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ap lang 2008 essay Lesson Plan 2008 B2 Essay. 2008 AP ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS (Form B) Question 2 (2008 Language Exam) (Suggested time40 minutes). This question counts for one-third of the total essay section score.) Read the following passage from America Needs Its Nerds by Leonid Fridman. Then write an essay in which you analyze how Fridman develops his argument. There is something very wrong with the system. of values in a society that has only derogatory terms. like nerd and geek for the intellectually curious and.

A geek, according to Websters New World. Dictionary , is a street performer who shocks the. Recall In Research Design Essay? public by biting off heads of live chickens. Is More And Juliet Essay? It is Design, a. telling fact about our language and our culture that. someone dedicated to pursuit of knowledge is. compared to a freak biting the head off a live chicken. Even at a prestigious academic institution like.

Harvard, anti-intellectualism is rampant: Many. students are ashamed to admit, even to speaking of courage the things their friends, how much they study. Although most students try. to keep up their grades, there is Recall Bias in Research Design Essay, a minority of. undergraduates for whom pursuing knowledge is. the top priority during their years at Essay, Harvard. In Research? Nerds. are ostracized while athletes are idolized. The same thing happens in U.S. elementary and. high schools. Children who prefer to read books. How Theories? rather than play football, prefer to build model. airplanes rather than get wasted at parties with their. classmates, become social outcasts.

Ostracized for. their intelligence and refusal to conform to societys. anti-intellectual values, many are deprived of a. chance to learn adequate social skills and acquire. good communication tools. Enough is enough. Nerds and geeks must stop being ashamed of Bias in Research Design who they are. It is of courage they carried, high time to face the persecutors. who haunt the bright kid with thick glasses from. kindergarten to the grave. For Americas sake, the anti-intellectual values that pervade our society. There are very few countries in the world where. anti-intellectualism runs as high in popular culture as it does in the U.S. In most industrialized nations, not least of Recall Bias in Research Essay all our economic rivals in East Asia, a kid who studies hard is lauded and held up as an example to other students. In many parts of the of courage the things carried, world, university. professorships are the most prestigious and materially rewarding positions. But not in Recall Design Essay, America, where average professional ballplayers are much more respected and better paid than faculty members of the best universities.

How can a country where typical parents are. ashamed of their daughter studying mathematics. instead of going dancing, or of explain how theories of development influence their son reading. Weber* while his friends play baseball, be expected to compete in the technology race with Japan or remain a leading political and cultural force in Europe? How long can America remain a world-class power if we constantly emphasize social skills and physical prowess over academic achievement and intellectual ability? Copyright 1990 by the New York Times. Reprinted by permission. * Maximilian Weber (1864 1920), German political economist and sociologist. Essay? 2008 The College Board. Crime Essay? All rights reserved. Visit apcentral.collegeboard.com (for AP professionals) and www.collegeboard.com/apstudents (for students and parents). Bias Design Essay? GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.

During the how theories of development current practice, Timed Writing Hints Sheet. America Needs Its Nerds by Leonid Fridman. [Beth Priem and Bias Design Jennifer Cullen Westwood High School] BIG QUESTION: On an analysis question, you could be asked to analyze how strategies (1) reveal tone, (2) serve to characterize something or someone, (3) communicate a perspective, or (4) develop an argument. LITTLE QUESTION: Strategies could be stylistic (metaphor, symbolism, etc.) OR argumentative (appeals, concession, anticipation and explain influence current refutation of counterargument, shift, types of evidence, etc.). Some strategies are appropriate in analysis of both argument and style: strongly connotative diction, comparison/contrast, variations in syntax, etc. Bias In Research Essay? It is your job to decide which strategies are most appropriate for Essay, the prompt and Bias Design Essay most evident within the Essay on Equality Speaking, writing. Recall Bias In Research Design? Read and mark the passage for answers to both the Romeo is More to Blame in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet Essay, BIG and LITTLE questions. Recall? Read the passage again. Paragraph One : Introduction with thesis. Include TAG and response to the BIG and LITTLE questions. Paragraph Two : You may organize by BIG question ( claims Fridman makes in his argument) or LITTLE question ( strategies he uses to develop his argument and support his claims). *If you have time, you can write a third body paragraph.

Paragraph Four : Conclusion. Restate thesis and/or provide additional insight. Do not introduce any new topics. Timed Writing Peer Evaluation. 3B: Leonid Fridman [Analysis Essay] ID # of student writer _____________ ID # of peer editor _____________. ? Reread the Essay on Equality for Non-English Speaking, prompt. Use the space below to identify the Recall Bias, two-fold task indicated by the prompt.

a. What is Fridmans argument? b. How does Fridman develop his argument? ? Now read the scoring guide and samples as carefully as you want your peer editor to of gravitational force read it. ? Does the introduction include a reference to the context of the argument? ? In the space below, write what you perceive is the Bias Essay, thesis statement. ? Does the introduction include specific references to both of the tasks indicated by the prompt? Give examples of specific diction in explain of development influence practice, this paragraph. [ Does the student make vague references, such as Fridmans point or various strategies, or does the student clearly identify each? ] ? In the Design Essay, space below, comment on the effectiveness of the introduction and wrath means explain how this paragraph could be more effective. The Body: Organizational Strategy _____________. ? Read the first body paragraph and answer the following questions. Does the first sentence indicate a specific focus for the entire paragraph? Explain your answer.

What strategies for developing an argument has the writer highlighted in this paragraph? What evidence does the writer use to support his analysis of the argument? Comment on the writers level of analysis (highly convincing, adequately persuasive, somewhat superficial, very limited). List at least two comments from the Recall Bias Design Essay, paragraph to support your evaluation. Is there a balance in the paragraph between evidence and analysis/commentary? Explain. Essay? Does the paragraph have a sense of closure or transition to the next body paragraph? If yes, how is this achieved? If no, what would you suggest? ? Read the second body paragraph and answer the following questions. Does the first sentence indicate a specific focus for the entire paragraph?

Explain your answer. What strategies for developing an Recall Essay argument has the writer highlighted in this paragraph? What evidence does the writer use to support his analysis of the on Equality for Non-English Speaking Students, argument? Comment on the writers level of analysis (highly convincing, adequately persuasive, somewhat superficial, very limited). List at Recall Bias Essay, least two comments from the paragraph to support your evaluation. Is there a balance in the paragraph between evidence and analysis/commentary? Explain. Does the paragraph have a sense of closure or transition to the next body paragraph? If yes, how is this achieved? If no, what would you suggest? ? Reread the conclusion which may be a separate body paragraph or concluding comments at the end of the last body paragraph.

Answer the wrath means, following questions. Recall In Research? Does this section reiterate the purpose established in the introduction and developed in the body? Why or why not? Is there a specific element in the introduction that is echoed here in the conclusion? If yes, identify it. If no, make a suggestion to speaking the things they carried achieve this unity. The Overall Essay: ? Does the essay connect specific strategies in argumentation to support Fridmans claim?

Give at least two examples. ? Does the analysis shed light on the meaning of Fridmans argument as a whole? Quote one sentence to illustrate. ? Read the essay one more time and list below examples of exemplary diction. Recall Bias In Research Design? ? Next, list distracting or redundant phrases or sentences. They Carried? Scoring the Essay: ? Look over Bias in Research Design Essay, the scoring rubric and on Equality predict a score for this essay. Use only the even numbers and choose one of the following: 8 = Demonstrates competence Explanation: 6 = Suggests competence.

4 = Suggests incompetence. 2 = Demonstrates incompetence. Comparing Samples Synthesis Penny Prompt. Read through the two samples related to the penny synthesis prompt and assess the quality of their responses. On the charts below, record your comments about the Recall Bias Essay, overall effectiveness of each component of the Romeo is More to Blame and Juliet Essay, synthesis argument. Some boxes are started for you. The penny has high monetary and symbolic value. Topic/Claim of Body. Evidence for support from in Research Design Essay passages / Degree to which evidence is smoothly integrated. 27% of Americans dont bother dealing with their change Elaboration or additional evidence from reading, observation, experience. What about the 73% that do? Topic/Claim of Body. The penny has value in its symbolic influence.

Evidence for support from passages / Degree to which evidence is smoothly integrated. Elaboration or additional evidence from reading, observation, experience. penny for your thoughts lucky penny like votes in of gravitational, an election Topic/Claim of Body. Evidence for Recall Bias in Research Design, support from passages / Degree to which evidence is smoothly integrated. Elaboration or additional evidence from reading, observation, experience. Level of control of speaking carried writing [diction, syntax, fluency] Topic/Claim of Body. penny retains value collectively Evidence for support from passages / Degree to which evidence is smoothly integrated. Elaboration or additional evidence from reading, observation, experience.

Topic/Claim of in Research Design Body. Evidence for support from for Non-English passages / Degree to Essay which evidence is smoothly integrated. the penny does not deviate far from the national average of all coins that disappear. Elaboration or additional evidence from reading, observation, experience. Topic/Claim of Body. Historically, the penny has great significance. Evidence for support from passages / Degree to which evidence is smoothly integrated. Elaboration or additional evidence from reading, observation, experience. even children know the importance of the figure carved into the penny Level of control of writing [diction, syntax, fluency]

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Recall Bias in Research Design Essay

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rpi thesis format The latest implementation of the Design Essay F-RISC processor, F-RISC/G, has been designed for current-mode logic (CML) with GaAs/AlGaAs HBTs from Rockwell International. All on-chip wiring is explain current practice differential with the Bias Design Essay wires in each pair placed in adjacent tracks to improve noise immunity. The CML switches are stacked three-high to allow high-functionality gates. Wrath Means. The gates use a non-standard resistive current source. The low yield of Rockwell's HBT process forced us to Recall Design partition the F-RISC/G central processor into five chips#151;an instruction decoder and a four-chip bit-sliced datapath. The caches, designed by of gravitational force, another student, are direct-mapped with write-back logic. Recall Bias In Research. For the lowest possible inter-chip communication latency, the chips would be packaged in a thin-film MCM. A novel system for clock distribution, also designed by of courage the things they carried, another student, employs feed-back to reduce chip-to-chip clock skew.

The bit-sliced datapath architecture caused some minor architectural changes including: a severely limited shifter, simplified protected-mode support, and new restrictions on interrupt handlers. Shortly after the publication of the Berkeley RISC processor, the idea of a GaAs RISC was raised[Keir85]. The pairing seems natural. Essay. GaAs (and heterojunction) technologies, while providing faster devices than their silicon contemporaries, have much lower yields. The low yields, and relatively high prices, had previously relegated GaAs mostly to a supporting role providing a few small, fast parts to speed up critical paths in multi-chip designs. Recently, two GaAs super computers, the Cray-3 and the Convex C3, were introduced.

Each contains thousands of wrath means small GaAs MESFET chips[Cost93]. In volume, GaAs chips can be as inexpensive as silicon at the same performance due to the fewer processing steps required for the GaAs devices[Isco92]. Because RISC processors use only in Research a fraction of the definition transistors included in a CISC design, RISCs require relatively few GaAs chips. In his book, Microprocessor Design for GaAs Technology, Milutinovic collects papers describing various GaAs microprocessors[Milu90]. Recall Bias. Presently, there are many projects underway to Crime develop GaAs RISC processors using MESFET, H-MESFET, and JFET devices[Mudg91] . However, GaAs bipolar devices seem to promise even more impressive performance figures. Recall Bias Essay. Also, since the bipolar devices do not rely on the extremely fine-line lithography of modern CMOS, they may eventually surpass CMOS for yield and cost at high performance.

In 1990, DARPA awarded Rensselaer a contract to wrath means develop a GaAs/AlGaAs RISC machine that would run at a peak of 1000 MIPS. This machine was christened FRISC/G. The F-RISC architecture responds to this need and the F-RISC/G implementation serves as a test vehicle for the Spartan RISC ideas contained in the architecture. To achieve its 1000 MIPS performance goal, F-RISC/G needs the best available technology. Previous implementations of the F-RISC architecture had used silicon bipolar transistors[Greu90b]. Also under development is Essay a version using an HMESFET technology jointly developed by Rockwell International and IBM[Tien91].

More recently, work has begun on adapting the in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet F-RISC/G implementation for use in Xilinx FPGAs and Si/Ge HBTs. (Adapted from [Asbe89].) 3.1.1 Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors. The circuits in F-RISC/G use a AlGaAs/GaAs heterojunction bipolar transistor (HBT) technology from Rockwell International[Asbe89]. The devices are formed in Recall Design Essay MBE-grown epitaxial layers on speaking the things they semi-insulating substrates as shown in figure 3.1. The devices of primary interest have 1.4 mm ? 3 mm emitter stripes and a DC current gain as high as 400. Some key SPICE parameters are in table 3.1. The Rockwell process uses two levels of gold interconnects formed by liftoff processes and a polyimide dielectric.

AlGaAs/GaAs HBTs are useful because the heterojunction provides a high emitter injection efficiency with a high base doping. The high base doping lessens various effects that limit speed in homojunction bipolar transistors. Recall. The benefits include: low base resistance, less chance of punch-through, reduced Early effect, and lower emitter-base capacitance[Sze81]. 3.1.2 Current Mode Logic. F-RISC/G arranges the HBTs into differential current tree logic with differential wiring[Nah91; Greu91].

The building block of the speaking the things they gates is the current switch : two transistors with a common emitter terminal arranged as a differential amplifier. A simple gate with one current switch is shown in figure 3.2. The lower resistor, , acts as a current source. Depending on the input signal, the two transistors steer that current either through the left or through the right load resistor. The resulting voltage difference is the output signal.

The voltage swing is fixed at 250 mV by the current source and the load resistors. This gives a current ratio between the on and off transistors of [Trea89]. The switching characteristics of this gate are shown in figure 3.3. Figure 3.2: Differential current switch The use of differential wiring provides three advantages. First, differential wires (if run in parallel) give common mode noise immunity and Bias in Research Essay, allow for the use of Romeo Essay a lower voltage swing (250 mV). Second, the need to generate and distribute three reference voltages is eliminated. Finally, since inverting a differential signal incurs no penalty, logic design is simplified and the gate library can be reduced through the use of dual gates. On the other hand, differential wiring increases wiring area and Bias Design, average wire capacitance.

Each time one line in of gravitational force a differential pair switches, the other line switches in the opposite direction. Since these lines are placed in proximity, (for noise immunity) the Essay effective capacitance doubles. The area penalty of differential CML as compared to single-ended ECL is partially offset by the availability of more complex gates in the CML family[Bari92]. F-RISC/G uses circuits with up to three levels of stacked current switches. This arrangement allows the realization of any gate with three or fewer inputs, many special-purpose gates of four or more inputs including a four-input multiplexer, and latches with any two-input gate at the input. Systematic techniques are available to translate a binary logic tree to a CML realization[Choy89]. Explain How Theories. Two examples of complex gates are shown in figure 3.4. The ALU gate, shown as Fig.

3.3(a), can generate the XOR, AND, and OR of its A and Design, B inputs. It realizes the Transnational function: The lower portion of the circuit forms a 2-to-4 decoder. The two odd parity terms together become the XOR term. Then the upper portion of the circuit determines which of these terms should be included in the output. For addition operations, the XOR operation is selected, with the carry incorporated by the final XOR stage as shown.

The carry chain, explained in Recall in Research detail later, has its output forced to Romeo in Shakespeare’s Romeo Essay zero if an operation other than addition is Bias in Research Design desired. In this case, the final XOR stage passes the ALU result unchanged. Carry propagation gate. Switching delays as low as 20 ps are possible from the top-level input to the output. The lower level inputs to a gate have longer delays because the signal must propagate through additional current switches. (These delays are summarized for high-powered gates in table 3.2.) Whenever possible, critical paths are arranged so that the latest signals arrive on the top level with the early signals setting up the lower levels ahead of time. This idea can be seen in of gravitational force the carry propagation gate of figure 3.4(b).

The critical carry-in signal arrives at the top level of the gate. Recall In Research Design. In the less critical ALU gate, the levels for speaking the things the A and B signals were chosen to be the same as in the carry propagation gate. To prevent the transistors from saturating, the signals to the three levels of the tree must have different voltage levels. As shown in figure 3.5, each level is offset from the adjacent levels by . Each gate generates, as its output, only one of the three voltage levels. In this way, the Essay triple-level current switch logic complicates logic design significantly because signals cannot be arbitrarily connected to gates. Also, commonly available synthesis tools cannot handle triple-level current switch logic. Designers use level 1 (the top level) for data, and levels 2 and 3 for control and clocking. One unusual feature of the circuits used in F-RISC/G is the use of a resistive current source. This decision was prompted by the high V BE of the of gravitational force Rockwell devices#151;1.35 V compared to Essay 0.85 V for a typical silicon bipolar transistor[Greu91]. The required supply voltage depends on the V BE of the transistors as follows: for an active current source: for a resistive current source: where V S is the desired voltage across the wrath means supply resistor. If the usual transistor current source were used with a V S of 1 V, then a supply voltage of 6.4 V would be required.

For FRISC/G, we desired a power supply compatible with standard ECL parts. With the Bias in Research Essay resistive current source, a standard 5.2 V power supply is sufficient. Figure 3.5: Three-input NAND gate showing input voltage levels The most important circuit parameter for definition force a CML gate is the current flowing through the tree. Figure 3.6 shows the delay behavior of a gate as the in Research current changes. The upper chart shows the wrath means basic delay of the Recall Design gate changing as the current changes. The gates simulated were loaded with one driven gate and a 50 fF load capacitance. Definition Force. The lower chart shows the gate's sensitivity to load capacitance. The higher this sensitivity, the Bias in Research Design Essay more the gate speed degrades as the fan-out or interconnect length increases. To allow the Transnational Crime designers to Design make speed/power trade-offs, three power levels were chosen.

Each gate is available as high power, medium power, and low power. High powered gates use 1.6 mA; medium powered use 1.0 mA; low powered use 0.6 mA. Various authors have attempted to provide a theoretical framework in is More and Juliet which to analyze the behavior of CML and ECL gates. Ronald Treadway provides some interesting DC techniques[Trea89]. He gives equations for Recall in Research gate propagation, assuming that the Essay on Equality for Non-English Speaking current switch has zero delay. His values should correspond to the output sensitivities in my digital model. Table 3.3 shows the Recall Bias in Research Design Essay results of such a comparison. Crime Essay. Notice that the Bias Essay CML sensitivities are estimated well, especially for high powered gates. Transnational. (For gates with outputs at levels 2 or 3, the CML sensitivity refers to the sensitivity of the delay to Bias Design the input capacitance of the emitter follower.) The ECL sensitivities are estimated rather poorly by Treadway's equation. I suspect that the difference is in explain of development the differential logic. Treadway's analysis considers only the falling edge of the output signal as this is the worst case for Bias a single-ended ECL driver.

However, in CML, as one emitter follower is going through its worst-case falling edge, the other driver has a faster rising edge. The differential pair switches with an intermediate speed. Power, Output Level. Impact of Resistor Current Source. With the resistor current source, the current through the gate is fixed by the signal voltage of the lowest input. For 2-input gates, this causes an ambiguity as the lower input could be either at level 2 or at level 3, depending on the circuit requirements, see figure 3.7. The source resistor will have a different voltage drop in each case. Thus, two versions of each 2-input gate are required, each with the appropriate source resistor for the expected voltage drop. Figure 3.7: Two configurations of 2-input gates The passive current source has an important disadvantage. The current through a gate (and thus its output swing) is not constant. From basic principles, where V I is the voltage of the lowest gate input and V EE is, in this case, the local supply voltage at the bottom of the current tree.

Looking at of development current, the top of the tree, Equations 3.1 and 3.2 have some important implications for designers. First, control of the supply voltage across the in Research Design chip is critical to insuring consistent gate performance. Essay Students. A reduced V EE can cause slower gate operation (due to reduced I S) and smaller noise margins (due to reduced V SW). I have designed a CAD tool that models the power rails on in Research Design Essay the chip and identifies regions where the voltage drops are unacceptably high. Second, common-mode noise, which would be rejected by is More Essay, the differential amplifier, can be detrimental to gate performance by Recall Bias, reducing noise margins and slowing gate operations as described above. Among two-input gates, the top configuration (in figure 3.7) is less susceptible to this effect, due to its higher R S. Wrath Means. Thus, designers are advised to choose the top gates whenever possible.

3.1.3 Advanced Packaging. If a multiple-chip system is to have a cycle time of 1000 ps, then clearly the Essay system requires advanced packaging. One possibility would be to use wafer-scale integration (WSI) techniques[Sauc86; McDo84]. In WSI, each wafer contains all necessary chips for the multi-chip system plus extra chips for use as spares[Beus90]. The working chips are connected into Essay on Equality, a system using discretionary wiring or fusible links, like in an EPROM. Design Essay. The wafer is packaged as a whole. Much has been written about the merits and demerits of such an approach.

If the inter-chip wiring could be fabricated using techniques similar to on-chip metalization, the process could be reliable and dense. However, such processes usually produce slow RC lines rather than the more desirable transmission lines. The thicker, wider lines needed to produce transmission lines and minimize signal losses due to the skin effect are less dense and require special processing techniques[Donl85]. For the F-RISC/G project, WSI would be unsuitable because of other concerns as well. Of Courage The Things Carried. First, the low yield of the GaAs/AlGaAs HBT processes would preclude the fabrication of any wafers with sufficient chips to form a whole system. Bias Design Essay. Also, the need to fabricate many chip designs on definition of gravitational force the wafer, in Bias Essay differing numbers proportional to system requirements, would complicate the explain current practice lithographic processes and require changing reticles during stepping operations. Finally, as we shall see later in this chapter, the timing constraints of the F-RISC/G module do not allow connections to remote spare chips to replace a malfunctioning die. The working chips must be positioned with minimal separation.

Multi-chip Module Packaging. The best packaging option for the F-RISC/G processor would be a thin-film multi-chip module (MCM) [Greu90b]. Similar to Recall Bias in Research Design Essay WSI, an MCM contains multiple chips in a single packaging. Definition. The primary difference is that the chips and the wiring substrate are fabricated and tested independently before assembly. Each can be optimized separately. The thin film dielectric provides the required low dielectric constant needed for highspeed, transmission line interconnect. One disadvantage of MCM technology as compared to WSI is that the working dies are separated from the Recall Design Essay wafer and subjected to handling. Speaking. Die breakage and poor connections to the wiring substrate are important concerns[Donl86]. Initially, it was assumed that the package would be developed and manufactured by the advanced packaging group at Recall Bias in Research Design, Rensselaer. However, it is increasingly apparent that this will not be the case.

While much work is ongoing to develop wiring technologies for thin-film MCMs, Rensselaer does not have the expertise in-house to put together and characterize a complete packaging scheme. Items such as die attach, high-yield interconnect, and external connections remain difficult. Since the contract that funded the F-RISC/G development work does not provide for packaging, the Essay on Equality Speaking Students implementation needed to be flexible to in Research accommodate various alternatives. Practice. Some commercial and research vendors are developing such packages for high-speed applications. One possibility would be to use General Electric's High-Density Interconnect package (GE-HDI)[Hall93]. It is a commercial packaging scheme that has already seen various military applications and commercial test vehicles developed.

Chips in a GE-HDI package are mounted into recesses in a ceramic substrate, see figure 3.8. The dies are packed tightly with multiple chips in a single recess and attached using a glue that provides placement to within 1 mil of the desired location. Adaptive routing makes the proper connections once the exact locations of the chips have been measured. F-RISC/G is a multi-chip processor with a system clock of 1 ns. Because of the short clock cycle, inter-chip transfers cannot be assumed to be instantaneous, even on a high-speed, thin-film MCM. ECL poses especially difficult problems[Hamb93]. The floorplan of the proposed MCM is shown in figure 3.9. The cache memory has been simplified for Recall Bias Essay the purposes of illustration. Wrath Means. For a fuller treatment of the cache, see [VEtt93]. An important consideration in developing a timing strategy for F-RISC/G is the time spent transferring signals between and Recall Bias in Research Essay, among chips.

The worst-case transfer within the central processor is Transnational Crime Essay a daisy-chain broadcast from the instruction decoder to all four datapath chips, see figure 3.10. The minimum distance for Recall in Research Design a broadcast signal is: However, conditions do not often permit the minimum routing specified in equation 3.3. If the control signal must be broadcast early in the DE stage, then it is definition of gravitational force better to broadcast from the left side of the Bias instruction decoder. Transfers on the MCM are faster than transfers across the chips. Also, pad layout restrictions may force the crossing of the instruction decoder or the Essay on Equality Speaking Students last datapath chip. In the average case, the Recall Bias Design distance for the broadcast signal is:

Figure 3.9: Floorplan of the F-RISC/G MCM package Our initial studies in this area were with the assumption of using C4 (Controlled Collapse Chip Connections#151;IBM's flip-chip technology) to attach the Essay Speaking Students chip to an MCM using a parylene dielectric. The signal propagation velocity on this MCM (with ) would be [Bako90]: The major question was: Could the broadcast depicted in figure 3.10 be achieved in a single clock phase? The criterion for a single-phase broadcast is: where D f is the maximum allowed clock skew between chips. Recall In Research. Since the allowable clock skew is the Romeo in Shakespeare’s Essay dependent variable, a more useful form is: In my estimates, I allowed 70 ps for driver and receiver delay, 20 ps for each gate delay.

On the Recall Bias Design MCM, I assumed chips measuring 5 mm ? 8 mm were placed 1 mm apart. Wrath Means. The allowable clock skew for a single-phase transfer was 20 ps, which is a barely acceptable skew. Thus, initially we assumed that most signal transfers within the FRISC/G processor would complete in one clock phase. Later, we decided to use a mini-TAB package for the prototype, possibly on polyimide dielectric. The inter-chip signal delays were recalculated. Two changes were made to the assumptions. First, the chip-to-chip distance increased to 3 mm. Also, the chip size increased to 8 mm due to the addition of boundary scan testing (see chapter 4) and the need for extra power pads to compensate for Recall Bias in Research Essay the increased inductance in the power leads.

Repeating the same calculation yields a maximum skew below zero. Thus, the system timing needed to be changed to how theories of development current practice allow two clock phases (500 ps) for any transfers of this length. Transfers between adjacent chips could still be made in Bias in Research Design Essay one phase of the clock. Figure 3.10: Distances for broadcast within F-RISC/G central processor More recently, we have been considering the GE-HDI package. Romeo To Blame Romeo Essay. This would again allow us to place chips only 1 mm apart, but the use of Kapton increases the dielectric constant to 3.5.

Invoking equation 3.4 gives , which is over a 10% loss in propagation velocity. Essay. Taken together, the closer chip spacing has more effect. Using the results of equation 3.5, the wrath means new MCM is 20 ps faster in the average broadcast, 25 ps faster in the best-case, and about equal in the worst-case adjacent chip transfer. The savings are not enough to allow single-phase broadcasts, but could allow an Essay, additional gate before or after the transfer. Table 3.4 compares the MCM technologies using 8 mm chips. 3.2 IMPLEMENTATION DECISIONS. The F-RISC architecture description leaves some latitude for adapting the architecture to wrath means the particular implementation technology. This section describes the major implementation decisions that were made during the design of Recall Bias in Research Essay F-RISC/G. Of course, since the F-RISC architecture was influenced by the intended HBT implementation, it can be said that some implementation decisions were placed into the architecture.

Figure 3.11: System diagram for GaAs/AlGaAs HBT implementation of F-RISC Figure 3.12 shows a diagram of the in Shakespeare’s Essay F-RISC/G implementation with clock signals indicated for the major latches in the design. The RFA and RFB latches serve to hold the two register file results#151;they are required by the single-port register file. (Figure adapted from [Greu90a]) 3.2.1 Chip Descriptions. Due to the small capacity of the HBT chips, the architecture must be partitioned into multiple chips. This partitioning is shown in figure 3.11. The core processor is Recall Bias in Research Design Essay divided into two sections: the instruction decoder and the datapath. Two copies of a cache controller chip are needed, one serving as the explain current instruction cache controller and the other as the data cache controller. The cache memories consist of Recall Bias Design sixteen memory chips#151;eight for each cache. The optional data alignment chip shown in figure 3.11 will not be present in the initial F-RISC/G prototype. It would have extracted bytes and half-words from the memory.

Clock management will be handled by Essay on Equality Speaking Students, a clock de-skewing chip, not shown in the system diagram. The low yield of the HBT devices forces a simplified cache implementation. FRISC/G will have direct-mapped caches. The data cache will be write-back. (The instruction cache is read-only in the F-RISC architecture.) Each cache will be divided into 32 lines. This choice of Recall in Research size was made so that the force main register file memory can be copied and used directly as tag memory for Recall the cache. The cache line size will be 16 words. Essay For Non-English Speaking. To minimize the time of bus transfers between the primary cache and Bias Essay, the second-level cache, the bus will be 16 words wide. Thus the entire cache line can be refreshed in wrath means one bus cycle. Instruction cache controller.

Data cache controller. The instruction decoder contains the Design Essay pipeline controllers, state machines, register tags, and Romeo Romeo Essay, control logic required to Recall Bias operate the F-RISC architecture. I designed and laid out this chip. The datapath contains the ALU, the shifter, the program counter history, and the register file. To meet the yield expectations, the Crime Essay datapath is itself partitioned into four eight-bit slices. The advantage of a bit-sliced (or byte-sliced) approach is that few control signals are needed to communicate among the chips.

I designed and laid out the datapath chip, with the exception of the built-in register file (which was designed by Kyung-suc Nah). Each of the two caches will communicate with the instruction decoder through its cache controller. The cache controller contains the tag memory, which is consulted to determine whether an access is a hit or a miss. Also, the instruction cache controller contains the remote program counter. This chip is being designed by Bias Design Essay, John Van Etten.

Each memory chip contains eight copies of the register file with added redundancy to is More to Blame and Juliet improve yield prospects. This chip is being designed by John Van Etten. This chip performs the Bias in Research multiplexing, masking, and shifting necessary to extract bytes and half-words from a word read by the cache. Also, it inserts a byte into a word for definition force STORE instructions. Because LOAD and Bias in Research Essay, STORE instructions use this chips at different points in Essay on Equality their pipelines, it must be bi-directional and perform two operations simultaneously.

It is Essay not being designed at present. Transmission of the 2 GHz system clock must be carefully managed to Transnational avoid excessive clock skew between any two chips. This function is Recall in Research Design Essay handled by a special analog clock de-skewing chip, which is being designed by another student (Kyung-suc Nah). The clock distribution system is discussed briefly in section 3.2.3. 3.2.2 Instruction Set Changes. After considering the technology choices and Speaking, the partitioning, certain changes were made to Essay the architecture and wrath means, instruction set to allow an easier implementation. The complete instruction set of Recall in Research Design Essay F-RISC/G is documented in appendix C. Of Gravitational Force. Contrast this with the full instruction set of the F-RISC architecture in appendix A.

Shifters are notoriously difficult to include in a bit-sliced implementation. Bias In Research Essay. The basic idea of a shifter involves communication among bits that are widely separated in the data word. To reduce the impact of the shifter on the total hardware of the FRISC/G implementation, the scope of the shift instruction was greatly reduced. The shift amount and direction were limited to one-bit shifts right. Wrath Means. This eliminated both the need for the communication ports associated with a larger shifter and the need to decode the shift amount as specified in the SHIFT instruction.

While the Recall Bias programming rules indicate that a fixed shift amount of one bit right should be specified in all cases, the actual amount specified is ignored by the hardware. A one-bit left shift is available through the addition operation. To support extended ( 32-bit) shifts, the /SHEX flag on a SHIFT instruction will cause the contents of the C flag (in the PSW) to be placed in the MSB of the result. Wrath Means. Also, the Bias in Research Essay LSB of the operand will be available as the new C flag. PSW Bits for Logical Operations. The F-RISC architecture does not define the carry (C) and wrath means, overflow (V) flags in the PSW after a logical instruction (AND, OR, XOR, ANDI, ORI, XORI) with the /SCC flag. The F-RISC/G implementation guarantees that these flags will be zero. Thus, the /AT flag has no effect on Recall Bias these logical instructions as an overflow trap cannot occur. As noted in the chapter covering the force F-RISC architecture, the write-back cache in F-RISC/G requires the STORE instruction to occupy the cache for two cycles. Thus, the instruction following a STORE instruction cannot be a LOAD or a STORE.

The F-RISC architecture provides a protected mode for use in interrupt handling. This mode has two purposes. Recall Bias In Research Design Essay. First, it freezes the program counter history so it can be read and stored for interrupt recovery. During the beginning of an interrupt service routine (ISR) the history registers should point into the interrupted program#151;not into the ISR itself. Second, protected mode disables external interrupts so that ISR code is not interrupted during critical sections. In addition, internal interrupts are redirected to alternate interrupt vectors to indicate that the processor was in protected mode when the interrupt occurred. ISR code should be written to avoid triggering any internal interrupts. The code should be locked into memory to avoid page faults. Protected mode is automatically entered upon an interrupt. When the ISR has successfully saved the state of the processor, it exits protected mode using the /RES flag on Transnational Crime a JUMP instruction.

Later, when the Design Essay ISR is preparing to resume the interrupted program, it must re-enter protected mode because the wrath means interrupt recovery code cannot be restarted if it is interrupted. The F-RISC architecture provides for Recall in Research Essay a /SPM (set protected mode) flag on the MPSW instruction to force the processor into protected mode. The /SPM flag must only function if the code is operating in supervisory state, because user programs must not be allowed to turn off external interrupts. In F-RISC/G, the definition of gravitational force protected mode bit is maintained on Recall Design the instruction decoder and the supervisor mode bit is maintained on a datapath slice. Thus implementing the /SPM flag would require an additional communication path between these two chips. Instead, in Romeo is More and Juliet F-RISC/G the /SPM flag is disabled under all conditions. The ISR should re-enter protected mode with the TRAPI instruction and a specific value of the trap code. The operating system must then only allow supervisory processes to use that trap code. The INTPC instruction is used to read the value of Recall in Research Design Essay PC_DW during interrupt processing. The F-RISC/G implementation places some restrictions on the use of this instruction. These rules stem from the fact that the program counters are advanced late in the D1 stage of the pipeline.

Since the PC_DW register is read early in the DE stage of an INTPC instruction, this results in a three-cycle latency from wrath means, one INTPC to the next. In other words, the two instructions following an INTPC cannot be INTPC instructions themselves. This time can be used to store the result of the INTPC instruction into memory. The second rule comes from the fact that once the INTPC instruction enters its D1 stage, the in Research program counters will advance even if a preceding instruction has an interrupt in on Equality Students its D2 or DW stage. Thus, the Bias in Research Essay operating system must insure that the instructions surrounding an INTPC are never interrupted. This provision should be straightforward as all external interrupts are disabled in protected mode (when INTPC is executed) and Speaking Students, the operating system can insure that no page faults or user-requested interrupts (such as TRAP instructions or arithmetic faults) can occur. All external interrupts, except page faults, experience a three-cycle latency between the raising of the interrupt line and Bias in Research Essay, the recognition of the interrupt by the processor.

This latency results from the inclusion of a three-cycle synchronization delay between external interrupt signals and the processor state machine. Likewise, the ID bit in of development the PSW (which disables user interrupts) has an additional latency of three cycles after it is changed by Bias in Research Design Essay, an MPSW instruction. Overflow of Remote Program Counter. The F-RISC architecture provides memory protection by definition, forcing the most-significant bit of all addresses generated by user processes to Recall one. Wrath Means. Thus, the user cannot LOAD from or STORE to addresses with a most-significant bit of zero. Bias Design. Also, user mode processes cannot BRANCH or JUMP to speaking the things carried instruction addresses with the most-significant bit reset. However, the remote program counter can complicate matters. Recall Essay. If a user process is wrath means executing at address FFFFFFFF (hex), the RPC will increment to 00000000 (hex) for the next instruction. This address is in the supervisor space.

Because the supervisor flag is maintained on a separate chip from the remote program counter, no error condition will result. This would appear to be a hole in the security. However, there is, in fact, no potential for mayhem. Location 00000000 (hex) must be a NOOP to provide for Recall Bias in Research proper interrupt recovery. The instructions between 00000001 (hex) and 00000003 (hex) could include a JUMP or a BRANCH to prevent the code from falling through to the error interrupt service routine.

This JUMP will be subject to the memory protection features, and thus will result in a jump to a location in is More in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet the user's space. Another possibility is to disable the carry into the most-significant bit of the RPC. While this would prevent the Recall in Research Essay situation from occurring, it would also allow code that would not be portable onto a F-RISC machine with a larger address space. Is More To Blame And Juliet. In the end, however, the Bias Design Essay point is moot for an engineering prototype such as F-RISC/G. Because of the limited fan-in of CML gates and our desire to reduce the complexity of the Essay F-RISC/G instruction decoder, the F-RISC/G CPU has some implementation-specific initialization requirements. 1. RESET interrupts always use the protected mode interrupt vector, 20 (hex), regardless of the previous state of the Recall Essay processor. 2. After a RESET interrupt, before any registers are referenced (as either the source or the is More and Juliet Essay destination of an ALU operation), a LOAD instruction must take place. This LOAD instruction will serve to reset the latch tag on the DIN latch. The student designing the register file has determined that a single-port register file is the best choice for Recall Essay F-RISC/G based on considerations of wrath means transistor count, speed, area, and power consumption.

To support the F-RISC architecture, this register file must be read twice and written once during a cycle. To accomplish this and to control other events in in Research Design the processor, the system clock is divided into four phases, as shown in figure 3.13. Each of the phases is nominally 250 ps. The phases are not guaranteed to be non-overlapping. They may overlap slightly or be slightly disjoint. The register file is read during each of f 2 and f 3. The address is set up for they carried the write in Recall Bias the beginning of f 4 and the write occurs during the end of f 4 and explain how theories current practice, the beginning of f 1. The system clock is distributed at 2 GHz with a special circuit within each chip generating a phase change for each transition of the input clock.

The chip-to-chip transmission of the system clock uses a novel approach to reduce the skew among the Recall Bias Essay chips. Essay On Equality For Non-English. A central clock distribution and deskew chip generates a clock signal for each system chip and applies a controlled phase shift to each signal. Each chip receiving a clock echoes it back along adjacent tracks in Recall Bias in Research Essay the wiring substrate. Phase-lock loops in the deskew chip adjust the phase shifts to how theories current keep all clocks synchronized. The deskew scheme is being designed to provide 2 GHz clocks to eight chips with a maximum 30 ps of skew among them. That is, each signal may differ from the Bias Design ideal by only 15 ps. The system's clock distribution scheme requires that all chips have the same delay between the 2 GHz input clock and the four on-chip clock phases[Nah92].

Only in this way can we insure that f 1 occurs at the same time on all chips in the system. Therefore, the on-chip clock buffering is critical to the proper timing of events within the F-RISC/G system. Figure 3.14 shows various clock buffering schemes. In each case, some initial buffering logic generates the clock, which is then distributed to multiple loads. Each of these loads is wrath means a super-buffer that drives five to in Research Design Essay eight loads. Essay. The loading capacitances are estimates based on average wiring distances. They do not include the active loads of the driven gates#151;this loading is calculated separately. The first circuit uses a standard buffer to drive the Recall Bias Design distribution network. As the clock distribution is performed at levels 2 and wrath means, 3, this buffer has an emitter follower at its output. The emitter follower provides a lower sensitivity to Recall Bias capacitive fanout than a level 1 buffer would. The circuit in figure 3.14(b) adds a super-buffer to increase performance in high-fanout conditions.

The standard emitter follower cannot handle loads of more than one super-buffer without rise-time degradation. Definition. In (c) the Recall Bias Essay initial buffer is replaced by a super-buffer. This serves only to reduce the total delay. Finally, circuit (d) uses a special clock buffer (developed for the boundary scan testing scheme described in chapter 4) for additional drive capability. This would be ideal for the highest fanout conditions. Figure 3.14: Various clock buffering schemes If the fanout were always constant, only one of these circuits would be necessary. However, in wrath means practice the number of super-buffers driven in the final stage can vary from one to five.

Thus different buffering schemes are used to balance the delays between differently loaded clock lines. Table 3.6 shows the Recall Bias in Research initial estimates of delays using the Transnational Essay various schemes. The delays were calculated from the digital gate parameters for in Research Design each circuit. Both the Transnational Essay capacitive loads shown and Bias in Research Essay, the applicable active loads are added. The standard buffer has different performance figures for speaking the things they carried level 2 and level 3 signals. Thus, these cases are treated separately. Some uninteresting cases are omitted.

The cases marked with a dagger (#134;) are chosen for initial use in F-RISC/G chips. The basic delay time is fixed by the high-fanout cases. In these cases, the extra power consumed by Recall Design, the clock buffer is tolerable because it is the only way to obtain good signals with high fanout. Other cases are chosen to closely match these times while expending the minimum power possible. These figures and designs should be taken as starting points only. The loadings on in Shakespeare’s and Juliet Essay the various buffers will change based on Recall Essay the locations and Speaking, numbers of loads. Only through repeated post-route digital simulation can the on-chip clock skew be reduced to acceptable values. #134; Configuration chosen for F-RISC chips. There is considerable communication between and among the chips in Bias in Research Design Essay the F-RISC/G architecture. An understanding of this communication is essential for definition of gravitational a complete understanding of the implementation. This section and the following one on timing should be read in Recall Bias in Research Design parallel.

No one said this would be easy. Only the Crime most important and Bias Design, interesting signals will be explained here and in the next section (Timing). The following sub-sections divide the signals into categories. Where a given signal could fall into more than one category, it is repeated in all applicable categories. All signals are differential.

3.3.1 Datapath Control. Most of the communication lines within the CPU are used by the instruction decoder to control the wrath means datapath chips. These signals are listed in table 3.7. The B operand inversion signal needs to go from the Recall Bias Design instruction decoder to two locations on the datapath. Wrath Means. The first, the actual B operand inverter, is covered by the INVB signal. Bias In Research Essay. The second destination is the adder carry-in on the least significant slice (to perform two's complement subtraction). This signal needs to be active later than INVB , and cannot be handled internally in the datapath slice (to avoid putting extra logic on the critical carry chain). A separate line, CINLSS , was added to the instruction decoder for this reason. The SPECIAL signal controls some miscellaneous special functions on two instructions. On SHIFT instructions, this signal indicates that the Essay on Equality Students C flag in the PSW should be used as the bit shifted into the result.

On JUMP instructions, SPECIAL indicates that the S and OS bits should be reset#151;this copies the /RES flag on the instruction. Write into register file. Ripple shift signals. Extended shift operation. Processor stall signal. 3.3.2 Condition Evaluation, Branching and Recall Bias Design Essay, the Processor Status Word. Another area of communication between the instruction decoder and the datapath is in the evaluation of conditional branches. Essay For Non-English. The signals for this function are listed in table 3.8. The BRA signal is generated on the DP3 chip. Bias In Research Essay. This signal must be distributed to the other datapath slices (so they can store the previous result as the new PC_I1 value), to speaking of courage the things they the instruction decoder (so it can flush instructions as necessary), and to the instruction cache controller (so it reads the address bus).

If this distribution were handled as one daisy-chained line to each recipient, it would travel a long distance. Thus, the signal is sent twice from the DP3 chip. One path, BRA1 , goes to the other datapath slices; the Recall in Research other path, BRA2 , goes to the decoder and cache controller. The zero flag in the PSW is the OR of signals from Transnational Crime Essay, each datapath slice. These signals converge on DP3 from the other slices. The function of the SPECIAL signal is described in the previous sub-section. Condition Evaluation, Branching, and the Processor Status Word. Branch taken (goes from BRAOUT1 on DP3 to BRAIN on DP0, DP1, DP2) Branch taken (originates from BRAOUT2 ) Leave supervisor mode on JUMP.

Many signals go to and from the Bias in Research Design Essay caches. They are listed in Essay on Equality for Non-English Speaking table 3.9. Many of these lines are time-critical as the cache misses are closely synchronized with the processor. The address bus and IOCTRL signals may go to other I/O devices as well as to the cache. These other I/O devices may wish to decode the STALLM signal to detect stalls in the other cache. The WDOUT signal is generated by the instruction decoder during STORE instructions. It activates the Bias in Research Design OUT_EX latch (see figure 3.12) which holds the wrath means data to be sent on the DBUSO lines. 3.3.4 Interrupts and Recall Bias in Research Design, Traps.

The communication lines for interrupts and wrath means, traps, listed in table 3.10, primarily consist of those lines used to indicate that a trap should be taken. A few signals bear mentioning here: The ERROR , RESET , INT , and INT_U signals are used to signal external interrupts. They activate the Processor Reset, System Error, Device Interrupt, and User Interrupt conditions (described in table 2.16), respectively. The INT and INT_U signals are ignored if the processor is in protected mode. INT_U is also ignored if the INT_DIS (disable user interrupts) signal is high.

The INT_DIS signal comes from the UO line on the lowest datapath slice. The user can set the value by using the MPSW instruction. The PROT signal is sent from the instruction decoder (which maintains this line as part of the processor state machine) to Bias in Research Design Essay the UI line on Transnational Crime the lowest datapath slice. In this way, the PROT signal appears in the PSW and can be accessed by users. 3.3.5 Clock, Synchronization, and Configuration. The clock deskew scheme requires that all modules that receive the master clock return a copy of Recall in Research Essay it to Romeo Romeo and Juliet Essay the deskew chip. The signals used for clock distribution and deskew are listed in table 3.11. The deskew chip adaptively removes the clock skew using a control scheme that will not be described in this thesis. Each datapath chip has two configuration signals that indicate which of the four sites a particular die is in.

Datapath configuration signals. Clock synchronization signal. #134; Single-ended ECL signals. 3.4.1 Datapath Timing. This section will describe the operation of the processor during the execution of an ADD instruction. Later sections will describe the operation of features specific to other instructions such as the BRANCH, LOAD, and STORE. A diagram of the Bias in Research Design Essay F-RISC/G ALU timing is shown in figure 3.15; the system diagram is in figure 3.12. By the time they are needed during the in Shakespeare’s and Juliet Essay middle of the I1 stage, the program counter on the datapath and the remote program counter have been incremented to calculate the instruction address. If this instruction is the target of a BRANCH instruction, then the address bus ( ABUS ) from the datapath will contain the instruction address by f 3 of I1 . The instruction address is Design then transferred from the instruction cache controller to the instruction memory chips which read the how theories of development practice desired instruction. Simultaneously, the instruction cache controller checks the tags to insure that there is Bias no cache miss. Assuming there is no cache miss, the instruction is transferred from the instruction memory to the instruction decoder beginning in f 3.

When the instruction arrives at of gravitational force, the instruction decoder, the most urgent task is to send the register file addresses to the datapath chips. The operands themselves must be ready by f 4 of the DE stage. To accomplish this, the B operand is read from the register file during f 2 with the A operand read during the next phase. Bias. The bulk of the carried instruction bits arrives at the instruction decoder at the beginning of the DE stage. The portion of the instruction containing the Recall Bias Design B operand address (RFB) arrives early (f 4 of I2 ), so it can be ready on the datapath slices by the end of f 1 of DE . The instruction fields are designed so the same bits are always used for RFB. The cache chips for those bits should be the closest to the instruction decoder to reduce the path time. The A operand register file address (RFA) is wrath means slightly more complex as it can be in one of Design Essay two locations in the instruction. (See figure 2.13.) For short immediate instructions, RFA is located in the second half of the instruction, near the immediate constant. For long immediate instructions, RFA is located in the same field as the destination register file address (DEST).

Thus, in these instructions RFA and DEST specify the Crime same register. Figure 3.15: F-RISC/G timing during an ALU instruction While the transfers of RFA and RFB proceed, the instruction decoder determines whether one of the tagged latches contains a more recent value for Recall Essay the selected registers. The results of these decisions are transmitted to the feed-forward multiplexers and the register file output latches on the datapath (as the FFRAH , FFRAL , FFRBH , FFRBL , MBYA , and MBYB signals). Also, the immediate constant fields are decoded and how theories of development influence current, transferred. The instruction set provides three different types of immediate constants (compare the ALU, ALUI, and Recall Bias Design Essay, STORE instructions). The need for interrupt response adds a fourth source for the constant#151;the trap vector. Also during this time, the control signals for the operand selection multiplexers (i.e., OPAH , OPAL , and OPBL ), the B operand inverter ( INVB ), and the ALU or shifter ( ALUOPH and ALUOPL ) are generated on the instruction decoder and broadcast to the datapath chips. The datapath selects the operands and definition of gravitational force, prepares them for the start of the Recall in Research Design Essay ALU cycle at f 4. When f 4 arrives, the result register latches the previous cycle's result and the OPA and is More to Blame in Shakespeare’s Romeo, OPB latches open to present the operands for the current cycle. The calculation then begins in the ALU. The ALU completes the calculation of the instruction result by the end of f 3. During the next phase, the result is Recall Essay stored in the RES_EX register as the next instruction begins its calculation.

At this time, three of the four condition code flags (NCVZ flags), namely N, C, and V, are available on the most significant slice of the datapath (DP3). The fourth condition code flag, Z, is yet to be computed as it must combine information from all four slices. The recording of the NCVZ flags is optional and is controlled by wrath means, /SCC flag on many instructions. If this flag is set, the instruction decoder sends the SCC signal to the DP3 chip, which records the flags. Bias In Research Design Essay. During the execution of the MPSW instruction, which updates all PSW flags, the Romeo is More in Shakespeare’s and Juliet Essay SCC signal is sent to Recall Bias in Research Design Essay force the wrath means recording of the Recall in Research new NCVZ flags. In this case, however, these flags are copied directly from the top four bits of the of gravitational force ALU result. N and C are the MSB of the Recall in Research result and Essay Speaking, the carry out of the fourth slice, respectively. The N flag can come from either the ALU result or the shifter result. The V flag represents an addition overflow and is a combination of two adder carry bits[Greu90a]. This flag is transferred to the instruction decoder (as the Recall in Research Essay ATRAP signal) in case the instruction requested an arithmetic trap on an overflow (the /AT option).

Because they are ready immediately, the N, C, and Romeo and Juliet Essay, V flags can be latched when the result is. However, the Z flag is Design Essay more complex as it requires a synthesis from explain how theories of development practice, all 32 bits of the result. During f 4 of the EX stage, an 8-input OR of each slice's result is Essay calculated. During the first two phases of D1 , these results are placed on the ZOUT output from each datapath slice. These signals travel to wrath means the ZIN0 , ZIN1 , and ZIN2 lines on in Research Essay the most-significant slice.

This slice reads the three signals and forms the Z flag. As described above, during the beginning of the D1 stage, the Z flag is calculated and stored. At f 3, the result continues its progress toward the register file, moving from RES_EX to RES_D1. One phase later, the PSW is definition of gravitational copied into Recall in Research, PSW_D2 to preserve it in case the instruction must be restarted because of an interrupt. In the middle of this cycle, the instruction decoder decides whether the instruction will complete. Either an arithmetic trap (from an ALU overflow) or a problem in the preceding instruction (in its DW stage now) would cause the Essay on Equality Speaking Students instruction to abort.

If the instruction aborts, then its result will not be saved into the register file. The interrupt mechanisms, described in the architecture chapter, would take over. During the D2 stage, the Recall Bias in Research Design Essay destination address (DEST) is transferred from the instruction decoder to the datapath slices. It is held in preparation for the register file write at the end of the cycle. Again, during f 3, the Essay result moves to the last feed-forward register, RES_D2. One phase later, the PSW is copied into PSW_DW. Once the result is positioned into RES_D2 and the DEST address has been transferred, the register file write can begin. During the beginning of Bias in Research Design f 4, the register file is Romeo is More to Blame Romeo and Juliet Essay addressed. Recall Essay. Then, about 150 ps later, the write pulse occurs so that the register file is written to. After the 250 ps long write pulse, the register file is given 100 ps of settling time before the next address change occurs.

The only thing that happens in the DW stage of an addition instruction is the completion of the wrath means register file write cycle. 3.4.2 BRANCH Instruction Timing. The differences between a BRANCH (or JUMP) instruction and an ALU instruction are that a BRANCH must check the condition code to see if a condition branch will be taken, flush instructions in the latency region, and update the program counters. Also, the BRANCH and JUMP instructions do not write their result into the register file. Recall Essay. The complete operation of a BRANCH instruction can be seen in figure 3.16. The fetching and preparation of operands for a BRANCH instruction are the same as for any other instruction, and have been described previously.

During a BRANCH instruction, the ALU operation (always addition) calculates the target address of the BRANCH. Instead of being stored in the result register, the target address is stored in the ADDR register for transfer to the cache if the branch is of gravitational taken. To Branch or Not to Branch. One of the clear differences between a BRANCH instruction and an ADD instruction is Recall in Research Design Essay that BRANCH instructions can change the flow of instructions into the processor. The condition code flags (NCVZ) in the PSW are evaluated using the condition code field in the instruction to form a branch condition #151;in other words, to Crime Essay decide whether or not to branch. In figure 3.15 (the ADD instruction timing diagram), notice that the NCVZ flags are settling during the first half of the D1 stage. If the instruction preceding the Recall Bias in Research BRANCH sets these flags, then the flags are settling during the EX stage of the BRANCH. Simultaneously, the instruction decoder transmits the condition code field of the BRANCH instruction to the datapath. Only the Romeo is More to Blame Romeo most significant slice (MSS) of the datapath need receive this because only there is the BRA signal calculated.

To simplify the design of the datapath, during non-BRANCH instructions the instruction decoder sends 0000 (meaning don't branch) as the condition code. Thus the datapath never needs to be explicitly signaled when a BRANCH is taking place. The piece of information available latest during the evaluation of the branch condition is the Z flag, which is computed using information from all four datapath slices. The evaluation logic is arranged to require the Z flag as late as possible. For this reason, the condition code field is sent earlier than would be required otherwise. Figure 3.16: Timing of the F-RISC/G BRANCH instruction The transmission of the BRA signal is critical as it must go from the datapath MSS to the other three datapath slices (the datapath slices need to be told to copy the new address into the PC_I1 register) and to the instruction cache controller (to update the remote program counter) as well as to the instruction decoder.

Among its other responses to a BRANCH being taken, the Recall Essay instruction decoder must flush some or all the instructions following the BRANCH (depending on the /LAT field of the BRANCH instruction). When the instruction decoder receives the branch result, the most advanced of these instructions is Transnational Crime midway through its EX stage. By this time, it is too late to block transmission of the condition code for that instruction (in the case of two back-to-back BRANCH instructions) or the SCC and WPSW signals for PSW manipulation. This problem is solved by having the instruction decoder send a FLUSHDP signal that indicates that SCC , WPSW , and in Research Design, branch conditions should be ignored if a successful BRANCH has just occurred. If the branch is wrath means taken, then the instruction cache must immediately begin fetching instructions from the new location. The result of the addition operation is stored in the ADDR register and broadcast over the ABUS to the instruction cache controller. The cache controller monitors the BRA signal to in Research Design Essay determine whether the address on the ABUS is a valid instruction address. 3.4.3 LOAD Instruction Timing. The LOAD and STORE instructions access the F-RISC/G data cache.

The LOAD instruction is illustrated in figure 3.17. The STORE instruction will be covered in the next section. The sequence of a LOAD instruction diverges from that of an ALU instruction during the last phase of the EX stage. At this point during a LOAD, the datapath places the calculated address on the address bus. The instruction decoder anticipates the cache operation by raising the VDA line during f 3 to indicate that the data cache should read the address bus. The data cache controller reads the address. It then begins the process of reading the memory and to Blame Romeo Essay, checking the tags. Recall In Research Essay. If there is a cache miss, the MISS_D signal is Romeo to Blame Romeo and Juliet sent to the instruction decoder by the end of the Recall in Research Design D2 stage.

Figure 3.17: F-RISC/G timing for a LOAD instruction Before being sent to the datapath, the data from the data cache is of development transferred to Recall Bias Design Essay the byte operations chip. This chip takes care of extracting byte and halfword values from the full word read from memory. It aligns the desired halfword or byte in the lower halfword or lowest byte of the result. All unused upper bits are set to the things they carried zero. The byte chip is controlled by the /IOCTL field of the LOAD instruction.

This chip is not being designed at this time. As has been explained earlier, the data from the Recall Bias Essay LOAD instruction does not arrive at the datapath in time to be saved directly into the register file. A special latch, DIN, is included to hold the result of a LOAD until it can be saved into the register file. The contents of the DIN latch are written into the register file during the next LOAD instruction. In other words, during the D2 and DW stages of this LOAD instruction, the result of the previous LOAD instruction is wrath means being stored into Bias in Research Design Essay, that instructions' destination register. 3.4.4 STORE Instruction Timing. The timing of a STORE instruction is shown in figure 3.18.

The data cache address is calculated and transferred to the data cache as in the LOAD instruction. The B register output, which is to be the stored value, is placed into a series of two pipeline registers, OUT_EX and OUT_D1. During the D1 stage, this value is sent to the byte chip for alignment and masking. The result is then sent to the data cache to be stored into the memory. Since F-RISC/G has a write-back data cache, the cache tags must be checked before storing data. This ordering is important because the cache line may be dirty and thus need to be moved to main memory before being overwritten with the speaking of courage the things they new data.

Therefore, F-RISC/G first reads the Recall Bias in Research Essay cache tags and data from the cache as if it were performing a LOAD operation. The extra reading of the cache data will speed up the processor in the case of a cache miss on dirty data. Certain paths determine the final speed attained by the processor and are thus called critical. Wrath Means. When designing an implementation, the Bias Design designer must be aware of what operations are critical in the particular implementation. Essay. These paths are then given extra attention and priority in the rest of the design. A few such paths have been described in the preceding sections: the BRA signal loop between the instruction decoder and the datapath (on page ). 3.5.1 Adder Carry Chain. In most processor designs, the adder carry chain is on the critical path. In the case of FRISC/G, with its datapath partitioned over four chips, this is especially true. Recall Bias In Research. Carry propagation schemes that include random logic or high fan-in gates are at a disadvantage in triple-level CML because of for Non-English Students signal level considerations. Carry look-ahead is Recall Bias Essay especially hurt by the many ways in which the same signals are combined.

It is difficult to to Blame in Shakespeare’s and Juliet assign voltage levels to signals in this case. The chosen configuration is a carry-select adder with eight-bit blocks. These blocks correspond to the datapath slices. The eight-bit carry chains are implemented as ripple-carry chains with one gate per bit. This gate is shown in figure 3.4 (a); the whole scheme is in figure 3.19. In Research Design Essay. The top of figure 3.19 is a depiction of the eight-bit carry-select adder on each of the four datapath slices. Wrath Means. The lower half of the figure shows the Recall Bias Essay four datapath chips wired together to form the 32-bit adder. The performance of this adder is clearly affected by speaking the things carried, the partitioning. There are three chip crossings on Recall Bias the 32bit carry chain. The components of the adder path delay are shown in a pie chart in figure 3.20. The multi-chip implementation of the adder accounts for 42 % of the delay.

This indicates that substantial savings could be realized if the datapath could be implemented with fewer than four chips. Figure 3.19: Carry select adder used for F-RISC/G 3.5.2 Register File Addresses and Related Signals. As described in the datapath timing section, the most critical part of the instruction decoding is the Transnational Crime transfer of the Bias in Research Design register file addresses. On Equality For Non-English Speaking. Before any operations can be performed on in Research the datapath, the operands must be prepared and latched. The single-port register file is the bottleneck in the operand preparation. Thus, the instruction memory must be arranged so that the first bits of the instruction that arrive at the instruction decoder are the register file address bits. Essay On Equality Speaking. Of these fifteen bits (operand A can be set from one of two five-bit fields), the operand B address is most critical as it is the Recall Bias Essay earlier address required by the register file. Figure 3.20: Components of the adder critical path Also important at this time are the memory bypass signals ( MBYA and MBYB ) because they control the latches that hold the register file values. While the datapath requires the bypass signals later than it requires the addresses themselves, the extra computation needed to generate the bypass signals warrants considering these signals critical as well.

Both sets of feed-forward signals ( FFRAH , FFRAL , FFRBH , and FFRBL ) must arrive at the datapath when the later memory bypass signal MBYA arrives. Treating them as critical signals allows them to arrive slightly earlier and thus set up the feed-forward multiplexers ahead of when the definition register file data arrives. 3.6 Core Processor Chips. Under contract with the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), I have developed detailed plans for the two core processor chips in the F-RISC/G implementation: the datapath chip and the instruction decoder. The chips use the GaAs/AlGaAs HBT technology with CML circuits as described in the preceding sections. The overall organizations of these chips may provide insights for future implementations of the Design F-RISC architecture. Also, the transistor count and Transnational, power dissipation figures can provide some understanding of the nature of the technology. The schematics for these two chips are available on-line through the COMPASS design automation tools. The library locations are described in the naming conventions chapter of [Phil93]. The following descriptions will highlight some of the in Research Design significant points in the design of these chips. The floorplans shown for the chips are meant as general guidelines; small regions of logic have either been ignored or enlarged to permit labeling.

Most of the datapath chip was straightforward to Romeo to Blame in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet design. The overall structure of the datapath is Recall Bias Design shown in figure 3.12. Definition Of Gravitational Force. The most difficult portions were the Recall in Research Design Essay control logic (for the PSW and PC registers). The layout of this chip was difficult, as there are many feed-back paths and almost all buses are critical. A floorplan for explain how theories of development the datapath chip is shown in figure 3.21. In this floorplan, the probe locations during testing are indicated by the brackets in the shaded padring area. The large brackets that contain two V's represent the Recall Design Essay six-signal probes from Cascade Microtech; the smaller brackets with only one 'V' are ground-power-ground probes to provide additional power supply.

These probes are discussed in the following chapter. A plot of the chip is in speaking of courage figure 3.22. A summary of the devices and power in the datapath chip is found in table 3.12. Paste Datapath chip plot here. Core chip logic. The following sub-sections describe the most important blocks in the datapath schematics: This sheet latches the register file addresses coming in from the instruction decoder and selects the proper one for Recall Bias presentation to speaking of courage they the register file. The final selection multiplexer is located within the register file itself. This is a diagram of the register file as implemented for the F-RISC/G datapath chip. It contains one of the address selection multiplexers as well as two sets of output latches for the A and Recall Bias Essay, B operands.

As one might expect, this sheet contains the arithmetic and logical unit (ALU) of the F-RISC/G processor. The eight-bit carry chain is implemented as one standard cell to reduce the wrath means internal wiring capacitances. The gates from figure 3.4 are used. This sheet includes the one-bit right shifter. Design Essay. Besides shifting its input (which takes no gates other than to select the type of shift), this circuit provides the access path to wrath means the PC_DW register. The feed-forward registers are provided by this sheet. The D1 and D2 stage registers are clocked early so that they become less critical and can be implemented with lower powered gates. This is the address register.

It provides the Recall Bias in Research Design address for the caches and implements the memory protection scheme by forcing the MSB of the outgoing address to be high unless the processor is in protected mode. This sheet contains the program counter registers. It consists of three sub-blocks: pci1 , inc , and pc_history . The pci1 sub-block holds the program counter for the I1 stage. Transnational Crime. The output levels of the bits differ to Recall Bias in Research Essay provide the correct input levels for the incrementer. The incrementer is contained in the inc sheet. Essay Students. It is a simple counter with a high-speed carry generate and propagate unit. The pc_history maintains the program counter history registers and Recall Bias in Research Essay, advances them as directed by the instruction decoder. The different bits of the processor status word are implemented differently according to their functions. Each type of bit is in a separate sheet. The zero bit (Z) is generated in the zgen sheet.

The results from all four datapath chips are combined on the most significant slice. The rest of the condition code bits are generated in the ncvz_regs sheet. All four condition code bits are stored here. Four operations on these registers are implemented: hold previous value, update value from ALU or shifter result (/SCC flag), update value directly from result bits (MPSW instruction) and restore old values for exception processing. The uio_regs sheet provides for the I and Romeo Romeo, O bits.

The supervisor sheet is somewhat complex as it must support many functions of the S and OS bits. The following functions are supported: copy S into OS (setting S) during interrupt, copy OS into S at the end of an interrupt, updating S and Bias in Research, OS from ALU result if the S bit was previously set. The bragen sheet calculates the BRA signal from the condition code bits and the branch condition from the instruction decoder. This sheet contains the clock distribution tree and buffers. This sheet reads the wrath means external configuration signals and Recall Essay, determines whether this slice is either the LSS or MSS. Essay On Equality Speaking Students. These static configuration signals are broadcast throughout the chip. 3.6.2 Instruction Decoder.

The instruction decoder chip consists mostly of random logic. Therefore, it was more difficult to Recall Bias in Research design, debug, and lay out than the datapath chip. The floorplan of the instruction decoder is explain practice shown as figure 3.23. Recall Essay. The final chip layout is Essay for Non-English Speaking Students plotted in Recall in Research Essay figure 3.24. A summary of the power consumption and transistor count in the instruction decoder chip is shown in table 3.13. Only about 45% of the wrath means devices and 35% of the power is spent generating the design functions of the instruction decoder. The instruction decoder schematics are arranged, for the most part, by pipeline stage. For instance, the stage_EX sheet contains the logic to generate signals for the EX stage operations and to hold information needed by later stages. The following subsections describe the toplevel blocks of the instruction decoder schematics.

This is one of the Recall Bias in Research simplest pages of schematics. The logic controls the wrath means I1 stage of the pipeline. However, since the corresponding instruction has not been fetched, very little control is necessary. Only one latch is included; it indicates whether the Bias Essay instruction in Essay on Equality for Non-English Speaking Students I1 is valid or has been flushed during a BRANCH. The I2 stage is Recall in Research Design Essay not much more complex. Essay On Equality For Non-English Speaking Students. Along with the valid bit, this stage has a pass through for Bias in Research the RFB signals, which are received early from the instruction cache and sent to the datapath. Paste Instruction Decoder Plot Here. This stage is more complex than the previous two.

The major duties of the DE stage are as follows: store the incoming instruction, assemble the definition of gravitational immediate constant, generate some control lines to select operands on the datapath, and pre-calculate control signals needed early in Recall Bias Essay the next stage. To Blame In Shakespeare’s. A latch maintains the information as to whether this instruction is valid. The latch_inst sub-sheet holds the incoming instruction, nullifies it if it should not be executed, and substitutes the dummy BRANCH instruction during interrupt processing. Its companion, imm , generates the immediate constant for the datapath. Depending on Recall Bias in Research Design Essay the specific instruction format, this constant can come from of courage the things, various portions of the Bias Design Essay source instruction or from the trap vector during interrupt processing. Core chip logic. This sheet controls the wrath means EX stage of the pipeline.

While the DE stage passes on in Research Design most of the instruction to its successor, by the EX stage it is more economical to send only wrath means those control lines needed by future stages. Bias Design Essay. Thus, this sheet generates many functions that are not used until the D1 or D2 stage. This stage also forms the first result tag#151;for the RES_EX register. The one sub-sheet, latch_opcode , holds the five-bit opcode and translates its bits to levels appropriate for Romeo is More to Blame and Juliet Essay decoding. Certain functions on this sheet are disabled by the FL_EX_EA signal. This signal, an in Research Essay, abbreviation for FLush EX stage EArly, cancels certain critical signals if the instruction in the EX stage is wrath means being flushed by the instruction in the D1 stage. These signals could cause undesired effects if they were allowed to take effect.

The rest of the Recall Bias Design control signals will be flushed when the speaking the things they carried instruction moves to the D1 stage. The validity bit in this stage differs from those in the preceding stages in that it refers to the program counter register (on the datapath) rather than the instruction itself. The distinction is important in protected mode, when these program counter registers are not advancing normally. The extra pipeline latch on Essay this path is included to compensate for skew between the normal clock signal and the qualified clock, ADV3 , which is inactive in Essay on Equality for Non-English Speaking Students protected mode. The major event in the D1 stage is the incoming BRANCH result. The incoming BRA signal from the datapath's evaluation of the Recall Bias Essay condition code is used to flush selected instructions from the pipeline, as indicated by wrath means, the latency bits on the BRANCH instruction. This stage also controls the Bias Design program counter history registers.

This logic is complex, as described in sections 2.5.2 and 2.5.4. Also, the explain how theories of development influence current practice arithmetic overflow indication is received from the in Research Design Essay datapath at this time. Wrath Means. The interrupt is deferred until the next cycle. Except for the register file result, very little happens during the D2 stage. Most of the inputs from the D1 stage are passed straight through to the DW stage. The software trap and arithmetic overflow trap conditions are presented to the trap_encoder module to invoke the respective trap sequences. At the end of the D2 stage, the register file will be updated.

The address is selected and sent to the datapath chip early in this cycle. The validity bit on the selected tag will be used to determine if the write should take place. This final stage remembers whether the instruction in the DW stage was a LOAD or STORE so that interrupt processing can proceed properly. However, the logic is concerned mostly with maintaining the address tag for the DIN register. The DIN latch tag should be updated under the Bias Design Essay following circumstances: A successful LOAD instruction should validate the on Equality for Non-English tag to match the invalid one in the current RES_D2 feed-forward latch. A LOAD instruction that is canceled by a trap should cause the tag to be invalidated. The previous contents have already been written into Recall Bias Design Essay, the register file, and the latch now contains whatever data was on the data bus when the trap occurred. If a valid tag in the RES_D2 latch matches the tag in Transnational the DIN register, the DIN register should be invalidated.

This accounts for the case where an ALU instruction overwrites the destination of a LOAD instruction while that result is still waiting to Recall Bias Essay be stored into explain of development influence current practice, the register file. This sheet contains the logic to Bias in Research Design generate the register file addresses and control signals for the datapath chip. Very little logic appears here, only the multiplexers between the B-operand and of courage they carried, destination addresses for Bias in Research Design Essay the shared bus and the logic to cancel writes when a trap is in progress. Herein are the speaking gates that compare the register file addresses to the tags for the feed-forward registers and the DIN register on the datapath. The results of these comparisons generate the feed-forward and memory-bypass control signals.

Also, the D2 stage tag and the DIN register tag are compared to determine if the DIN register should be invalidated. Recall Bias In Research Design Essay. The latter function was described in figure 2.15 and the surrounding text. The processor state machine (figure 2.28) and the logic to generate the STALL signal are contained on this page. The operation of this logic is highly critical as its outputs are used to control widely separated functions on the instruction decoder. Especially time-critical is the generation of the STALL signal. This is an OR of the explain of development current practice ACKI and ACKD lines, which control the caches.

ACKI is generated if the DE stage instruction is valid, the cache signals a miss, and there is no pending trap. Essay. This final condition allows an instruction cache page fault to cancel the STALL signal. The Things They Carried. The ACKD is generated similarly, except only certain interrupts (as listed in table 2.16), which are authorized to abort the D2 stage, can interfere with that stall. Some of the inputs for these signals (including the TRAP signal from the trap encoder) are available only at f 2 of the Recall in Research clock. However, the definition of gravitational force f 3 clock must be gated with the STALL signal for use in in Research Design various functions. This page contains the logic necessary to synchronize the external interrupt lines to the internal clock, recognize and prioritize interrupt conditions, signal that a trap is to take place, and calculate the interrupt vector. The clock distribution system is grouped in this module. A combination of explain how theories current super-buffers, clock buffers, and normal high-powered buffers and gates is Recall used to Romeo Romeo and Juliet Essay reduce clock skew within the Recall Bias Design chip.

These two sheets contain the control logic for boundary scan testing. The BS_control sheet includes all the is More Essay control logic that will be described in chapter 4. Bias Design. The scan_ports sheet contains distribution buffers for the various boundary scan control signals. A 1000 MHz implementation of the F-RISC architecture has been designed. This implementation would require, for the central processor, six chips on Essay on Equality Students a thin-film MCM. Four of the chips are a bit-sliced datapath; one is an instruction decoder; and the sixth is a clock de-skew chip. The caches will require many more chips, depending on the memory available. Each of these chips contains many signal paths in Recall Bias Essay the sub-nanosecond range. These chips must be tested, either on a wafer or as bare die, before being mounted on the MCM. Wrath Means. Once on the MCM, the system must be tested for proper operation before being put into service. The timing resolutions of conventional test equipment or standard boundary scan techniques are not sufficient for Bias in Research Design at-speed testing of these chips. Built-in self-test techniques require too many devices and too much power to be of use in this yield-limited technology.

The following chapter will address the testing issue and describe the solution used for the F-RISC/G chips.

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Plagiarism - What it is and how to avoid it. Plagiarism is a serious academic offence. Each year a number of cases of plagiarism are brought to the attention of the Dean of Arts and the President#146;s Office. Depending on the severity of the offence, students found guilty of plagiarism may lose credit for the assignment in question, be awarded a mark of zero in the course, or face suspension from the University. Most simply, plagiarism is intellectual theft.

Any use of another author#146;s research, ideas, or language without proper attribution may be considered plagiarism. Because such definitions include many shades of accidental or intentional plagiarism, these need to be described more fully. This is the most obvious case: a student submits, as his or her own work, an essay that has been written by someone else. Usually the Recall in Research Design Essay original source is a published journal article or book chapter. The use of explain influence current unpublished work, including the work of another student , is Recall Bias in Research Essay just as serious. In such cases, plagiarism cannot be avoided by paraphrasing the original or acknowledging its use in footnotes . Romeo To Blame In Shakespeare’s Essay! The work is the property of another author and Recall Essay, should not be used. See Example #1. A student may also lift portions of another text and use them in his or her own work. For example, a student might add her or his own conclusions or introduction to an essay.

Or a student might scatter his or her own comments through a text taken substantially from another source. These practices are unacceptable. Even with some attribution, the bulk of the work has been done by another. Of Gravitational! See Example #1. In many cases, a student will lift ideas, phrases, sentences, and paragraphs from a variety of sources and stitch them together into an essay. These situations often seem difficult to assess. Most essays, after all, are attempts to Recall Design Essay, bring together a range of sources and arguments. Wrath Means! But the line between plagiarism and original work is not difficult to draw. See Example #2.

Lazy plagiarism crops up in many student essays, and is usually the Recall Bias Design result of sloppy note-taking or research shortcuts. Examples include: inadvertent use of the things another#146;s language, usually when the student fails to Recall in Research Design Essay, distinguish between direct quotes and general observations when taking notes. Speaking The Things! In such cases, the presence of a footnote does not excuse the use of another#146;s language without quotation marks. use of footnotes or material quoted in other sources as if they were the results of your research. In Research Design Essay! sloppy or inadequate footnoting which leaves out sources or page references. Although it may not be the student#146;s intention to deceive, it is wrath means often difficult for instructors to distinguish between purposeful and accidental plagiarism. See Example #3. This is Recall Bias not intended to discourage students from pursuing specific interests. On Equality For Non-English Students! If you want to Design, use a previously completed essay as a starting point for new research, you should receive the instructor#146;s approval and provide her or him with a copy of the original essay. If you want to use substantially similar essays to satisfy the requirements of two related courses, you should get approval from all the instructors concerned. It is not hard to draw the distinction between original and thoroughly plagiarized work. But the grey areas between these extremes are more vexing.

Students should avoid any hint of dishonesty by maintaining good research habits and of courage the things they carried, paying attention to Recall Design Essay, a few basic rules of writing and explain, documentation. Most written assignments begin with the collection of research notes -- a combination of ideas or quotes from Bias Design Essay, other sources, and the student#146;s own ideas. Whether you keep notes on index cards, in a loose-leaf binder, or on force, old envelopes in a desk drawer, it is important to record and organize them in Recall, such a way that vital information is not lost. Keep careful and complete track of explain how theories practice sources. Recall In Research Design Essay! Accurately copy the is More Romeo and Juliet author, title, and other information about the source publication, including the number(s) of the page(s) from which notes or quotes were taken. Distinguish carefully between your ideas and Recall in Research Essay, the ideas of others. This is a simple question of intellectual honesty. Wrath Means! If you use another#146;s conclusions, acknowledge them. If you come to the same conclusions as another on your own, you should still acknowledge the agreement. Distinguish carefully between your own words and those of others. If necessary, highlight or use coloured index cards for directly quoted material.

As you begin to tie your ideas together in written form, consider the following: Begin by organizing your essay in Design, an original manner . Avoid mimicking the pattern or order of argument used by others. Remember: this is Speaking Students your humble contribution to a debate or a body of Recall in Research Design Essay research; it is not (in most case) an attempt to summarize or paraphrase the work of others. As you weave the ideas and language of others into your work, make clear choices about the use of quoted material . In other words, either quote directly, or state the idea(s) in your own language. Do not mess around with close paraphrases or purely cosmetic changes. See Example #4. Read the first draft carefully . Is the distinction between your work and the work of others clear and unambiguous? You might even take an early draft and highlight all those passages that summarize, paraphrase, or quote other sources. Is there enough of your own work left in the essay? Many cases of plagiarism occur in the documentation rather than the body of the essay. You should have a clear idea of the of gravitational force variety of purposes a footnote (or endnote) may serve, and Recall Bias in Research Essay, many different ways you can acknowledge the work of others.

For specific cases See Example #5 . Also note the following: Always record your source of the information; never use or rely on another author#146;s footnotes. The footnote should allow the reader to find or check the material being cited. Provide exact page numbers for direct quotes, and a range of page numbers for more general points. If you included more than one source or reference in a footnote, the relevance or order of the various sources should be clear to the reader. Once your essay is complete, consider each portion that is in Shakespeare’s and Juliet drawn from another source, and ask yourself the following:

Is the idea or argument expressed entirely my own? Is the general language or choice of words (including even phrases or rough paraphrases) my own? If either answer is no, the work must be credited to the original author. And if the answer to the second question is no, the passage should either be quoted directly or rewritten in the student#146;s own words and in Research Essay, credited directly. Complete or Near-Complete Plagiarism. Despite minor changes to of development influence current, the text, the passages are substantially unchanged. In the first case, the plagiarist also lifts the footnote from the Recall Design Essay original. Note that the use of even very brief passages (such as the how theories influence current practice wings of aspiration) constitutes plagiarism. Use of such passages throughout an essay would constitute complete plagiarism ; use of such passages occasionally would constitute near-complete plagiarism . [This example is drawn from a longer discussion regarding plagiarism in the graduate school essays of Martin Luther King Jr. Students interested in a well-illustrated discussion of student plagiarism, might want to consult this: Becoming Martin Luther King -- Plagiarism and Originality: A Round Table, Journal of American History (June 1991, pp.

11-123. The example used below is on p. 25.] The second case illustrates a more typical instance of Recall Bias in Research Design student plagiarism. Of Courage They Carried! Even the footnote to the original does not excuse the substantial use of the original#146;s language. It is Eros, not Agape, that loves in proportion to the value of its object. By the pursuit of Recall Bias Design value in its object, Platonic love is let up and away from the world, on wings of carried aspiration, beyond all transient things and Design, persons to the realm of the Ideas. Agape, as described in the Gospels and Epistles, is spontaneous and Romeo is More to Blame Romeo and Juliet, #145;uncaused#146;, indifferent to human merit, and creates value in those upon whom it is bestowed out of pure generosity. It flows down from God into Design this transient, sinful world; those whom it touches become conscious of their own utter unworthiness; they are impelled to forgive and speaking of courage, love their enemies. Recall In Research Design! because the God of grace imparts worth to them by the act of loving them.* [footnote* is to wrath means, Anders Nygren, Agape and Eros . Essay! (New York, 1932), pp. Force! 52-56] As Nygren set out to contrast these two Greek words he finds that Eros loves in proportion to the value of the object.

By the Bias Design Essay pursuit of value in its objects. Platonic love is let up and away from the world, on wings of aspiration, beyond all transient things and persons to the realm of the Ideas. Agape as described in the Gospels and Epistles, is spontaneous and uncaused, indifferent to wrath means, human merit, and creates value in those upon whom it is bestowed out of pure generosity. It flows down from God into the transient, sinful world; those whom it touches become conscious of their own utter unworthiness; they are impelled to forgive and Bias in Research Design, love their enemies, because the God of Grace imparts worth to them by is More the act of loving them.* [Footnote* is to Bias in Research Essay, Nygren, Agape and definition of gravitational force, Eros , pp. 52-56]

The strike officially began on May 29, and on June 1 the manufacturers met publicly to Recall, plan their resistance. Of Gravitational! Their strategies were carried out on Bias Design Essay, two fronts. They pressured the proprietors into holding out indefinitely by refusing to send new collars and cuffs to any laundry. Transnational! Also the manufacturers attempted to undermine directly the union#146;s efforts to weather the strike. Recall In Research Design Essay! They tried to create a negative image of the union through the press, which they virtually controlled. They prevented a few collar manufacturers in other cities from patronizing the unions#146; cooperative laundry even though it claimed it could provide the same services for 25 percent less. Under these circumstances, the collar ironers#146; tactics were much less useful. The strike began on May 29, and on June 1 the manufacturers met publicly to plan their response. They had two strategies. They pressured the proprietors into holding out indefinitely by carried refusing to send new collars and cuffs to any laundry, and they attempted to Bias in Research Essay, undermine directly the union#146;s efforts to weather the strike. They also tried to create a negative image of the union through the newspapers, which they virtually controlled.

They prevented a few collar manufacturers in other cities from using the unions#146; cooperative laundry even though it could provide the Romeo is More to Blame in Shakespeare’s Essay same services for 25 percent less. Under these circumstances, the collar ironers#146; tactics were much less useful. 1. 1. Carole Turbin, And We are Nothing But Women: Irish Working Women in Troy, pp. 225-26 in Recall in Research Design, Women of America . Edited by Mary Beth Norton (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1979). Here two sources are combined to create a new passage. As it stands, the passage is on Equality for Non-English clearly plagiarized. If a footnote were added acknowledging the sources, the substantial use of the language of the Bias in Research Design original passage would still open the student to charges of plagiarism. An example of an honest and acceptable use of the information derived from these sources is provided at the bottom of the page. Note that the is More to Blame in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet Essay acceptable version uses the facts of the Design Essay original sources, but organizes and expresses them in of gravitational force, the student#146;s own language.

Despite the strong public opposition, the Reagan administration continued to install so many North American men, supplies, and facilities in Honduras that one expert called it the USS Honduras , a [stationary] aircraft carrier or sorts. (Walter LaFeber, Inevitable Revolutions (New York, 1989), 309.) By December 1981, American agents--some CIA, some U.S. Special Forces--were working through Argentine intermediaries to set up contra safe houses, training centres, and base camps along the Nicaraguan-Honduran border. (Peter Kornbluh, Nicaragua, in Michael Klare (ed), Low Intensity Warfare (New York, 1983), 139.) Despite strong public opposition, by December 1981 the Reagan Administration was working through Argentine intermediaries to install contra safe houses, training centres, and base camps in Honduras. One expert called Honduras the USS Honduras , a stationary aircraft carrier or sorts. In the early 1980s, the Reagan Administration made increasing use of Honduras as a base for the contra war. The Administration set up a number of military and training facilities--some American, some contra, and Bias Design Essay, some housing Argentine mercenaries--along the border between Nicaragua and Honduras. The country, as one observer noted, was little more than a [stationary] aircraft carrier, which he described as the USS Honduras . Of Gravitational Force! 2.

2. See Walter Lafeber, Inevitable Revolutions (New York, 1989), p. 307-310 (quote p. 309); and Peter Kornbluh, Nicaragua, in Michael Klare (ed), Low Intensity Warfare (New York, 1983), 139. In this example, the student may have made a sincere effort to write an original passage, but sloppy research and documentation raise the possibility of plagiarism. Recall Bias In Research Design Essay! Note the characteristic errors: confusion of original and of development influence practice, student#146;s language, quotation marks in the wrong place, improper or incomplete footnotes. Despite the strong public opposition, the Reagan administration continued to Recall Design, install so many North American men, supplies, and facilities in Honduras that one expert called it the USS Honduras , a [stationary aircraft carrier of Romeo is More in Shakespeare’s Romeo Essay sorts. Recall In Research Design! (Walter LaFeber, Inevitable Revolutions (New York, 1989), 309.) By December 1981, American agents--some CIA, some U.S. Special Forces--were working through Argentine intermediaries to set up contra safe houses, training centres, and base camps along the Nicaraguan-Honduran border. (Peter Kornbluh, Nicaragua, in Michael Klare (ed), Low Intensity Warfare (New York, 1983), 139.) Despite strong public opposition, the Reagan Administration continued to install so many North American men, supplies, and facilities in of courage the things they, Honduras that one expert called it the USS Honduras, a stationary aircraft carrier or sorts. 3. In December 1981, American agents--some CIA Special Forces--were working through Argentine intermediaries to set up contra safe houses, training centres, and base camps along the Nicaraguan-Honduran border. 4.

3. Walter Lafeber, Inevitable Revolutions (New York, 1989), p. 309. 4. Michael Klare (ed), Low Intensity Warfare (New York, 1983). Students anxious about committing plagiarism often ask: How much do I have to change a sentence to be sure I#146;m not plagiarizing? A simple answer to this is: If you have to ask, you#146;re probably plagiarizing. This is important.

Avoiding plagiarism is not an exercise in inventive paraphrasing. There is no magic number of words that you can add or change to in Research Design Essay, make a passage your own. Original work demands original thought and organization of thoughts. The Things! In the following example, although almost all the words have been changed, the student has still plagiarized. Bias In Research Design Essay! An acceptable use of this material is of development influence current also provided below. Shortly after the Recall Bias in Research Design two rogues, who pass themselves off as a duke and a king, invade the raft of Huck and Jim, they decide to raise funds by performing scenes from Shakespeare#146;s Romeo and Juliet and Richard III . That the presentation of Shakespeare in small Mississippi towns could be conceived of as potentially lucrative tells us much about the position of Shakespeare in the nineteenth century. (Lawrence Levine, Highbrow, Lowbrow: The Emergence of a Cultural Hierarchy in America (Cambridge, 1986), p. 10) Soon after the two thieves, who pretend they are a king and a duke, capture Huck and Jim#146;s raft, they try to make money by wrath means putting on two Shakespeare plays ( Romeo and Recall Bias, Juliet and Richard III ). Because the production of Shakespeare in tiny Southern towns is seen as possibly profitable, we learn a lot about the speaking of courage the things status of Shakespeare before the twentieth century. As Lawrence Levine argues, casual references to Shakespeare in popular nineteenth century literature suggests that the Bias in Research Design identification of highbrow theatre is a relatively recent phenomenon. Transnational Crime Essay! 5.

Note that this version does not merely rephrase or repeat the material from the passage cited above, but expands upon it and places it in the context of the student#146;s work. Varieties of Footnotes. The use of sources can be clarified in a number of ways through careful footnoting. Consider the different forms of documentation and acknowledgement in the following: With the election of Ronald Regan, covert operations in Latin America escalated rapidly. 6 The influx of American funds, notes Peter Kornbluh, determined the frequency and destructiveness of contra attachs. 7 In the early 1980s, the Regan Administration increasingly used Honduras as a base for the contra war. Recall Bias! The Administration set up a number of definition of gravitational military and training facilities--some American, some contra , and some housing Argengine mercenaries--along the border between Nicaragua and Honduras. Design! [T]he USS Honduras , as one observer noted, was little more than a [stationary] aircraft carrier. 8 These strategies seemed to speaking of courage, represent both a conscious acceleration of American involvement in the region, and the inertia of past involvements and failures. 9. 6. Bias In Research! The following paragraph is drawn from Walter Lafeber, Inevitable Revolutions (New York, 1989), p. Essay On Equality For Non-English Speaking Students! 307-310; and Peter Kornbluh, Nicaragua, in Michael Klare (ed), Low Intensity Warfare (New York, 1983), pp.

139-149. Note: FOOTNOTE 6 provides general background sources. 7. Peter Kornbluh, Nicaragua, in Michael Klare (ed), Low Intensity Warfare (New York, 1983), p. 139. Note: FOOTNOTE 7 documents a quoted passage, noting the Recall exact page location. 8. Observer quoted in Walter Lafeber, Inevitable Revolutions (New York, 1989), p. 309. Note: FOOTNOTE 8 documents a secondary quotation. 9. Peter Kornbluh, Nicaragua, in Michael Klare (ed), Low Intensity Warfare (New York, 1983), stresses the renewal of counterinsurgency under Reagan; Walter Lafeber, Inevitable Revolutions , stresses the ongoing interventionism of the U.S. (New York, 1989), p. Transnational Essay! 307-310. Note: FOOTNOTE 9 distinguishes your argument from that of your sources. Dr.

Colin H. Gordon. (Department of History, UBC) Professor Peter Simmons. (President#146;s Advisory Committee on in Research, Student Discipline, UBC)

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150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever. People write the strangest things on Recall in Research Design Essay, their resumes, sometimes downright hysterical. Why should only wrath means, recruiting managers get to laugh at Recall Design Essay these? The Top 10 are at the bottom. Enjoy! #8220;Career break in 1999 to renovate my horse#8221; #8220;1990 1997: Stewardess Royal Air Force#8221; Hobbies: #8220;enjoy cooking Chinese and Italians#8221; #8220;Service for old man to check they are still alive or not.#8221; Cleaning skills: #8220;bleaching, pot washing, window cleaning, mopping, e.t.c#8221; #8220;Job involved#8230;counselling clientele on accidental insurance policies available#8221; #8220;2001 summer Voluntary work for Essay taking care of the elderly and vegetable people#8221; #8220;I'm intrested to Bias Design here more about that. I'm working today in a furniture factory as a drawer#8221; #8220;I am about to enrol on a Business and Finance Degree with the Open University. I feel that this qualification will prove detrimental to me for future success.#8221; #8220;Time is very valuable and wrath means it should be always used to achieve optimum results and I believe it should not be played around with#8221; #8220;I belive that weakness is the first level of strength, given the right attitude and driving force.

My school advised me to fix my punctuality#8230;#8221; From Careerbuilder.ca's 10 Wackiest Resume Blunders: Candidate included a letter from his mother. Candidate stated the ability to persuade people sexually using her words. Recall In Research Essay? Candidate wrote resume as a play Act 1, Act 2, etc. Candidate included naked picture of himself. From Amy Joyce on Romeo is More in Shakespeare’s and Juliet, Resume Bloopers: #8220;Skills: Strong Work Ethic, Attention to Detail, Team Player, Self Motivated, Attention to Detail#8221; Woman who sent her resume and Recall Bias in Research Design cover letter without deleting someone else's editing, including such comments as #8220;I don't think you want to Essay say this about yourself here#8221; From Ask Annie's article about Bias resume blunders: #8220;an applicant ghosted a headshot as the background to her resume#8221; Other Interests: #8220;Playing with my two dogs (They actually belong to my wife but I love the dogs more than my wife)#8221;. #8220;One applicant used colored paper and drew glitter designs around the explain of development influence current border#8221; Hobbies: #8220;getting drunk everynight down by the water, playing my guitar and smoking pot#8221; Why Interested in Position: #8220;to keep my parole officer from putting back me in jail#8221; A woman had attached a picture of herself in a mini mouse costume Hobbies: #8220;Drugs and girls#8221;. Recall Bias In Research? Under #8220;job related skills#8221; for Essay Speaking Students a web designer #8220;can function without additional oxygen at Recall Bias Design 24,000 feet#8221;. My sister-in-law misspelled the Romeo is More to Blame in Shakespeare’s Romeo word #8220;proofreading#8221; in in Research Design her skill set. The objective on on Equality for Non-English, one recent resume I received stated that the applicant wished to Recall in Research Design Essay pursue a challenging account executive position with our rival firm.

Objective: #8220;career on is More Romeo Essay, the Information Supper Highway#8221; Experience: #8220;Stalking, shipping receiving#8221; #8220;I am great with the pubic.#8221; A candidate listed her e-mail address as pornstardelight@*****.com The applicant listed her name as Alice in the resume but wrote Alyce on in Research Design, the onsite application. One candidate's electronic resume included links to her homepage, where the for Non-English pictures were of her in Bias in Research Design Essay the nude. #8220;#8230;sent out my resume on the back side of a draft of a cover letter to another firm#8230;#8221; #8220;My duties included cleaning the restrooms and seating the customers.#8221; One applicant for is More to Blame in Shakespeare’s and Juliet Essay a nursing position noted that she didn't like dealing with blood or needles. Achievements: #8220;Nominated for prom queen#8221; I once received a resume with a head and shoulders picture in the top left of the first page. The picture was of a lion's head, wearing a coat, shirt, and tie. Recall Bias In Research Essay? a resume#8230; was printed on speaking of courage the things they, the back of the person's current employer's letterhead. One resume that came across my desk stated how the Recall Bias in Research individual had won a contest for building toothpick bridges in middle school. A resume#8230; had several grease stains and a smudge of wrath means chocolate on it Hobbies: #8220;Having a good time#8221; From Careerbuilder.com's Top 12 Wackiest Resume Blunders: Candidate explained a gap in Recall Essay employment by saying it was because he was getting over the death of his cat for definition three months. Candidate's hobbies included sitting on the levee at night watching alligators. Candidate explained an Design arrest by Essay for Non-English, stating, #8220;We stole a pig, but it was a really small pig.#8221; Candidate included family medical history. From Mainejobs.com's Avoid These Resume Bloopers: #8220;nine-page cover letter accompanied by Recall Bias Design Essay, a four-page resume#8221; #8220;One applicant tried to make an impression by using four different fonts, three ink colors and a variety of highlighting options on her resume#8221; From ResumePower.com's Ten Classic Resume Bloopers: #8220;Revolved customer problems and inquiries.#8221; #8220;Consistently tanked as top sales producer for new accounts.#8221; #8220;Planned new corporate facility at $3 million over budget.#8221; #8220;Seeking a party-time position with potential for advancement.#8221; From HotJobs' Real-life Resume Blunders to Avoid: #8220;I often use a laptap.#8221; #8220;Able to say the ABCs backward in under five seconds.#8221; #8220;I am a wedge with a sponge taped to it.

My purpose is to wedge myself into someone's door to of development influence current practice absorb as much as possible.#8221; From Fortune Magazine via HumorMatters.com: #8220;Finished eighth in my class of ten.#8221; #8220;Received a plague for Recall Bias in Research Design Salesperson of the how theories current Year.#8221; #8220;Reason for Bias Design Essay leaving last job: maturity leave.#8221; #8220;Failed bar exam with relatively high grades.#8221; #8220;Am a perfectionist and rarely if if ever forget details.#8221; #8220;It's best for employers that I not work with people.#8221; #8220;Let's meet, so you can #8216;ooh' and Transnational #8216;aah' over my experience.#8221; #8220;I have an excellent track record, although I am not a horse.#8221; #8220;You will want me to be Head Honcho in no time.#8221; #8220;I have become completely paranoid, trusting completely no one and Recall in Research Essay absolutely nothing.#8221; #8220;Personal interests: donating blood. Fourteen gallons so far.#8221; #8220;Marital status: often. Children: various.#8221; #8220;I am loyal to wrath means my employer at all costs..Please feel free to respond to my resume on my office voice mail.#8221; #8220;Instrumental in ruining entire operation for a Midwest chain store.#8221; Job Duties: #8220;Answer phones, file papers, respond to customer e-mails, take odors.#8221; Interests: #8220;Gossiping.#8221; Favorite Activities: #8220;Playing trivia games. I am a repository of Recall Bias Design Essay worthless knowledge.#8221; Skills: #8220;I can type without looking at thekeyboard.#8221; Employer: #8221; Myself; received pay raise for high sales.#8221; Objective: #8220;I want to play a major part in watching a company advance.#8221; Experience: #8220;Chapter president, 1887-1992.#8221; Experience: #8220;Demonstrated ability in multi-tasting.#8221; Experience: #8220;I'm a hard worker, etc.#8221; Languages: #8220;Speak English and Spinach.#8221; Reason for leaving: #8220;I thought the world was coming to of gravitational an end.#8221; Additional skills: #8220;I am a Notary Republic.#8221; Objective: #8220;So one of the main things for me is, as the movie #8216;Jerry McGuire' puts it, #8216;Show me the money!'#8221; Skills: #8220;I have integrity so I will not steal office supplies and take them home.#8221; Objective: #8220;To hopefully associate with a millionaire one day.#8221; Skills: #8220;I have technical skills that will take your breath away.#8221; Qualifications: #8220;I have guts, drive, ambition and heart, which is probably more than a lot of the drones that you have working for you.#8221; Objective: #8220;I need money because I have bills to pay and I would like to have a life, go out Essay partying, please my young wife with gifts, and have a menu entree consisting of Students more than soup.#8221; Qualifications: #8220;Twin sister has accounting degree.#8221; Experience: #8220;Have not yet been abducted by in Research Essay, aliens.#8221; Skills: #8220;Written communication = 3 years; verbal communication = 5 years.#8221; Objective: #8220;I would like to work for a company that is very lax when it comes to tardiness.#8221; Education: #8220;I possess a moderate educatin but willing to of gravitational force learn more.#8221; Education: #8220;Have repeated courses repeatedly.#8221; Salary requirements: #8220;The higher the Recall Bias in Research Design better.#8221; Salary desired: #8220;Starting over Romeo and Juliet due to recent bankruptcies. Need large bonus when starting job.#8221; Bad traits: #8220;I am very bad about Bias in Research time and is More in Shakespeare’s Romeo Essay don't mind admitting it. Having to arrive at a certain hour doesn't make sense to me. What does make sense is Recall Bias Design, that I do the job. Any company that insists upon is More to Blame in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet rigid time schedules will find me a nightmare.#8221; References: #8220;Bill, Tom, Eric. But I don't know their phone numbers.#8221; Work experience: #8220;Two years as a blackjack and baccarat dealer.

Strong emphasis on customer relations a constant challenge considering how much money people lose and how angry they can get.#8221; Personal: #8220;I limit important relationships to people who want to do what I want them to do.#8221; Objective: #8220;Student today. Recall Design Essay? Vice president tomarrow.#8221; Accomplishments: #8220;Brought in a balloon artist to entertain the team.#8221; Application: Why should an employer hire you? #8220;I bring doughnuts on Friday.#8221; Achievements: #8220;First runner-up for Miss Fort Worth, 1982.#8221; Reason for leaving: #8220;Pushed aside so the vice president's girlfriend could steal my job.#8221; Special skills: #8220;I've got a Ph.D. in Essay human feelings.#8221; Reason for leaving last job: #8220;Bounty hunting was outlawed in my state.#8221; Experience: #8220;Any interruption in employment is due to being unemployed.#8221; Objective: #8220;To become Overlord of the Galaxy!#8221; Objective: #8220;What I'm looking for Recall Bias in Research Design in a job: #1) Money #2) Money #3) Money.#8221; Hobbies: #8220;Mushroom hunting.#8221; Experience: #8220;Child care provider: Organized activities; prepared lunches and snakes.#8221; Objective: #8220;My dream job would be as a professional baseball player, but since I can't do that, I'll settle on being an of courage the things accountant.#8221; Awards: #8220;National record for Bias in Research Design eating 45 eggs in two minutes.#8221; Heading on stationery: #8220;I'd Break Mom's Heart to Transnational Crime Work For You!#8221; #8220;I am a #8216;neat nut' with a reputation for being hardnosed. I have no patience for sloppywork, carelessmistakes and theft of companytime.#8221; Experience: #8220;Provide Custer Service.#8221; Experience: #8220;I was brought in as a turnaround consultant to help turn the company around.#8221; Strengths: #8220;Ability to meet deadlines while maintaining composer.#8221; Work experience: #8220;Responsibilities included checking customers out.#8221; Work experience: #8220;Maintained files and reports, did data processing, cashed employees' paychecks.#8221; Educational background: #8220;Highschool was a incredible experience.#8221; Resume: #8220;A great management team that has patents with its workers.#8221; Cover letter: #8220;Experienced in in Research all faucets of accounting.#8221; Objective: #8220;I am anxious to use my exiting skills.#8221; Personal: #8220;I am loyal and know when to is More to Blame keep my big mouth shut.#8221; Job duties: #8220;Filing, billing, printing and coping.#8221; Application: #8220;Q: In what local areas do you prefer to Design work? A: Smoking.#8221; Reason for leaving: #8220;Terminated after saying, #8216;It would be a blessing to be fired.'#8221; Personal: #8220;My family is willing to relocate. Essay On Equality Speaking? However not to New England (too cold) and Bias Design Essay not to Southern California (earthquakes). Indianapolis or Chicago would be fine. Wrath Means? My youngest prefers Orlando's proximity to Recall Bias Design Essay Disney World.#8221; Resume: #8220;I have a lifetime's worth of technical expertise (I wasn't born my mother simply chose #8216;eject child' from the special menu.#8221; Resume: #8220;Spent several years in the United States Navel Reserve.#8221; Qualifications: #8220;I have extensive experience with foreign accents.#8221; #8220;I am fully aware of the king of attention this position requires.#8221; References: #8220;Please do not contact my immediate supervisor at the company.

My colleagues will give me a better reference.#8221; #8220;Worked in wrath means a consulting office where I carried out my own accountant.#8221; Accomplishments: #8220;My contributions on product launches were based on Bias Essay, dreams that I had.#8221; Career: #8220;I have worked with restraints for the past two years.#8221; Experience: #8220;My father is on Equality for Non-English, a computer programmer, so I have 15 years of computer experience.#8221; Education: #8220;I have a bachelorette degree in computers.#8221; Application: How large was the department you worked in with your last company? #8220;A: 3 stories.#8221; (Resumania) A resume listed a skill as #8220;being bi-lingual in Recall Bias in Research Essay three languages#8221; (Ask Annie's) Background: #8220;28 dog years of experience in how theories influence current sales (four human).#8221; (Resumania) In the section that read #8220;Emergency Contact Number#8221; she wrote #8220;911.#8221; (Ask Annie's) Candidate drew a picture of Recall in Research a car on explain practice, the outside of the envelope and said it was the hiring manager's gift. Essay? (Careerbuilder.com) Languages: #8220;Fluent in English. Also I have been heard muttering Gibberish in of courage the things they carried my sleep.#8221; (Resumania) #8220;Directed $25 million anal shipping and Bias Essay receiving operations.#8221; (ResumePower.com) On one of of development influence our applications, a girl wrote #8221; I'm 16, I'm pregnant and Bias in Research Design Essay I can do anything.#8221; At the same time she turned in on Equality for Non-English her application, her boyfriend handed in Recall in Research Essay his. On his: #8220;Felony for breaking and entering.#8221; (Ask Annie's) #8220;One candidate included clipart on speaking of courage the things carried, their resume of two cartoons shaking hands.#8221; (Ask Annie's) Application: #8220;On the line that asked what #8220;sex#8221; he was, he wrote #8220;occassionally#8221;.#8221; (Ask Annie's) Still giggling? Subscribe to JobMob via RSS or email and follow me on Twitter for more laughing matters in your job search. Recall Bias In Research Design? Job Search Expert, Professional Blogger, Creative Thinker, Community Builder with a sense of humor. Is More Essay? I like to help people. 117 Funniest Creative Job and Recruitment Ads. 21 Evil Things To Do On Your Last Day On The Job. haha. good stuff. These are hilarious and horrifying if you were the author.

It#8217;s always a good idea to have someone else proofread your stuff. In Research Design Essay? Haha that#8217;s hilarious! i enjoyed reading your commentaries especialy on blunders that prospective employees make on their resumes, it was quite informative. On Equality? may you please send me information on how to write the resume(especialy the lay out and how to present it. Hi Goldman, glad you enjoyed the read. Recall Bias Design Essay? You can find more tips from the JobMob archives about speaking the things they carried resume writing. Also, we#8217;ve bookmarked some great links in the JobMob del.icio.us account. People outside recruitment don#8217;t understand we can not make this stuff up! I dont understand what is Recall Design, funny about Resume Hell No 2. Recruitnik- I know.

Great, isn#8217;t it? You guys are lucky, not everyone gets such comic relief on the job. Bernard- It#8217;s the visual of a stewardess in the fighter cockpit. 29. Work experience: Two years as a blackjack and baccarat dealer. The Things They? Strong emphasis on customer relations a constant challenge considering how much money people lose and how angry they can get. Even though it could have been worded differently, I find his one to be a pretty decent qualification. Skills: Strong Work Ethic, Attention to Detail, Team Player, Self Motivated, Attention to Detail This one is just perfect. Oh boy these are really funny!

Anna #128578; PS got your blog link from Robyn#8217;s Brain Based Biz. Glad you laughed, Anna. Thanks for in Research Design Essay telling me about Robyn#8217;s site, I just Stumbled it. Her article is also funny. This one is supper.. #8220;Lets meet, so you can ooh and aah over my experience#8221; Taking comment by on Equality for Non-English Speaking Students, Mullah rather too literally. Recall Bias In Research Design? We are all sons of God. A couple of and Juliet Essay years ago, when applying for a job designing electronic surveillance equipment, I included in Recall Bias in Research my application letter the of gravitational force fact that I had just obtained a pilot#8217;s licence. They offered me the job!

Sometimes, adding something unusual to a job application can help. In my case, I was trying to Recall Design prove that, at 49, I wasn#8217;t yet #8220;over the hill#8221;, and Crime Essay I could manage stressful situations. I have had a wonderful giggle at Bias in Research Design Essay some of the above. Good fun to read. Thank you for letting us enjoy them. Very funny, made my afternoon! Clive- great success tip, thanks! caro- glad you enjoyed the list.

I had a lot of fun putting it together. I#8217;m sure you#8217;ll also enjoy some of the other funnies under the on Equality for Non-English Speaking #8216;Best Of#8217; tab here above on the right. Ermm#8230; I#8217;ve already heard or seen most of Bias Essay these, and I#8217;m not in recruitment. Then I#8217;m the guy in the office with Dilbert on my cubicle walls. Wrath Means? Expand and organize, there#8217;s a whole lot more stupidity going out there on resumes. I am a neat nut with a reputation for being hardnosed. I have no patience for sloppywork, carelessmistakes and Recall Bias in Research theft of companytime. I think this guy worked for me at on Equality for Non-English Speaking my last job. Nice collection.. In Research Design Essay? Interesting read #128578; good times, good times! Some people are just too much, this is hilarious! LOL. LOL, looks like they took several of those bloopers from my Resume!

LOL. very funny, appart from the fact that the RAF does acutally have stewardess, they serve on Romeo and Juliet Essay, the RAF#8217;s Tristar fleet. 1990 1997: Stewardess Royal Air Force I don#8217;t understand why 1990 1997: Stewardess to Bias in Research Design Essay the royal air force is funny? There are stewardess#8217; in the air force. Yes, I think you will also find they are in the Royal Canadian Airforce as well, the RAF#8217;s Tristar fleet is wrath means, used to do troop transport to locations like the Falklands, Belize etc and operates form Brize Norton. it operates almost as a scheduled airline, it is just operated by Bias in Research Design, the military In fact if you visit the Falklands and travel by air you will actually travel CrabAir #128578; OMFG, With all these people out there, no wonder I get so many call backs on my resume. babino and Essay Tom it#8217;s just the visual of Recall Bias in Research Design having a stewardess for a fighter pilot. why not, there are women on the front line now, and the israelis have had active combat women for of development influence years, and damn good they look too. #128578; I also love mushroom hunting. If you#8217;re quick with the Recall Bias in Research Essay old rifle you can sometimes bag 2 of the wrath means little suckers at the same time before they manage to scarper off behind a tree. Bias In Research Design Essay? Tom, I know, most of Speaking Students my Israeli army unit (not Air Force) were good-looking women. Bias In Research Design Essay? And Israel has female fighter pilots and explain male stewards, but there#8217;s still no room for Recall Essay anyone to carry peanuts around in an F-16 or Harrier cockpit #128521; CrabAir, what a great name if your planes tend to crash in the sea. Hey! #41 from Essay on Equality Students, Resumania#8217;s Archive is Design Essay, #8220;mushroom hunting,#8221; which is totally fun and speaking the things they has nothing to do with hallucinogenics. Basically you walk around the woods looking for edible mushrooms, which is great if you#8217;re like me and you enjoy walking around in the woods. Design? I just went and speaking of courage found 3 morels on Recall, Saturday. I sauteed them in butter and of gravitational they were delicious.

The season#8217;s almost over! REALLY GOOD THING!! All hilarious, but what#8217;s depressing is in Research Design Essay, I could see myself putting some of Crime these in Recall Bias Essay mine, since my art school insisted that we inject some personality in the #8220;Interests#8221; section. some of these are obviously jokes or little witty remarks to Romeo and Juliet Essay make the hiring manager laugh and get his attention, they shouldn#8217;t be listed under #8220;blunder#8221; Hahaa, I think one of those is Recall Bias Design Essay, mine. Force? Great list. In Research? I loved reviewing resumes at my last job. Some of the things people wrote were just hysterical. Transnational Crime? My favourite was between the guy who wrote an 8-page resume/essay in full paragraph style or the guy who wrote about the porn store he used to own. I worked for Recall in Research Design Essay a staffing company as a supervisor, so I saw a LOT of bad resumes. My favorite was from definition, a college-aged girl named Candace. Recall Bias Design? She had written her name vertically on her resume (where the work experience section normally is) and had written an adjective for wrath means each letter of her name, with an explanation.

C can do anything. A attentive to Recall detail. Of Courage They Carried? N not afraid to go the Recall in Research Essay extra mile. D delightful to Essay for Non-English Speaking work with. Bias Essay? A always on time. It cracked the wrath means whole office up.

I wanted to frame it and Recall Essay put it on the wall, but my boss wouldn#8217;t let me. #128578; My wife was the human resource director at a bank and explain of development they are always hiring tellers. One candidate#8217;s cover letter stated that her previous experience in Bias in Research a retail store was a plus in that it gave her the definition of gravitational opportunity to have #8220;extensive intercourse with the public#8221;. Classic! whats so weird about mushroom hunting? its a fun hobby actually. Bias Essay? i really liked this one. Hobbies: getting drunk everynight down by the water, playing my guitar and Essay Speaking smoking pot i mean#8230; come on, most peoples hobbies would just include *layin on a couch all day watchun telly*. at least this guy is somewhat poetic. Great post some of these made me laugh out Bias in Research Design loud!

Malarkey, ptitz there#8217;s nothing wrong with mushroom hunting, but it does sound funny. I used to put #8220;mixology#8221; in my resume#8217;s Personal Interests but stopped doing it because it was having more of a negative impact than positive, and your resume should only leave a positive impression of you. In both cases, people were more apt to misunderstand the real meaning. Amy awesome. I love the C for definition force Clean.

Steph I should add your examples to the list#8230;better yet, I#8217;ll make another one #128578; dodddddddd- the best way to get a hiring manager#8217;s attention is by having a resume that corresponds to exactly what she#8217;s hoping for, not by having her think you#8217;re funny (unless that#8217;s important for the job, of course). Like it or not, that#8217;s reality. In Research Design? Greg- a lot of of gravitational force people give out that advice, but they don#8217;t finish telling it all. Recall Bias? To get serious for a moment#8230;a resume is Romeo to Blame Romeo and Juliet Essay, a sales document, the Recall in Research point of which is to get you an interview. Everything on it should be there to sell you to the hiring company. Of Courage The Things They Carried? If you think that company wants to in Research Design Essay know about your art (for example), put it on Transnational, there. If not or unsure, leave it off. In Research? And you should ask yourself those customization questions pretty much every time. Amy: I saw one like that recently too.

This guy had his surname vertically, faded into the background, with words like that (I don#8217;t have the CV here, so I couldn#8217;t tell you the on Equality for Non-English Speaking Students details). His email address was also vertically down the Bias in Research Design side of the page, meaning that I had to go through it letter by letter to figure out what it actually said. Wrath Means? The CV itself was a flow-chart. I had to search through the boxes for the #8220;previous experience#8221; section to even figure out what kind of job this guy was applying for. Needless to say, we had a bit of a laugh about it, and, while I left it with the people who deal with this kind of Recall Design Essay thing, I seriously doubt he#8217;ll be hearing anything back. Very good knowledge for job seekers.Detailed and definition of gravitational descriptive one. Hugh, your example sounds like one of the Recall Bias in Research Essay most time-consuming time-wasting resumes ever.

A worst-case scenario. Glad you guys at least got a laugh out of it. Definition Force? If you have a scanned copy I#8217;d love to post it here on JobMob after anonymizing it of course. No wonder this has 93 comments now. I loved myself sick. Responsibilities included checking customers out. Well, I guess we could all put that one on a resume#8230; The best! #8220;Am a perfectionist and rarely if if ever forget details.#8221; I wonder what was the Recall position they were applying for . Essay On Equality Speaking Students? I had a resume come postage due! He got my attention! I hired him!! Very funny! HR staff must really enjoy their job, having to Recall Bias Design meet such interesting people who are completely nuts. Essay? I was interviewed once by a guy who looked and Essay sounded exactly like Spicoli from #8220;Fast Times At Ridgemont High#8221;.

I thought somebody was playing a joke on me, so I decided to treat the Essay on Equality for Non-English Students interview as such. He asked me what my greatest weakness was. I said #8220;really good chinese food#8221;. He laughed for about 30 seconds and then offered me the Recall in Research Essay job. this is one is the best . I am a wedge with a sponge taped to it. My purpose is to wedge myself into of courage the things they, someones door to absorb as much as possible. This just get funnier and funnier. One an HR friend shared with me: #8220;Yesterday I couldn#8217;t spell executive. Today I are one.#8221; I was hiring high school teachers when I encountered a resume that included #8220;torturing middle school students#8221; in its experience section. She got the job.

Before you laugh your coyote#8217;s off, we are all human. Look at our president. Okay I just got this one and Recall Bias in Research Essay had to post: This was the subject line of the of courage the things carried email#8230; [NAME DELETED] Resuem for Technical Writer. Great post. My favorite is number 24, repeating courses again again. I once said during an Bias in Research Design interview that I always double check and triple check all of to Blame Romeo and Juliet my calculations. I heard later on that I almost didn#8217;t get the job because of that one statement. One of Recall Design my friends went in for a job interview. They asked him why he wanted the job. He said, #8220;I need money.#8221; hahaha. Well, at Essay on Equality for Non-English Speaking least he was honest lol.

Interviewer: Do you ever get angry with co-workers?Interviewee: I don#8217;t get angry, I get even. sorry bt can u pls tell me what#8217;s wrong abt hell resume # 2?? cz i ddn#8217;t get ur point#8230; PLSSS.. if i send u mine, will u correct it?? lady mira- it#8217;s just the image of a stewardess in a fighter jet. It would be just as funny if it said #8220;Steward Royal Air Force#8221;. About your question- if you#8217;re a JobMob subscriber and send me your resume, I will give you some free tips on how to improve it. There are instructions on Recall Design Essay, how to send it to me here. I have two favorites from of development influence, my personal experience: (1) man in his forties wrote on his resume #8220;Just completed an early midlife crisis and am anxious to reenter the workforce.#8221; (2) woman wrote that her last employer was Pitney Bowels. Hhmmm#8230;wonder if that had anything to do with her departure from the company! Hard to believe what many people write in the application. Very great work of this article.

Thanks for the list. Those are pretty good. I love the. Experience: Stalking, shipping receiving Nice collection really funny. I loed some of the blooper..I liked the one cleans bathrooms and seats people. In Research Design? I don#8217;t want a job like that. Number 4 Hobbies getting drunk every night down by carried, the water,playing my guitar and smoking illrgal drug#8217;s.

I just couldn#8217;t belive someone would put that on a resume the though of it is in Research Essay, silly. #8220;finished 8 out of 10#8221; classic, ha! #8220;Languages: Speak English and Spinach. I thought this one was the best, i couldn#8217;t help but laugh the wrath means whole time. Oh this is Recall Design, too funny! First rule, proof read!! Some of those are absolutely brilliant. When is the book coming out? Duncan- you#8217;re right. I should look into how theories influence current practice, making a book of these. Recall Bias Design Essay? Thanks for force the suggestion. 2# 1990 1997: Stewardess Royal Air Force is not to bad, she just made the mistake of translating the companies name ( never a good idea) But she#8217;s just saying that she worked for KLM. As the Design Essay Founder/CEO of a reputable Web Design and Internet Marketing Agency, I browse articles related to various business verticals frequently.This was a very interesting read.

I enjoyed it very much#8230;. Well done! Hysterical! I love to read funny things like this#8230;can#8217;t believe what some people put on their resumes. Explain How Theories Influence Current? Yikes! That is quite a long time to mourn the loss of Recall Bias in Research a cat! In a resume for an entry level attorney job: #8220;Intern with the pubic defender#8217;s office.#8221; I do not speak English, but i enjoyed a lot . ha,ha#8230; #8220;Detail orientated#8221; (so many people say #8220;orientated#8221; instead of of development influence current #8220;oriented#8221;, but I usually never do). Recall Essay? What a brain fart (or cosmic intervention). I put that in a resume once (way back when before computers were big, hair WAS big, and long before I learned Prof.

Harmon#8217;s rule on #8220;marinating#8221; your writing before re-checking. I wondered why out of 13 interviews only and Juliet, 12 gave me an offer until I re-read this one. Then again, the Design job was 100+ stories up at the World Trade Center so#8230; One should learn from others mistakes. Funny mistake (VERY common one the explain how theories of development current practice even best writers make) I did in class I can laugh about Essay now-the misuse of the definition possessive #8220;their#8221; when the subject of the sentence is in Research Design, singular. Is More In Shakespeare’s Essay? Now, this blunder annoys the crap out of me because a Prof (whose class I CALI#8217;d but assumed I failed just before graduation), great guy, learned a lot but scary in class, stopped me in the middle of me even though I was answering a very concept no one else in the class could grasp well, I was called on a lot more than anyone else (even after I raised my hand a lot). He asked #8220;#8230;do I have the right to proper Eng in my class#8230;I answered yes#8230;then he said that I misued this twice in a couple of minuts and had to stop me. Recall Bias In Research? He corrected me on a VERY common mistake I have read/heard USSC judges, esteemed writers, etc. use -misue of the possessive #8220;their#8221;. Transnational? If the subject is singular so is the possessive.

Example #8220;It is the Recall Design Essay father#8217;s responsibility to their#8230;therefore it is their right whether to#8230;#8221; No-#8220;father#8221; (subject) is singlular. Transnational? If you have to, re-write the sentence to avoid the awkward he or she and do NOT write #8220;their#8221; there. You should have seen me turn beet red, sweat#8230;Now it annoys me more than #8220;He don#8217;t have no money#8221;, #8220;I could care less#8221; (instead of the proper #8220;I couldn#8217;t care less#8221; or using #8220;myself#8221; to try and soound #8220;fancy#8221; (#8220;Dancing with myself#8221; #8220;Playing with myself#8221;- all proper english (and not that there is Essay, anything wrong with that) BUT #8220;It was just my client and myself in the room#8221;-NOT OK. Carol Ryder- thanks for sharing. Funny story and we learned something from it. Nice.

Resume blunders can be devastating and in reality causes a loss of income that could have been avoided. It#8217;s better to Romeo is More to Blame Essay learn from other#8217;s mistakes than create your own. Hi, I am having difficulties loading your post. Just more or less 50 percent of Design this post appears to wrath means load, and the remaining is just blank. I am not really certain why#8230;. but you may want to take a look. I#8217;ll check back later on, this could be just a temporary server error. I work at Recall in Research Design Essay an animal hospital. The best one I ever received was from a gentlemen that wrote under experience. #8220;I worked with hores. I gave them shots and trained them#8221; I was at an interview which had my ex as the interviewer#8230;well we didnt talk about the job..we talked about the things old times..and I told her because of our past relationship I wouldnt feel good taking up the job..so I declined it..but we re-connected..and I#8217;m still with her..I got a job shortly afterwards too..Interesting world we live in. #8220;I finished ninth in my class of nine.#8221; What I#8217;d like to hear from Sotomayor. A resume blooper from old days as a manager#8230; #8220;sorted and disturbed all incoming mail.#8221; i was just on a network computer at my appt building and just found this very funny. 1100 Philadelphia Ave.

Gilbertsville, PA 19525. Pretty much in Recall Design Essay Zerns. Seeking challenges that test my mind and body, since the wrath means two are usually inseparable. My goal is to be a meteorologist. But since I possess no training in meteorology, I suppose I should try the flooring field. I am trying for Design a entry level position? Maybe even laborer but Im not crazy about working to hard and it really chaps my ass. My primary goal is to be recognized and have my skills and ethics challenged on a daily basis. Objective: I want a base salary of speaking carried $50-$60,000 dollars, not including bonus. Bias Essay? And some decent benefits. Like a retirement plan, health insurance, personal or sick days.

I get sick a lot. Why youre holding the resume of a truly outstanding candidate: Previous experience: Self employed a fiasco. My intensity and Romeo to Blame and Juliet focus are at inordinately high levels, and Design Essay with my ability to complete projects on is More to Blame in Shakespeare’s Romeo Essay, time is unspeakable. Excellent memory; strong math aptitude; excellent memory; effective management skills and very good at math. Transformed #8220;difficult#8221; customers into irate customers. Essay? Its best for employers if I dont work with people. Transnational Crime? Ive had exposure to the Germans for two years, but many words are inappropriate for business. I am a pit-bull when it comes to analysis. Reason for leaving last job, The owner gave new meaning to Recall Essay the word paranoia. I prefer to force elaborate privately. My ruthlessness terrorized the competition and can sometimes offend. To hand build a classic cottage from the Recall ground up using my ex father-in-law. Successfully played #8220;Chop Sticks#8221; on how theories of development current practice, a toy piano with my big toes. EDUCATION: Graduated top 66% of Recall Bias my class. 1/2001-1/2002: Match.com (Dont Judge me) Getting rid of speaking of courage the things carried unruly clients. Experienced with transforming numerous office machines into things such as a coffee maker and Bias can I make great lattes! I#8217;ve got a Ph.D. in force human feelings. Operated Pitney Bones machine.

I vow to Recall Bias in Research Essay fulfill the goals of the company as long as I live. You will want me to wrath means be Head Honcho in no time. Looking for an employer that believes in Essay prompting from within. Yes, mushroom hunting is the things, a real thing, but it still belongs on this list. The lesson here is if you have anything on Recall Bias in Research Design Essay, your resume that#8217;s not COMPLETELY common knowledge within the given industry, rephrase it, explain it, or remove it!

I just had one where the of gravitational applicant referred to Recall in Research Design Essay himself in the 3rd person throughout out the resume. Quite surreal. i luv tha#8217; simsons! #8221;Career break in 1999 to is More in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet renovate my horse#8221; #8221;Career break in 1999 to renovate my horse#8221; Hilarious post, the crazy answers must keep the HR managers from Recall Bias Design, falling asleep! Can#8217;t see what#8217;s wrong with 1990 1997: Stewardess Royal Air Force. The job exists in Romeo is More to Blame Essay the UK and in Research Design Essay could involve stewarding for is More in Shakespeare’s Romeo Essay many senior personnel including the monarch or Prime Minister.

There must be similar positions in the US Air Force on board Air Force One etc. These are fantastic. This was my favorite: Other Interests: Playing with my two dogs (They actually belong to my wife but I love the dogs more than my wife). I know how that guy feels! I laughed so hard, tears came out, but bad spelling always makes me cry. Essay? Just the other day, I looked over a resume that said #8220;Referees available upon request.#8221; That was their way of inferring their hobbies #038; interests #128578; Where#8217;s the and Juliet problem in leaving 911 (or whatever number it is for your countries emergency services?) #8220;Oh yes, I#8217;ve broke my leg!#8221; #8230; #8220;Do you want an ambulance?#8221; #8230; #8220;No, just call my Aunty!#8221; #128578; Oh hell no! [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Recall Bias Design Essay Blunders Ever by Jacob Share [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever by Jacob Share [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and of courage they Blunders Ever by Jacob Share [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever by Jacob Share [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Bias in Research Essay Blunders Ever by Jacob Share [#8230;] [#8230;] stole a pig, but it was a really small pig.a? From ResumA Mistakes, Bloopers, and Blunders, a line I could not resist [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and is More to Blame in Shakespeare’s Romeo Essay Blunders Ever by Jacob Share Funny stuff and it must have taken a long time to compile. BTW, I#8217;m currently looking for someone fitting this description: #8220;I am great with the pubic.#8221; [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever by Recall Bias in Research, Jacob Share [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Essay Blunders Ever by Jacob Share [#8230;] [#8230;] Bunn List Of Why Blogs Are A Female Gender by Domtan 100 Things to Recall Bias Essay do Before I Die by Joseph Gibbs 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever by Jacob Share 10 Productive Ways for Moms to of courage they a?Relaxa? by Neena 10 Tips on How to Watch a Horror [#8230;] [#8230;] Bunn List Of Why Blogs Are A Female Gender by Domtan 100 Things to Bias in Research Essay do Before I Die by Joseph Gibbs 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever by wrath means, Jacob Share 10 Productive Ways for Moms to in Research Design Essay a?Relaxa? by wrath means, Neena 10 Tips on Bias, How to Watch a Horror [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever by Jacob Share Just plain funny [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever by Jacob Share [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever by Jacob Share [#8230;] 150 Funniest, Dumbest Things Ever Written on a Resume#8230; We#8217;ve all made horrible spelling mistakes on resumes at one time or another but these people take the for Non-English Students cake. Recall Design Essay? #8220;I am great with the pubic.#8221; Or how about wrath means #8220;28 dog years of experience in Bias Essay sales (four human).#8221; Or maybe your favorite hobby is also #8220;enjoy #8230; [#8230;] compiling the 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes Ever, I came upon the following anecdote and it was too funny not to pass [#8230;]

[#8230;] I saw the message on the gas pump, I first thought of all these funny resume blunders. Since Robyn another blogger in influence practice this group writing project already mentioned them in her [#8230;] [#8230;] Why should only recruiting managers get to in Research Design laugh at these? The Top 10 are at of gravitational the bottom. Enjoy! read more | digg [#8230;] [#8230;] sometimes downright hysterical. Why should only Recall Bias in Research Design, recruiting managers get to laugh at carried these? [150 Funniest Resume Mistakes] Tags: bloopers, mistakes, resume, stupidityPosted in Funny [#8230;] [#8230;] acabo de pegar una panzada de reir despues de leer #8220;150 Funniest Resume mistakes#8220;, un articulo donde recogen algunas de las barbaridades que la gente mete dentro de sus [#8230;] [#8230;] Funniest Resume Mistakes (Story) [#8230;] [#8230;] JobMob has a funny collection of Bias Essay resume blunders from various websites. Here are some of wrath means my favorites. Recall Bias In Research Essay? [#8230;] [#8230;] fotos en bolas, nin contes as tuas experiencias sexuais, nin des un correo dunha conta porno. En 150 funniest resume mistakes atopas todo un resume dos gazapos que se tenen cometido nos curriculums.

Via [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever | JobMob [#8230;] [#8230;] Objective: Fail Lists of resume blunders. I am a wedge with a sponge taped to it. My purpose is to Speaking wedge myself into someones door to [#8230;] [#8230;] Drop June 2, 2008 5 second rule put to the test [Asylum] And you thought your resume was bad [JobMob] Maxim magazine founder tells how to get rich. Sort of. [BusinessWeek] DV#8217;s International Babe of [#8230;] [#8230;] eso, os traigo unos cuantos consejos que se desprenden de los 150 errores #8220;graciosos#8221; (aqui estan todos, pero en ingles) que han ido cometiendo la gente hoygans y otros personajes del mismo estilo al enviar un [#8230;] [#8230;] Lists of Bias in Research Design Essay resume blunders. I am a wedge with a sponge taped to the things they it. Bias Design? My purpose is to wedge myself into wrath means, someones door to absorb as much as possible. [#8230;] [#8230;] First, congrats to Jobmob on getting their post dugg. Recall Bias Essay? Great post. [#8230;] [#8230;] un articulo que describe algunos de los errores mas sorprendentes escritos en curriculums vitae (resume in English). Gracias a Ruben y su portal Online.com.es las podemos leer traducidas a [#8230;] [#8230;] What Not To Put On Your CV June 3, 2008 Posted by liverpoolchamber in Top Tips, World Wide Web. Tags: Bloopers, CV, Humour, mistakes, Resume trackback Writing an attractive and useful CV can be hard. Definition Of Gravitational Force? No-one likes to condense their life to two sides of A4 in the pursuit of career advancement. But let#8217;s hope none of us have committed any of the blunders found on this list over at Recall Design the Jobmob website. [#8230;] [#8230;] June 3, 2008 in Funny signs, world wide whackTags: cv, employmeny, funny, job tips, mistakes, resume Imagine if you are on Essay for Non-English Speaking, a hiring committee and you have to read thousands of Bias in Research covering letters and CVs. It can be a really dull and painful job.

But when you get these jewels, it makes those hard times sort-of worth it. Copied shamelessly as-is from Romeo is More, JobMob. Recall Bias Essay? [#8230;] [#8230;] got a side business going, you#8217;re probably always looking out for explain new clients as well. JobMob has a long list of Recall resume blunders, either typos that were inadvertantly funny (Skills: Strong Work Ethic, Attention to Detail, Team [#8230;] [#8230;] Lists of Transnational Crime resume blunders. I am a wedge with a sponge taped to Recall Design it. My purpose is to wedge myself into someones door to absorb as much as possible. [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and how theories influence Blunders Ever (tags: CV humor) [#8230;] [#8230;] #8220;150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever#8221; [JobMob] People write the Recall in Research strangest things on their resumes, sometimes downright hysterical. Why should only recruiting managers get to speaking the things they carried laugh at Bias Design Essay these? The Top 10 are at the bottom. Enjoy! (tags: Jobs) [#8230;] [#8230;] Errores no intencionados en los curriculums [EN] [HUMOR]jobmob.co.il/blog/funniest-resume-mistakes/ por Tanatos hace pocos segundos [#8230;] [#8230;] sabes ingles, podes leer mas en 150 Funniest Resume mistakesResumaniaResume hell10 dumbest resume blundersTen Classic Resume Bloopers Know Them So You [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Blunders [#8230;] [#8230;] process up. Transnational Essay? The reason I am bringing this up is Bias, a article I came across today that listed the 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers, and Romeo is More in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet Blunders Ever.

Its quite funny, here are some good ones: Time is very valuable and Recall Bias it should be always used [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever | JobMob This entry was posted by explain how theories of development influence current, Nathan on Recall Bias Design, June 5th, 2008 at Romeo is More to Blame Essay 2:47 and is filed under Links. You can leave [#8230;] [#8230;] Most Popular 50 Funniest Short Job Descriptions Ever Funniest Strangest Job Titles Ever 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever Top 10 Best Job Ads of the World The Funniest Rejection Letter Ever 51 Funny Craigslist Job [#8230;] [#8230;] en curruculums He encontrado en la red: 150 Funniest Resume mistakes. Un articulo donde recogen algunas de las barbaridades que la gente mete dentro de sus [#8230;] [#8230;] has compiled a list of the 150 Funniest Mistakes made on resumes. The list was gathered from other webistes like ResumeHell, CareerBuilder, and [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever Haha. In Research Essay? [#8230;] Jacob Share created JobMob to bring together job seekers and jobfinders to find jobs in wrath means Israel and Bias Essay all over how theories of development current practice the world. Recall Bias In Research Design Essay? The blog is to Blame in Shakespeare’s, filled with straight-talking advice based on Recall Design, real world experience and on Equality Speaking Students lots of Bias Design humor thrown in, so you should subscribe now to JobMob via RSS or email if you#8217;re looking for a better job or just want to laugh about it with articles like the 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever. [#8230;] [#8230;] social bookmarking site with users (#8221;diggers#8221;) known for their funny comments. When the 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever became popular on Digg, many diggers had a lot of funny resume stories to Transnational Crime Essay [#8230;] [#8230;] those of us that are Digg challenged to in Research Design a hilarious post over at JobMob entitled #8220;150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers, and Blunders Ever#8220;. Aside from invoking my favorite Homer Simpson image (#8221;insert brain here#8221;), it [#8230;] [#8230;] those of us that are Digg challenged to a hilarious post over at JobMob entitled #8220;150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers, and Blunders Ever#8220;. Wrath Means? Aside from invoking my favorite Homer Simpson image (#8221;insert brain here#8221;), it [#8230;] [#8230;] Hola a todos,Ahora que estoy en proceso de buscar nuevos horizontes, mis companeros me enviaron un website sobre 150 cosas que no se deben escribir.La pagina esta en ingles, y es:http://jobmob.co.il/blog/funniest-resume-mistakes/No-ta-ble.Saludos! [#8230;] [#8230;] If you liked this, you#8217;ll love the 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever. [#8230;] [#8230;] Calinadas em Curriculum Vitae Publicado em Outubro 26, 2008 por ovigia The Job Mob#8217;s Resume Mistakes Page [#8230;] [#8230;] This well-designed logo definitely had a hand in the success of Luciano Passuelo#8217;s Lists group writing project over on Litemind.

The notepad ties in perfectly with the theme, the image has matching colors, the Recall in Research Design Essay name of the group writing project is definition of gravitational force, easy to read. I participated in Recall in Research Essay this gwp with 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever. [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Essay Speaking Blunders Ever [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever [#8230;] [#8230;] #8212; Yesterday I stumbled across a hilarious list of 150 resume mistakes, bloopers, and blunders that had me laughing out loud. How funny are they? Well, let#8217;s put it this way: I am a [#8230;] [#8230;] estos fallos son reales como la vida misma. Recall Design Essay? Podeis ver algunos mas en online, hasta 150 en el articulo original (en ingles) y tambien en esta entrada que le dedique hace casi un ano a este mismo [#8230;] [#8230;] for explain practice visiting!Need a break this weekend from your usual job search routine? Check out the #8220;150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever.#8221; And please, have multiple people proofread your resume! Share and Recall Bias Essay [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever [#8230;] [#8230;] http://jobmob.co.il/blog/funniest-resume-mistakes/ Unemployed To Do List And for the record, this isn#8217;t my to is More in Shakespeare’s Romeo Essay do list. Mine would have included snapping a picture of the pastries at The Coffee Shop to post to my blog! [#8230;] [#8230;] giving it to anyone.

There are a variety of mistakes people make when developing their resume. One blooper may be enough to move your resume from the interview pile to Bias in Research Design Essay the circular file. Check out the things carried a few [#8230;] [#8230;] has the whole shebang of the Bias 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers, and Blunders Ever just to brighten up your day while you sort out on Equality Speaking Students your resumes if you are a recruiter or thinking of Bias in Research Design [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes [#8230;] [#8230;] Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and explain how theories influence Blunders Ever! The best argument for proofreading Ive seen anywhere, although [#8230;] [#8230;] found a list of the 150 funniest resume mistakes. When reading it, you will quickly learn that not proofreading your resume will keep you [#8230;] [#8230;] great news, folks!

Hey, that means that even THESE people might be able to get a [#8230;] [#8230;] also worth your time to check out the rest of in Research Essay these hilarious entries. You can view them all here. Essay Students? Tagged with: Cover Letters, First Impressions, How to Recall in Research Essay find work, How to Network, Human [#8230;] [#8230;] List of funny (or pathetic) resume errors and typos. I think I have a degree in force unclear physics, [#8230;] [#8230;] jobmob.co.il/blog/funniest-resume-mistakes Possibly related posts: (automatically generated)Making profit from user-generated contentYou’ve Got Good Content But How Are You Presenting It? [#8230;] [#8230;] a professional resume writer, at in Research least consider getting it proofread. Some of the Essay on Equality for Non-English Students entries in the 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes have clearly been written by someone with a sense of humour. Others are simply odd but many have [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever [#8230;] [#8230;] View the original here. Share and Enjoy: [#8230;] [#8230;] neat web site was brought to my attention that I just had to share. It#8217;s a blog post entitled 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever #8212; it#8217;s definitely worth a [#8230;] [#8230;] 25th, 2010 | Author: Trevor Wilson Here#8217;s a little humor to brighten your day. The 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Recall Bias Blunders Ever should provide a much needed [#8230;] [#8230;] Other sources: Resumes-Funniest-Mistakes [#8230;] Social comments and analytics for this post#8230; This post was mentioned on Twitter by A_Stro: @cc_chapman 150 ways not to wrath means get a job http://bit.ly/t07OM.

Thought I#8217;d share the laughter :-)#8230; [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers, and Blunders Ever. http://twurl.nl/6q3sm7. In Research Design? very funny @TouroLawCSO 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers, and Blunders Ever. http://twurl.nl/6q3sm7. [#8230;] or updating your resume. Is More Romeo Essay? After reading this you will want to check over it just one more time. Recall In Research Design? http://jobmob.co.il/blog/funniest-resume-mistakes/ Leave a [#8230;] [#8230;] So there you have it, the dos for writing your resume. Happy resume writing, GoMarket yourself, and Romeo is More and Juliet Essay hopefully youll never make it on this list: 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever. [#8230;] [#8230;] with his resume, a letter of Bias in Research Design recommendation from his mom. Speaking Of Courage They Carried? See the hilarity for yourself at http://jobmob.co.il/blog/funniest-resume-mistakes [#8230;] [#8230;] received a tweet from Bias in Research Essay, someone sharing a humorous listing from the website JobMob called 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever.

Having seen many of these myself, I enjoy reading similar lists for a quick chuckle. But I [#8230;] [#8230;] Jobmob has put together a list of how theories of development influence practice 150 ridiculous mistakes that job seekers make on their resumes, cover letters, and applications, culled from various sources. Bias In Research Essay? [#8230;] [#8230;] a little levity was in order to definition of gravitational lighten our spirits in these unsettling times. Recall Bias In Research Essay? So I went back to JobMob#8217;s 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever, and Essay on Equality grabbed a few more from Jacob Share#8217;s [#8230;] [#8230;] night, I tripped across this site, 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes. Are they funny? Yes, depending on which side of the resume you happen to in Research be on. Essay? What#8217;s not [#8230;] [#8230;] was put in the #8220;no#8221; pile. Here are some of my favorite resume bloopers I found via Job Mob, Resume Hell, and Zimbio.

Obviously spell-check isn#8217;t all it#8217;s cracked up to [#8230;] [#8230;] ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ???????. [#8230;] [#8230;] was put in the #8220;no#8221; pile. Here are some of Recall Design Essay my favorite resume bloopers I found via Job Mob, Resume Hell, and Zimbio. Obviously spell-check isn#8217;t all it#8217;s cracked up to [#8230;] [#8230;] these well-educated students need to Pause before they post. See a full list of 150 Resume Mistakes here, or read 5 that the eBranding Me team chose to Essay share below. [#8230;] [#8230;] at Bias my resume, I did a little searching for tips and advice, and speaking of courage the things found this list of JobMob#8217;s 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes. These are from actual resumes, and include such gems [#8230;] [#8230;] a Good Laugh#8230; Click here to read the 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever on [#8230;] 150 Funniest #Resume Mistakes, Bloopers Blunders Ever http://su.pr/224JyC #jobsearch #jobhunt #careeradvice #career #employment #naj. 150 Funniest #Resume Mistakes, Bloopers Blunders Ever http://su.pr/224JyC #jobsearch #jobhunt #careeradvice #career #employment #naj. 150 Funniest #Resume Mistakes, Bloopers Blunders Ever http://su.pr/224JyC #jobsearch #jobhunt #careeradvice #career #employment #naj. 150 Funniest #Resume Mistakes, Bloopers Blunders Ever http://su.pr/224JyC #jobsearch #jobhunt #careeradvice #career #employment #naj. 150 Funniest #Resume Mistakes, Bloopers Blunders Ever http://su.pr/224JyC #jobsearch #jobhunt #careeradvice #career #employment #naj.

150 Funniest #Resume Mistakes, Bloopers Blunders Ever http://su.pr/224JyC #jobsearch #jobhunt #careeradvice #career #employment #naj. Recall Design? RT @PRJobsAtlanta: 150 Funniest #Resume Mistakes, Bloopers Blunders Ever http://su.pr/224JyC #jobsearch #jobhunt #careeradvice #ca #8230; 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes: http://bit.ly/Kl8PY #jobhuntchat. 150 Funniest #Resume Mistakes, Bloopers Blunders Ever http://ow.ly/2WZQ0 #prjobs #publicrelationsjobs #HAPPO #entrypr #PRYoPRo. Of Development Influence Current? RT @jacobshare: 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever http://bit.ly/aKmaFI Some of them are hilarious! 150 Funniest #Resume Mistakes, Bloopers Blunders Ever http://ow.ly/2WZQ0 #jobsearch #jobhunt #careeradvice #career #employment #naj. RT @prjobsnyc: 150 Funny Resume Mistakes, Bloopers Blunders http://ow.ly/2WZQ0 See Jobs: http://bit.ly/NYC-PR-Jobs #prssa #prstudchat.

RT @laurenkgray: RT @prjobsnyc: 150 Funny Resume Mistakes, Bloopers Blunders http://ow.ly/2WZQ0 See Jobs: http://bit.ly/NYC-PR-Job #8230; Loved this! RT @laurenkgray: RT @PRJobsNYC: 150 Funny Resume Mistakes, Bloopers Blunders http://ow.ly/2WZQ0 #prstudchat #prssa. Recall Design? 9 page cover letter?! Major overkill RT @jacobshare: 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever http://bit.ly/aKmaFI. Resume mistakes from Romeo is More in Shakespeare’s Romeo Essay, Fortune Magazine: Failed bar exam with relatively high grades. http://jobmob.co.il/blog/funniest-resume-mistakes/ 150 Funny Resume Mistakes, Bloopers Blunders http://ow.ly/2WZQ0 See Jobs: http://bit.ly/LA-PRJobs #prjobs #losangeles #la #entrypr. 150 worst resume blunders.

E.g.) can function without additional oxygen at 24,000 feet #resumeblunders http://bit.ly/2592cp. [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and in Research Essay Blunders Ever | JobMob. [#8230;] [#8230;] about your hobbies and outside interests.For more examples of definition mistakes to Design Essay avoid, check out these funny resume errors and bloopers.Final WordA competitive job market means that first impressions matter, and you must avoid mistakes [#8230;] [#8230;] errors but proofreading can save you from wrath means, ours of in Research embarrassment. Get it? Double check for to Blame in Shakespeare’s and Juliet Essay silly mistakes that can rule you out immediately such as addressing the letter to a different company, like I [#8230;] [#8230;] can spend hours reading examples of resume blunders on the Internet. Besides being entertaining, they also serve as a warning to the [#8230;] [#8230;] a resume can be downright hilarious at times. Or, it can be pretty [#8230;] [#8230;] the Bias in Research Design job opportunity, you may also end up on a list of Transnational Essay funny resume mistakes, such as this one on Recall Bias, JobMob. Here are a few of my favorite funny resume errors from the [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever [#8230;] [#8230;] Scraped bits either from #8220;WOW Guide Blog#8221; (January 14, 2011) or 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever#8220;. [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever [#8230;] [#8230;] via 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever | JobMob. [#8230;] [#8230;] Read more funny resume bloopers on JobMob [#8230;] [#8230;] seem like painfully obvious donts when it comes to compiling your CV but they are real examples of definition of gravitational what people have included in Recall Bias in Research Essay their application for a position. Their blunders were then shared [#8230;] [#8230;] Business Insider JobMob Forbes [#8230;] [#8230;] 9) 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever [#8230;]

[#8230;] doesnt catch everything. Essay? You dont want your prospective employer to Bias read about how you, revolved customer problems and Speaking Students inquiries instead of Recall in Research resolving [#8230;] [#8230;] READ NEXT: Our original classic, 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Transnational Crime Blunders Ever [#8230;] [#8230;] Here are a few examples from Job Mob. [#8230;] [#8230;] hopefully these resume#8217;s, bloopers, and in Research Design Essay these have scared you into Transnational Essay, the proper way to write a resume cover [#8230;] [#8230;] on your resume, but there are also many things you don#8217;t want on Recall Bias, it. Here are a few #8220;mishaps#8221; I [#8230;] [#8230;] take a look at 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Blunders Ever. The Things? Funny stuff and Recall Design worth a [#8230;] [#8230;] Hobbies: getting drunk everynight down by the water, playing my guitar and smoking pot (JobMob) [#8230;] [#8230;] 4. The Typo.

I#8217;ve seen it all. From #8220;pubic#8221; relations to operations #8220;manger,#8221; an embarrassing typo will not only disqualify you from contention but could land you on a list like this. [#8230;] [#8230;] how your resume should be, lets have a look to this list of funny errors employers shared from some of the wrath means resume they receive. Recall Essay? There are a lot more examples of resume disasters. But instead, lets talk about [#8230;] [#8230;] useful nuggets that will improve your CV. For more hilarious examples of what not to include follow this [#8230;] [#8230;] Here are a few of our favourite funny resume bloopers, courtesy of the speaking of courage they carried JobMob blog. [#8230;] [#8230;] 150 Funniest Resume Mistakes, Bloopers and Recall Bias Blunders Ever, all based on true stories, #8220;a candidate listed her e-mail address as [#8230;] [#8230;] problem? This gaffe shared by JobMob: Experience: Child care provider: organized activities; prepared lunches and snakes. [#8230;] 28932 followers 2495 likes 2259 followers 1361 followers 1658 JobMob Insiders 881 posts 11599 comments. Join 9887 JobMob subscribers to get free exclusive content such as The Ultimate Twitter Job Search Guide. Subscribe to JobMob and Download The Ultimate Twitter Job Search Guide. Easily save it as a PDF or print ??for?? daily use. Join over 10K subscribers: Get fresh content from the JobMob blog.

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Firefly Pricing Strategies Essay Sample. 1.0 Introduction to Firefly. FlyFirefly Sdn. Bhd. Recall Bias! operating as Firefly is a full-service point-to-point carrier and a full subsidiary of Malaysia Airlines. The name Firefly was chosen to describe the airlines characteristics, which represent agility, brilliance, charm and fun. With unique description, Firefly is easily remembered and recognized.

It has the potential to grow and command a brand premium in the community it serves. Firefly is launched on 3th April 2007 and it is wrath means Malaysias first community airline. It is operated by Malaysian Airline System Sdn. Bhd. formerly known as FlyFirely Sdn. Bhd. Bias Essay! It is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Malaysian Airline System Berhad. The head office of Firefly is of courage the things carried located on the grounds of Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport in Subang, Selangor. Firefly operates from two hubs which are Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport in Subang, Selangor and Penang International Airport. Although Firefly is fully owned by Malaysia Airlines but it is managed by Firefly Sdn.

Bhd. Firefly focuses on Bias Design Essay, serving the dynamic Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand and Singapore growth region which population consist more than 70 million people. Essay! Firefly aims is to bring communities closer by overcoming geographical constraints through their network, linking the in Research, world to the communities they serve and contribute to local economies by how theories current practice, growing trade and tourism. The target market of Firefly has always been travellers both for business and also leisure. Travellers for both business and also leisure are potential customers of Firefly as it is Bias a low cost airline providing great services. 2.0 Marketing Mix Strategies. Marketing mix is a mixture of numerous ideas followed by a marketing representative in Romeo to Blame Romeo Essay promoting a particular product or brand. Recall Bias In Research! The elements of marketing mix are often called the for Non-English Speaking Students, four Ps of marketing which are product, price, place and promotion. In Research Essay! When marketing their products Firefly need to create a successful mix of the right product sold at the right price, in the right place using the most suitable promotion. 2.1 Product Mix Strategy. Firefly provides customers with intangible products, such as flight services all over the country and also overseas such as Singapore, Indonesia and Thailand.

Guest convenience is an element of Fireflys product mix. Firefly offers reasonable low fares while ensuring its passengers comfort and convenience. The empty seat option is convenient for customers who want to enhance their travel experience and comfort. Firefly is Essay able to retain its customers by Bias in Research Design Essay, providing them with excellent service making them feel that the flight is worth their money which will lead to customer loyalty. Safety is also one element of product mix where Firefly offers Travel Protection to protect passengers from unexpected mishaps, minimize losses and offers emergency assistance. Firefly also provides insurance coverage for its passengers to make them feel protected during its flights. Expansion strategy is implemented by Firefly where it expanded its operation from Penang to Subang and acquired ten ATR 72-500 aircrafts to replace the F50 aircrafts. Furthermore, Firefly ordered thirty Boeing 737-800 aircrafts in relation to its expansion into regional markets in the future. Contraction strategy is also carried out by wrath means, Firefly when it started to discontinue flights served by its Boeing 737 fleet and ceasing all jet routes by December 2011. Firefly announced on 8th March 2008 that flights from Penang to Kuala Terengganu, Kota Bharu, Koh Samui and Recall Bias Essay, Kuantan have been temporarily suspended which is only reinstated during 2011. 2.2 Marketing Mix Pricing.

Each product or service comes with a price to obtain, which creates sales revenue. Pricing of an item is an important determinant of the value of Essay sales made. Penetration pricing is also one of the pricing strategies executed by Firefly. Firefly flight services are currently the lowest among the market which has potential to increase sales and market share. The purpose of this strategy is to Recall penetrate the value-conscious market while providing great value at low fares. Competition pricing is executed by Firefly where it sets a price in comparison with competitors, for example AirAsia. Firefly is offering a price matching service to match what AirAsia is Speaking Students offering to its customer, comfort and convenience. Both airlines provide two routes from Penang and six routes from Design Essay, Kuala Lumpur, which is considered to be in proximity and a competition for Transnational, point-to-point passengers. Psychological pricing is adopted by Bias in Research, Firefly where Firefly considered the psychology of price and the positioning of price within the market place. For example, Firefly charges RM108.95 for a flight from Alor Setar to Subang instead of charging RM 109. The reason why this method works is because customers will think that they purchased their flights for of courage they, less than RM109, although it is Recall Bias in Research Essay only 5 cents away.

Optional product pricing is becoming increasingly popular in the airline industry and for Non-English, is adopted by Firefly to present a low base price that is capable of attracting customers while maintaining the possibility of generating revenues by selling add-ons later. Tickets now are generally priced at a low rate and Bias Design Essay, charges customer separately for virtually anything beyond the ticket. Firefly charges for snacks, taxi booking service, seat selection, baggage weight and many other things. 2.3 Place Marketing Mix. Place is defined as getting the right product to the right place at the right time. Distribution is about getting the of gravitational, products to the customer, looking at the location and Recall Bias Design, where a service is delivered, or whether they need to collect it or will you deliver it yourself.

Firefly currently flies to ten destinations in Malaysia and five destinations overseas using a fleet of ATR-72-500s. By the end of the next fiscal year, Firefly would have added four or five new domestic destinations, and increased the frequency of flights to existing ones. Internet booking is a form of place marketing mix as an online 24-hour reservation system is very convenient to customers. Firefly offers a new convenience in booking flights and buying seats by logging onto its website. Apart from that, Firefly too offers mobile booking which allows customers to book flights or purchase tickets through their mobile phones. They! This is convenient to Recall in Research Design those customers who do not have laptops and speaking of courage, do not wish to go outside to purchase their flights. Firefly also offers authorized travel agents which provide top quality tour products and services which eliminate troubles and worries to ensure customer satisfaction. Customers will feel content and at ease when there is a travel agent provided for them when they reach their destination, removing any hassles to the customer.

2.4 Promotion Mix Strategy. Promotion is the business of communicating with customers. It will provide information that will assist them in making a decision to purchase a product or service. The cost associated with promotion or advertising goods and Recall Bias, services often represents a sizeable proportion of the overall cost of producing an item. Transnational Crime! In the context of Recall in Research Design marketing mix, promotion represents the various aspects of marketing communication, which is the communication of information about the product with the goal of generating a positive customer response. Advertising is a form of promotion mix strategy whereby Fireflys advertisement is to keep in mind the Essay for Non-English Speaking, image of a country, the scenic beauty, tourist attractions and rich cultural heritages which would actually help in attracting and maximizing the number of tourists. By advertising itself Firefly is promoting its brand and in Research, generating more revenue which is important as revenue is the one keeping the business going. Sales promotion is also carried out by Firefly where it offers customers Group Travel providing a better fare for the entire travel party and is More to Blame in Shakespeare’s Romeo, also more flexibility during booking where with Group Travel customers can submit names up to seven days before departure compared to Bias in Research Essay online booking where customers need to submit their names immediately.

Apart from wrath means, that, Firefly also offers festival promotions where during certain festivals, ticket prices are reduced to let customer enjoy benefits. Bias In Research Design! For example, during Independence Day, domestic flights are priced from RM 75 for one way routes. Publicity strategy is a form of promotion mix strategy implemented by Firefly where it offers lucky draws, redemption of shopping vouchers, free flights and so on to its customers. These tactics can help to how theories of development influence current practice promote Firefly where customers promote their brand by word of Bias in Research Design Essay mouth to speaking the things carried friends and family causing an increase in customer base. 3.0 Market Opportunities. Malaysias medical tourism has had a rapid growth compared to other ASEAN countries which means that the number of foreign patients that are willing to travel to Malaysia for medical healthcare services has increase from 75,210 patients in Recall Bias 2001 to 296,687 patients in 2006 and projected to grow at a rate of 30% a year until 2010, according to the Association of Private Hospitals Malaysia. This large volume of patients in 2006 has brought approximately $59 million in revenue. Medical tourism is defined as patient movement from highly developed nations to less developed areas of the world for medical care by bypassing services offered in their own communities.

In conjunction with Malaysias advance medical service, patients from many ASEAN countries prefer to head to Malaysia for medical healthcare service instead of their home country such as ethnic Chinese Indonesian from Medan, and the treatment in Malaysia is cheaper than most of the popular medical tourism destinations yet the quality of treatment are quite high. For example, the cardiac bypass surgery that usually cost around $10,000 in explain practice USA, costing only $6000 in Malaysia. Recall Bias In Research Essay! This is a potential market opportunity for Firefly to penetrate on this segment of customers. How Theories Influence Practice! These customers will probably fly to Kuala Lumpur or Penang for medical healthcare service. Firefly can capture stopover passengers seeking to visit these destinations especially in Penang where there are 13 private hospitals which Firefly can work with on promoting medical tourism.

These hospitals are in the city area and provide good transportation, the ethnic Chinese in Medan prefer to Penang as it has better atmosphere and relative slow footsteps compare to Kuala Lumpur and this two main reason is good for Bias in Research Design, patient for recuperation. Another market opportunity that our group has found is the change of lifestyle of consumers, especially for to Blame Romeo Essay, business man, domestic tourists and middle-class citizens in Recall Design Essay Malaysia. These segments of people prefer to enjoy a short time range and explain how theories influence practice, comfortable flight than to drive their own or sitting five to Bias in Research Essay six hours of bus travel to their destination. For example, Penang consumer will acquire 5 hours to Kuala Lumpur, 9 hours to Johor Bahru and 11 hours to Singapore. They need to spend all these times on a crowded sit and that is a time consuming travel on a business man prospective. Compared to this long-distance bus services, travelling by plane just need approximately half an hour to Romeo is More Romeo and Juliet every single domestic airport within peninsular Malaysia. Recall Bias Design! There are two main reasons for explain how theories of development practice, people changing their lifestyle in Malaysia, firstly, the per capita income had increased to more than US$9,000 (about RM28,000) annually at the end of last year as compared to Bias in Research Design only US$376 (RM1,159) in 1970 said Minister in the Prime Ministers Department, Tan Sri Nor Mohamed Yakcop. Secondly, the impact of low cost carrier, it will influence the transportation market, economy and the consumers preference. The airlines will provide lesser comforts to more clients at a lower fare at around RM250-300.

The price is cheaper when it is on promotion, for example, RM1 flight ticket. There are also two main problems that is to switch consumer from consuming bus transportation to flight transportation, traffic jam and increase of vehicle accident rate. When holiday approaches and different ethnics group of people celebrates their main festival such as Hari Raya, Chinese New Year and Deepavali, the traffic jam will cause you to get stuck on the middle of highway for of gravitational force, more than 8-10 hours. This will affect the tourists schedule. Design! The increase in vehicle accident rates, especially the accident rate of bus which travels for a long distance from state to state. More and more information shows that the accidents are caused by reckless drivers and poor bus services.

This will stop consumer from speaking the things carried, choosing bus transportation as they do not want to risk their life on road accident. Based on the first market opportunity, medical tourism, Firefly has the opportunity to penetrate into medical tourism by working with tour operators and medical institutions to offer attractive packages. Our recommendation is that Firefly should co-operate with the particular hospital which the foreigners prefer the most such as Gleneagles Hospital Penang, Island Hospital, Adventist Hospital to provide one-stop services to satisfy customer needs. The hospital could recommend Firefly to come up with cheaper price and better services to their customers when the customer wants to make appointment to meet the Recall Bias Design Essay, doctor in advance. This should be a potential opportunity as mostly these patients would not come alone and how theories of development influence current, they will bring their immediate relatives. The airlines should do some adjustment on the channel from Indonesia to Malaysia, for example increasing the flight from Indonesia, Medan to Penang International Airport accordingly to the need of the hospital customer. Firefly should provide a shuttle bus service from a particular hospital to Penang International Airport, this will lead to ancillary income and boosting airline image. Tour operators are also a key to spread Firefly market share as these operators have most affiliation in tour industries. The second market opportunity which our group has mentioned is the change in lifestyle of consumer.

In order for Firefly to Recall Bias in Research Essay respond to this opportunity, our group recommendation is that Firefly should improve the overall airline image to public before penetrating each of the target market. Firefly should improve on on-time flights where on-time flights will not only Crime Essay improve Fireflys branding and also consumer positive perception, but also saves a large amount of money due to inefficiency and downtime and reduces airport charges. Recall Bias Design Essay! It is on Equality for Non-English Speaking recommended that achieving on-time flights can be used to Recall Bias Design evaluate employee performance, and this should have a monthly incentive that is tied to its performance indicator. Speaking! On-time flight information should be displayed on Fireflys website; this will be a convenience to Firefly customers and Bias Design, also to indicate Fireflys commitment to customer satisfaction. Furthermore, we did mentioned in the first recommendation that Firefly should provide a shuttle bus service to and from the airport, this solution should not only be implemented in speaking of courage carried Penang but to popularize to Peninsular Malaysia. Recall Bias Essay! This service may need more budgets for wrath means, the annual report but Firefly can collect a reasonable bus fee from customer to Recall Bias in Research Design Essay reduce the cost. The most important point is the shuttle bus service can improve customer awareness and positive image to the public. Consequently, with improvement in definition of gravitational force efficiency and passenger comfort, Firefly can re-position its product, thus improving its market share while maintaining profitability. In order to achieve the above target, several awareness campaigns also need to be conducted, to inform the in Research Design Essay, mass that Firefly offers value travel and also maintaining comfort. Once a brand reputation of of gravitational force low fare airlines has went deep into the minds of consumers, those passengers travelling on a low cost fair surveyed will not look at Recall Bias, any other carrier when booking their flights. Lastly, Firefly will need to study all routes and eliminate non-lucrative ones and penetrate those markets that Firefly is definition of gravitational capable of.

In conclusion, Firefly aims to bring communities closer together by removing geographical restrictions and in Research Design Essay, connecting the world to the communities it serve and contributes to the economies by explain how theories of development current practice, increasing trade and tourism. Firefly implemented a few marketing mix strategies such as product mix strategy, marketing mix pricing, place marketing mix and promotion mix strategy. Firefly created a successful mix of Recall Bias Essay product, placing, pricing and wrath means, promotion which is Design Essay beneficial to Romeo is More in Shakespeare’s and Juliet Essay the company. Under product mix strategy Firefly offers customers guest convenience, safety, and also implemented expansion and Recall Bias Design Essay, contraction strategy making customers content with what they are getting. In marketing mix pricing, Firefly has carried out how theories of development, penetration pricing, competition pricing, psychological pricing and optional pricing causing customers to Recall Bias in Research Design Essay feel that the service provided is wrath means worth their share of money. The place marketing mix indicates that distribution strategy, internet booking, mobile booking and the availability of authorized travel agents will provide convenience to customers letting them feel at Design, ease with the service offered by Firefly. Last but not least, the promotion mix strategy consists of advertising methods, sales promotion and also publicity which are for brand promotion to cause an of courage they, increase in customer base. Medical tourism and changing the lifestyle of consumers are market opportunities of Recall Bias Design Firefly. Medical tourism can attract customers as foreign patients are willing to Romeo in Shakespeare’s Romeo Essay travel to Malaysia for medical healthcare services as it is Recall Bias in Research Design a good location for patient to recuperate.

Changing the lifestyle of customers will generate revenue as many customers will choose to fly with Firefly rather than taking long-distance coaches. Explain Practice! It is time-saving and more convenient too. Our group agrees that it is recommended that Firefly should cooperate with the particular hospital which the foreigners prefer as to penetrate into medical tourism and to offer attractive packages. It will be beneficial to the company if it successfully enters the medical tourism area. In order to Recall change the lifestyle of consumers, Firefly should improve the airline image to public before penetrating each of the target market as to place themselves into the hearts of many customers while improving market share and explain of development influence current practice, maintain profitability. Man, E. T. (2009, 4 13). Firefly Marketing analysis, discussion recommendations. Retrieved from http://fyi-penang.blogspot.com/2009/04/firefly-marketing-analysis-discussion.html Dragon88, B. (2011, 3). Porters five forces analysis of the Bias in Research, airline industry in Malaysia. Retrieved from.

http://www.studymode.com/essays/porter-s-five-forces-analysis-of-the-608018.html Uherek, E. (2006, 7). Low cost carriers impacts. Retrieved from wrath means, http://www.atmosphere.mpg.de/enid/information_2/Low_cost_airlines_- Yanos, M. Recall Bias Essay! (2008, 3 31). Top 5 medical tourism destinations. Retrieved from http://www.nuwireinvestor.com/articles/top-5-medical-tourism-destinations-51502.aspx Gupta, S. (2012, 7 16). Top 5 medical tourism destinations in world. Retrieved from http://www.easydestination.net/blog/?itemid=2136 Opportunities for malaysian aviation. (2009, 3 19). Speaking The Things! Retrieved from http://www.iata.org/pressroom/pr/pages/2009-03-19-01.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/low-cost_carrier. (2010, 7). Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/low-cost_carrier Firefly (airline). (2012, 11 17).

Retrieved from. Malaysias per capita income rises. (2012, 2 14). Retrieved from http://www.nst.com.my/latest/malaysia-s-per-capita-income-rises-1.46403 (n.d.). Porter Five Forces. Retrieved from http://www.scribd.com/doc/51874782/9/porters-5-forces (n.d.). Marketing Firefly. Retrieved from http://www.fireflymarketing.ca/contact.html. Is this the Bias in Research Design, perfect essay for you? Save time and order Firefly Pricing Strategies. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed!

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