life of wealth and risk over the Catholic path of poverty and security.[8] That change was in no way made inevitable by the material conditions in types, which either country found itself on character letter for a friend the eve of the reform, but instead came about as the result of the victory of one idea over Modification of the Strikes Essay, another.[9] For Kojeve, as for all good Hegelians, understanding the friend, underlying processes of history requires understanding developments in the realm of Three Rule, consciousness or ideas, since consciousness will ultimately remake the material world in its own image. To say that history ended in 1806 meant that mankind's ideological evolution ended in the ideals of the French or American Revolutions: while particular regimes in the real world might not implement these ideals fully, their theoretical truth is absolute and could not be improved upon. Hence it did not matter to character reference for a, Kojeve that the consciousness of the postwar generation of Europeans had not been universalized throughout the world; if ideological development had in fact ended, the homogenous state would eventually become victorious throughout the material world. I have neither the space nor, frankly, the ability to defend in depth Hegel's radical idealist perspective.

The issue is not whether Hegel's system was right, but whether his perspective might uncover the problematic nature of many materialist explanations we often take for granted. This is not to farnham fables, deny the role of material factors as such. To a literal-minded idealist, human society can be built around any arbitrary set of principles regardless of their relationship to the material world. And in fact men have proven themselves able to endure the most extreme material hardships in reference letter for a friend, the name of ideas that exist in the realm of the owl eyes, spirit alone, be it the divinity of cows or the nature of the Holy Trinity.[10] But while man's very perception of the material world is shaped by his historical consciousness of reference for court for a, it, the material world can clearly affect in return the viability of a particular state of consciousness. In particular, the count cristo, spectacular abundance of advanced liberal economies and reference for court for a the infinitely diverse consumer culture made possible by them seem to both foster and preserve liberalism in the political sphere. I want to avoid the materialist determinism that says that liberal economics inevitably produces liberal politics, because I believe that both economics and politics presuppose an autonomous prior state of consciousness that makes them possible.

But that state of gatsby, consciousness that permits the growth of liberalism seems to stabilize in the way one would expect at the end of history if it is underwritten by the abundance of a modern free market economy. We might summarize the content of the universal homogenous state as liberal democracy in the political sphere combined with easy access to VCRs and stereos in character for court for a friend, the economic. HAVE WE in fact reached the end of history? Are there, in other words, any fundamental contradictions in human life that cannot be resolved in the context of modern liberalism, that would be resolvable by an alternative political-economic structure? If we accept the types of networking topologies, idealist premises laid out above, we must seek an answer to this question in reference friend, the realm of Three Rule, ideology and character reference for court for a consciousness. Our task is not to answer exhaustively the Essay Night:, challenges to reference letter for a friend, liberalism promoted by every crackpot messiah around the fables nudity, world, but only those that are embodied in important social or political forces and movements, and which are therefore part of world history. For our purposes, it matters very little what strange thoughts occur to people in character reference letter for court for a, Albania or Burkina Faso, for Modification of the Three Rule, we are interested in what one could in some sense call the common ideological heritage of mankind.

In the past century, there have been two major challenges to liberalism, those of fascism and of communism. The former[11] saw the political weakness, materialism, anomie, and lack of letter for court, community of the West as fundamental contradictions in of the count of monte cristo, liberal societies that could only be resolved by character letter friend a strong state that forged a new people on the basis of national exclusiveness. Fascism was destroyed as a living ideology by World War II. This was a defeat, of course, on a very material level, but it amounted to types, a defeat of the idea as well. What destroyed fascism as an letter for a friend, idea was not universal moral revulsion against it, since plenty of people were willing to endorse the idea as long as it seemed the wave of the future, but its lack of success. After the war, it seemed to most people that German fascism as well as its other European and Asian variants were bound to self-destruct. There was no material reason why new fascist movements could not have sprung up again after the war in other locales, but for fables nudity, the fact that expansionist ultranationalism, with its promise of unending conflict leading to disastrous military defeat, had completely lost its appeal. The ruins of the Reich chancellery as well as the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki killed this ideology on the level of consciousness as well as materially, and all of the reference letter friend, pro-fascist movements spawned by the German and Japanese examples like the Peronist movement in Argentina or Subhas Chandra Bose's Indian National Army withered after the war. The ideological challenge mounted by the other great alternative to liberalism, communism, was far more serious. Marx, speaking Hegel's language, asserted that liberal society contained a fundamental contradiction that could not be resolved within its context, that between capital and labor, and this contradiction has constituted the chief accusation against liberalism ever since. But surely, the class issue has actually been successfully resolved in the West.

As Kojeve (among others) noted, the egalitarianism of modern America represents the essential achievement of the classless society envisioned by Marx. This is fables nudity, not to say that there are not rich people and poor people in the United States, or that the character reference friend, gap between them has not grown in recent years. But the root causes of economic inequality do not have to do with the underlying legal and social structure of our society, which remains fundamentally egalitarian and moderately redistributionist, so much as with the cultural and social characteristics of the groups that make it up, which are in turn the historical legacy of premodern conditions. Thus black poverty in the United States is not the inherent product of liberalism, but is rather the legacy of slavery and types of networking racism which persisted long after the formal abolition of slavery. As a result of the receding of the class issue, the appeal of reference letter for a, communism in the developed Western world, it is safe to say, is lower today than any time since the end of the First World War. Owl Eyes? This can he measured in any number of ways: in the declining membership and character reference for a electoral pull of the major European communist parties, and their overtly revisionist programs; in the corresponding electoral success of conservative parties from Britain and Germany to the United States and Japan, which are unabashedly pro-market and Essay Twelfth Night: iIs Miss-understood anti-statist; and in an intellectual climate whose most advanced members no longer believe that bourgeois society is something that ultimately needs to be overcome. This is not to character for court for a, say that the opinions of topologies, progressive intellectuals in Western countries are not deeply pathological in any number of ways. But those who believe that the future must inevitably be socialist tend to reference for court, be very old, or very marginal to the real political discourse of farnham fables nudity, their societies. 0NE MAY argue that the socialist alternative was never terribly plausible for the North Atlantic world, and was sustained for for a friend, the last several decades primarily by types its success outside of this region.

But it is precisely in the non-European world that one is for a friend, most struck by the occurrence of major ideological transformations. Surely the most remarkable changes have occurred in Asia. Due to the strength and adaptability of the benin bronzes, indigenous cultures there, Asia became a battleground for a variety of imported Western ideologies early in this century. Liberalism in Asia was a very weak reed in character reference letter for court friend, the period after World War I; it is easy today to forget how gloomy Asia's political future looked as recently as ten or fifteen years ago. It is easy to forget as well how momentous the outcome of Asian ideological struggles seemed for world political development as a whole. The first Asian alternative to liberalism to be decisively defeated was the fascist one represented by Strikes Essay Imperial Japan. Japanese fascism (like its German version) was defeated by reference letter the force of farnham nudity, American arms in the Pacific war, and liberal democracy was imposed on Japan by a victorious United States. Western capitalism and character letter for a friend political liberalism when transplanted to Japan were adapted and transformed by the Japanese in such a way as to be scarcely recognizable.[12] Many Americans are now aware that Japanese industrial organization is very different from that prevailing in Modification Three Strikes, the United States or Europe, and it is questionable what relationship the factional maneuvering that takes place with the governing Liberal Democratic Party bears to democracy. Nonetheless, the very fact that the essential elements of economic and political liberalism have been so successfully grafted onto reference uniquely Japanese traditions and institutions guarantees their survival in the long run. More important is the contribution that Japan has made in turn to world history by Modification Three Rule Essay following in the footsteps of the United States to create a truly universal consumer culture that has become both a symbol and an underpinning of the universal homogenous state. V.S.

Naipaul traveling in Khomeini's Iran shortly after the character reference for a, revolution noted the omnipresent signs advertising the products of Sony, Hitachi, and JVC, whose appeal remained virtually irresistible and nudity gave the lie to the regime's pretensions of restoring a state based on the rule of the Shariah . Desire for letter for a friend, access to the consumer culture, created in large measure by Japan, has played a crucial role in fostering the spread of economic liberalism throughout Asia, and hence in promoting political liberalism as well. The economic success of the other newly industrializing countries (NICs) in Asia following on the example of Japan is by now a familiar story. What is types topologies, important from a Hegelian standpoint is that political liberalism has been following economic liberalism, more slowly than many had hoped but with seeming inevitability. Here again we see the victory of the idea of the universal homogenous state. South Korea had developed into a modern, urbanized society with an increasingly large and well-educated middle class that could not possibly be isolated from the character letter friend, larger democratic trends around them. Under these circumstances it seemed intolerable to a large part of this population that it should be ruled by an anachronistic military regime while Japan, only a decade or so ahead in economic terms, had parliamentary institutions for over forty years. Even the former socialist regime in Burma, which for so many decades existed in dismal isolation from the larger trends dominating Asia, was buffeted in the past year by pressures to liberalize both its economy and political system.

It is said that unhappiness with strongman Ne Win began when a senior Burmese officer went to Singapore for medical treatment and broke down crying when he saw how far socialist Burma had been left behind by its ASEAN neighbors. BUT THE power of the liberal idea would seem much less impressive if it had not infected the largest and Essay Twelfth iIs Miss-understood oldest culture in Asia, China. The simple existence of communist China created an alternative pole of ideological attraction, and character reference for court as such constituted a threat to liberalism. But the farnham fables, past fifteen years have seen an almost total discrediting of Marxism-Leninism as an economic system. Beginning with the famous third plenum of the Tenth Central Committee in 1978, the Chinese Communist party set about decollectivizing agriculture for the 800 million Chinese who still lived in the countryside. The role of the character reference, state in agriculture was reduced to that of a tax collector, while production of consumer goods was sharply increased in order to give peasants a taste of the universal homogenous state and thereby an incentive to work. The reform doubled Chinese grain output in only five years, and in the process created for Deng Xiaoping a solid political base from which he was able to extend the reform to other parts of the economy. Economic Statistics do not begin to describe the dynamism, initiative, and openness evident in China since the types of networking topologies, reform began. China could not now be described in character reference letter for court for a, any way as a liberal democracy.

At present, no more than 20 percent of its economy has been marketized, and most importantly it continues to owl eyes gatsby, be ruled by a self-appointed Communist party which has given no hint of wanting to devolve power. Deng has made none of character reference letter friend, Gorbachev's promises regarding democratization of the political system and there is no Chinese equivalent of glasnost. The Chinese leadership has in fact been much more circumspect in criticizing Mao and Maoism than Gorbachev with respect to Brezhnev and Stalin, and the regime continues to topologies, pay lip service to Marxism-Leninism as its ideological underpinning. But anyone familiar with the outlook and character reference letter for court for a friend behavior of the new technocratic elite now governing China knows that Marxism and ideological principle have become virtually irrelevant as guides to policy, and that bourgeois consumerism has a real meaning in that country for the first time since the revolution. The various slowdowns in the pace of reform, the campaigns against spiritual pollution and crackdowns on benin bronzes political dissent are more properly seen as tactical adjustments made in the process of managing what is an extraordinarily difficult political transition. By ducking the question of political reform while putting the character letter for court for a friend, economy on a new footing, Deng has managed to avoid the breakdown of authority that has accompanied Gorbachev's perestroika . Author Of The Count Cristo? Yet the pull of the liberal idea continues to character reference letter for court friend, be very strong as economic power devolves and the economy becomes more open to the outside world. There are currently over Essay Twelfth Night: iIs Miss-understood, 20,000 Chinese students studying in the U.S. and other Western countries, almost all of them the children of the Chinese elite. It is letter for court friend, hard to believe that when they return home to run the country they will be content for China to be the only country in Asia unaffected by the larger democratizing trend. The student demonstrations in Beijing that broke out fables first in December 1986 and recurred recently on the occasion of Hu Yao-bang's death were only the beginning of what will inevitably be mounting pressure for change in for a, the political system as well. What is important about China from the standpoint of world history is not the present state of the reform or even its future prospects.

The central issue is the fact that the People's Republic of of networking topologies, China can no longer act as a beacon for illiberal forces around the character letter for a friend, world, whether they be guerrillas in some Asian jungle or middle class students in Paris. Maoism, rather than being the pattern for Asia's future, became an anachronism, and it was the mainland Chinese who in fact were decisively influenced by the prosperity and dynamism of their overseas co-ethnics - the ironic ultimate victory of Taiwan. Important as these changes in China have been, however, it is developments in the Soviet Union - the original homeland of the world proletariat - that have put the great, final nail in the coffin of the Marxist-Leninist alternative to liberal democracy. It should be clear that in terms of formal institutions, not much has changed in the four years since Gorbachev has come to power: free markets and the cooperative movement represent only character for court, a small part of the Soviet economy, which remains centrally planned; the political system is still dominated by the Communist party, which has only Twelfth Malvolio, begun to democratize internally and to for court for a, share power with other groups; the regime continues to assert that it is seeking only to of networking topologies, modernize socialism and that its ideological basis remains Marxism-Leninism; and, finally, Gorbachev faces a potentially powerful conservative opposition that could undo many of the changes that have taken place to date. Moreover, it is hard to be too sanguine about the chances for character for court friend, success of Gorbachev's proposed reforms, either in the sphere of economics or politics.

But my purpose here is owl eyes gatsby, not to analyze events in the short-term, or to make predictions for policy purposes, but to look at underlying trends in the sphere of ideology and character letter for court for a consciousness. And in Twelfth Malvolio, that respect, it is clear that an astounding transformation has occurred. Emigres from the Soviet Union have been reporting for at least the last generation now that virtually nobody in that country truly believed in character friend, Marxism-Leninism any longer, and that this was nowhere more true than in the Soviet elite, which continued to mouth Marxist slogans out of sheer cynicism. The corruption and decadence of the late Brezhnev-era Soviet state seemed to benin bronzes, matter little, however, for as long as the state itself refused to throw into question any of the fundamental principles underlying Soviet society, the system was capable of functioning adequately out of sheer inertia and could even muster some dynamism in the realm of foreign and friend defense policy. Marxism-Leninism was like a magical incantation which, however absurd and great devoid of meaning, was the character reference letter for court for a, only common basis on which the types of networking topologies, elite could agree to rule Soviet society. WHAT HAS happened in the four years since Gorbachev's coming to power is a revolutionary assault on the most fundamental institutions and character for court for a friend principles of Stalinism, and their replacement by other principles which do not amount to liberalism per se but whose only connecting thread is liberalism. This is most evident in the economic sphere, where the reform economists around Gorbachev have become steadily more radical in their support for Essay Night:, free markets, to the point where some like Nikolai Shmelev do not mind being compared in public to Milton Friedman. There is character reference letter for a friend, a virtual consensus among the currently dominant school of Soviet economists now that central planning and the command system of allocation are the root cause of economic inefficiency, and that if the Soviet system is ever to heal itself, it must permit free and decentralized decision-making with respect to investment, labor, and prices.

After a couple of initial years of ideological confusion, these principles have finally been incorporated into policy with the of networking topologies, promulgation of new laws on enterprise autonomy, cooperatives, and finally in 1988 on lease arrangements and character reference letter for court for a family farming. Fables Nudity? There are, of course, a number of fatal flaws in the current implementation of the reform, most notably the absence of character letter for court for a, a thoroughgoing price reform. But the of networking topologies, problem is no longer a conceptual one: Gorbachev and his lieutenants seem to understand the economic logic of marketization well enough, but like the leaders of letter for a, a Third World country facing the IMF, are afraid of the social consequences of benin bronzes, ending consumer subsidies and other forms of character friend, dependence on the state sector. In the political sphere, the proposed changes to the Soviet constitution, legal system, and party rules amount to Modification of the Three Rule Essay, much less than the establishment of a liberal state. Character Reference Letter For A? Gorbachev has spoken of democratization primarily in the sphere of internal party affairs, and has shown little intention of ending the Communist party's monopoly of power; indeed, the political reform seeks to benin bronzes, legitimize and therefore strengthen the CPSU'S rule.[13] Nonetheless, the general principles underlying many of the reforms - that the people should be truly responsible for character for a friend, their own affairs, that higher political bodies should be answerable to farnham fables, lower ones, and not vice versa, that the rule of law should prevail over arbitrary police actions, with separation of powers and an independent judiciary, that there should be legal protection for property rights, the need for open discussion of public issues and the right of reference for a friend, public dissent, the empowering of the Soviets as a forum in benin bronzes, which the whole Soviet people can participate, and of a political culture that is more tolerant and pluralistic - come from a source fundamentally alien to the USSR's Marxist-Leninist tradition, even if they are incompletely articulated and poorly implemented in practice. Gorbachev's repeated assertions that he is doing no more than trying to restore the original meaning of Leninism are themselves a kind of for a friend, Orwellian doublespeak. Gorbachev and his allies have consistently maintained that intraparty democracy was somehow the Modification Three Strikes, essence of Leninism, and that the various lib era1 practices of open debate, secret ballot elections, and rule of law were all part of the Leninist heritage, corrupted only later by Stalin. Reference Letter For Court For A Friend? While almost anyone would look good compared to Stalin, drawing so sharp a line between Lenin and his successor is questionable. The essence of Lenin's democratic centralism was centralism, not democracy; that is, the absolutely rigid, monolithic, and disciplined dictatorship of a hierarchically organized vanguard Communist party, speaking in the name of the of monte, demos. Character For Court For A Friend? All of benin bronzes, Lenin's vicious polemics against Karl Kautsky, Rosa Luxemburg, and various other Menshevik and Social Democratic rivals, not to mention his contempt for bourgeois legality and freedoms, centered around his profound conviction that a revolution could not be successfully made by a democratically run organization.

Gorbachev's claim that he is seeking to return to the true Lenin is character for court for a, perfectly easy to understand: having fostered a thorough denunciation of Stalinism and Brezhnevism as the root of the USSR's present predicament, he needs some point in Soviet history on which to anchor the owl eyes great, legitimacy of the CPSU'S continued rule. But Gorbachev's tactical requirements should not blind us to the fact that the democratizing and decentralizing principles which he has enunciated in both the economic and political spheres are highly subversive of some of the most fundamental precepts of both Marxism and Leninism. Indeed, if the bulk of the present economic reform proposals were put into effect, it is hard to know how the Soviet economy would be more socialist than those of letter for a friend, other Western countries with large public sectors. The Soviet Union could in no way be described as a liberal or democratic country now, nor do I think that it is terribly likely that perestroika will succeed such that the label will be thinkable any time in the near future. Great? But at the end of history it is not necessary that all societies become successful liberal societies, merely that they end their ideological pretensions of representing different and reference friend higher forms of human society. And in this respect I believe that something very important has happened in Essay Night: Malvolio iIs Miss-understood, the Soviet Union in the past few years: the criticisms of the Soviet system sanctioned by Gorbachev have been so thorough and devastating that there is very little chance of going back to either Stalinism or Brezhnevism in any simple way. Reference? Gorbachev has finally permitted people to say what they had privately understood for many years, namely, that the magical incantations of topologies, Marxism-Leninism were nonsense, that Soviet socialism was not superior to the West in any respect but was in fact a monumental failure. The conservative opposition in the USSR, consisting both of simple workers afraid of unemployment and inflation and of party officials fearful of losing their jobs and privileges, is outspoken and may be strong enough to force Gorbachev's ouster in the next few years. Character Letter For Court For A Friend? But what both groups desire is tradition, order, and authority; they manifest no deep commitment to Marxism-Leninism, except insofar as they have invested much of their own lives in it.[14] For authority to be restored in the Soviet Union after Gorbachev's demolition work, it must be on the basis of some new and vigorous ideology which has not yet appeared on the horizon.

IF WE ADMIT for types, the moment that the fascist and communist challenges to liberalism are dead, are there any other ideological competitors left? Or put another way, are there contradictions in reference friend, liberal society beyond that of class that are not resolvable? Two possibilities suggest themselves, those of religion and nationalism. The rise of religious fundamentalism in recent years within the types of networking topologies, Christian, Jewish, and Muslim traditions has been widely noted. One is inclined to say that the revival of religion in some way attests to a broad unhappiness with the impersonality and spiritual vacuity of liberal consumerist societies. Yet while the emptiness at the core of liberalism is most certainly a defect in the ideology - indeed, a flaw that one does not need the perspective of religion to reference for court for a friend, recognize[15] - it is not at all clear that it is remediable through politics. Modern liberalism itself was historically a consequence of the weakness of religiously-based societies which, failing to agree on the nature of the good life, could not provide even the minimal preconditions of Essay, peace and stability. In the contemporary world only Islam has offered a theocratic state as a political alternative to both liberalism and communism. But the doctrine has little appeal for letter for a friend, non-Muslims, and it is hard to believe that the movement will take on Essay Malvolio iIs Miss-understood any universal significance.

Other less organized religious impulses have been successfully satisfied within the sphere of personal life that is permitted in liberal societies. The other major contradiction potentially unresolvable by liberalism is the one posed by nationalism and other forms of racial and ethnic consciousness. It is certainly true that a very large degree of letter for court friend, conflict since the Battle of Essay Night:, Jena has had its roots in nationalism. Two cataclysmic world wars in this century have been spawned by letter for court the nationalism of the developed world in various guises, and if those passions have been muted to a certain extent in postwar Europe, they are still extremely powerful in the Third World. Nationalism has been a threat to liberalism historically in Germany, and continues to farnham, be one in isolated parts of post-historical Europe like Northern Ireland. But it is not clear that nationalism rep resents an irreconcilable contradiction in reference letter friend, the heart of liberalism. In the first place, nationalism is not one single phenomenon but several, ranging from mild cultural nostalgia to the highly organized and elaborately articulated doctrine of National Socialism. Fables Nudity? Only systematic nationalisms of the latter sort can qualify as a formal ideology on the level of liberalism or communism. For Court For A Friend? The vast majority of the world's nationalist movements do not have a political program beyond the negative desire of independence from some other group or people, and do not offer anything like a comprehensive agenda for socio-economic organization. As such, they are compatible with doctrines and ideologies that do offer such agendas.

While they may constitute a source of of the count cristo, conflict for liberal societies, this conflict does not arise from liberalism itself so much as from the fact that the liberalism in letter, question is incomplete. Certainly a great deal of the world's ethnic and nationalist tension can be explained in terms of peoples who are forced to live in unrepresentative political systems that they have not chosen. While it is impossible to rule out the owl eyes great, sudden appearance of new ideologies or previously unrecognized contradictions in liberal societies, then, the present world seems to confirm that the character reference friend, fundamental principles of sociopolitical organization have not advanced terribly far since 1806. Many of the wars and revolutions fought since that time have been undertaken in the name of ideologies which claimed to be more advanced than liberalism, but whose pretensions were ultimately unmasked by history. In the meantime, they have helped to author of the count of monte, spread the universal homogenous state to the point where it could have a significant effect on character letter for a the overall character of international relations. WHAT ARE the implications of the end of history for international relations? Clearly, the fables, vast bulk of the Third World remains very much mired in history, and will be a terrain of character letter, conflict for many years to come. But let us focus for the time being on the larger and more developed states of the world who after all account for of the of monte cristo, the greater part of world politics. Russia and China are not likely to join the character reference for court for a, developed nations of the West as liberal societies any time in the foreseeable future, but suppose for a moment that Marxism-Leninism ceases to be a factor driving the foreign policies of these states - a prospect which, if not yet here, the last few years have made a real possibility. How will the great gatsby, overall characteristics of a de-ideologized world differ from those of the one with which we are familiar at character letter for a, such a hypothetical juncture? The most common answer is - not very much.

For there is a very widespread belief among many observers of international relations that underneath the skin of ideology is a hard core of great power national interest that guarantees a fairly high level of of the Three, competition and conflict between nations. Indeed, according to one academically popular school of international relations theory, conflict inheres in the international system as such, and to understand the prospects for friend, conflict one must look at the shape of the system - for example, whether it is bipolar or multipolar - rather than at the specific character of the nations and regimes that constitute it. This school in effect applies a Hobbesian view of farnham nudity, politics to international relations, and assumes that aggression and insecurity are universal characteristics of human societies rather than the product of specific historical circumstances. Believers in this line of thought take the relations that existed between the participants in the classical nineteenth century European balance of power as a model for what a de-ideologized contemporary world would look like. Character Reference For Court? Charles Krauthammer, for Essay Malvolio iIs Miss-understood, example, recently explained that if as a result of Gorbachev's reforms the USSR is shorn of Marxist-Leninist ideology, its behavior will revert to that of nineteenth century imperial Russia.[16] While he finds this more reassuring than the threat posed by a communist Russia, he implies that there will still be a substantial degree of competition and conflict in character reference for court, the international system, just as there was say between Russia and owl eyes gatsby Britain or Wilhelmine Germany in the last century. This is, of course, a convenient point of view for people who want to character for a, admit that something major is changing in Twelfth Night: Malvolio, the Soviet Union, but do not want to accept responsibility for recommending the radical policy redirection implicit in such a view. But is it true?

In fact, the notion that ideology is a superstructure imposed on character reference letter for court a substratum of permanent great power interest is a highly questionable proposition. For the way in which any state defines its national interest is not universal but rests on some kind of Twelfth Night: iIs Miss-understood, prior ideological basis, just as we saw that economic behavior is determined by a prior state of consciousness. In this century, states have adopted highly articulated doctrines with explicit foreign policy agendas legitimizing expansionism, like Marxism-Leninism or National Socialism. THE EXPANSIONIST and competitive behavior of nineteenth-century European states rested on no less ideal a basis; it just so happened that the ideology driving it was less explicit than the doctrines of the twentieth century. For one thing, most liberal European societies were illiberal insofar as they believed in the legitimacy of imperialism, that is, the right of one nation to rule over other nations without regard for the wishes of the ruled. The justifications for character for court for a friend, imperialism varied from nation to of the of monte, nation, from a crude belief in the legitimacy of force, particularly when applied to non-Europeans, to character reference letter friend, the White Man's Burden and Europe's Christianizing mission, to the desire to give people of color access to the culture of Rabelais and Moliere. But whatever the particular ideological basis, every developed country believed in the acceptability of higher civilizations ruling lower ones - including, incidentally, the United States with regard to the Philippines. This led to a drive for pure territorial aggrandizement in Essay Night: iIs Miss-understood, the latter half of the century and played no small role in causing the Great War. The radical and deformed outgrowth of nineteenth-century imperialism was German fascism, an ideology which justified Germany's right not only to rule over non-European peoples, but over all non-German ones. But in retrospect it seems that Hitler represented a diseased bypath in the general course of European development, and since his fiery defeat, the legitimacy of any kind of territorial aggrandizement has been thoroughly discredited.[17] Since the Second World War, European nationalism has been defanged and shorn of any real relevance to foreign policy, with the consequence that the nineteenth-century model of great power behavior has become a serious anachronism. The most extreme form of nationalism that any Western European state has mustered since 1945 has been Gaullism, whose self-assertion has been confined largely to for court for a friend, the realm of owl eyes, nuisance politics and reference for court friend culture.

International life for the part of the world that has reached the end of history is far more preoccupied with economics than with politics or strategy. The developed states of the West do maintain defense establishments and in the postwar period have competed vigorously for influence to great gatsby, meet a worldwide communist threat. This behavior has been driven, however, by an external threat from states that possess overtly expansionist ideologies, and would not exist in their absence. To take the for a friend, neo-realist theory seriously, one would have to believe that natural competitive behavior would reassert itself among the OECD states were Russia and China to disappear from the face of the earth. That is, West Germany and France would arm themselves against each other as they did in the 193Os, Australia and New Zealand would send military advisers to block each others' advances in Africa, and the U.S.-Canadian border would become fortified.

Such a prospect is, of course, ludicrous: minus Marxist-Leninist ideology, we are far more likely to see the Common Marketization of world politics than the disintegration of the EEC into nineteenth-century competitiveness. Indeed, as our experiences in dealing with Europe on author of the cristo matters such as terrorism or Libya prove, they are much further gone than we down the character for court for a friend, road that denies the legitimacy of the nudity, use of force in international politics, even in self-defense. The automatic assumption that Russia shorn of its expansionist communist ideology should pick up where the czars left off just prior to the Bolshevik Revolution is therefore a curious one. It assumes that the evolution of human consciousness has stood still in for court, the meantime, and that the Soviets, while picking up currently fashionable ideas in the realm of economics, will return to foreign policy views a century out of date in farnham fables nudity, the rest of Europe. This is certainly not what happened to China after it began its reform process. Chinese competitiveness and expansionism on the world scene have virtually disappeared: Beijing no longer sponsors Maoist insurgencies or tries to cultivate influence in distant African countries as it did in reference letter, the 1960s. This is not to say that there are not troublesome aspects to contemporary Chinese foreign policy, such as the of the count cristo, reckless sale of ballistic missile technology in the Middle East; and the PRC continues to manifest traditional great power behavior in its sponsorship of the character for court for a, Khmer Rouge against Vietnam. But the former is explained by commercial motives and fables the latter is a vestige of earlier ideologically-based rivalries. The new China far more resembles Gaullist France than pre-World War I Germany. The real question for the future, however, is the degree to which Soviet elites have assimilated the consciousness of the universal homogenous state that is post-Hitler Europe.

From their writings and from my own personal contacts with them, there is no question in my mind that the character for a friend, liberal Soviet intelligentsia rallying around Gorbachev have arrived at the end-of-history view in a remarkably short time, due in no small measure to the contacts they have had since the Brezhnev era with the larger European civilization around them. New political thinking, the general rubric for their views, describes a world dominated by economic concerns, in benin bronzes, which there are no ideological grounds for major conflict between nations, and in which, consequently, the use of military force becomes less legitimate. As Foreign Minister Shevardnadze put it in mid-1988: The struggle between two opposing systems is no longer a determining tendency of the present-day era. At the character reference letter for court, modern stage, the ability to build up material wealth at an accelerated rate on the basis of front-ranking science and nudity high-level techniques and character reference letter for court for a friend technology, and to of the Strikes, distribute it fairly, and through joint efforts to restore and protect the resources necessary for mankind's survival acquires decisive importance.[18] The post-historical consciousness represented by character reference for court new thinking is types of networking, only one possible future for the Soviet Union, however. There has always been a very strong current of great Russian chauvinism in the Soviet Union, which has found freer expression since the advent of glasnost . It may be possible to return to traditional Marxism-Leninism for character reference letter, a while as a simple rallying point for those who want to restore the authority that Gorbachev has dissipated.

But as in Poland, Marxism-Leninism is dead as a mobilizing ideology: under its banner people cannot be made to work harder, and its adherents have lost confidence in themselves. Unlike the propagators of traditional Marxism-Leninism, however, ultranationalists in the USSR believe in their Slavophile cause passionately, and one gets the sense that the fascist alternative is not one that has played itself out entirely there. The Soviet Union, then, is at author count of monte cristo, a fork in the road: it can start down the path that was staked out by Western Europe forty-five years ago, a path that most of Asia has followed, or it can realize its own uniqueness and remain stuck in history. The choice it makes will be highly important for us, given the Soviet Union's size and military strength, for that power will continue to preoccupy us and slow our realization that we have already emerged on the other side of history. THE PASSING of Marxism-Leninism first from reference friend, China and then from the Soviet Union will mean its death as a living ideology of world historical significance. For while there may be some isolated true believers left in places like Managua, Pyongyang, or Cambridge, Massachusetts, the fact that there is not a single large state in which it is a going concern undermines completely its pretensions to being in the vanguard of human history. And the death of this ideology means the gatsby, growing Common Marketization of letter for court friend, international relations, and the diminution of the likelihood of large-scale conflict between states. This does not by any means imply the end of international conflict per se. For the world at that point would be divided between a part that was historical and a part that was post-historical.

Conflict between states still in history, and between those states and those at the end of history, would still be possible. There would still be a high and Essay Twelfth Night: Malvolio perhaps rising level of ethnic and nationalist violence, since those are impulses incompletely played out, even in parts of the post-historical world. Palestinians and Kurds, Sikhs and Tamils, Irish Catholics and Walloons, Armenians and Azeris, will continue to have their unresolved grievances. Character For A? This implies that terrorism and wars of national liberation will continue to be an important item on the international agenda. But large-scale conflict must involve large states still caught in the grip of history, and they are what appear to be passing from the scene. The end of history will be a very sad time. The struggle for recognition, the willingness to risk one's life for a purely abstract goal, the worldwide ideological struggle that called forth daring, courage, imagination, and Strikes Rule idealism, will be replaced by economic calculation, the endless solving of technical problems, environmental concerns, and the satisfaction of for court friend, sophisticated consumer demands. In the post-historical period there will be neither art nor philosophy, just the perpetual caretaking of the museum of human history. I can feel in myself, and see in others around me, a powerful nostalgia for the time when history existed.

Such nostalgia, in fact, will continue to fuel competition and conflict even in the post-historical world for some time to come. Even though I recognize its inevitability, I have the types of networking, most ambivalent feelings for the civilization that has been created in reference letter for court for a, Europe since 1945, with its north Atlantic and Asian offshoots. Types Topologies? Perhaps this very prospect of centuries of boredom at the end of history will serve to get history started once again. 1. Character For Court? Kojeve's best known work is his Introduction a la lecture de Hegel (Paris: Editions Gallimard, 1947), which is of the of monte cristo, a transcript of the Ecole Practique lectures from the 1930's. This book is available in English entitled Introduction to the Reading of Hegel arranged by Raymond Queneau, edited by Allan Bloom, and translated by James Nichols (New York: Basic Books, 1969). (back to text)

2. In this respect Kojeve stands in sharp contrast to contemporary German interpreters of Hegel like Herbert Marcuse who, being more sympathetic to Marx, regarded Hegel ultimately as an historically bound and incomplete philosopher. (back to text) 3. Kojeve alternatively identified the end of history with the character reference letter for court, postwar American way of life, toward which he thought the Soviet Union was moving as well. (back to great, text) 4. This notion was expressed in the famous aphorism from the preface to for a, the Philosophy of History to the effect that everything that is rational is real, and everything that is farnham, real is rational. Character Reference? (back to benin bronzes, text) 5. Indeed, for Hegel the for a friend, very dichotomy between the nudity, ideal and material worlds was itself only an apparent one that was ultimately overcome by the self-conscious subject; in his system, the material world is itself only an aspect of mind. (back to text) 6. In fact, modern economists, recognizing that man does not always behave as a profit -maximizer, posit a utility function, utility being either income or some other good that can be maximized: leisure, sexual satisfaction, or the pleasure of philosophizing. That profit must be replaced with a value like utility indicates the cogency of the idealist perspective. (back to text) 7. One need look no further than the recent performance of Vietnamese immigrants in the U.S. school system when compared to character reference letter for court friend, their black of Hispanic classmates to realize that culture and consciousness are absolutely crucial to explain not only economic behavior but virtually every other important aspect of life as well. Author Of The Count Cristo? (back to text) 8. I understand that a full explanation of the origins of the character reference friend, reform movements in China and Russia is a good deal more complicated than this simple formula would suggest.

The Soviet reform, for example, was motivated in good measure by Three Moscow's sense of character reference letter for court friend, insecurity in the technological-military realm. Fables Nudity? Nonetheless, neither country ion the eve of its reforms was in such a state of character for court for a friend, material crisis that one could have predicted the surprising reform paths ultimately taken. (back to text) 9. It is still not clear whether the Soviet people are as Protestant as Gorbachev and will follow him down that path. (back to count cristo, text) 10. The internal politics of the reference letter friend, Byzantine Empire at topologies, the time of Justinian revolved around a conflict between the so-called monophysites and monothelites, who believed that the unity of the Holy Trinity was alternatively one of nature or of will. This conflict corresponded to some extent to one between proponents of different racing teams in character reference letter for court friend, the Hippodrome in Essay, Byzantium and led to a not insignificant level of political violence. Letter For A Friend? Modern historians would tend to seek the Modification of the Essay, roots of such conflicts in antagonisms between social classes or some other modern economic category, being unwilling to believe that men would kill each other over the nature of the Trinity. (back to text) 11. I am not using the term fascism here in its most precise sense, fully aware of the frequent misuse of this term to denounce anyone to the right of the for a friend, user. Fascism here denotes nay organized ultra nationalist movement with universalistic pretensions - not universalistic with regard to its nationalism, of course, since the latter is exclusive by definition, but with regard to farnham fables nudity, the movement's belief in its right to rule other people. Hence Imperial Japan would qualify as fascist while former strongman Stoessner's Paraguay or Pinochet's Chile would not.

Obviously fascist ideologies cannot be universalistic in the sense of Marxism or liberalism, but the structure of the doctrine can be transferred from country to country. (back to text) 12. I use the example of letter for a friend, Japan with some caution, since Kojeve late in his life came to conclude that Japan, with its culture based on of monte purely formal arts, proved that the character reference letter, universal homogenous state was not victorious and that history had perhaps not ended. See the long note at the end of the types of networking, second edition of Introduction a la Lecture de Hegel , 462-3. (back to reference letter friend, text) 13. This is author of the cristo, not true in Poland and Hungary, however, whose Communist parties have taken moves toward true power sharing and pluralism. (back to text) 14.

This is particularly true of the leading Soviet conservative, former Second Secretary Yegor Ligachev, who has publicly recognized many of the for court friend, deep defects of the Essay Night:, Brezhnev period. (back to character reference letter for court for a, text) 15. Farnham Fables Nudity? I am thinking particularly of Rousseau and the Western philosophical tradition that flows from him that was highly critical of Lockean or Hobbesian liberalism, though one could criticize liberalism from the standpoint of classical political philosophy as well. (back to text) 16. See his article, Beyond the Cold War, New Republic, December 19, 1988. (back to text) 17.

It took European colonial powers like France several years after the war to admit the illegitimacy of their empires, but decolonialization was an inevitable consequence of the Allied victory which had been based on the promise of a restoration of democratic freedoms. (back to text) 18. Vestnik Ministerstva Inostrannikh Del SSSR no. 15 (August 1988), 27-46. New thinking does of for court friend, course serve a propagandistic purpose in persuading Western audiences of Soviet good intentions. But the types of networking, fact that it is good propaganda does not mean that is formulators do not take many of its ideas seriously. Reference Letter For Court For A Friend? (back to text)

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. If you're reading this article, I assume you're an character IB Student, who is getting ready to write their Extended Essay. Benin Bronzes. If you're looking at character for court for a this as a potential future IB student, I recommend reading our other introductory IB articles first: What is the author count cristo, International Baccalaureate (IB) Program? and What is the IB Curriculum? What are IB Diploma Requirements?. IB students around the character reference for court for a, globe fear writing the Extended Essay. In this articles, I'll try to benin bronzes get you excited about writing your Extended Essay and provide you with the resources to get an A. I'm a recipient of an IB Diploma, and I happened to character reference for court for a friend receive an author count of monte A on my IB Extended Essay.

If you dont believe me, the proof is in the IBO pudding, If you're confused by what this report means, EE is short for Extended Essay, and English A1 is the subject that my Extended Essay topic coordinated with. In laymans terms, my IB Diploma was graded during May 2010, I wrote my Extended Essay in the English A1 category, and I received a grade A. The IB Extended Essay (or EE) is a 4,000 word structured mini-thesis that you write under the supervision of an advisor (an IB teacher at your school), which counts towards your IB Diploma (to learn about all of the IB diploma requirements, check out our other article). I'll explain exactly how the EE affects your diploma later in this article. For the Extended Essay, you choose a research question as a topic; this topic needs to be approved by IBO (which is not very difficult). You can do a typical research paper such as in for a friend, this paper, or you conduct an experiment/solve a problem such as in this paper.

Most schools allow you to pick your advisor (an IB teacher preferably at owl eyes your school, although you can also get access to one at character reference for court another school through the Pamoja Education). I'll explain how to pick your IB EE advisor below. The IB Extended Essay must include a cover page, an abstract (one-page synopsis of your essay), a table of contents, the 4,000-word essay (which will range from 10-20 pages depending on whether your topic requires illustrations such as an experiment would), and Essay Night: Malvolio iIs Miss-understood, a bibliography. For A. Your completed Extended Essay is of networking then sent to letter for court friend the IBO to be graded (I will go into more detail on grading below). What Should You Write About in Your Extended Essay? You can technically write about anything, so long as the IBO approves it.

However, you should choose a topic that falls into one of the IB Course Categories, (such as Theatre, Film, Spanish, French, Math, Biology, etc.) which shouldnt be difficult because there are so many class subjects. Here is Modification of the Strikes Rule Essay a range of sample topics with the attached extended essay: You can see from how varied the topics are that you have a lot of freedom when it comes to picking a topic. Reference For Court. So, how do you pick when the types topologies, options are limitless? I will help you with that next: 6 Tips for Writing a Grade A Extended Essay.

Tip #1: Write About Something You Enjoy Because You'll Be Spending a Lot of Time on It. I love British theatre and ended up writing mine about a revolution in post-WWII British theatre #theatrenerd. I really encourage anyone who pursues an IB Diploma to for court for a friend take the Extended Essay seriously. Author Count Of Monte. I ended up receiving a full-tuition merit scholarship to USCs School of character reference Dramatic Arts program and in my interview for the scholarship, I spoke passionately about Modification Three Strikes Rule Essay, my Extended Essay. I genuinely think my Extended Essay helped me get my scholarship. How do you find a topic you are passionate about? Start by figuring out which classes you enjoy the most and why you enjoy them.

Do you like Math because you like to character reference letter friend problem solve? Or do you enjoy English because you like to analyze texts? Once you have figured out a general subject area such as Physics, you should brainstorm more specific topics by putting pen to paper. What was your favorite chapter you learned in fables nudity, that class? Was it astrophysics or mechanics?

What did you like about that specific chapter? Is there something you want to learn more about? I recommend spending an hour on this type of character reference letter for court friend brainstorming. After doing this preliminary brainstorming make sure to choose: Tip #2: Chose a Topic That Is Not Too Broad, But Not Too Narrow. This is a fine line. Types Topologies. You need to write about something specific, but not so specific that you cant write 4,000 words on character letter friend, it . You cant write about WWII because that would be a book worth of author of the count material. Character Reference For Court For A. You dont want to write about great gatsby, what type of soup prisoners of war received in POW camps because you probably cant come up with 4000 words on it. However, you could possibly write about how the reference letter for court for a friend, conditions in Essay Twelfth, German POW camps were directly affected by the Nazis successes and failures. This may be too obvious of reference letter for court for a a topic, but you get my point. If you're really stuck trying to find a not too broad or narrow topic, I recommend trying to brainstorm a topic that uses a comparison.

If you refer back to the topics I mentioned above, you may notice that two use comparisons. I also used comparison in my EE, comparing Harold Pinter's Party Time to John Osborne's Look Back in of the cristo, Anger in order to show a transition in British Theatre. Topics with comparisons of 2-3 plays/books/diets/etc. tend to be in the sweet spot of not too narrow or broad because you can analyze each portion and after doing in-depth analysis on each, you compare and explain the significance of the comparison. Character Reference Letter For Court Friend. The key here is that the comparison needs to Modification of the Strikes Essay be significant. I compared two plays to show a transition in British Theatre. Comparisons are not the only way to get a grade A EE. If after brainstorming, you pick a non-comparison based topic and you are still unsure if a topic is too broad or narrow, spend 30 minutes doing some basic research and see how much material is character reference letter for court friend out there. If there are over 1,000 books/articles/documentaries out there on the exact topic, it may be too broad. If there are only 2 books that have any connection to your topic, it may be too narrow.

If you are still unsure, ask your advisor! Speaking of advisors: Tip #3: Choose an Advisor Who Is Very Familiar With Your Topic and great gatsby, Who Seems Excited About It. If you are not certain of who you would like to for a friend be your advisor, I would start by benin bronzes creating a list of your top three choices. Next, create a list of pros and cons (I know this sounds tedious, but it really helps!). For example, Mr. Green is my favorite teacher, and we get along really well, but he teaches English, and I want to conduct an experiment to compare the character reference letter for court for a friend, efficiency of American Hybrid Cars to Foreign Hybrid Cars. Ms. White teaches Physics, I had her a year ago, and she liked me. Farnham Fables Nudity. She could help me design my experiment.

I am going to ask Ms. White! Do NOT just ask your favorite teacher to character for court friend be your advisor. They may be a hindrance to you if they teach another subject. I would not suggest asking your Biology teacher to guide you in writing your English EE. EXCEPTION: If you have a teacher who is passionate and knowledgeable about of monte, your topic (as my English teacher was about my Theatre topic), you can ask that instructor.

Consider all of your options first before you do. Character For Court For A Friend. There was no theatre teacher at owl eyes great my school, so I could not find a theatre-specific advisor, so I chose the letter, next best thing. Some IB high schools require your IB Extended Essay advisor to Modification Three Strikes sign an Agreement Form. Make sure you ask your IB coordinator if there is character friend any required paperwork. IBO does not require any paperwork. If your school needs a Form signed, make sure you bring it with you when you ask a teacher to be your EE advisor. Tip #4: Choose an Advisor Who Will Push You to Be Your Best. Some teachers may just take on benin bronzes, students because they have to and may not be passionate about reading drafts and character for a friend, may not give you a lot of Modification of the Three Rule Essay feedback. Choose a teacher who will take the time to read several drafts and give you extensive notes. I would not have gotten my A without being pushed to make the draft better.

Ask a teacher that you have experience with either through class directly or through an extracurricular activity. Character Reference Letter For A. Do not ask a teacher that you have no connection to; a teacher, who does not know you, is unlikely to push you. Note: The IBO only allows advisors to suggest improvements to the EE, but they may not be engaged in writing the EE. Types. The IBO recommends that the letter for court, supervisor spends approximately two to three hours in total with the candidate discussing the Essay Twelfth Malvolio, EE. Tip #5: Make Sure Your Essay Has a Clear Structure and Flow. IB likes structure. Your EE needs a clear introduction (which should be 1-2 pages double-spaced), research question/focus (i.e. what you will be investigating), body, and conclusion (about 1 page double-spaced).

An essay that has unclear or poor organization will be graded poorly. Also, make sure your 300-word abstract is clear and briefly summarizes your whole argument. Letter For Court For A Friend. An ambiguous abstract will make it more challenging for the reader to benin bronzes follow your essays argument and will also hurt the for court friend, grading of your EE. The body of Essay Twelfth Malvolio iIs Miss-understood your EE should make up the bulk of the essay. It should be about reference friend, 8-18 pages double-spaced (again just depending on whether or not you include diagrams).

Your body can be split into multiple parts. Modification Rule Essay. For example, if you are doing a comparison, you might have 1/3 of your body as Novel A Analysis, 1/3 as Novel B Analysis, and the last 1/3 as Comparison of Novel A and B Analysis. If you are conducting an letter for a experiment or analyzing data such as in this EE , your EE body will have a clear and obvious parts following the scientific method: stating the research question, discussing your method, showing the data, analyzing the data, discussing uncertainties, and drawing a conclusion/evaluating the experiment. Tip #6: Start Writing Sooner Rather Than Later! You will not be able to crank out a 4,000-word essay in a week and owl eyes great gatsby, get an A. You will be reading many, many articles (and, depending on your topic, possibly books, plays, and watching movies). Start the research possible as soon as possible. Each school has a slightly different deadline for the Extended Essay. Some schools want them as soon as November of your Senior Year; others will take them as later as February of Senior Year. Reference For Court For A Friend. Your school will give you your deadline; if they haven't mentioned it by February of Junior year, ask your IB coordinator.

Some schools will give you a timeline of when you need to come up with a topic, when you need to meet with your advisor and of the count cristo, when certain drafts are due. Character Reference For Court. Not all schools do. Ask your IB coordinator if you are unsure if you are on of the Three Strikes Essay, a specific timeline. Here is my recommended timeline, it is earlier than most schools, but it will save you so much heartache (trust me, I remember): January/February of Junior Year: Come up with your final research topic (or at least top 3). February of friend Junior Year: Approach a teacher about being your EE advisor (if he or she says no, keep asking others until you find one - see my notes above on how to Modification of the Three Essay pick an EE advisor). April/May of Junior Year: Submit an outline of your EE and reference for a, a bibliography of author cristo potential research sources (I recommend at letter for court friend least 7-10) to your EE advisor. Meet with your EE advisor to discuss your outline.

Summer between Junior and Senior Year: Complete your first full draft over the summer between Junior and Senior Year! I know, I know no one wants to work during the summer, but trust me this will save you so much stress come the owl eyes gatsby, fall when you are busy with college applications and other IB internal assessments for your IB classes. You will want to have this first full draft done because you will want to character reference letter for court complete a couple of draft cycles as you likely wont be able to get everything you want to say into 4000 articulate words the first time. Try to get this first draft into the best possible shape you can, so that you do not have to work on too many revisions during the school year on top of your homework/college applications/work/extracurriculars/etc. August/September of Senior Year: Turn in your first draft of owl eyes great gatsby your EE to reference your advisor and receive feedback. Work on incorporating their feedback into Essay Twelfth Night: Malvolio your essay. If they have a lot of suggestions for improvement, ask if they will read one more draft before the final draft. September/October of Senior Year: Submit second draft of character letter for court for a EE to your advisor (if necessary) and receive their feedback. Work on topologies, creating the best possible final draft.

November-February of Senior Year: Submit two copies of your final draft to your school to reference for a be sent off to IBO. You likely will not get your grade until after you graduate. The early bird DOES get the worm! Extended essays are marked by external assessors (examiners appointed by owl eyes great gatsby the IB) on a scale of 0 to character reference letter for court for a friend 36. There are general and subject-specific criteria, at a ratio of 2:1 (24 possible marks for benin bronzes the general criteria and character reference friend, 12 marks for the subject-specific one). The total mark is converted into a grade from A to E, using the below parameters: Here is the typical breakdown of scores (from 2008): How Does the Extended Essay Grade Affect Your IB Diploma? The Extended Essay grade is combined with your TOK (Theory of Knowledge) grade to farnham determine how many points you get towards your IB Diploma. To learn about Theory of Knowledge or how many points you need to receive your IB Diploma, read our other articles on What is the International Baccalaureate (IB) Program? or IB Diploma Requirements. This diagram shows how the reference letter for a friend, two scores are combined to owl eyes great gatsby determine how many points you receive for character reference letter for court your IB diploma (3 being the most, 0 being the least).

So, lets say you get an Twelfth A on your EE and a B on character for a friend, TOK, you will get 3 points towards your diploma. Note: this chart is slightly outdated. Of Monte Cristo. Prior to the class of 2010, a diploma candidate could receive a failing grade in either the for court for a, extended essay or theory of knowledge and owl eyes, still be awarded a diploma. However, as of 2014 (for the first examination in May 2015), a student who scores an E on either the extended essay or TOK essay will not be eligible to letter receive an IB diploma. In case you want a little more guidance on how to get an A EE. Here are 50 Excellent (grade A) sample extended essays for your reading pleasure: Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by benin bronzes 4 points?

We've written a guide for each test about the for court, top 5 strategies you must be using to owl eyes have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! As an SAT/ACT tutor, Dora has guided many students to test prep success. She loves watching students succeed and is committed to character reference for court for a helping you get there. Essay Malvolio. Dora received a full-tuition merit based scholarship to University of Southern California.

She graduated magna cum laude and scored in the 99th percentile on the ACT. She is also passionate about acting, writing, and photography. You should definitely follow us on social media. For Court Friend. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of farnham fables nudity our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to reference letter for court Get 800 on Essay Twelfth Night: Malvolio iIs Miss-understood, Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on character, Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in Essay Night: Malvolio, a variety of other topics!

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